Ten±ti tena vic±rena karaºabh³tena, hetubh³tena v± citta½ ±rammaºe vicarati anuvicarati, avic±racittassa pana avitakkacitte vutt±nus±rena pavatti veditabb±. Vicaraºa½ anusañcaraºa½ anuparigamana½. Sv±ya½ viseso sant±namhi labbham±no javanasant±ne p±kaµo hot²ti daµµhabbo. Esa nayo sesesupi. ¾rammaºassa anumajjana½ anumasana½ parimajjanamassa lakkhaºanti ±rammaº±numajjanalakkhaºo. Tath± hi vic±ro parimajjanahattho viya, sa½saraºahattho viy±ti vuccati. Tatth±ti ±rammaºe. Sahaj±t±na½ anuyojana½ ±rammaºe anuvicaraºasaªkh±ta-anumajjanavasena veditabba½. Dhamm±nañhi sabh±vavinimutt± k±ci kiriy± n±ma natthi. Tath±gahetabb±k±ro bodhaneyyajan±nurodhena paramatthato ekasabh±vopi sabh±vadhammo pariy±yavacanehi visayasam±ropitar³pehi bah³hi pak±rehi pak±s²yati. Evañhi so suµµhu pak±sito hot²ti. Anupabandhapaccupaµµh±noti ±rammaºe cittassa avicchinnassa viya pavattipaccupaµµh±no. Tath± hi so anusandh±nat±ti niddiµµho.
Ettha ca vic±rato o¼±rikaµµhena tasseva pubbaªgamaµµhena paµhamaghaºµ±bhiravo viya cetaso paµham±bhinip±to vitakko, anuravo viya anusañcaraºa½ vic±ro. Yath± hi ghaºµ±bhigh±tajo paµham±bhiravo anuravato o¼±riko, pubbaªgamo ca hoti, eva½ ±rammaº±bhiropanaµµhena vitakko o¼±riko, pubbaªgamo viya ca hoti. Tato sukhumaµµhena anumajjanasabh±vena ca ghaºµ±nuravo viya anupabandho vic±ro. Vipph±rav± cettha vitakko cittassa paµhamuppattik±le cittassa paripphandanabh³to ±k±se uppatituk±massa sakuºassa pakkhavikkhepo viya, padum±bhimukhap±to viya ca gandh±nubandhacetaso bhamarassa. Santavutti vic±ro cittassa n±tiparipphandanabh±vo, ±k±se uppatitassa sakuºassa pakkhappas±raºa½ viya, padumassa uparibh±ge paribbhamana½ viya ca padum±bhimukhapatitassa bhamarassa. ¾gamaµµhakath±ya½ pana vipariy±yena ±gata½. Tath± ca vutta½ dukanip±taµµhakath±ya½
“¾k±se gacchato mah±sakuºassa ubhohi pakkhehi v±ta½ gahetv± pakkhe sannis²d±petv± gamana½ viya ±rammaºe cetaso abhiniropanabh±vena pavatto vitakko, v±taggahaºattha½ pakkhe phand±payam±nassa gamana½ viya anumajjanabh±vena pavatto vic±ro”ti.
Tampi anupabandhena pavattiya½ yujjati. Tath± hi upac±re, appan±ya½ v± sant±nena pavattiya½ vitakko niccalo hutv± ±rammaºa½ anupavisitv± viya pavattati, na paµham±bhinip±te viya p±kaµo hot²ti.
Pinayat²ti k±yacitta½ appeti, va¹¹heti v±. Sampiy±yanalakkhaº±ti ±rammaºa½ kallato gahaºalakkhaº±. P²ºanaras±ti k±yacitt±na½ paribr³hanakicc±. Pharaºaras±ti paº²tar³pehi k±yassa by±panaras±, attan± sampayuttacittasamuµµh±nehi r³pehi sakalar³pak±yaby±pana½ karot²ti vutta½ hoti. Na hi aññath± imiss± pharaºa½ hoti, dhamm±na½ aby±p±rat±ya kesaggamattampi saªkaman±bh±vato. Udaggabh±vo odagya½.
