R³p±vacarakusalavaººan±

Id±ni yasm± k±m±vacarakusal±nantara½ uddiµµhassa r³p±vacarakusalassa niddes±vak±so anuppatto, tasm± ta½ dassanattha½ “itares³”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha itares³ti yath±vuttak±m±vacarakusalato itaresu, r³p±vacar±d²s³ti attho. Savatthukato ekavidha½ ekantena vatthusannissitatt± Na hi ar³padh±tuya½ r³p±vacaradhamm± labbhanti r³pavir±gabh±van±ya nibbattatt± puna r³p±vacarajjh±nasam±pattiy± abh±vato.
H²namajjhimapaº²tabhedatoti ettha pubbe viya adhipat²na½ h²n±dibh±vehi jh±nassa h²n±dibh±vo yojetabbo. Atha v± paµiladdhamattaman±sevita½ h²na½ paridubbalabh±vato, n±tisubh±vita½ aparipuººavasibh±va½ majjhima½, ativiya subh±vita½ pana sabbaso paripuººavasibh±va½ paº²ta½. Tath± u¼±rapuññaphalak±mat±vasena pavattita½ h²na½, lokiy±bhiññatth±ya pavattita½ majjhima½, vivekak±mat±ya ariyabh±ve µhitena pavattita½ paº²ta½. Attahit±ya v± pavattita½ h²na½, kevala½ alobhajjh±sayena pavattita½ majjhima½, parahit±ya pavattita½ paº²ta½. Vaµµajjh±sayena v± pavattita½ h²na½, vivekajjh±sayena pavattita½ majjhima½, vivaµµajjh±sayena lokuttarap±dakattha½ pavattita½ paº²ta½.
Paµipad±dibhedatoti dukkhapaµipad±dandh±bhiññ±d²na½ paµipad±bhiññ±na½ bhedena. Paµipad±vacaneneva v± tadavin±bh±vato abhiññ±pi labbhati. Tath± hettha paµipad±catukkanti voharant²ti ±di-saddena adhipati-±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo, tasm± paµipad±dibhedatoti paµipad±bhedato, adhipatibhedato, ±rammaºabhedato, h±nabh±giy±dibhedatoti attho. Tattha paµipad±bhedato t±va dukkhapaµipada½ dandh±bhiñña½, dukkhapaµipada½ khipp±bhiñña½, sukhapaµipada½ dandh±bhiñña½, sukhapaµipada½ khipp±bhiññanti eva½ catubbidha½ hoti. Tattha dukkh± paµipad± ass±ti dukkhapaµipada½. Dandh± abhiññ± ass±ti dandh±bhiñña½. Esa nayo “dukkhapaµipada½ khipp±bhiññan”ti-±d²supi.
Tattha appah²nan²varaºassa, avikkhambhitajh±nanikantikassa ca ñ±ºakiccassa aparibyattat±ya pariniµµhitasakalapubbakiccassa “pathav² pathav²”ti v± “±po ±po”ti v± eva½ pavattapaµhamasamann±h±rato paµµh±ya y±va tassa tassa jh±nassa upac±ruppattiy± n²varaºappah±na½, nikantivikkhambhanañca hoti, t±va pavatt± pubbabh±gabh±van± paµipad± n±ma “paµipajjati jh±na½ et±y±”ti katv±. Pah²nan²varaºassa, pana vikkhambhitajh±nanikantikassa ca ñ±ºakiccassa paribyattabh±vato upac±rajjh±na½ ±di½ katv± y±va appan±ya uppatti, t±va pavatt± paññ± pubbabh±gapaññ±ya visiµµhabh±vato abhiññ± n±ma, tasm± yo ±dito kilese jh±nanikantiñca vikkhambhento dukkhena sasaªkh±rena sappayogena kilamanto vikkhambheti, vikkhambhitakilesajh±nanikanti ca appan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena aªgap±tubh±va½ p±puº±ti, tassa dukkhapaµipada½, dandh±bhiññañca jh±na½ hoti. Yo pana sasaªkh±rena kiles±dike vikkhambhetv± na cirena aªgap±tubh±va½ p±puº±ti, tassa dukkhapaµipada½, khipp±bhiññañca. Yo kiles±dike vikkhambhento sukhena akilamanto vikkhambheti, appan±pariv±sa½ pana cir±yati, tassa sukhapaµipada½, dandh±bhiñña½. Yo pana sukheneva kiles±dike vikkhambhetv± s²ghameva appana½ p±puº±ti, tassa sukhapaµipada½, khipp±bhiññanti veditabba½.
