2. Dutiyo paricchedo

Cetasikaniddesavaººan±

67. Ett±vat± ca citta½ cetasika½ r³pa½ nibb±nanti eva½ uddiµµhesu cat³su dhammesu citta½ t±va j±tibh³misampayogappavatt±k±r±divasena vibh±gena niddisitv± id±ni tadanantara½ uddiµµhe cetasikadhamme niddisitu½ “citt±nantaramuddiµµh±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Vibh±jananti j±tibh³mi-±divasena vibh±ga½, tesu tesu cittesu yath±raha½ sampayogavasena visu½ visu½ bh±janañca.
Katame pana cetasik±, yesa½ vibh±jana½ vuccat²ti te saha nibbacanena sar³pato dassetu½ “tattha cittasampayutt±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “cittasampayutt±”ti ida½ cetasikalakkhaºadassana½. Tena ye cittena saha sampayogalakkhaºena yutt±, teyeva cetasik±ti dasseti. Ki½ pana ta½ sampayogalakkhaºanti? Ekupp±da-ekanirodha-ekavatthuka-ek±rammaºasaªkh±t± pak±r±. Sama½ pak±rehi yutt±ti hi sampayutt±. Tattha yadi ekupp±dat±matteneva ca sampayuttat± adhippet±, sahuppattik±na½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ aññamaññasampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti ekanirodha-ggahaºa½. Evampi avinibbhogar³p±na½ aññamaññasampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti ekavatthuka-ggahaºa½. Evampi “avinibbhogar³pesu eka½ mah±bh³ta½ sesamah±bh³top±d±r³p±na½ nissayapaccayo hot²ti tasm± t±ni ekavatthuk±n²ti, cakkh±d²na½ nissayabh³t±ni v± bh³t±ni eka½ vatthu etesu nissitanti ekavatthuk±n²”ti kappentassa tesa½ sampayuttat±patti siy±ti tanniv±raºattha½ ek±rammaºa-ggahaºa½.
Paµilomato v± “ek±rammaº±”ti vutte ekav²thiya½ pañcaviññ±ºasampaµicchan±d²na½, n±n±v²thiya½ parasant±ne ca ekasmi½ ±rammaºe uppajjam±n±na½ bhinnavatthuk±na½ sampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti ekavatthuka-ggahaºa½. Evampi maraº±sannav²thiya½ sampaµicchanasant²raº±d²na½ sampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti ekanirodha-ggahaºa½. Ki½ pana n±nupp±d±pi eva½ tividhalakkhaº± honti atha ekupp±d± ev±ti vic±raº±ya ekupp±d± eva eva½ tividhalakkhaº± hont²ti dassanattha½ “ekupp±d±”ti vutta½. Iti imehi cat³hi sampayogalakkhaºehi ye cittasampayutt±, te cetasik± n±m±ti eva½ cetasikalakkhaºa½ µhapita½ hoti. Katha½ panete cetasik± n±m±ti ±ha “citte bhav±”ti. “Cetasi bhav± cetasik±”ti vattabbe citta-saddassapi ceto-saddena saha sam±natthat±ya atthamatta½ dassetu½ “citte bhav± cetasik±”ti vutta½.
Niyat±ti niyatuppattik±, karuº±mudit±dayo viya kad±ci anuppajjitv± yad± yad± ta½ citta½ uppajjati, tad± tad±va tena avinibhutt± hutv± j±yam±n±ti attho. Sar³pena ±gat±ti chand±dayo viya “ye v± pana tasmi½ samaye aññepi atthi paµiccasamuppann± ar³pino dhamm±”ti eva½ yev±panakavasena an±gantv± “phasso hoti, vedan± hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) sar³peneva p±¼iya½ ±gat±. Yev±pan±ti eva½ desan± etesanti yev±panak±. Ek³nati½sa dhamm±ti kiccabheda½ an±masitv± kevala½ asambhinnadhammavaseneva eken³n± ti½sa dhamm±. P±¼iya½ pana cittena saha ti½sa dhamme gahetv± tesa½ kiccabhedato gahaºena chappaññ±sa dhamm± vutt±. Seyyathidanti sar³papucch±. Phasso…pe… cittujukat±ti yath±pucchit±na½ sar³padassana½. Iti-saddo parisam±pane, nidassane v±. Puna tetti½sa hont²ti sambandho. Tetti½sa hont²ti teyeva ek³nati½sa dhamm±ti adhipp±yo.