Eka½ ±rammaºa½ aggametass±ti ekagga½, citta½, yena pana dhammena yogato ta½ ekagga½ n±ma hoti, so ekaggabh±vo. So pana cittasseva hoti, na yassa kassac²ti ±ha “cittassa ekaggabh±vo”ti, niv±te d²pasikh±ya µhiti viya cittassa µhit²ti vutta½ hoti. Vis±rassa byaggabh±vassa paµipakkho sabh±vo avis±ro, na vis±r±bh±vamatta½, ta½ imassa lakkhaºanti ±ha “avis±ralakkhaºo”ti. Avikkhepo sampayuttadhamm±na½ avikkhittat±, avis±r±vikkhep±na½ sam±dh±nabh±vato atthato vises±bh±vepi samukhena, sampayuttamukhena ca ubhaya½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Av³pasamalakkhaºassa vikkhepassa paµipakkhat±ya cittassa upasaman±k±rena paccupaµµh±t²ti upasamapaccupaµµh±no. Visesatoti yebhuyyena. Sukhavirahitopi hi atthi sam±dh²ti so yebhuyyena sukhapadaµµh±no hoti. Atha v± visesatoti atisayena. “Sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyat²”ti (a. ni. 11.11) vacanato hi sukha½ sam±dhissa visesak±raºa½ sukhavirahitassapi tadupanissayeneva samijjhanato.
Saddahanti et±y±ti kammaphal±disaddahanakiriy±ya pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ tattha ±dhipaccabh±vena saddh±ya paccayata½ dasseti. Tass± hi dhamm±na½ tath± paccayabh±ve sati ta½samaªgipuggalo “saddahat²”ti vohar²yati. Saddahana½ saddheyyavatthuno pattiy±yana½, ta½ lakkhaºametiss±ti saddahanalakkhaº±. K±lusiyamala½ vidhametv± sampayutt±na½, puggalasseva v± pas±da½ an±vilabh±vak±raºa½ kiccametiss±ti pas±danaras±. Yath± katha½ viy±ti ±ha “udakappas±dakamaºi viy±”ti. Ak±lusiyapaccupaµµh±n±ti an±vilabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±. Ratanattaya½ kamma½ kammaphalañca saddheyyavatthu, ta½ imiss± ±sannak±raºanti saddheyyavatthupadaµµh±n±. Na hi saddh±ya avatthubh³tesu titthiy±d²su s± uppajjati. S± pan±ya½ kusaladhamm±na½ ±d±ne hattho viya, sabbasampattisampad±ne vitta½ viya, amatakasiphalaphalane b²ja½ viya ca daµµhabb±. “Saddh±hattho, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako, saddh²dha vitta½ purisassa seµµha½ (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 184), saddh± b²ja½ tapo vuµµh²”ti-±divacanañhettha (sa½. ni. 1.197; su. ni. 77) s±dhaka½.
Saranti 237 et±y±ti saraºakiriy±ya pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ tattha ±dhipaccabh±vena satiy± paccayata½ dasseti. Tass± hi dhamm±na½ tath± paccayabh±ve sati ta½samaªgipuggalo “sarat²”ti vohar²yati. Udake al±bu viya pilavitv± gantu½ adatv± p±s±ºassa viya niccalassa ±rammaºassa µhapana½ asammuµµhat±karaºa½ apil±pana½, ta½ lakkhaºamass±ti apil±panalakkhaº±. S± hi ±rammaºe da¼ha½ patiµµhitatt± esik± viya vuccati. Sammosapaccan²kakicca½ asammosaraso, na sammos±bh±vamatta½. “Sat±rakkhena cetas± viharat²”ti (a. ni. 10.20) vuttatt± cetoguºaratanah±rak±na½ kilesacor±na½ niv±raºato ±ha “±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±”ti. Tath± hes± cakkhudv±r±dirakkhanato dov±riko viy±ti vuccati. Paµhama½ saññ±ya thiruppannabh±ve pacch± satiy± patiµµh±nabh±vato ±ha “thirasaññ±padaµµh±n±”ti. Atha satisaññ±na½ ki½ n±n±karaºanti? Saññ± t±va paµhama½ aggahitanimitta½ sañj±n±ti, gahitanimitte puna pacc±bhiññ±ºapaccayanimitta½ karoti, paµhama½ aggahite pana saññ±kicca½ appadh±na½ hoti, sati pana paµhama½ aggahitanimittampi sarati gahitanimittampi, gahitanimitte pana satikicca½ guºabh³ta½ hot²ti idameva t±sa½ n±natta½.