So pan±ya½ paµipad±bhiññ±na½ bhedo kilesindriy±dhik±ravasena veditabbo. Yassa hi r±g±dayo kiles± tibb± honti, saddh±pañcamak±ni ca indriy±ni mud³ni. Yo ca samathavipassan±su akat±dhik±ro, tassa pavattajh±na½ dukkhapaµipada½, dandh±bhiññañca hoti. Tassa hi kilesasamud±c±ratibbat±ya n²varaºavikkhambhanassa kicchena kasirena samijjhanato paµipad± dukkh± asukh±, tasseva saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ mudut±ya abhiññ±pi dandh± mand± as²ghappavattin² hoti. Bhavantare v± samathe akat±dhik±ratt± paµipad± dukkh±, vipassan±ya akat±dhik±ratt± abhiññ±pi dandh±. Yo pana vuttavipar²to hoti, tassa kiles±na½ atibbasamud±c±rat±ya, indriy±nañca tikh²ºat±ya samathavipassan±su kat±dhik±rat±ya yath±kkama½ sukhapaµipad±, khipp±bhiññ± ca hoti. Bhavantare kataparicayassa hi yath± paguºa½ katv± vissaµµhagantho appamattakena payogena suppavatti v±cuggato ca hoti, eva½ bh±van± appakasireneva ijjhat²ti. Sv±ya½ akato, kato ca adhik±ro samathanissito paµipad±ya½ vutto sam±dhippadh±natt± paµipad±ya. Vipassan±nissito abhiññ±ya ñ±ºappadh±natt± appan±y±ti daµµhabba½.
Yo pana tibbakileso tikkhindriyo vipassan±yameva v± kat±dhik±ro hoti, tassa vuttanayena dukkh± paµipad±, khipp± pana abhiññ± hoti, tabbipar²tassa sukhapaµipad± dandh±bhiññ±ti. Tasm± kiles±na½ tibbamandabh±vato, indriy±na½ tikhiºamudubh±vato, pubbaparicayassa ca sambhav±sambhavavasen±ti eva½ kilesindriy±dhik±ravasena im±sa½ bhedo veditabbo.
Apica y±ni parato sapp±y±sapp±y±ni, palibodhupacched±d²ni pubbakicc±ni, appan±kosall±ni ca ±gamissanti, tesu yo upac±r±dhigamato pubbe, pacch± ca asapp±yasev² hoti, tassa dukkh± paµipad±, dandh± ca abhiññ± hoti. Ubhayattha sapp±yasevino sukh± paµipad±, khipp± ca abhiññ±. Yo pana tato pubbabh±ge asapp±ya½ sevitv± aparabh±ge sapp±yasev² hoti, tassa dukkh± paµipad±, khipp± abhiññ±. Tabbipar²tassa sukh± paµipad±, dandh± abhiññ± ca veditabb±.
