R³p±vacar±r³p±vacaravip±kavaººan±

Mahaggatavip±k±na½ ta½ta½kusal±gamanavaseneva jh±naªgah±ni, na pana bh±van±visesen±ti tesa½ pah±naªg±ni anuddhaµ±ni. Upapattiyanti upapattibhave.
Ar³p±vacaravip±kacitt±ni vuccant²ti sambandho.
44. Kusal±nugata½ katv±ti kusal±nur³pa½ kusalasadisa½ katv±. Yath± k±m±vacaravip±ka½ kusalato visadisampi katv± vibhatta½, evamakatv± kusalasadisameva katv±ti attha½ vadanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana kusal±nantara½ katv± mahaggatavip±k±na½ bh±jitap±¼i½ sandh±ya “kusal±nugata½ katv± bh±jitan”ti vutta½. P±¼iyañhi–
“Katame dhamm± aby±kat±? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 431)–

K±m±vacaravip±ka½ vibhajitv± mahaggatavip±ka½ vibhajantena–

“Katame dhamm± aby±kat±? Yasmi½ samaye r³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti, vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati pathav²kasiºa½, tasmi½ samaye phasso hoti…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± kusal±, tasseva r³p±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati pathav²kasiºa½…pe… ime dhamm± aby±kat±”ti (dha. sa. 498).
Eva½ kusala½ uddisitv± tadanantara½ katv± mahaggata½ vip±ka½ vibhatta½, tasm± yath± k±m±vacaravip±ka½, eva½ avibhajitv± ida½ kusal±nantara½ katv± vibhattanti imamattha½ jotetu½ aµµhakath±ya½ “kusal±nugata½ katv±”ti vutta½. Imin±pi ca ±cariyena parih±ramukhena vakkham±na-atthavisesavacanicch±ya tattha vuttanayeneva codan± kat±. Evañhi sati kusal±nantara½yeva phala½ uppajjat²ti ñ±pana½ suµµh³papanna½ hot²ti ayamettha amh±ka½ ±cariyassa maggo.
Mahaggatanti mahaggatavip±ka½. Tañhi idha adhigata½. K±m±…pe… yatoti yasm± k±m±vacarakusala½ asam±naphala½ hoti tihetukassa duhetuk±hetukavip±k±na½, duhetukassa ca ahetukavip±k±nampi jananato, na evamida½, ida½ pana ekanteneva sadisavip±kajananato sam±naphalameva, tasm±ti attho. Ettha ca “kusalan”ti avuttepi k±m±vacarapuñña½v±ti upamitatt± upameyyassapi kusalabh±vo viññ±yati. Kasm± paneta½ sadisavip±ka½, na k±m±vacara½ viya visadisavip±kamp²ti? Vuccate– k±m±vacarapuññañhi ±cinanto r³pataºh±din±n±vatthukak±mataºh³panissayato ±cinati, tasm± tad³panissayakusala½ tadanur³pato n±n±vatthuka½ vip±ka½ janeti. Mahaggata½ pana ±cinanto ekavatthuk±yeva bhavataºh±ya vasena ±cinat²ti tadanur³pato ta½ n±n±vatthu½ ajanetv± ekavatthumeva janet²ti.
45-6. Sabbath±ti dhammato ±rammaºato paµipad±dito ca. Tath± hi ye phass±dayo kusale ca labbhanti, te vip±kepi labbhanti, yasmiñca ±rammaºe kusala½ pavattati, tattheva ida½ vip±kampi. Y±va paµipad±dayo kusalassa labbhanti, t±va imassa vip±kassap²ti. K±ma½ yassa kassaci ch±y± ta½ta½vatthusadis±va, mahantassa pana kusalavip±kassa mahant±hiyeva upam±hi bhavitabbanti “gaj±d²nan”ti-±di vutta½. Apare apare attabh±ve bhava½ vedanamass±ti apar±pariyavedana½. Yadi apar±pariyavedana½ na hoti, kathañcarahi imassa phaluppatt²ti ±ha “jh±n± aparih²nass±”ti-±di.
47. Kusal±nantaranti kusalabhav±nantara½. Yasmiñhi bhave ta½ kusala½ kata½, so idha kusala-saddena upac±rato gahito kamm±nantara½yeva phalassa asambhavato. Na hi ta½ lokuttarakusala½ viya anantaraphalanipph±daka½, atha kho ekaccak±m±vacarakusala½ viya apar±pariyavedana½ ahutv± satipi anekeyeva k±m±vacarakamme mahogho viya paritta½ udaka½ tamajjhottharitv± attanoyeva vip±kad±nena ekantena anantarabhaveyeva phala½ nibbatteti. Nanu ca aparih²najjh±nasseva kassaci nikantivasena k±mabhave paµisandhi hoti. Tath± hi tissamah±brahm± uparibrahmalok³papattiy± bh±vitamaggo bhikkh³hi y±cito tato cavitv± moggalibr±hmaºassa gehe paµisandhi½ aggahes²ti vuttanti ta½ kathanti? Nikantibaleneva jh±na½ parih±yat²ti tato parih²najjh±no nibbattat²ti vadanti. Apare pana ±cariy± “an²varaº±vatth±ya nikantiy± jh±nassa parih±ni v²ma½sitv± gahetabb±”ti vatv± “satipi mahaggatakammuno vip±ka½ paµib±hanasamatthasseva parittakammassa abh±ve ‘ijjhati, bhikkhave, s²lavato cetopaºidhi visuddhatt±’ti (a. ni. 8.35) vacanato k±mabhave cetopaºidhi mahaggatakammassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± parittakammuno vip±kassa ok±sa½ karot²”ti vadanti, ta½ yutta½. Etass±ti imassatthassa ñ±panatthanti sambandho.
48-9. Eva½ avisesena kusalasadisata½ atidisitv± id±ni visesa½ dassetu½ “paµipad±kkamo cev±”ti-±di vutta½. Yath± hi dukkhapaµipada½ dandh±bhiñña½ jh±na½ upp±detv± punappuna½ sam±pajjantassa ta½ jh±na½ ta½paµipadameva hoti, eva½ tasmi½ tasmi½ aparih²ne tassa tassa vip±ko nibbattam±no ta½ta½paµipadova bhavitu½ arahati. Chand±dhipateyy±dibh±vo pana tasmi½ khaºe vijjam±n±na½ chand±d²na½ adhipatipaccayabh±vena hoti, na ±gamanavasena. Tath± hi ekameva jh±na½ n±nakkhaºesu n±n±dhipateyya½ hoti, tasm± vip±kassa ±gamanavasena chand±dhipateyy±dit± na gahit±. Ten±ha “abh±vodhipat²nan”ti. Tadabh±vatova sarasato tassa h²n±dit± na sambhavat²ti s±pi jh±n±gamanatova vutt±.

R³p±vacar±r³p±vacaravip±kavaººan± niµµhit±.