Vutta½. Nanu cettha abhidhamm±vat±rassa bh±sam±natt± abhidhammapariy±yeneva vimokkhamukh±ni ca vavatthapetu½ yuttanti? Sacca½, anicc±nupassan±yapi pana maggavuµµh±na½ hot²ti pak±sanattha½ suttantapariy±yenapi eka½ vavatth±na½ kata½, tath± vuµµhito pana maggo abhidhammapariy±yena suddhikapaµipad±yameva saªgayhat²ti daµµhabba½.

Catumaggayogabhedatoti sot±patti-±d²hi cat³hi ariyamaggehi sampayogappabhedato. Ariyamagg±na½ pana samm±diµµh±di-aµµhaªgasabh±vatt±, tesañca sabbalokuttare atthit±ya bhaªgavasena abhedepi indriy±na½ ap±µavap±µavataratamabh±vena sacchikiriy±visesato kiles±na½ pah±nabhedo hot²ti ta½vasena catubbidhat± daµµhabb±. Tenev±ha “sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±”ti-±di. Sati vijjam±ne pañcakkhandhasaªkh±te k±ye diµµhi sakk±yadiµµhi, saya½ v± tattha sati diµµhi sakk±yadiµµhi, pañcasu khandhesu attattaniy±bhinivesavasena pavatt±ya micch±diµµhiy± eta½ adhivacana½. S± pana ekekasmi½ khandhe catudh± abhinivesanavasena v²satividh± hoti. Tath± hi koci r³pa½ attato samanupassati “ya½ r³pa½, so att±, yo att±, ta½ r³pa½, yath± d²passa vaººoyeva acci, acciyeva vaººo”ti. R³pavanta½ v± att±na½ samanupassati, ch±y±vanta½ viya rukkha½. Attani v± r³pa½, pupphe viya gandha½. R³pasmi½ v± att±na½, samugge viya maºi. Eva½ vedan±d²supi “vedana½ attato samanupassat²”ti-±din± yojetabba½. Tattha yo pañcavidho abyatiritta-att±bhiniveso, s± ucchedadiµµhi. Yo pana pannarasavidho byatiritta-att±bhiniveso, s± sassatadiµµh²ti veditabba½.
Sabh±va½ vicinanto t±ya kicchati kilamat²ti vicikicch±, tikicchitu½ dukkarat±ya v± vigat± cikicch± ñ±ºapatik±ro imiss±ti vicikicch±. S± pana–
“Satthari kaªkhati vicikicchati, dhamme, saªghe, sikkh±ya, pubbante, aparante, pubbant±parante, idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannesu dhammesu kaªkhati vicikicchat²”ti (dha. sa. 1008 thoka½. visadisa½)–
Eva½ buddh±d²su kaªkh±vasena aµµhavatthuk±,
“Ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±na½, na nu kho ahosi½, ki½ nu kho ahosi½, katha½ nu kho ahosi½ ki½ hutv± ki½ ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±na½, bhaviss±mi nu kho ahaman±gatamaddh±na½ na nu kho bhaviss±mi, ki½ nu kho bhaviss±mi, katha½ nu kho bhaviss±mi, ki½ hutv± ki½ bhaviss±mi nu kho ahaman±gatamaddh±na½, etarahi v± pana paccuppannamaddh±na½ ajjhatta½ katha½kath² hoti, aha½ nu khosmi, no nu khosmi, ki½ nu khosmi, katha½ nu khosmi, aya½ nu kho satto kuto ±gato, so kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20)–

Eva½ pubbant±dayo ±rabbha pavattivasena so¼asavatthuk± ca niddiµµh±.

