Aby±katavaººan±

Aññamaññavisiµµh±na½ kusal±kusal±na½ p±kanti vip±ka½, vipakkabh±vam±pann±namar³padhamm±nametamadhivacana½. Yath± hi loke s±lib²j±d²na½ phal±ni ta½sadis±ni nibbatt±ni vipakk±ni n±ma honti, vip±kaniruttiñca labhanti, na m³laªkurapattadaº¹ana¼±d²ni, eva½ kusal±kusal±na½ phal±ni ar³padhammabh±vena, s±rammaºabh±vena ca ta½sadis±ni vipakkabh±vam±pann±n²ti vip±kanirutti½ labhanti, na pana kamm±bhinibbatt±pi r³padhamm± kammavisadisatt±. Vip±kameva citta½ vip±kacitta½. Karaºamatta½ kiriy± phalad±n±sambhavato. Yena pana k±raºena tassa phalad±na½ na sambhavati, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Kiriy± eva citta½ kiriyacitta½. Vip±kassa k±m±vacar±dibh±vo kusale vuttanayena yath±sambhava½ veditabbo. Alobh±disampayuttahet³hi saha vattanato sahetuka½. Tadabh±vato ahetuka½. Nibbattakahetuvasena sijjham±nampi heta½ sampayuttahetuvaseneva “sahetukamahetukan”ti vuccati, itarath± vavatth±n±bh±vato.
Sakakusala½ viy±ti attano janaka½ k±m±vacarakusala½ viya. Janakajanitabbasambandhavasena hi ta½ ta½ kusala½ tassa tassa vip±kassa saka½ n±ma½ hoti.
“Sakakusala½ viy±”ti vuttatt± pavatt±k±ra-±rammaº±dito cassa ta½sadisat± ±pajjeyy±ti ta½niv±raºattham±ha “yath± pan±”ti-±di. Chasu ±rammaºes³ti paritt±di-at²t±di-ajjhatt±dibhedesu chasu r³p±di-±rammaºesu. Bhavantarapaµisandh±nato paµisandhi. Avicchedappavattihetubh±vena bhavassa aªganti bhavaªga½. Nibbattitabhavato parigaññat±ya cutihetut±ya cuti. Parittadhammapariy±pannes³ti k±m±vacaradhammapariy±pannesu. K±m±vacaradhamm± hi kilesavikkhambhan±d²su asamatthabh±vena paritt±nubh±vat±ya, o¼±rik±hi v± k±mataºh±d²hi parito gahitatt± “paritt±”ti vuccanti. Vip±kassa saªkappetv± ±rammaºaggahaº±bh±vato kamm±nur³pameva pavattat²ti parittakammavip±ko paritt±rammaºeyeva pavattitumarahati, na mahaggata-appam±º±rammaºeti vutta½ “parittadhammapariy±pannes³”ti. Yadi eva½ mahaggatavip±kopi mahaggat±rammaºeyeva ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, saññ±yatt±rammaºassa sam±dhippadh±nassa kammassa appan±pattassa t±diseneva vip±kena bhavitabbatt±. Vaººalakkhaº±dikañhi aggahetv± lokasaññ±nurodheneva gahite pathav±dike parikammasaññ±ya samupp±dita½ paµibh±ganimittasaªkh±tam±rammaºa½ saññ±vasa½ saññ±yatta½ hoti, tasm± tad±rammaºassa sam±dhippadh±nassa appan±pattassa kammassa vip±kena sam±dhippadh±na-appan±pattehi viya saññ±yatt±rammaºat±ya nibbiseseneva bhavitabba½. Parittavip±ko pana mahaggata-appam±ºapaññatt±rammaºakammanibbattopi hoti, so parato ±gamissati.
Mukhanimitta½ viy±ti mukha½ paµicca uppannanimitta½ viya. Yath± hi ta½ nir²ha½ apara½ mukhanimitta½ upp±detu½, añña½ v± kiñci attano balena k±tu½ na sakkoti, evametampi vip±kupp±dan±d²su na ussahati. Ten±ha “niruss±han”ti. Uss±hoti cettha anupacchinn±vijj±taºh±m±n±nusayasmi½ sant±ne vip±kupp±danasamatthat±saªkh±to, ±sevanapaccayabh±vasaªkh±to, viññattijanakat±saªkh±to ca by±p±ro. So vip±ke natthi kammavegukkhittatt± patita½ viya hutv± pavattam±nassa tassa ekantena dubbalabh±vatoti ta½ niruss±ha½.
