73. Manas² ca k±roti manasik±ro ca. Manasik±rasaddassa hi atthamattasandassanavasena g±th±bandhasukhattha½ asam±saniddeso, d²ghakaraºa½, majjhe ca ca-saddavacananti. Tena munivaren±ti sambandho.
74-80. Paµham±bhinip±tatt±ti ±rammaºe phusanavasena paµhamameva abhinipatanato. Sabbepi cetasik± citt±yatt± cittakiriyabh±vena vuccant²ti “cittass±”ti vutta½. Kir±ti arucis³cana½. Eva½ mah±sa½ghikamata½ dassetv± id±ni tameva vitth±retu½ “phusitv± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Mah±sa½ghik± hi “paµhama½ phasso ±rammaºa½ phusati, atha tena phuµµha½ dutiya½ vedan± vediyati, eva½ etehi phuµµhavedita½ tatiya½ saññ± sañj±n±ti, tehi pana phuµµhaveditasaññ±te catuttha½ cetan±ya sampayuttadhamme abhisandahat²”ti-±din± vadanti. Balavapaccayatt±ti yath± p±s±da½ patv± thambh± sesadabbasambh±r±na½ balavapaccay±, evamesa yasm± sesasampayutt±na½ balavapaccayo, tasm±ti attho. Tasm±ti hetunigamana½.
Saheva c±ti ca-saddo aµµh±nappayutto, so “cittaj±nan”ti imassa anantara½ daµµhabbo. Kasm±? Citt±na½, cittaj±nañca ekupp±d±dibh±vena saheva pavattitoti evamettha padasambandho veditabbo. Idanti ida½ yath±vuttavidh±na½, eva½ “paµham±bhinip±tatt±”ti k±raºa½ pariharitv± id±ni “balavapaccayatt±”ti ida½ pariharanto ±ha “balava…pe… dissat²”ti. Ca-saddo avadh±raºe, neva dissat²ti attho. Sesadhamm±nampi hi sahaj±tapaccayabh±vassa s±dh±raºatt± tasseva balavapaccayabh±ve na kiñci k±raºa½ dissat²ti. Yadi sabbamidamak±raºa½, kathañcarahi phasso paµhama½ vuttoti ±ha “desan±kkamato”ti-±di. “Vedan± hoti, phasso hoti, saññ± hoti, phasso hoti, cetan± hoti, phasso hoti, citta½ hoti, phasso hoti, vedan± hoti, saññ± hoti, cetan± hoti, vitakko hot²”ti-±d²hi ±haritumpi vaµµeyya, desan±v±rena pana phassova paµhama½ vuttoti veditabbo. Yath± cettha, eva½ sesadhammesupi pubb±parakkamo n±ma na pariyesitabbo. Vacanatthalakkhaº±d²h²ti vacanatthato ca lakkhaº±dito ca.
Phusat²ti kattuniddeso. Tattha k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttameva, phusanti etena v±ti phasso. Sampayuttadhamm± hi ±rammaºe pavattam±n± ta½ phusanalakkhaºena phassena phusant± viya honti, ±rammaºaphusanamatta½ v± phassotipi s±dhanattayampi yujjateva. Phusana½ lakkhaºametass±ti phusanalakkhaºo, vedan±ya paccayabh±vaµµhena ±rammaºaphusanalakkhaºoti attho. Sa½ghaµµanarasoti manodv±re citt±rammaº±na½ sa½ghaµµanato sa½ghaµµanakicco. Ayañhi ±rammaºe anall²yam±nopi r³pa½ viya cakkhu½, saddo viya ca sota½ cittam±rammaºañca ghaµµeti. Pañcadv±resu v± vatth±rammaºasa½ghaµµanena sampajjat²ti sa½ghaµµanasampattiko phasso “sa½ghaµµanaraso”ti vutto. Yath± “dve p±º² vajjeyyun”ti-±d²su p±ºimhi ghaµµana½ tabbisesabh³t± r³padhamm±, eva½ cittassa ±rammaºe sa½ghaµµana½ tabbisesabh³to eko cetasikadhammo daµµhabbo. Tiººa½ sannip±tasaªkh±tassa attano k±raºassa vasena paveditatt± sannip±tapaccupaµµh±no. “Cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tiººa½ saªgati phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204, 400; 3.421, 425; sa½. ni 2.4.60; kath±. 465) hi vacanato cakkhur³paviññ±º±d²na½ tiººa½ sannip±tavasena gahetabbat±ya upaµµh±nato sannip±tasaªkh±tassa k±raºassa vasena upaµµh±namass±ti upaµµh±naµµhena paccupaµµh±nena sannip±tapaccupaµµh±nat± vutt±. “Phassapaccay± vedan±”ti (vibha. 225) vacanato vedan± phalamass±ti vedan±paccupaµµh±no. Tajjasamann±h±rena ceva indriyena ca parikkhate visaye anantar±yeneva uppajjanato ±p±thagatavisayapadaµµh±no. Ayañhi tassa phassassa k±raºabh³to tadanur³pabh³to samann±h±roti tajjasamann±h±rasaªkh±tena ±vajjanena ceva cakkh±di-indriyena ca yath±kkama½ ±rammaºakaraºatadabhimukhabh±vavasena parikkhate abhisaªkh±te ±p±thagateyeva visaye ekantena uppajjanato ±p±thagato visayo padaµµh±na½ ±sannak±raºa½ imass±ti ±p±thagatavisayapadaµµh±no.