Tattha satthari kaªkhanto tassa r³pak±yadhammak±y±na½ vijjam±nata½, avijjam±natañca kaªkhati, dhamme kaªkhanto tassa sv±kkh±tadv±kkh±tabh±ve kaªkhati, saªghe kaªkhanto tassa suppaµipannavippaµipannat±dibh±ve kaªkhati, sikkh±ya kaªkhanto tass± supaññattaduppaññattabh±va½ kaªkhati, pubbante kaªkhanto sassat±k±ra½, adhiccasamuppatti-±k±rañca niss±ya at²te attano vijjam±nata½, avijjam±natañca kaªkhati, aparante kaªkhanto sassat±k±ra½, ucched±k±rañca niss±ya an±gate attano uppatti½, anuppattiñca kaªkhati, pubbant±parante kaªkhanto paccuppanne attano atthibh±va½, natthibh±vañca kaªkhati. Paccuppanno hi addh± pubbabh±g±parabh±gakoµµh±savantat±ya “pubbant±paranto”ti vuccati, yutta½ pana ta½ ±rabbha kaªkh±janananti? Yutta½, ayuttanti k± ettha cint±. Ummattako viya hi b±laputhujjano. Tasm± so ya½ kiñci kaªkhatiyeva. Teneva ca so¼asavatthukavicikicch±niddese “etarahi v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾cariy± pana “pubbant±parantoti at²t±n±gate ekajjha½ gahetv± tadubhayam±rabbha kaªkhanto pubbant±parante kaªkhat²”tipi vadanti. Idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannesu dhammesu kaªkhanto pana avijj±d²na½ paccay±na½, saªkh±r±d²nañca paccayuppann±na½ hetuhetusamuppannabh±vassa sabbh±v±sabbh±va½ kaªkhat²ti eva½ t±va aµµhavatthukakaªkh±ya pavatti veditabb±.
So¼asavatthuk± pana “ahosi½ nu kho…pe… na nu kho ahosin”ti kaªkhanto vuttanayeneva at²te attano vijjam±n±vijjam±nata½ kaªkhati. Ki½ nu kho ahosinti j±tiliªgupapattiyo niss±ya “khattiyo nu kho ahosi½, br±hmaº±d²su gahaµµh±d²su dev±d²su aññataro nu kho”ti kaªkhati. Katha½ nu khoti saºµh±n±k±ra½ niss±ya “d²gho nu kho ahosi½, rassa-od±tak±¼±d²nañca aññataro”ti kaªkhati. Issaranimm±n±d²ni niss±ya “kena nu kho pak±rena ahosin”ti nibbattan±k±rato kaªkhat²ti vadanti. Ki½ hutv± ki½ ahosinti j±ti-±d²ni niss±ya “khattiyo hutv± nu kho br±hmaºo ahosi½…pe… devo hutv± nu kho manusso ahosin”ti attano apar±para½ pavatti½ kaªkhati. Bhaviss±mi nu kho, na nu khoti heµµh± vuttanayeneva an±gate attano vijjam±n±vijjam±nata½ kaªkhati. “Ki½ nu kho bhaviss±m²”ti-±di vuttanayameva. Aha½ nu khosmi, na nu khosm²ti id±ni attano atthibh±va½, natthibh±vañca kaªkhati. Tattha k±raºa½ vuttameva. Ki½ nu khosm²ti khattiy±dikova sam±no attano khattiy±dibh±va½ kaªkhati. Eseva nayo sesesupi. Katha½ nu khosm²ti “abbhantare j²vo n±ma atth²”ti gahetv± tassa d²gh±dibh±va½ kaªkhati. Paccuppanna½ pana attano sar²rasaºµh±na½ aj±nanto n±ma natthi. Kuto ±gato, kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²ti attabh±vassa ±gatagataµµh±n±ni kaªkhat²ti veditabba½.
S²lañca vatañca s²labbata½, tattha gos²l±di-asuddhimaggo sam±d±navasena s²la½, av²tikkamavasena vata½. Ubhayath±pi v± s²la½, tapokammabh±vena gahitatt± vata½. Gav±dipakatibh±vato attano v± gav±dibh±v±dhiµµh±na½ s²la½, “gacchanto bhakkheti, tiµµhanto muttet²”ti-±din± gav±dikiriy±ya karaºa½ vata½. Ta½ta½akiccasammasato v± nivatti s²la½, ta½sam±d±navato vesabhojanakiccacaraº±divisesapaµipatti vata½. Sabh±va½ atikkamma parato ±masana½ gahaºanti par±m±so, s²labbatassa par±m±so s²labbatapar±m±so. Ito bahiddh± samaºabr±hmaº±na½ s²lena suddhi, vatena suddhi, s²labbatena suddh²ti eva½ asuddhimagge “suddhimaggo”ti pavattassa micch±bhinivesasseta½ adhivacana½. Sakk±yadiµµhi ca vicikicch± ca s²labbatapar±m±so c±ti sakk±ya…pe… par±m±so, teyeva kammavip±kesu, vaµµasmi½ v± satte sa½yojenti bandhant²ti sa½yojan±ni, tesa½ diµµhivisuddhi-±d²hi tadaªgavasena pah²n±na½ anuppattidhammat±p±danena accantasamucchedappah±na½ karot²ti sakk±…pe…ppah±nakara½.