“Kad±ci uppajjant²”ti vutta½, ta½ katha½ daµµhabbanti ±ha “imes³”ti-±di. Karuº±mudit±vasen±ti paµhamasamann±h±rato paµµh±ya gotrabhupariyos±nappavattitakaruº±mudit±parikammavasena. Karuº±pubbabh±goti karuº±ya pubbabh±go, parikammappan±vasena pavattakaruº±bh±van±ya appan±koµµh±sato purimakoµµh±so, paµhamasamann±h±rato paµµh±ya gotrabhupariyos±nappavattaparikammakoµµh±so hutv±ti attho. Eva½ “mudit±pubbabh±go”ti etth±pi. Bh±ga-saddassa drabyavuttit±ya tappurisassa ca uttarapadatthappadh±nat±ya “karuº±pubbabh±go”ti-±din± pulliªgena vutta½. Eta-saddassa pana guºavuttit±ya guºavisesavati vattam±no tassa liªgavasena pariºamat²ti karuº±mudit±pekkh±ya “et±”ti itthiliªgavasena vuttanti. Na panekato uppajjanti, kiñcarahi visu½ visu½yev±ti attho. Teneva hi “karuº±pubbabh±go v± mudit±pubbabh±go v±”ti vikappo vuttoti. Kasm± panet± dve ekato nuppajjant²ti? Bhinn±rammaºatt±. Karuº± hi dukkhitasatte ±rabbha tesa½ dukkh±panayanak±mat±vasena pavattati, mudit± sukhitasatte ±rabbha tesa½ sukh±numodanavasena, tasm± ubhinnampi bhinnavisayatt± na ekasmi½ citte uppatti sambhavat²ti. Micch±kammant±d²h²ti ±di-saddena micch±v±c±micch±j²v±na½ gahaºa½. Samm±kammant±d²ni parip³rent²ti samm±kammantasamm±v±c±samm±-±j²v±ni parip³renti. Ko virat²ti t²su ek± virati uppajjati, samm±kammanta½ p³rent² paµham±, samm±v±ca½ p³rent² dutiy±, samm±-±j²va½ p³rent² tatiy± virati uppajjat²ti attho. Karuº±mudit±hi saha na uppajjanti t±sa½ paññatt±rammaºatt±, viratiy± ca ekantaparitt±rammaºatt±. Aññamaññena ca na uppajjanti aññamaññassapi bhinnavisayatt±. Micch±kammant±d²nañhi ±rammaº±neva yath±kkama½ samm±kammant±d²na½ ±rammaº±ni tato viratibh±vato. Etes³ti imesu pañcasu.
68. Virat²nampi saªgahaºattha½ “karuº±mudit±d²s³”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhasukhattha½ ±di-saddalopavasena “karuº±mudit±s³”ti vutta½. Evañca katv± vutta½ “eken±”ti, itarath± “ek±y±”ti vattabbanti.
69-71. Ki½ panettha k±raºa½, cat³su brahmavih±resu dve idha niddiµµh±, na itar±ti codento ±ha “kasm± pan±”ti-±di. Upekkh± ca na uddhaµ±ti sambandho. Navahi lokuttaradhammehi jana½ rañjet²ti dhammar±j±. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthehi sadevaka½ loka½ anus±sat²ti satth±. Aby±p±dena mett± gahit± tasseva hit±k±rappavattik±le mett±bh±v³pagamanato. Teneva hesa “mett± mett±yan±”ti-±din± niddiµµho. Tatramajjhattat±ya upekkh± gahit± t±yeva sattesu majjhatt±k±rappavatt±ya upekkh±brahmavih±rabh±vato. ¾diccena saha sam±nagottat±ya, ariyas±vakabh±vena v± tassa bhagavato puttat±ya ±dicco bandhu imassa, ±diccassa v± bandh³ti ±diccabandhu.