Tath± palibodhupacched±dipubbakicca½ asamp±detv± bh±vanamanuyuñjantassa saparipanthat±ya dukkh± paµipad±, vipariy±yena aparipanthat±ya sukh±. Appan±kosall±ni asamp±dentassa ñ±ºassa avisadat±ya dandh± abhiññ± hoti, samp±dentassa vipariy±yato khipp± abhiññ±ti. Kiñca– taºh±vijj±tibhavanavasena et±sa½ bhedo veditabbo. Taºh±bhibh³tassa hi dukkh± paµipad± hoti tass± sam±dhissa ujupaµipakkhatt± samathapaµipad±ya paripanthakabh±vato, anabhibh³tassa tadabh±vato sukh±. Avijj±bhibh³tassa ca tass± paññ±ya ujupaµipakkhabh±vato dandh± abhiññ±, itarassa khipp± abhiññ±ti. So pan±ya½ paµipad±bhedo kevala½ samathabh±van±vasena paµiladdhajjh±nassa, magg±dhigamavasena paµiladdhajjh±nassa pana natthi dukkhapaµipad±dibhedo. Keci pana maggavaseneva tassa paµipad±dibheda½ vaººenti “maggassa hi dukkhapaµipad±dibh±ve tasmi½ dukkhapaµipad±dikan”ti.
Adhipatibhed±d²su pana chand±dhipateyya½ citt±dhipateyya½ v²riy±dhipateyya½ v²ma½s±dhipateyyanti eva½ adhipatibhedato, paritta½ paritt±rammaºa½, paritta½ appam±º±rammaºa½, appam±ºa½ paritt±rammaºa½ appam±ºa½ appam±º±rammaºanti eva½ ±rammaºabhedato, h±nabh±giya½ µhitibh±giya½ visesabh±giya½ nibbedhabh±giyanti eva½ h±nabh±giy±dibhedato ca catubbidhat± veditabb±. Tattha “chandavato ce jh±na½ nibbattissati, mayhampi nibbattissat²”ti eva½ chanda½ dhura½ katv± uppanna½ chand±dhipateyya½. Esa nayo “citt±dhipateyy±”d²supi. Appaguºa½ pana uparijh±nassa paccayo bhavitu½ asakkonta½ paritta½, suppasar±vamattesu ava¹¹hit±rammaºesu nibbatta½ paritt±rammaºa½. Vuttapaµipakkhato pana yath±kkama½ appam±º±rammaº±d²ni veditabb±ni. H±nabh±giy±divisesa½ sayameva vakkhati.
Jh±naªgayogabhedatoti katthaci pañca jh±naªg±ni, katthaci catt±ri, katthaci t²ºi, katthaci dve katthaci apar±ni dveti eva½ jh±naªg±na½ sampayogabhedato. Nanu cettha k±m±vacarakusale viya saªkh±rabhedo kasm± na gahito. Idampi hi kevala½ samath±nuyogavasena paµiladdha½ sasaªkh±ra½, magg±dhigamavasena paµiladdhamasaªkh±ra½, tasm± “jh±naªgasaªkh±rayogabhedato dasavidhan”ti vattabbanti? Nayidameva½, magg±dhigamavasena sattito paµiladdhass±pi aparabh±ge parikammavaseneva uppajjanato, tasm± sabbassapi jh±nassa parikammasaªkh±tapubb±bhisaªkh±rena vin± kevala½ adhik±ravasena anuppajjanato “asaªkh±ran”tipi vattu½ na sakk±, adhik±rena ca vin± kevala½ parikamm±bhisaªkh±reneva anuppajjanato “sasaªkh±ran”tipi vattu½ na sakk±ti jh±naªgayogabhedato pañcavidhat± ca vutt±ti.