Nibb±na½ pati savanato sandanato soto vuccati ariyo aµµhaªgikamaggo, tassa ±dito pajjana½ sot±patti, nibb±na½ maggati, nibb±natthikehi magg²yati, kilese m±rento gacchat²ti v± maggo, sot±patti eva maggo sot±pattimaggo. Atha v± sota½ ±dito pajjati adhigacchat²ti sot±patti, paµhamo ariyapuggalo, tassa maggo sot±pattimaggo, samm±diµµhi-±d²ni aµµhaªg±ni, tena sampayutta½ citta½ sot±pattimaggacitta½.
Rajjati abhisajjat²ti r±go, so idha pañcak±mavisay±, k±mabhavavisay± ca taºh±. Dussat²ti doso, dasavidha-±gh±tavatthupadaµµh±no by±p±do. Muyhat²ti moho, dukkh±d²su aµµhasu aññ±ºa½. Etesa½ kiles±na½ tanutta½ tanubh±va½ karot²ti r±ga…pe… tanuttakara½. Tattha dv²hi k±raºehi tanutta½ abhiºh±nuppattito, pariyuµµh±namandat±ya c±ti. Sakad±g±missa hi vaµµ±nus±rimah±janassa viya kiles± abhiºha½ na uppajjanti, kad±ci vira¼±k±r± hutv± uppajjanti, tath± uppajjant±pi maddant± ch±dent± andhak±ra½ karont± nuppajjanti. Dv²hi pana maggehi pah²natt± mandamand± tanukatanuk± uppajjanti. Keci pana sakad±g±missa kiles± cirena uppajjant±pi bahal±va uppajjanti. Tath± hissa puttadh²taro dissant²ti vadanti. Ta½ ak±raºa½, vatthupaµisevanena vin±pi gabbhaggahaºasabbh±vato, tasm± vuttanayeneva dv²hi k±raºehi nesa½ tanubh±vo veditabbo. Kasm± panettha mohassa tanubh±vo vutto, nanu tatiyamaggavajjh±nameva imin± tanuttakaraºa½ vattabba½, itarath± heµµh± t²hipi maggehi uparimaggavajjhakiles±na½ bahal±bahal±vatth±ya pah²yam±natt± idha sabbesameva uddhambh±giyasa½yojan±na½ tanubh±vo vattabbo, teneva ca p±¼iyampi “k±mar±gaby±p±d±na½ tanubh±v±ya dutiy±ya bh³miy± pattiy±”ti vuttanti. Saccameta½, sutte pana uparimaggavajjh±na½ tanubh±vapariy±ya½ gahetv± “r±gadosamoh±na½ tanutt± sakad±g±m² hot²”ti hetuttayatanubh±vassa ±gatatt± idh±pi tadanulomena vutta½. “K±mar±gaby±p±d±na”micceva v± p±µho. Tath± hi ettheva upari dutiyamaggañ±ºaniddese “by±p±dak±mar±g±na½, tanubh±va½ tu s±dhayan”ti (abhidha. 1353) vutta½. Paµisandhivasena sakideva ima½ manussaloka½ ±gacchat²ti sakad±g±m², tassa maggo sakad±g±mimaggo. Kiñc±pi hi maggaµµhassa paµisandhivasena ±gaman±sambhavato phalaµµhoyeva sakad±g±m² n±ma hoti, tassa pana ±gamanabh³to maggo maggantar±vacchedanattha½ tad±yattabh±v³panayanena sakad±g±mimaggoti vuccati, ta½sampayutta½ citta½ sakad±g±mimaggacitta½.
