24. Id±ni parehi niddisiyam±n±na½ puññ±nussaraº±d²na½ attan± niddiµµhesveva samodh±na½ dassetu½ “sabb±nussatipuññañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabbasseva attan± katasucaritassa anussaraºa½ sabb±nussatipuñña½ n±ma. Pasa½s±ti parehi kat±ya puññakiriy±ya, samm±paµipattiy± ca vippasannacittena pasa½sana½, santussananti attho. Saraºattayanti ettha saranti hi½sant²ti saraº±ni, buddh±d²ni t²ºi ratan±ni. T±ni hi saraºagat±na½ teneva saraºagamanena bhaya½ sant±sa½ duggatiparikkilesa½ hi½santi vin±senti. Tayo avayav± ass±ti taya½, t²hi avayavehi yuttasamud±yasseta½ adhivacana½, saraº±na½ taya½ saraºattaya½, t²ºi saraº±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Na hi avayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma koci atth²ti. Idha pana saraºattayaggahaºena upac±rato, uttarapadalopato v± saraºagamana½ adhippeta½. Na hi saraºattaya½ puññakiriyavatthu n±ma hoti. Atthato paneta½ “samm±sambuddho vata so bhagav±, sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno sa½gho”ti-±din± buddh±d²su pas±dapaµil±bhavasena pavatt± cetan± diµµhijukammasmi½ saªgaha½ yanti ta½vaseneva tesa½ ijjhato. Na hi vipar²tadiµµhikassa im±ni t²ºi sambhavanti, tasm± te ekantena diµµhijukammapuññakiriyavatthusmi½ saªgaha½ gacchanti, na visu½ puññakiriyabh±vena gahetabb±ti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “natthi sa½sayo”ti. Diµµhijukammassa bh±van±mayasaªgahepi saªkhepanayena bh±van±maye saªgayhanti, vitth±ranayena pana “kattha nu kho”ti sa½sayo siy±ti imesa½ bh±van±mayasaªgaho na vutto. Diµµhijukammassa v± sabbesa½ mahapphalabh±vaniy±makattena m³labh³tatt± tassa padh±nabh±va½ dassetu½ visu½ tattha saªgayhant²ti vutta½. Apare pana “saªgaºhanto saªgaºh±ti, gaºhanto ‘muñcat²’ti vacanato saraºagamanassa s²lasam±d±ne viya gahaºa½ sambhavat²ti s²lamaye saªgayhat²”ti vadanti. “Saraºagamana½ paºip±tabh±vato apacitisahagate saªgayhat²”ti keci.
25. Id±ni yath±vuttapuññakiriyavatth³na½ purimapacchimabh±gavasena pavattam±n±pi cetan± tattha tattheva saªgaha½ gacchant²ti dassetu½ “purim± muñcan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha purim±ti d±natth±ya deyyadhamma½ dhammena samena upp±dentassa, uppanna½ “pariccajiss±m²”ti cintentassa, dakkhiºeyya½ pariyesantassa ca y±va vatthuno paµigg±hakassa hatthe vissajjana½, pariº±mana½ v±, t±va pavatt± pubbabh±gacetan±. Paµigg±hakassa pana hatthe vissajjanacetan±, pariº±manacetan± v± muñcanacetan± n±ma. S±yeva niggah²talopena “mucan±”ti vutt±. “Muñcan±”itiyeva v± p±µho. Par±ti attan± vissaµµhavatthumhi ±laya½ akatv± “s±dhu suµµhu agga½ d±na½ me dinnan”ti somanassacittena paccavekkhantassa uppann± aparabh±gacetan±. Tissopi cetan±ti iti ayañca purim± cetan±, ayañca muñcanacetan±, ayañca aparacetan±ti tissopi cetan± ekato hutv± d±namaya½ puñña½ hoti, d±namayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma hot²ti attho. “Puññan”ti pada½ apekkhitv± “hot²”ti ekavacananiddeso. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ sesesupi atidisanto ±ha “eva½ sesesu d²paye”ti. Seses³ti s²l±d²su puññakiriyavatth³su eva½ yath±vuttanayena “s²la½ ‘rakkhiss±m²’ti cintentassa, ‘pabbajiss±m²’ti vih±ra½ gacchantassa pavatt± purimacetan±, s²la½ sam±diyantassa, pabbajantassa, s²la½ parip³rentassa uppann± majjhimacetan±, ‘p³rita½ me’ti paccavekkhantassa uppann± aparacetan±ti eva½ tissopi cetan± ekato hutv± s²lamayapuññakiriyavatthu n±m±”ti-±din± d²paye, pak±seyy±ti attho. Nanu ca attan± katapuññ±nussaraºacetan± diµµhijukammasaªgahit±, ayañca aparacetan± s±yev±ti kathamass± tattha saªgahoti? N±ya½ doso, visayabhedena ubhinnampi visesasabbh±vato. Puññ±nussaraºañhi attan± katapuññavisayameva. Aya½ pana tabbatthuvisay±ti p±kaµoyeva dvinna½ visesoti.