K±macchando by±p±do thinamiddha½ uddhaccakukkucca½ vicikicch±ti im±ni pañca n²varaº±ni vippah²n±ni etass±ti k±macchanda…pe… vippah²na½. “Agy±hito”ti ettha ±hita-saddassa viya vippah²na-saddassettha paravacana½ daµµhabba½. K±macchand±d²hi v± vippah²na½ visa½yutta½ tesa½ pah±yakabh±ven±ti k±macchanda…pe… vippah²na½. Tattha k±met²ti k±mo, chandanaµµhena chando c±ti k±macchando, bahalak±mar±gasseta½ adhivacana½. By±p±d±d²namattha½ vakkhati. Yasm± k±macchand±d²su appah²nesu jh±na½ nuppajjati, tasm± t±nissa pah±naªg±n²ti veditabb±ni. Nanu aññepi akusal± dhamm± imin± jh±nena pah²yanti, atha kasm± pañceva pah±naªgavasena vutt±n²ti? Visesena jh±nantar±yakaratt±. K±macchandavasena hi n±n±visayapalobhita½ citta½ na ekatt±rammaºe sam±dhiyati. K±macchand±bhibh³ta½ v± n±n±visayasamupaby³¼h±ya k±madh±tuy± pah±napaµipada½ na paµipajjati, by±p±dena ca ±rammaºe paµihaññam±na½ na sam±hita½ pavattati, thinamiddh±bhibh³ta½ akammañña½ hoti, uddhaccakukkuccapareta½ av³pasantameva hutv± paribbhamati, vicikicch±-upahata½ jh±n±dhigamapaµipada½ n±rohati “samm±sambuddho nu kho, na nu kho, pathav² pathav²”ti-±din± pavattamanasik±rena “jh±na½ siy± nu kho, na nu kho”ti-±din± vicikicchantassa jh±n±dhigamapaµipad±ya asa½sijjhanato. Yato vakkhati–
“Bh±g² assamaha½ addh±, im±ya paµipattiy±;
pavivekasukhass±ti, katv± uss±hamuttaman”ti.
Tasm± sam±dhi-±d²na½ ujuvipaccan²kabh±vena visesena jh±n±dhigamassa antar±yakaraºato et±neva pah±naªg±n²ti vutt±ni. Hoti cettha–
“Paccan²k± yato pañca, sam±dh±d²namettha hi;
jh±nantar±yik± tasm±, pah±naªge niy±mit±”ti.
Evamida½ pah±naªgavasena dassetv± id±ni sampayogaªgavasena dassetu½ “vitakka…pe… sampayuttan”ti vutta½. Tattha vitakk±dayo vacanatthalakkhaº±divasena upari ±gamissanti. Yasm± pana imesu uppannesu jh±na½ uppanna½ n±ma hoti, tenassa im±ni sampayogaªg±n²ti veditabb±ni, tasm± na etehi samann±gata½ aññadeva jh±na½ n±ma atth²ti gahetabba½. Yath± pana nemi-±di-aªgasamud±ye rath±divoh±ro hoti, eva½ jh±naªgasamud±ye jh±navoh±ro. Vuttampi heta½ vibhaªge “jh±nanti vitakko vic±ro p²ti sukha½ cittassekaggat±”ti (vibha. 569). Kasm± pana aññesupi phass±d²su sampayuttadhammesu vijjam±nesu im±niyeva pañca jh±naªgavasena vutt±n²ti? Vuccate– upanijjh±nakiccavantat±ya, k±macchand±d²na½ ujupaµipakkhabh±vato ca. Vitakko hi ±rammaºe citta½ abhiniropeti, vic±ro anubandhati. Eva½ jh±n±dhigamassa visesapaccayabh³tehi tehi avikkhep±ya sam±dahitapayogassa cetaso payogasampattisamuµµh±n± p²ti p²ºana½, sukhañca upabr³hana½ karoti. Atha na½ sasampayuttadhamma½ etehi abhiniropan±nubandhanap²ºana-upabr³hanehi anuggahit± ekaggat± sam±dh±nakiccena att±na½ anuvatt±pent² ekatt±rammaºe sama½, samm± ca ±dhiyati, indriyasamat±vasena sama½, paµipakkhadhamm±na½ d³r²bh±vena l²nuddhacc±bh±vena samm± ca µhapet²ti evametesameva upanijjh±nakicca½ ±veºika½. K±macchand±dipaµipakkhabh±vena pana sayameva vakkhati. Eva½ upanijjh±nakiccavantat±ya, k±macchand±d²na½ ujupaµipakkhabh±vato ca imeyeva pañca jh±naªgabh±vena vavatthit±ti. Yath±hu–