39. “Tath±dhipatino”ti-±di adhipativasena visesadassana½. Sabbesampi hi tebh³makakusal±na½ añño ±y³hanak±lo, añño vipaccanak±lo, tasm± na t±ni attano vip±kehi adhipati½ g±h±petu½ sakkont²ti na te chand±d²ni dhura½ katv± pavattanti. Lokuttarakusal±ni ca pana ±y³hanak±lassa, vipaccanak±lassa ca antar±bh±vato attano chand±d²na½ balassa av³pasantak±leyeva vip±ka½ nibbattent²ti anantarapaccay± hutv± vip±kehi adhipati½ g±h±petu½ sakkont²ti. Evañca katv± upari lokuttaravip±k±na½ adhipatiyoga½ vakkhati.
40. Yasm± morav±piv±simah±dattattherena vip±k±na½ ±gamanato asaªkh±rikasasaªkh±rikabh±vo icchito, tipiµakac³¼an±gattherena paccayato, tasm± ubhinnampi matidassanattham±ha “asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ravidh±nan”ti-±di. Purimatthero hi yath± mukhe calite ±d±satale mukhanimitta½ calati eva½ asaªkh±rikassa kusalassa vip±ko asaªkh±riko, sasaªkh±rikassa vip±ko sasaªkh±rikoti ±ha, tasm± tassa matidassanattha½ “asaªkh±ra…pe… puññato”ti vutta½. Dutiyatthero pana asaªkh±rik±d²su yena kenacipi cittena kamme ±y³hite ±sannamaraºassa attano, paresa½ v± payogena vin± asaªkh±rena appayogena kammakammanimittagatinimittapaccupaµµh±ne paµisandhi uppajjam±n± asaªkh±rik±. Yassa kassaci sasaªkh±rena sappayogena kamm±dipaccupaµµh±ne sasaªkh±rik±. Tath± bhavaªgacutiyopi. Tad±rammaºañca paº²t±paº²ta-utubhojan±dipaccayavasena, anantaraniruddhakusal±kusalassa vasena v± asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ranti eva½ paccayato asaªkh±rik±dividh±natam±ha, tasm± tassa matidassanattha½ “ñeyya½ paccayato cev±”ti vutta½. Idameva ca pana ±cariy± pasa½santi.
41-2. H²n±d²na½ vip±katt±ti adhipatiyog±bh±vepi h²namajjhimapaº²t±na½ kusal±na½ vip±katt±. Etena ±gamanato h²n±dibh±va½ vibh±veti. Vineyyasant±nagatakilesamalavidhamanena tassa punanato puñño v±do vac²ghoso etassa, vuttanayeneva puñña½ vadat²ti v± puññav±d², tena puññav±din±. “Ekantena savatthukan”ti vuttepi r³paloke pavatti aniv±rit±ti ±ha “k±malokasmin”ti “Na panaññattha j±yate”ti imin± pana byatirekato laddhamattha½ dasset²ti.
Eva½ t±va sahetukavip±ke niddisitv± id±ni ahetuke niddisitu½ “ahetukavip±kacitta½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Kasm± pana sahetukassa kammassa ahetukavip±ko hot²ti? Vuccate– cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ t±va pañcanna½ ±rammaº±bhinip±tamattatt± alobh±disampayogo na sambhavati, tath± mandatarakiccesu sampaµicchanasant²raºes³ti eva½ het³na½ uppattiy± asambhavato ca nesa½ ahetukat± daµµhabb±. Upekkh±diyoge pana cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ t±va catunna½ iµµh±rammaºepi pavattam±n±na½ vatth±rammaºasaªghaµµan±ya dubbalabh±vato upekkh±sahagatat±, k±yaviññ±ºassa ca t±ya balavabh±vato sukhasahagatat± hoti. Sampaµicchana½ pana ±rammaºaghaµµanayogyabh±vena o¼±rikatt±, catucittakkhaº±t²tavasena ciraj±tatt± ca dubbalamattano nissayena saha asam±naj±tikañca cakkh±divatthu½ niss±ya uppannehi cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi laddh±nantarapaccayat±ya, apubbanissayat±ya ca ±rammaºarasass±de dubbalanti iµµh±d²su ±rammaºesu upekkh±sahagatameva. Sant²raºa½ pana vuttavipar²tato iµµh±rammaºe sukhasahagata½, iµµhamajjhatte ca upekkh±sahagatanti daµµhabba½. Manoviññ±ºadh±tu viya visiµµhamananakicc±bh±vato manomatt± nissattanijj²v±di-atthehi dh±tu c±ti manodh±tu. S± hi satipi viññ±ºabh±ve manoviññ±ºato sambhavassa visiµµhamananakiccassa akaraºato mananamatt±yeva hoti. Vuttalakkhaºavipar²tato pana mano ca ta½ viññ±ºañc±ti manoviññ±ºa½, tadeva yath±vuttaµµhena dh±t³ti manoviññ±ºadh±tu.