Ett±vat± ca ya½ vutta½ “dasapuññakiriyavatthuvaseneva pavattat²”ti, tattha dasapuññakiriyavatth³ni sar³pato, saªgahato ca niddisitv± id±ni tath±pavattam±nassa cassa p±µekka½ pavatt±k±ravisaya½ dassetu½ “id±n²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ayanti vakkham±nanidassana½. D±tabbo dhammo deyyadhammo, ann±didasavidha½ vatthu. Vuttañhi–
“Anna½ p±na½ vattha½ y±na½, m±l±gandhavilepana½;
seyy±vasathapad²peyya½, d±navatth³ das±vime”ti.
Paµigg±hako ±di yesa½ desak±lamitt±d²na½ te paµigg±hak±dayo, deyyadhammassa, paµigg±hak±d²nañca sampatti sampannat± deyyadhammapaµigg±hak±disampatti. Tattha deyyadhammassa paº²taman±pabh±vo dhammena samena uppannabh±vo deyyadhammasampatti. Paµigg±hak±na½ aggadakkhiºeyyabh±vo paµigg±hakasampatti. Dullabha-annap±n±diko deso desasampatti. T±disova k±lo k±lasampatti. Dullabha-annap±n±dike hi dese, k±le v± dinna½ ajjh±sayassa balavat±ya mahapphala½, somanassahetukañca hoti, tasm± te d±nassa sampattivasena vutt±. Mittasampatti pana kaly±ºamittabh±vo. Kaly±ºamittañhi niss±ya d±n±d²su citta½ odagyappatta½ hoti. Paric±rikasampatti pana an±ºattiy±pi ta½ta½kiccasamp±dane appamattassa paric±rikajanassa paµil±bho. Añña½ v± somanassahetunti saddh±bahulat±visuddhidiµµhit±dibheda½ añña½ somanassak±raºa½ v±. ¾gamm±ti up±gamma, paµicc±ti attho. Haµµhapahaµµhoti somanassavasena haµµho ceva pahaµµho ca. Ubhayenapi adhikasomanassa½ vutta½. Atthi…pe… pavattanti “atthi dinna½, atthi yiµµha½, atthi huta½, atthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, atthi aya½ loko, atthi paro loko, atthi m±t±, atthi pit±, atthi satt± opap±tik±, atthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann±, ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.441) eva½ pavatta½ dasavidha½ samm±diµµhivatthuvasena ceva dhammavicayasambojjhaªgaµµh±niy±d²na½ vasena ca pavatta½. ¾di-saddena hi na kevala½ navanna½yeva samm±diµµhivatth³na½ gahaºa½, atha kho dhammavicayasambojjhaªgaµµh±niy±nampi saªgaho. Samm± ñ±yena pavatt± diµµhi, pasatth± v± diµµh²ti samm±diµµhi, ta½. Purakkhatv±ti pubbaªgama½ katv±. Tañca kho sahaj±tapubbaªgamavasena “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 1-2) viya sampayogassa adhippetatt±.
Anuss±hitoti lobhamacchariy±divasena puññakiriy±ya saªkoca½ an±pajjanato attan±, parena v± kenaci anuss±hito hutv±. Sabh±vato hi puññappavattidassanamida½. Pareh²ti pana parap±kaµuss±hadassanavasena vutta½. Paµhamanti desan±kkamena, idha niddiµµhakkamena v± paµhama½. Mah±kusalacittanti somanassasahagatat±di-aªgap±rip³riy± mahanta½ kusalacitta½. Atha v± pacchimabhavikabodhisatt±na½ paµisandhi-±ka¹¹hanato mahanta½ p³jita½ kusalacittanti mah±kusalacitta½. Sabbesampi hi sabbaññubodhisatt±na½ paµisandhi mett±pubbaªgamassa tihetukasomanassamayassa asaªkh±rikacittassa vip±koti vutta½. Ettha “deyyadhamma…pe… haµµhapahaµµho”ti ett±vat± imassa somanassasahagatabh±vam±ha, “samm±diµµhi½ purakkhatv±”ti ñ±ºasampayuttabh±va½, “anuss±hito”ti pana imin± asaªkh±rikabh±vanti daµµhabba½.