Nanu c±ya½ dhammo cetasiko, sv±ya½ ar³padhammo sam±no katha½ phusanalakkhaºo hot²ti antol²nacodana½ manasi katv± tass± sodhanattha½ “ar³padhammopi sam±no”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “phusan±k±reneva pavattat²”ti imin± ar³pass±pi sato tassa dhammassa aya½ sabh±voti dasseti. S± ca tassa phusan±k±rappavatti ambila½ ambapakk±di½ kh±danta½ passantassa parassa khe¼uppattipara½ b±dhiyam±na½ disv± day±lukassa sar²rakampana½, rukkhas±khagge duµµhita½ purisa½ disv± bh³miya½ µhitassa purisassa jaªghacalana½, pis±c±dibh±yitabba½ disv± ³rupatthambhoti evam±di viya daµµhabb±. Soti so yath±vuttalakkhaº±diko phasso.
Sundaranti sukhavedan±sampayuttatt± pasattha½. Manoti viññ±ºa½. Sumanassa bh±voti sumanasaªkh±tassa viññ±ºassa bh±vo. Yv±ya½ saddappavattinibandhano attho, so somanassa½. Somanassavedan±sampayuttatt± hi sumana-saddo tasmi½ viññ±ºe pavattati. Vedena anubhavan±k±rena ayita½ pavatta½ vedayita½, ta½ lakkhaºamass±ti vedayitalakkhaº±. Iµµhassa iµµh±k±ratova anubhavana½ kiccamass±ti iµµh±k±r±nubhavanaras±. S± hi sabh±vato iµµham±rammaºa½ iµµhavasena, itarañca iµµh±k±reneva anubhavati, tattha iµµh±k±r±nubhavana½ kusal±kusalacittasampayuttavedan±ya labbhati tass± aniµµhassapi kappan±vasena iµµh±k±rena gahaºato, sabh±vato pana iµµh±nubhavana½ aby±katacittasampayutt±yapi labbhati tass± vipall±sagg±h±bh±vato. “R±j± viya subhojanarasan”ti imin± ima½ d²peti– phassassa phusanamattameva hoti, saññ±ya sañj±nanamattameva, cetan±ya sañcetan±mattameva, viññ±ºassa vij±nanamattameva, eka½sato pana issaravat±ya s±mibh±vena vedan±va ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavati, r±j± viya s³dak±rena samp±ditasubhojanarasanti. Ass±d²yat²ti ass±do, sukhavedan±. Ten±ha bhagav±– “ya½, bhikkhave, pañcup±d±nakkhandhe paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, pañcup±d±nakkhandhesu ass±do”ti. Cetosannissitatt± cetasi bhavo ass±doti cetasika-ass±do, tath± paccupaµµh±t²ti cetasika-ass±dapaccupaµµh±n±. Passaddhak±yo sukha½ vediyat²ti ±ha “passaddhipadaµµh±n±”ti. Ida½ pana nir±misasomanassavasena veditabba½.
N²l±dibhedassa ±rammaºassa sañj±nana½ tameva sañña½ katv± j±nana½ lakkhaºa½ etass±ti sañj±nanalakkhaº±. Pacc±bhiññ±ºakaraºaras±ti pati abhiññ±yati eten±ti pacc±bhiññ±ºa½, tadevetanti puna pacc±bhiññ±ºanimitta½ saºµh±n±diko ±k±ro, tassa karaºaraso kiccamass±ti pacc±bhiññ±ºakaraºaras±. S± hi uppajjam±n± pacch± sañj±nanassa k±raºabh³ta½ saºµh±n±dika½ ±k±ra½ gahetv± uppajjat²ti. Idañca nimittak±rik±ya nimittena sañj±nantiy± ca sabb±ya sam±nasaññ±ya yojetabba½. Nimittena sañj±nant²pi hi puna apar±ya saññ±ya ca sañj±nanassa nimitta½ karot²ti. Tañca kusal±kusalakiriy±javanasañña½ dhura½ katv± veditabba½. Ta½ paneta½ abhiññ±ºakaraºa½ katha½ daµµhabbanti ±ha “va¹¹hakissa abhiññ±ºakaraºamiv±”ti. Yath± va¹¹hakissa d±r³su “ida½ uddha½, ida½ adho”ti eva½ pacch± sañj±nanapaccayabh³tassa saññ±ºassa karaºa½, evamass± puna sañj±nanapaccayanimittakaraºanti vutta½ hoti. Hatthidassaka-andho viya “idameva saccan”ti saññ±ya yath±gahitanimittavasena abhinivesakaraºato yath±…pe… paccupaµµh±n±. Etena saññ±ya ±k±raggahaºa½ katv± µhitassa diµµhi-±d²na½ uppajjanato akusalasaññ±ya anur³pavasena phalapaccupaµµh±na½ dassita½ hoti. Atha v± abhinivesakaraºanti “idameva saccan”ti saññ±bhinivesamattameva, tasm± upaparikkh±bh±vena yath±gahitanimittavasena abhinives±k±rena upaµµh±nato ±k±rapaccupaµµh±na½ vutta½. Tiºapurisakesu migapotak±na½ “puris±”ti uppannasaññ± viya avikappasabh±vatt± yath±-upaµµhitavisayapadaµµh±n±. Ettha ca ñ±ºavippayuttasaññ±ya ±k±raggahaºavasena uppajjanak±le citta½ abboh±rika½ saññ±nugatika½ hoti. ѱºasampayutte citte pana sasambh±rapathaviy± anugat± sesadh±tuyo viya saññ±cittañca abboh±rika½ ñ±º±nugatika½ hoti.