Viññ±ºapañcaka½ niyat±rammaºa½ yath±kkama½ r³p±di-ekekasseva ±rammaºakaraºato. Sesattayamaniyat±rammaºa½ pañc±rammaºikacha¼±rammaºikabh±vato.
Daµµhabbat±ya diµµha½, r³p±yatana½. Sotabbat±ya suta½, sadd±yatana½. Munitabbat±ya muta½, sampattasseva gahetabbat±y±ti attho, gandh±dittayasseta½ n±ma½. Cakkh±d²hi vin± kevala½ manas± eva vij±nitabbat±ya viññ±ta½, dhamm±yatana½. An±maµµhak±lavisesavacanatt± ca nesa½ at²t±n±gat±pi r³p±dayo diµµh±disaddehi vuccanti. Teneva hi “daµµhabbat±y±”ti-±din± k±las±maññena nesa½ nibbacana½ vutta½. Diµµha½ ±rammaºa½ yassa ta½ diµµh±rammaºa½. Eva½ sut±rammaº±d²su.
Cakkhuto pavattanti cakkhudv±ratova pavatta½ sabbav±ky±na½ avadh±raºaphalatt±. Tena manodh±tu-±d²na½ cakkhuviññ±ºabh±vo niv±rito hoti tesa½ dv±rantaratopi pavattisambhavato. Atha v± “cakkhuto pavattan”ti ida½ sañj±tippavatti½ sandh±ya vutta½, na sañcaraºappavatti½, tasm± yath± kuº¹amukhato udaka½ sañcaraºavasena pavattati, na eva½ pavattamidha gahita½. Yath± pana candakantap±s±ºato udaka½ sañj±tivasena pavattati, eva½ pavattameva cakkhuto pavattanti gahita½. Yath± ca ki½? Yath± kucchito samuµµhita½ pittasemharuhir±di mukhato sandantampi “mukhassavo”ti na vuccati, mukhatoyeva pana samuµµhahitv± tato savanta½ khe¼a½ “mukhassavo”ti vuccati, eva½ hadayavatthusannissayato samuµµhahitv± cakkhuto pavattam±na½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ n±ma na hoti. Cakkhutoyeva pana samuµµhahitv± tato pavattam±na½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ n±m±ti. Yo pana imamattha½ asallakkhetv± byañjanamattasseva abhinivisitv± ta½dv±rappavatt±na½ ses±nampi cakkhuviññ±ºabh±va½ maññeyya, ta½ niv±retu½ pak±rantarenapi viggaha½ dassento ±ha “cakkhumhi sannissitan”ti. Yath± cakkhuto pavatta½, cakkhusannissita½ v± viññ±ºa½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½, eva½ sotaviññ±º±d²supi “sotato pavatta½, sotasmi½ sannissita½ v± viññ±ºa½ sotaviññ±ºan”ti-±din± yojana½ atidisanto ±ha “tath± sotaviññ±º±d²n²”ti.