Vuttanayenev±ti “deyyadhammapaµigg±hak±disampatti½, añña½ v± somanassak±raºa½ ±gamm±”ti eva½ vuttanayena. Uss±hitoti deyyadhamme s±pekkh±dit±ya, s²lasampad±d²su anadhimuttat±d²hi ca puññakiriy±ya saªkoc±pajjanato attan±, parena v± kenaci uss±hito. Pareh²ti pana vuttanayameva. Karoti d±n±d²ni puññ±n²ti sambandho. Tamev±ti somanassasahagat±din± ta½sadisat±ya vutta½. Hoti hi ta½sadisepi ta½voh±ro yath± ca “s±yeva tittir², t±niyeva osadh±n²”ti. Ettha pana “uss±hito”ti imin± sasaªkh±rikata½ dasseti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Imasmi½ panattheti imasmi½ sasaªkh±rikasadd±bhidheyye, uss±hitabbacittasaªkh±te atthe ta½visayeti attho. Pubbappayogass±ti puññakiriy±ya saªkoce j±yam±ne tato vivecetv± samuss±hanavasena pavattassa cittappayogassa. Pubba-ggahaºa½ panettha tath±pavattapubb±bhisaªkh±ravasena so payogo hot²ti katv± vutta½, na tassa pubbak±likat±y±ti vuttov±yamattho.
Paµipattidassanen±ti bhikkh³ disv± deyyadhammapariccajanavandan±dipaµipattidassanena. Balanti anant²ti b±l±, ass±sitapass±sitamatteneva j²vanti, na paññ±j²viten±ti adhipp±yo. B±l±yeva b±lak±. Te pana idha “atthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya samm±diµµhiy± abh±vena asañj±tabuddhino d±rak±. P±kaµavasena cettha b±laka-ggahaºa½. Sahas± karaº±dik±le pana itaresampi ñ±ºavippayutta½ hot²ti. Somanassa½ j±ta½ etesanti somanassaj±t±, j±tasomanass±ti attho. Sahas±ti s²gha½ s²gha½ d±tuk±mat±ya uppattisamak±lameva.
Ettha ca “paµipattidassanen±”ti imin± paresa½ payog±bh±vam±ha, “j±taparicay±”ti attano payog±bh±va½. Ubhayen±pi imassa asaªkh±rikabh±va½ d²peti. “B±lak±, sahas±”ti ca imehi ñ±ºavippayuttabh±vam±ha, “bhikkh³…pe… j±t±”ti somanassasahagatabh±va½. Atha v± “paµipatti…pe… paricay±”ti imin± asaªkh±rikabh±vassa “b±lak± bhikkh³…pe… j±t±”ti ca imehi ñ±ºavippayuttasomanassasahagatabh±vassa ca d²pitatt± “sahas±”ti vacanena yath±vuttameva ñ±ºavippayutta-asaªkh±rikabh±va½ pak±seti. Eva½ sati paµilomato somanassasahagat±dibh±vo dassito hoti. Anulomato pana “somanassaj±t±”ti imin± somanassasahagatabh±va½, sahas±-ggahaºena ñ±ºavippayutt±saªkh±rikabh±va½ d²peti. “Paµipatti…pe… disv±”ti ett±vat± pana somanassasahagat±dibh±vassa k±raºa½ vuttanti. Teti te ñ±tak±, te b±lak±ti v± attho. “Somanassahet³na½ abh±va½ ±gamm±”ti ida½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Majjhatt±rammaºa½ tath±r³pe cetobhisaªkh±r±dayopi hi upekkh±sahagatat±ya k±raºamev±ti. Cittassa somanass±bh±ve puggalassapi somanassarahitat± hot²ti “cat³supi…pe… hont²”ti puggal±dhiµµh±na½ katv± vutta½, somanassarahit± honti puñña½ karont±ti adhipp±yo. “Evan”ti-±di nigamana½.
Imesu pana aµµhasu viññ±ºesu somanassasahagatato upekkh±sahagata½ balavatara½, ñ±ºavippayuttato ñ±ºasampayutta½, sasaªkh±rikato asaªkh±rika½ sadisa½ balavatara½. Visadisa½ pana vedan±ñ±ºappayogavasena balava½, dubbalañca hoti. Somanassasahagatatihetuka-asaªkh±rikato hi upekkh±sahagatatihetukasasaªkh±rika½ balavatara½, upekkh±sahagataduhetuka-asaªkh±rikato somanassasahagatatihetuka-asaªkh±rika½ balavatara½. Iti catutthacittato tatiyacitta½ balavatara½, tato aµµhamacitta½, tato sattamacitta½, tato dutiyacitta½, tato paµhamacitta½, tato chaµµhacitta½, tato pañcamacittanti evamimesa½ balavabalavatarabh±vo veditabbo.