72. R±sinti phassapañcak±disattarasar±si½. Paµhamamah±cittupp±davasena hi–
“Phasso hoti, vedan± hoti, saññ± hoti, cetan± hoti, citta½ hoti, vitakko hoti, vic±ro hoti, p²ti hoti, sukha½ hoti, cittassekaggat± hoti, saddhindriya½ hoti, v²riyindriya½ hoti, satindriya½ hoti, sam±dhindriya½ hoti, paññindriya½ hoti, manindriya½ hoti, somanassindriya½ hoti, j²vitindriya½ hoti, samm±diµµhi hoti, samm±saªkappo hoti, samm±v±y±mo hoti, samm±sati hoti, samm±sam±dhi hoti, saddh±bala½ hoti, v²riyabala½ hoti, satibala½ hoti sam±dhibala½ hoti, paññ±bala½ hoti, hiribala½ hoti, ottappabala½ hoti, alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjh± hoti, aby±p±do hoti, samm±diµµhi hoti, hir² hoti, ottappa½ hoti, k±yapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti, k±yalahut± hoti, cittalahut± hoti, k±yamudut± hoti, cittamudut± hoti, k±yakammaññat± hoti, cittakammaññat± hoti, k±yap±guññat± hoti, cittap±guññat± hoti, k±yujukat± hoti, cittujukat± hoti, sati hoti, sampajañña½ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassan± hoti, pagg±ho hoti, avikkhepo hot²”ti (dha. sa. 1)–

Eva½ dhammuddh±ra½ karontena bhagavat± phass±dayo ti½sa dhamme chappaññ±sa katv± phassapañcakar±si jh±napañcakar±si indriyaµµhakar±si maggapañcakar±si balasattakar±si hetuttikar±si kammapathatikar±si lokap±ladukar±si chayuga¼adukar±si upak±radukar±si yuganandhadukar±si v²riyasamathadukar±s²ti sattarasanna½ r±s²na½ vasena vibh±go kato.

Katha½? Etesupi citta½ t±va phassapañcaka½ patv± “citta½ hot²”ti vutta½, indriy±ni patv± “manindriyan”ti. Vitakko jh±naªg±ni patv± “vitakko hot²”ti vutto, maggaªg±ni patv± “samm±saªkappo”ti. Saddh± indriy±ni patv± “saddhindriya½ hot²”ti vutt±, bal±ni patv± “saddh±balan”ti. Hir² bal±ni patv± “hiribala½ hot²”ti vutt±, lokap±laduka½ patv± “hir²”ti. Ottappepi eseva nayo. Alobho m³la½ patv± “alobho hot²”ti vutto, kammapatha½ patv± “anabhijjh±”ti. Adoso m³la½ patv± “adoso hot²”ti vutto, kammapatha½ patv± “aby±p±do”ti. Ime satta dv²su µh±nesu vibhatt±. Vedan± pana phassapañcaka½ patv± “vedan± hot²”ti vutt±, jh±naªg±ni patv± “sukhan”ti, indriy±ni patv± “somanassindriyan”ti. Evamaya½ eko dhammo t²su µh±nesu vibhatto. V²riya½ pana indriy±ni patv± “v²riyindriya½ hot²”ti vutta½, maggaªg±ni patv± “samm±v±y±mo”ti, bal±ni patv± “v²riyabalan”ti, v²riyasamatha½ patv± “pagg±ho”ti. Satipi indriy±ni patv± “satindriya½ hot²”ti vutt±, maggaªg±ni patv± “samm±sat²”ti, bal±ni patv± “satibalan”ti, upak±raduka½ patv± “sati hot²”ti Eva½ ime dve dhamm± cat³su µh±nesu vibhatt±. Sam±dhi pana jh±naªg±ni patv± “cittassekaggat± hot²”ti vutto, indriy±ni patv± “sam±dhindriyan”ti, maggaªg±ni