Abhisandahat²ti pabandhati pavatteti, “gaºhatha gaºhath±”ti vadant² viya sampayuttadhamme ±rammaºe payojeti, sakasakakicce ca paµµhapet²ti attho. Cetayitalakkhaº±ti niddokkantassa pabuddhakkhaºe sambhamappavatti viya cetaso uss±hat±va lakkhaº±. Atha v± “abhisandahat²”ti vuttatt± payojanalakkhaº±tveva attho. ¾y³hanaras±ti cetasika-iriyanaras±, payogaras±ti vutta½ hoti. Kusal±kusalakiriy±javanasampayutt±yayeva paneta½ labbhati. Sa½vidahanapaccupaµµh±n±ti “tva½ ida½ karoh²”ti vic±rent² viya hot²ti vic±raºapaccupaµµh±n±. Et±ya hi pavattam±n±ya sabbepi sampayuttadhamm± yath± sakiccapasut± honti, teneva hes± sakiccaparakiccas±dhik± vutt±. Jeµµhasisso pare sajjh±yane uyyojento sayampi sajjh±yati. Tasmiñhi sajjh±yitu½ ±raddhe sesasiss±pi sajjh±yanti. Mah±va¹¹hakismimpi va¹¹hakikamma½ k±tu½ ±raddhe itarepi karonti yev±ti ±ha “jeµµhasissamah±va¹¹haki-±dayo viy±”ti. ¾di-saddena jeµµhantev±sik±d²na½ gahaºa½.
Yath±paccaya½ pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ natthi k±ci vasavattit±ti vasavattibh±vaniv±raºattha½ “vitakkana½ vitakko”ti vutta½. Ðhana½ ±rammaºassa parikappana½, tasmi½ abhiniropananti v± vutta½ hoti. Yasm± citta½ vitakkabalena ±rammaºa½ abhiru¼ha½ viya hoti, tasm± vutta½ “±rammaºe cittassa abhiniropanalakkhaºo”ti. Yath± hi koci g±mav±s² puriso r±javallabha½, ta½sambandhina½ mitta½ v± niss±ya r±jageha½ ±rohati anupavisati, eva½ vitakka½ niss±ya citta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati. Yadi eva½ katha½ avitakkacitta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati, na hi dvipañcaviññ±ºadutiyajjh±n±dike vitakko upalabbhati, yassa balena ta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati, tasm± sabh±vato bh±van±balena tattha anuppajjanako? Sacca½, tampi vitakkabalena ±rohati. Yath± hi so puriso paricayena tena vin±pi nir±saªko r±jageha½ pavisati, eva½ paricayena vitakkena vin±pi avitakkacitta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati. Paricayoti cettha sant±ne abhiºha½ pavattacittabh±van±saªkh±to paricayo. Vitakkassa hi sant±ne abhiºha½ pavattassa vasena cittassa ±rammaº±bhirohana½ ciraparicita½, tena ta½ citta½ kad±ci vitakkena vin±pi tattha vattateva. Yath± ta½ ñ±ºasahita½ hutv± sammasanavasena ciraparicita½ kad±ci ñ±ºarahitampi sammasanavasena pavattati, yath± v± kilesasahita½ hutv± pavatta½ sabbaso kilesarahitampi paricayena kilesav±san±vasena pavattati, eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½.
Atha v± dvipañcaviññ±ºa½ avitakkampi vatth±rammaºaghaµµanassa balavat±ya, dutiyajjh±n±d²ni ca heµµhimaheµµhimabh±van±ya balavat±ya ±rammaºa½ ±rohat²ti. ¾dito, abhimukha½ v± hanana½ paharaºamatta½ ±hanana½, parito, parivattetv± v± hanana½ visesena paharaºa½ pariy±hanana½, ta½ kiccamass±ti ±hananapariy±hananaraso. Tath± hi tena yog±vacaro ±rammaºa½ vitakk±hata½ vitakkapariy±hata½ karot²ti vuccati. ¾nayana½ cittassa ±rammaºe upanayana½, ±ka¹¹hana½ v±, tath± hutv± paccupaµµh±namass±ti ±nayanapaccupaµµh±no.