Cakkhusannissita½ hutv± r³passa vij±nanalakkhaºametass±ti cakkhusannissitar³pavij±nanalakkhaºa½. Tattha cakkhusannissitavacanena dibbacakkh±dika½ añña½ r³p±rammaºa½ viññ±ºa½ nivatteti Vij±nana-ggahaºena cakkhusannissite phass±didhamme nivatteti. Cakkhur³pa-ggahaºena nissayato, ±rammaºato ca citta½ vibh±veti ubhay±dh²navuttikatt±. Yadi hi cakkhu n±ma na siy±, andh±pi r³pa½ passeyyu½, na ca passanti. Yadi ca n²l±dir³pa½ n±ma na siy±, des±diniyamena na bhavitabba½, attheva ca niyamo. Ekantas±rammaºat± ca cittassa vutt±ti ±rammaºena vin± n²l±di-±bh±sa½ citta½ pavattat²ti eva½ pavatto v±do micch±v±doti gahetabbo. Ten±ha bhagav± “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.204, 400; 3.421, 425; sa½. ni. 4.60; kath±. 465). Ettha siy±– ki½ paneta½ cakkhu, r³pañca viññ±ºassa paccayo honta½ ekameva paccayo hoti, ud±hu anekanti? Cakkhu t±va ekampi, r³pa½ pana anekameva saªgata½. Ki½ k±raºa½? Paccayabh±vavisesato. Cakkhu hi cakkhuviññ±ºassa nissayapurej±ta-indriyavippayuttapaccayehi paccayo honta½ atthibh±veneva hoti tasmi½ sati tassa bh±vato, asati abh±vato. Yato ta½ atthi-avigatapaccayehissa paccayoti vutta½, sv±ya½ paccayabh±vo na ekasmi½ na sambhavat²ti ekampi cakkhuviññ±ºassa paccayo hoti. R³pa½ pana yadipi cakkhu viya purej±ta-atthi-avigatapaccayehi paccayo hoti puretara½ uppanna½ hutv± vijjam±nakkhaºeyeva upak±rakatt±, tath±pi anekameva saªgata½ hutv± paccayo hoti ±rammaºabh±vato. Yañhi ta½ ±rammaºa½ tassa yath± tath± upalabbhan²yavaseneva ±rammaºapaccayabh±vo, viññ±ºassa ca indriy±dh²navuttikassa ±rammaºasabh±v³paladdhi na ekadvikal±pagatavaººavasena hoti, n±pi katipayakal±pagatavaººavasena, atha kho ±bhog±nur³pa½ ±p±thagatavaººavasen±ti anekameva r³pa½ sa½haccak±rit±ya viññ±ºassa paccayo hot²ti. Amumeva hi visesa½ vibh±vetu½ “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe c±”ti (ma. ni. 1.204, 400; 3.421, 425; sa½. ni. 4.60; kath±. 465) p±¼iya½ vacanabhedo katoti. Eva½ sotaviññ±ºepi yath±raha½ vattabba½. Gh±naviññ±º±d²na½ pana sampattagg±hat±ya attano nissayena saha all²nasseva gahaºato ekakal±pagatampi gandh±dika½ tesa½ uppattiy± paccayo hoti.
R³pamatt±rammaºarasanti r³p±yatanamattasseva ±rammaºakaraºarasa½. Matta-saddena yath± ±rammaºantara½ nivatteti, eva½ r³p±yatanepi labbham±ne ekacce visese nivatteti. Na hi cakkhuviññ±ºa½ vaººamattato añña½ kiñci n²l±divisesa½ tattha gahetu½ sakkoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “pañcahi viññ±ºehi na kiñci dhamma½ paµivij±n±ti aññatra abhinip±tamatt±”ti. Cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppajjam±na½ r³p±rammaºe eva uppajjanato tadabhimukhabh±vena gaºh±t²ti vutta½ “r³p±bhimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±nan”ti. Attano anantara½ uppajjam±n±na½ ar³padhamm±na½ samanantaravigat± ar³padhamm± pavatti-ok±sad±nena anantarasamanantaranatthivigatapaccayehi upak±rak±, nissay±rammaº± dhamm± viya ±sannak±raº±ti dassento ±ha “r³p±rammaº±ya kiriy±manodh±tuy± apagamapadaµµh±nan”ti. Sotaviññ±º±d²supi vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Kiriy±manodh±tuy± ±rammaºabhedato bhinnasabh±vatt± ±ha “kiriy±manodh±t³nan”ti. Cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi gahita½ r³p±di-±rammaºa½ tadanantarameva aparipatanta½ katv± sampaµicchanta½ gaºhanta½ viya hot²ti vutta½ “r³p±disampaµicchanarasan”ti. Tath±bh±vena sampaµicchanabh±vena paccupaµµh±t²ti tath±bh±vapaccupaµµh±na½.