Vipaccanaµµh±nanti vipaccanavasena pavattanaµµh±na½, paµisandhibhavaªgacutitad±rammaºavasena catukicc±nametesa½ pavatti-ok±soti attho. Tattha cutibhavaªg±na½ antar±¼a½ paµisandhikicc±na½ µh±na½, paµisandhi-±vajjan±na½, tad±rammaº±vajjan±na½, javan±vajjan±na½, voµµhabban±vajjan±nañca antar±¼a½ bhavaªgakicc±na½ µh±na½, tad±rammaºapaµisandh²na½, javanapaµisandh²na½, bhavaªgapaµisandh²na½ v± antar±¼a½ cutikicc±na½ µh±na½, javanabhavaªg±na½ antar±¼a½ tad±rammaºakicc±na½ µh±nanti daµµhabba½. Yasm± paneta½ µh±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½ta½kiccavasena p±kaµa½ hoti, tasm± µh±na½ veditabbanti µh±na½ uddharitv± p±kaµakiccavaseneva ta½ pak±setu½ “im±ni h²”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± kiccampi kiccavant±na½ pavattiµµh±nabh±vena gayhat²ti µh±nantipi kiccameva uddhaµanti ta½ sar³pato dassetu½ “im±ni h²”ti-±di vutta½.
32. Aº¹ajajal±bujayonisambhav±na½ manuss±na½, vinip±tik±sur±nañca ahetukapaµisandhiy±pi sabbh±vato ±ha “duhetukatihet³nan”ti. Paµisandhiviññ±ºasampayutt± dve alobh±dayo het³ yesa½ te duhetuk±. Esa nayo tihetukesupi. Tattha duhetuk±na½ ñ±ºavippayutt±ni catt±ri, tihetuk±na½ ñ±ºasampayutt±ni catt±ri paµisandhiyo honti, tath± bhavaªgacutiyopi. Yena yena hi cittena paµisandhi hoti, ta½ tadeva bhavaªgacutivasenapi pavattati. Tad±rammaºa½ pana avisesena daµµhabba½ duhetuk±nampi tihetukatad±rammaºassa icchitatt±. Nanu ceta½ asamapekkhit±bhidh±na½ ±cariyeneva imassa paµisiddhatt±. Tath± hi vakkhati–
“Ahetupaµisandhissa, na tad±rammaºa½ bhave;
duhetuka½ tihetu½ v±, duhetupaµisandhino”ti. (Abhidha. 443).
Nayidamasamapekkhit±bhidh±na½ paµisandhijanakakamma½ sandh±ya tattha paµisiddhatt±. Yena hi kammena y± paµisandhi ±dinn±, na ta½ tato adhikatara½ tad±rammaºa½ pavatte abhinipph±deti. Ya½ pana aññampi kiñci kamma½ tad±laddh±vak±sa½ siy±, na ta½ tattha tato adhikatarampi vip±ka½ na nibbattet²ti atthi. “Sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.102) hi paµµh±navacanena ahetukass±pi n±n±kammena sugatiya½ sahetukatad±rammaºamanuññ±ta½. Ten±hu ±cariy±–
“Hoti aññena kammena, sahetuka½ ahetunan”ti.
Yath± ca ahetukassa sahetuka½, eva½ duhetukassa tihetukampi icchanti. ¾cariyajotip±latthero pana “sahetukan”ti avisesena vuttatt± ahetuk±nampi tihetukatad±rammaºa½ icchati. Vuttañhi tena “sahetukan”ti avisesopadesena duhetuka½, tihetukañca gahetabba½. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ “ahetukass±pi tihetukatad±rammaºamabhihita½, yañcarahi atthasam±se ahetuk±na½ tihetukaphal±ni det²”ti vutta½, ta½ katha½? So eva pucchitabbo, yo tassa katt±ti. Apare pana “m³lasandhiy± ja¼att± tassa tihetukatad±lambaºa½ na labbhatiyev±”ti vadanti.
33-4. Tatoti paµisandhito para½, dutiyacittato paµµh±ya. Satipi antarantar± v²thicittupp±de tadavas±ne uppajjam±nassa y±vat±yuka½ anivattanato vutta½ “y±vat±yukan”ti. Balav±rammaºeti atimahantavibh³t±rammaºe. Pañcadv±re hi atimahant±rammaºe manodv±re vibh³t±rammaºe tad±rammaºamuppajjati, na aññesu. Ek±rammaºappavattiy± paµisandh±d²na½ tiººampi ekaµµh±ne dassanattha½ uddese tad±rammaºassa avas±nakaraºa½, idha pana pavattikkamavasena cutiy± avas±nakaraºanti daµµhabba½.
35-6. Kammadv±ranti k±yavac²kammadv±rassa janakavasena na pavattant²ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha k±yoti k±yaviññatti. Kammanti ta½samuµµh±pik± cetan±, k±yena kata½ kamma½ k±yakamma½. Kiñc±pi hi k±yo kammassa catuv²satiy± paccayesu na kenaci paccayena paccayo hoti, tath±pi ta½samuµµh±nassa tassa sabbh±veyeva k±yakamm±divoh±roti ta½ tena katanti vuccati. K±yakammassa pavattiµµh±nabh³ta½ dv±ra½ k±yakammadv±ra½. Yadi eva½ kammadv±ravavatth±na½ na siy± K±yadv±rena hi siddha½ kamma½ “k±yakamman”ti vuccati. Ta½ pana “dv±re caranti kamm±n²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±yakammadv±ra) vacanato vac²dv±repi sijjhat²ti dv±rena kammavavatth±na½ na siy±, tath± vac²kamma½ k±yadv±repi sijjhat²ti kammena dv±ravavatth±nampi na siy±ti? Ta½ na, tabbahulavuttiy± ceva yebhuyyena vuttiy± ca vavatthitatt±. K±yakammañhi k±yadv±reyeva bahula½ pavattati, appa½ vac²dv±re, tasm± k±yadv±re bahulappavattanato etassa k±yakammabh±vo siddho vanacarak±d²na½ vanacarak±dibh±vo viya. Tath± k±yakammameva yebhuyyena k±yadv±re pavattati, na itara½, tasm± k±yakammassa yebhuyyena ettheva pavattito assa k±yakammadv±rabh±vo siddho br±hmaºag±m±d²na½ br±hmaºag±m±dibh±vo viy±ti nettha kammadv±ravavatth±ne koci vibandhoti. Vac²kammadv±repi esa pabandho yath±sambhava½ daµµhabbo.