Pañcasu k±maguºesu, k±mabhave ca r±go k±mar±go. By±pajjati tena cittanti by±p±do. Paµisandhivasena ima½ k±madh±tu½ na ±gacchat²ti an±g±m². R³pabhave chandar±go r³par±go. Ar³pabhave chandar±go ar³par±go. M±no idha arahatt±dhigama½ paµicca uººatimatta½. Uddhaccampi “ko me bh±ro kilesasamucchedane”ti evam±k±rappavatta½ cittassa av³pasamamatta½. Avijj±pi asukhe sukhasaññ±vipall±so. ¾rakatt± kilesehi, micch±paµipannehi v±, r±g±di-ar²na½, sa½s±racakkassa ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, rahopi p±p±karaºena p±pakaraºe rahassa abh±v±, rahitabbato jahitabbato “rah±”ti laddhan±m±na½ v± p±padhamm±na½ abh±vato, s±dh³hi arahitabbato apariccajitabbato, rahasaªkh±tassa v± gamanassa sa½s±re abh±vato arah±, aµµhamo ariyapuggalo, tassa bh±vo arahatta½, aggaphalasseta½ adhivacana½. Tañhi “arah±”ti abhidh±nassa, buddhiy± ca pavattinibandhanatt± arahato bh±voti katv± “arahattan”ti vuccati, tassa ±gamanabh³to maggo arahattamaggo, ta½sampayutta½ citta½ arahattamaggacitta½.
Jh±naªgayogabhedatoti r³p±vacara½ viya pañcahi jh±naªgehi sampayogabhedato. Katha½ panassa bhedoti? Ettha t±va aµµhakath±v±do, tayo ca therav±d±ti catt±ro v±d± honti. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ t±va “saªkh±rupekkh±bh±va½ patv± vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±maggassa jh±naªga½ niyamet²”ti vutta½. Tipiµakac³¼an±gatthero pana “magg±sannavipassan±ya padaµµh±nabh³ta½ p±dakajjh±na½ niyamet²”ti ±ha. Morav±piv±simah±dattatthero “vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± khandh± niyamenti. Yañhi jh±na½ sammasitv± vuµµh±ti, ta½sadisova hot²”ti ±ha. Tipiµakac³¼±bhayatthero pana “puggalajjh±sayo niyameti, ‘aho vata pañcaªgika½, caturaªgika½ v± magga½ p±puºeyyan’ti-±din± yath± yath±ssa ajjh±sayo hoti, tath± tath± maggo hot²”ti ±ha.
Yasm± pana aµµhakath±v±do pam±ºa½, tayo ca ther± paº¹it± byatt±, tasm± catt±ropi v±d± aññamañña½ appaµib±hanavasena eva½ veditabb±. Katha½? K±m±vacaradhamme t±va sammasitv± sukkhavipassakassa uppannamaggopi sam±pattil±bhino jh±na½ p±daka½ akatv± upp±ditamaggopi vipassan±niy±mena paµhamajjh±nik±va honti. Sace pana kiñci jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± upp±dito hoti, tassa vasena aªgapariº±mo hot²ti ta½ta½jh±nasadiso hoti. Yasm± panettha k±m±vacarakkhandhe ±rabbha pavatt± vipassan± k±m±vacaradhammesu ca mahaggatadhammesu viya bh±van±visesato jh±naªgaviseso natthi, tasm± “vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± khandh± niyament²”ti eva½ pavatto dutiyattherav±do ima½ v±da½ na pavisati. Jh±nadhamme sammasitv± upp±ditamaggo sace p±dakajjh±na½ natthi, sammasitajjh±naniy±mena ta½ta½jh±niko hoti. Sace paµhamajjh±nato vuµµh±ya dutiy±dijh±ne sammasitv± upp±dito, puggalajjh±sayaniy±mena dv²su aññatarajjh±nasadiso hoti. Sace pana puggalassa tath±vidho ajjh±sayo natthi, tad± kathanti? Ettha t±va keci “n±n±vajjanav²thiyameva nivattam±nap±dakajjh±nato ek±vajjanav²thiya½ gotrabhubh±va½ patv± nivattam±n±ya vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± khandh±yeva balavanto, tasm± sammasitakkhandhaniy±mena ta½sadiso maggo hot²”ti vadanti. Evañca sati “p±dakajjh±naniy±mena hot²”ti eva½ pavatto paµhamattherav±do p±dakajjh±nato vuµµh±ya k±m±vacarakkhandhe sammasitv± upp±ditamaggameva sandh±ya tiµµhat²ti.