V²rabh±voti yena v²riyena v²ro n±ma hoti, so dhammo. V²r±na½ v± kammanti yena kammena v²ro n±ma hoti, ta½ v²r±na½ kamma½ n±ma. V²riya½ panassa s±dhakabh±vato tath± vutta½. Dhammavinimutta½ v± kiñci kamma½ natth²ti v²riyameva kammabh±vena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Vidhin± ²retabba½ pavattetabbanti v± v²riya½. Uss±ho ta½ ta½ kicca½ sam±rambho, parakkamo v±. Upatthambhana½ pana sampayuttadhamm±na½ kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± dh±raºa½ anubalappad±na½. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ sa½s²danabh±vaniv±rako dhammo, na sa½s²dan±bh±vamatta½, asa½s²danabh±vena paccupaµµh±t²ti asa½s²danabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½. “Sa½viggo yoniso padahat²”ti (a. ni. 4.113) vacanato sa½vegapadaµµh±na½. Sa½vegoti cettha sa½vegamaya½ ñ±ºa½. Asa½vegapubbik±ya pana kusalakiriy±ya v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½. Tattha v²riy±rambhavatth³ni n±ma–
“Maggo gantabbo hoti, maggo gato. Kamma½ k±tabba½ hoti, kamma½ kata½. Appamattako ±b±dho uppanno hoti, gil±n± vuµµhito hoti, aciravuµµhito gelaññ±. G±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto na labhati, l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½ labhati…pe… p±rip³rin”ti–

Eva½ vutt±ni et±ni anur³papaccavekkhaºasahit±ni aµµha v²riy±rambhavatth³ni, tamm³lak±ni v± paccavekkhaº±ni. Ettha ca vitakko sampayuttadhamme ±rammaºa½ ±ropeti. Cetan± te ta½ta½kiccesu niyojeti. V²riya½ pana te sa½s²ditu½ adatv± uss±het²ti aya½ vitakkacetan±v²riy±na½ viseso.

Vij±nanalakkhaº±ti visesena j±nanalakkhaº±, yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaº±ti attho. Visayassa ±rammaºassa obh±sana½ pak±sana½ tappaµicch±dakasammohandhak±rassa vidhamanatoti visayobh±sana½, ta½ kiccamass±ti visayobh±sanaras±. Katthaci visaye asammuyhan±k±rena sammohapaµipakkhat±ya v± paccupaµµh±nato sammoh±bh±vassa paccupaµµh±nato v± asammohapaccupaµµh±n±.