26. Eva½ p±¼iya½ ±gatanayena vedan±ñ±ºappayogabhedato aµµhavidhata½ niddisitv± id±ni aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatapuññakiriy±d²na½ vasenapi pabheda½ dassetu½ “dasa puññakriy±d²nan”ti-±di vutta½. ¾di-saddena channa½ ±rammaº±na½, catunna½ adhipat²na½, tiººa½ kamm±na½, h²n±dibhedassa ca saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tenev±hu–
“Kamena puññavatth³hi, gocar±dhipat²hi ca;
kammah²n±dito c±pi, gaºeyya nayakovido”ti.
27. Id±ni tath±pavattam±nassa tassa yo yo tesa½ tesa½ vasena labbham±no gaºanaparicchedo, ta½ sampiº¹itv± dassetu½ “sattarasa sahass±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattheva½ gaºan± veditabb±– im±ni t±va aµµha viññ±º±ni dasanna½ puññakiriyavatth³na½ vasena pavattanato pacceka½ dasa das±ti katv± as²ti citt±ni honti, t±ni ca chasu ±rammaºesu pavattanato chagguºit±ni s±s²tik±ni catt±ri sat±ni honti, t±ni catunna½ adhipat²na½ sahayogavasena catugguºit±ni sahassa½, v²s±dhik±ni ca nava sat±ni honti, t±ni ca k±yavac²manosaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ kamm±na½ vasena tiguºit±ni sasaµµhisattasat±dhik±ni pañca sahass±ni honti, t±ni ca h²namajjhimapaº²tabhedato tiguºit±ni s±s²tikadvisat±dhik±ni sattarasa sahass±ni hont²ti. Nanu ca ñ±ºavippayuttacitt±na½ v²ma½s±dhipatisahayog±bh±vato adhipativasena sahassa½, s±s²tik±ni ca cha sat±ni hont²ti t±ni kamm±d²na½ vasena sampiº¹it±ni v²sasat±dhik±ni pannarasa sahass±ni bhavant²ti? Saccameta½, sotapatitavasena pana ta½ an±diyitv± adhipatigaºan± gahit±ti na tassa vasena gaºanah±ni kat±ti daµµhabba½.
Nanu ca “savip±ka½ kusalan”ti vutta½, ta½ pana katha½, kuhi½, ki½ phalat²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “ta½ pan±”ti-±di. Yasm± tihetuka½ kusala½ tihetuka½ v± duhetuka½ v± paµisandhi½ deti n±hetuka½ paµisandhi½ deti. Yad± ca tihetuka½ paµisandhi½ janeti, tad± pavatte so¼asa vip±k±ni abhinipph±deti. Yad± dvihetuka½, tad± dv±dasa. Duhetuka½ pana duhetukamahetukañca paµisandhi½ janeti, na tihetuka½. Yad± ca duhetuka½ janeti, tad± pavattiya½ dv±dasa. Yad± ahetuka½, tad± aµµha. Ye pana ±gamanato vip±kassa saªkh±rabhedamicchanti, tesa½ matena tihetuka½ dv±dasa, dasa v± vipaccati, duhetuka½ dasa, aµµha v±, tasm± vutta½ “yath±nur³pan”ti. N±n±vidhasampattiµµh±nabh±vato sobhan±, gantabbato gati c±ti sugati, k±m±vacarabhavova sugati k±m±vacarasugati. Tassa½ k±m±vacarasugatiya½. Bhavabhogasampattinti ettha ca bhavat²ti bhavo, upapattibhavasaªkh±t±na½ vip±kakkhandhakaµatt±r³p±nameta½ gahaºa½, bhuñjitabbato bhogo, pavattiya½ paµilabhitabbasampatti, bhavoti v± paµisandhi, bhogo sesavip±kakaµatt±r³pehi saha pavattiya½ paµilabhitabb± sampatti, bhavo ca bhogo ca bhavabhogo, teyeva sampannabh±vato sampatti, tesa½ v± sampatti bhavabhogasampatti, ta½ abhinipph±deti, janakavasena ca upanissayavasena ca s±dhet²ti attho. Ettha ca bhavabhogasampatt²na½ niravasesato labbham±naµµh±na½ sandh±ya “k±m±vacarasugatiyan”ti vutta½. Sahetukavip±kavajja½ pana pavattivip±kakaµatt±r³pasabh±va½ bhavasampatti½, ekaccabhogasampattiñca, bhogasampadameva v± avisesena sugatiya½ duggatiyampi abhinipph±detiyeva. N±gasupaºº±d²nampi hissa devasampattisadisa½ manuñña½ bhogaj±ta½, tabbisay±ni ca vip±kacitt±ni, suvaººat±sussarat±di ca ta½ sabba½ k±m±vacarakusalasseva phala½. Na hi akusalassa iµµhaphala½ atthi. Vuttañheta½ “aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so, ya½ akusalassa iµµho kanto vip±ko sa½vijjat²”ti.

K±m±vacarakusalavaººan± niµµhit±.