Apare pana “p±dakajjh±na½ maggassa m³lak±raºavasena paccayo hoti ±sannak±raºavasenapi, sammasitakkhandh± pana m³lak±raºavaseneva paccay± honti, tasm± sammasitakkhandhato p±dakajjh±nameva balavataranti p±dakajjh±nasadiso maggo hot²”ti vadanti. Eva½ sante pana “sammasitakkhandhaniy±men±”ti eva½ pavatto dutiyattherav±do sam±patti½ p±daka½ akatv± kevala½ jh±nadhammeyeva sammasitv± upp±ditamaggameva sandh±ya tiµµhati. Yasm± pana heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nato upar³parijh±na½ balappatta½ hoti, tasm± heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nato vuµµh±ya upar³parijh±nadhamme vipassato uppannamaggo p±dakajjh±na½ anapekkhitv± sammasitajjh±navasena ta½ta½jh±niko hoti. Upar³parijh±nato pana vuµµh±ya heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nadhamme sammasitv± upp±ditamaggo sammasitajjh±na½ anapekkhitv± p±dakajjh±nasadiso hot²ti idamettha s±ratara½. Evañhi sati dvinnampi ther±na½ v±d± nippadesavisay± samaphal± honti.
Tatiyattherav±do cettha p±dakajjh±na½, sammasitajjh±na½ v± vin± ajjh±sayamatteneva na ijjhati. T²supi v±desu µhapetv± sesajh±naªgapariº±ma½ vedan±pariº±mo vipassan±niy±meneva hoti. Tayopi therav±d± vipassan±niy±mena vin± na hont²ti daµµhabba½. Nanu ca vedan±pi jh±naªgameva, tasm± t±yapi p±dakajjh±naniy±meneva bhavitabbanti? Ta½ na, vedan±yapi p±dakajjh±naniy±mena pariº±me sati vipassan±niy±ma½ anapekkhitv± p±dakajjh±naniy±meneva maggakkhaºe sesajh±naªg±ni pariº±maµµh±neyeva vedan±yapi pariº±mo bhaveyya, tath± pana ahutv± ek±vajjanav²thiy± ±ditova pariº±manato maggavuµµh±nav²thiy± ±sannatarappavatt±ya vipassan±ya vasena vedan±niy±mo hoti.
Atha v± p±dakajjh±nasammasitajjh±n±na½ sambhave tesu anuppann± vedan± vipassan±ya na hot²ti p±dakajjh±nasammasitajjh±naniy±mena pariºamat²tipi na sakk± vattu½. Ettha siy±– yattha t±va p±dakajjh±na½ atthi, tattha ta½ niyameti. Yattha pana tikacatukkap±dakajjh±na½ natthi, tasmi½ ar³pabhave ki½ niyamet²ti? Tatth±pi p±dakajjh±nameva niyameti. Yo hi bhikkhu aµµhasam±pattil±bh² paµhamajjh±na½ p±daka½ katv± sot±pattimaggaphal±ni nibbattetv± aparih²najjh±no k±la½ katv± ar³pabhave nibbatto paµhamajjh±nik±ya sot±pattiphalasam±pattiy± vuµµh±ya vipassana½ paµµhapetv± upari t²ºi maggaphal±ni nibbatteti, tassa t±ni paµhamajjh±nik±neva honti. Dutiyajjh±nik±d²supi eseva nayo. Ar³pepi hi lokuttara½ tikacatukkajjh±na½ uppajjat²ti evamettha ekekassa lokuttarakusalassa jh±naªgayogabhedo veditabboti.
Magg±…pe… nipph±det²ti tebh³makakusala½ viya paµisandhippavatt²su avipaccavantampi attano attano anur³passa phalassa nipph±danena ta½ta½phalappatte sot±panno sakad±g±m² an±g±m² arah±ti s±maññato catt±ro ariyapuggale abhinipph±det²ti. Visesato pana sattakkhattuparamat±dike anekepi sot±pann±dayo nipph±deti.

Lokuttarakusalavaººan± niµµhit±.