Attan± anup±letabb±na½ sahaj±tadhamm±na½ anup±lana½ j²vitassa by±p±ro, tañca tesa½ j²vananti ta½ tassa k±raºabh±va½ purakkhatv± vutta½ “j²vanti ten±”ti. R³p±r³paj²vitindriyassa anur³pato lakkhaº±dika½ dassetu½ “attan± avinibhutt±nan”ti vutta½. “Sampayutt±nan”ti hi vuccam±ne r³padhamm±na½ sampayog±bh±vato r³paj²vitindriyassa saªgaho na siy±. “Avinibhutt±nan”ti pana vuttatt± y±ni avinibbhogar³p±ni r³paj²vitindriyena saddhi½ avinibhutt±ni avisa½saµµh±ni. Ye ca ar³padhamm± ar³paj²vitindriyena sampayutt±, tesa½ sabbesa½ saªgaho hot²ti. Pavattanarasanti upp±dato y±va bhaªg± anup±lanato antar± anivattanasabh±vas±dhanena tesa½ pavattanakicca½. Keci pana “r³paj²vitindriya½ tesa½ µhitikkhaºato paµµh±ya, ar³paj²vitindriya½ upp±dato paµµh±ya pavattiy± paccayo”ti vadanti, ta½ na yutta½. Paµµh±ne hi “aby±kata½ dhamma½ paµicca asaññasatt±na½ eka½ mah±bh³ta½ paµicca indriyapaccaya½ kammapaccayasadisan”ti asaññasatt±na½ indriyapaccayo kammapaccayasadisa½ katv± vutto, tasm± r³paj²vitindriyampi upp±dato paµµh±ya paccayo hot²ti daµµhabba½. Upp±dato y±va bhaªg± µhapanato µhapanapaccupaµµh±na½. Anup±lanavasena y±payitabb± pavattetabb± dhamm± padaµµh±namass±ti y±payitabbadhammapadaµµh±na½. Yadi eva½ tesa½ anup±lan±dis±dhaka½, katha½ tesa½ nirodho hoti. Evañhi sabbak±la½ µh±tabbanti ±ha “santepi c±”ti-±di. Anup±lanalakkhaº±dimh²ti ±di-saddena pavattanaras±dimeva saªgaºh±ti. Atthikkhaºeyev±ti attan± anup±letabb±na½, attano v± atthikkhaºeyeva. Udakanti ta¼±kagatajala½, daº¹agatajala½ v± Tattha ta¼±kagata-udakassa gahaºe attan± anup±letabbadhamm±na½ atthikkhaºe anup±lana½ s±dhita½ hoti, daº¹agatajalassa pana gahaºe attano atthikkhaºe anup±lana½. Attan± anupp±ditadhamme katha½ p±let²ti ±ha “dh±ti viya kum±ran”ti. Yadi sesadhamm±na½ pavattik±raºena kenaci bhavitabba½, j²vitassa pana ki½ pavattik±raºanti ±ha “saya½…pe… pavattat²”ti. Yath± katha½ viy±ti ±ha “niy±mako viy±”ti. Sopi attan± pavattitan±v±sambandhena pavattati. Yadi dhamm±na½ pavatti j²vitindriyapaµibaddha½, bhaªgato uddhampi ki½ pana pavattet²ti ±ha “na bhaªgato uddhan”ti. Kasm±ti ±ha “attano ca pavattetabb±nañca abh±v±”ti. Bhaªgakkhaºe pana kathanti ±ha “na bhaªgakkhaºe µhapet²”ti.
Yasm± pana lobhapaµipakkho alobho hoti, ye dhamm± tena sampayutt±, ta½samaªgino v± satt±, te na lubbhanti, sayampi kad±ci na lubbhateva, atthato v± alubbhan±k±ro eva ca so hoti, tasm± vutta½ “na lubbhanti ten±”ti-±di. Esa nayo “na dussanti ten±”ti-±d²supi. Alaggabh±vo ±rammaºa½ niss±ya pavattantassapi tattha an±sattat±. Ten±ha “kamaladale jalabindu viy±”ti. Apariggaho kassaci vatthuno mamattavasena asaªgaho. Muttabhikkhu viy±ti kh²º±savabhikkhu viya. So hi muttar±gatt± katthaci mam±yanarahito hoti. Anall²no bh±vo adhipp±yo etass±ti anall²nabh±vo. Evañhi “asucimhi patitapuriso viy±”ti upam±ya sameti. Yath± hi tassa purisassa satipi k±yena all²yane bh±vo anall²no, eva½ alobhopi ±rammaºakaraºavasena gahitepi ±rammaºe alaggabh±vena anall²nabh±vo anall²n±k±royeva pavattati. Eva½sabh±vo hi so dhammoti.