Manokammadv±ra½ pana saya½ manoyeva sam±na½ attan± sahagatacetan±-anabhijjh±dikamm±na½ pavattidv±rabh±vena manodv±rasaªkha½ labhat²ti na ta½ cittassa uppattidv±ravasena gaºh±ti. Na hi saya½ attatova pavattati. Yadi pana cittasampayutt± kammadv±rabh±vena adhippet±, tad± tesa½ kammadv±rabh±vo manasmi½ na upac±r²yat²ti sampayuttadhamm±na½ citt±dhipatibh±vo citte viy±ti citta½ “manokammadv±ran”ti vuccati. Sabh±vato pana kammadv±ra½ n±ma sampayuttadhamm±yev±ti citta½ tato pavattanato manokammadv±ravasena pavattati. Anantarapaccayabh³tassa pana manokammadv±rabh±ve vattabbameva natthi. Idha pana “aviññattijanatt±”ti vacanena k±yavac²kammadv±ravaseneva appavattiy± s±dhitatt± manokammadv±ra½ na gahitameva. Na hi “aviññattijanatt±”ti k±raºa½ manokammadv±ravasenapi appavatti½ s±dheti. Atha v± “avip±kasabh±vato”ti vacanena manokammadv±ravasenapi appavatti s±dhit± hoti. “Kammadv±ran”ti ettha kammaggahanena n±nakkhaºikakammassa adhippetatt± tass±pi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Iti imesu k±yavac²kammadv±rasaªkh±tesu dv²su dv±resu, manokammadv±rena saha t²su eva v± yath± kusala½ pavattati, na eva½ vip±ko, yath± ca kusala½ k±yavac²manokammassa ±y³hanavasena d±n±dipuññakiriyavatthuvasena pavattati, na evamaya½. Aya½ pana neva k±yavac²kammadv±resu pavattati viññattisamuµµh±pakatt±bh±vato, na kammavasena, manokammadv±ravasen±pi ca pavattati vip±kupp±danabh±v±bh±vato, na puññakiriyavasena pavattati d±n±divasena appavattanatoti dassetu½ “kammadv±rañca…pe… no sam±”ti vutta½. Evanti d±n±divasena.
37. “Paritt±rammaºatt±”ti-±di sampayuttadhammavasena visesadassana½. Yasm± ete paritt±rammaº±, karuº±mudit± ca paññatt±rammaº± sattapaññattiya½ pavattanato, tasm± dvinnam±lambaº±na½ ekacittassa visayabh±v±nanugamanato na tesu karuº±mudit± kad±cipi j±yant²ti ayamettha paµhamag±th±ya adhipp±yo.
38. Dutiyag±th±ya pana hi-saddo yasm±ti imassa atthe. Yasm± “pañca sikkh±pad± kusal±”ti (vibha. 715) vutt±, tasm±ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– bhagavat± hi sikkh±padavibhaªge “pañca sikkh±pad± kusal±”ti (vibha. 715) eva½ “p±º±tip±t± veramaº²”ti-±d²na½ pañcanna½ sikkh±pad±na½ kusalabh±vo vutto, te ca viratisabh±v± eva ±dito tiººa½ sikkh±pad±na½, pacchimassa ca samm±kammante, itarassa samm±v±c±ya½, pañcannampi micch±j²vahetukapañcaduccaritato viramaºavasena pavatt±na½ samm±-±j²ve ca antobh±vato, tasm± t± ekantakusalabh³t±na½ kad±ci aby±kate labhanti, itarath± saddh±sati-±dayo viya “siy± kusal±, siy± aby±kat±”ti vucceyyunti. Yadi eva½ lokuttaraphalesu aµµha, satta v± maggaªg± na labbhant²ti? No na labbhanti lokiyavirat²nameva tattha ekantakusalabh±vassa vuttatt±, lokuttaraviratiyo pana phalassa maggapaµibimbabh³tatt± maggasadisato aµµhaªgikat±ya, sattaªgikat±ya ca bhavitabbanti na ca ekantakusalabh±vena vavatth±petu½ yutt±. Evañca katv± upari lokuttaraphalesupi aµµhaªgikat±dibhedo maggo uddhaµoti.