patv± “samm±sam±dh²”ti, bal±ni patv± “sam±dhibalan”ti, yuganandhaduka½ patv± “samatho”ti, v²riyasamatha½ patv± “avikkhepo hot²”ti. Evamaya½ eko dhammo chasu µh±nesu vibhatto. Paññ± pana indriy±ni patv± “paññindriya½ hot²”ti vutt±, maggaªg±ni patv± “samm±diµµh²”ti, bal±ni patv± “paññ±balan”ti, m³l±ni patv± “amoho”ti, kammapatha½ patv± “samm±diµµh²”ti, upak±raduka½ patv± “sampajaññan”ti, yuganandhaduka½ patv± “vipassan±”ti. Evamaya½ eko dhammo sattasu µh±nesu vibhattoti evamete dv±dasa dhamm± indriy±dita½ta½kiccavantat±ya dviµµh±nik±dibhedena sattarasasu r±s²su vibhatt±. Itare aµµh±rasa kiccavasena bhed±bh±vato ekaµµh±nik±yev±ti imesu sattarasasu r±s²su yev±panakadhamm± ekar±simpi na bhajanti ta½ta½kiccabh±vatoti katv± vutta½ “r±si½ bhajanti n±”ti.
Nanu cete kiñc±pi sesar±sayo na bhajanti tesa½ sadisakiccasaªgahavasena µhitatt±. Phassapañcakar±si pana khandhasaªgahavaseneva µhapitoti cetan±ya viya nesa½ saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgahato tattha samavarodho yuttoti? Ta½ na, khandhasaªgahavasena µhapitopi hi phassapañcakar±si sabbacittas±dh±raºadhamme saªgahetv± µhapitoti chand±d²na½ tiººa½ pakiººakavasena uppajjam±n±na½ sabbacittas±dh±raºat±ya abh±vato, manasik±rassa ca satipi sabbacittas±dh±raºatte nippariy±yato saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgah±bh±vato na etesa½ phassapañcakar±sibhajanampi yuttanti. Kasm± pana manasik±rassa nippariy±yato saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgah±bh±voti? Vuccate– µhapetv± cetana½ sesadhamm±na½ sakasakakiccesupi par±dh²nabh±vena pavattanato abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºa½ nippariy±yato na labbhati. Yadi labheyya, cittekaggat±j²vitindriy±na½ sabbacittas±dh±raºatt± vedan±viññ±º±ni viya t±ni phassapañcake vattabb±ni siyu½, na paneva½ vutt±, tasm± µhapetv± cetana½ sesadhamm±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºa½ nippariy±yato na labbhat²ti na tesa½ nippariy±yato khandhasaªgaho labbhati. Cetan±yayeva pana sakiccaparakiccas±dhanavasena pavattanato nippariy±yato abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºassa atthit±ya khandhasaªgaho labbhat²ti. Yadi eva½ katha½ phasso phassapañcake vuttoti? “Phassapaccay± vedan± (vibha. 225), phuµµho vedeti, phuµµho sañj±n±t²”ti-±divacanato (sa½. ni. 4.93) vedan± saññ± cetan± viññ±ºanti imesa½ ar³pakkhandh±na½ uddesaµµh±ne µhatv± tesa½ paccayassapi uddisituk±mat±ya phasso tattha vutto Dubbal±ti sakavisayepi par±yattabh±veneva pavattanato dubbal±. Adhimokkho hi sam±dhissa paribyattabh±ve paribyattabh±vato sam±dh±yattavutti, manasik±ropi cetan±ya paribyattabh±vato cetan±yattavutt²ti par±yatt±va te honti.