Chasu ±rammaºesu kad±ci pañcanna½ jaccandh±divasena tatopi ³n±na½, brahmaloke ca dvinnameva vij±nanasabh±v±pi cha¼±rammaºavij±nanalakkhaº± vutt± ta½sabh±v±nativattanato, chasveva v± itaresa½ ±rammaº±na½ antogadhatt±. Sant²raº±diras±ti yath±sambhava½ sant²raºatad±rammaº±dikicc±, sant²raºatad±rammaºapaµisandhibhavaªgacutikicc±ti adhipp±yo. “Hadayavatthupadaµµh±n±”ti ida½ im±sa½ dvinna½ manoviññ±ºadh±t³na½ anibaddhaµµh±nat±ya nibaddhak±raºa½ dassetu½ vutta½. Vuttanayena pana “ta½ta½anantar±t²taviññ±º±pagamapadaµµh±nan”tipi vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Ahetukacitt±na½ visu½ visu½ lakkhaº±dikassa dassitatt± parisesato sahetukacitt±na½ ekasadisameva lakkhaº±dikanti viññ±yati. Ta½ pana heµµh± vibh±vitameva.
Id±ni im±sa½ ±rammaº±dito bheda½ dassetu½ “tattha paµham±”ti-±di vutta½. Ekantamiµµh±rammaºeti ekanteneva iµµh±rammaºe, ati-iµµh±rammaºeti attho. Pañcasu µh±nes³ti sahetukavip±k±na½ vuttesu cat³su, sampaµicchanavoµµhabban±na½ antar±¼asaªkh±tasant²raºaµµh±ne c±ti pañcasu µh±nesu, pañcasu kicces³ti v± attho. Kiñc±pi somanassapaµisandhikassa domanassajavan±vas±ne tad±rammaºasambhave asati ya½ kiñci paricitapubba½ paritt±rammaºam±rabbha upekkh±sahagatasant²raºamuppajjat²ti icchita½, tath± pana uppajjam±nassa kad±ciyeva sambhavato yebhuyyappavatti½ gahetv± cha µh±n±ni avatv± pañceva vutt±ni. Atha v± ta½ uppajjam±na½ tad±rammaºaµµh±neyeva nibbattat²ti ta½vaseneva tass±pi µh±na½ gahitanti daµµhabba½. Acakkhusa½vattanikakammanibbattat±ya j±tiy± andho jaccandho. Kiñc±pi hi j±tikkhaºe aº¹ajajal±buj±na½ sabbesampi cakkhu natthi, yassa bh±v±bh±vato andh±nandhavic±raº± bhaveyya, tath±pi cakkhussa uppajjam±n±rahak±lepi cakkhuvipattivibandhakena kammun± paµihatas±matthiyena paµisandhid±yakena itaren±pi v± kammena tassa anup±diyam±natt± satto “jaccandho”ti vuccati. Atha v± jaccandhoti pas³tiya½yeva andho, m±tukucchiya½yeva andho hutv± nikkhantoti attho. Tena duhetukatihetuk±na½ m±tukucchigatak±lepi cakkhussa avipajjana½ siddha½ hoti, eva½ j±tibadhir±d²supi yath±raha½ vattabba½. Jaccaja¼oti j±tiy± aññ±ºako Kiñc±pi duhetukapaµisandhikopi j±tiya½ aññ±ºako, tassa pana pavattiya½ paññ± sambhavat²ti vuttanayena yebhuyyato pavattiyampi paññ±y±sambhavato jaccaja¼o veditabbo. Jaccummattako sur±merayap±n±di-ummattakabh±vasa½vattanikakammaparibh±vitena kammena gahitapaµisandhiko. Paº¹akoti parad±ragaman±dikammaparibh±vitena kammun± gahitapaµisandhiko. So pañcavidho ±sittapaº¹ako us³yapaº¹ako pakkhapaº¹ako opakkamikapaº¹ako napu½sakapaº¹akoti. Idha pana opakkamikapaº¹akassa sahetukass±pi bh±vato, napu½sakassa ca visu½ gahaºato tayo paº¹ak± adhippet±. ¾di-saddena j±tim³gaj±tipaªgulamamman±d²na½ saªgaho. Keci pana “ekacce ahetukapaµisandhik± avikalindriy± hutv± thoka½ vic±raºapakatik±pi honti, tasm± t±dis±nampi idha ±di-saddena saªgaho”ti vadanti. Ettha ca jaccandh±d²nameva aya½ paµisandh²ti na gahetabb±. Jaccandh±dayo pana imin± paµisandhi½ gaºhant²ti gahetabba½.
43. Tihetukapuññass±ti tihetukassapi ukkaµµhapuññassa. Duhetukammassa pana sabbath±pi so¼asanna½ vip±k±na½ asambhavato tappaµikkhepaparatt± cetan±ya “tihetukapuññass±”ti avisesato vutta½.

K±m±vacaravip±kavaººan± niµµhit±.