“K±mevacarat²tyeta½, k±m±vacarasaññita½;
sese avacarantampi, saªg±m±vacaro yath±”ti.
Iti-saddo hetumhi. Ca-saddo vattabbantarasamuccaye. Tena yasm± uttarapadalopena k±m±vacaro “k±mo”ti saññito, yasm± ca tasmi½ k±me ida½ citta½ sad± avacarati, tasm± “k±m±vacara”micceva kathita½, na pana k±m±vacar±vacara½, n±pi r³p±r³p±vacaranti v±ti adhipp±yo. K±magh±tin±ti desan±ñ±ºena vineyyasant±nagatassa kilesak±massa hananas²lena samm±sambuddhena.
19. Paµisandhi½ …pe… avac±rayat²ti v±ti atha v± yasm± yattha katthaci uppannampi k±me bhaveyeva paµisandhi½ avac±rayati, tasm± ida½ k±me avac±rayat²ti “k±m±vacaran”ti kathita½ c±-saddassa rassatta½ katv±ti attho. Eva½ uttarapadalopavasena padasambhava½ dassetv± id±ni vin±pi uttarapadalopa½ k±m±vacara-saddassa sambhava½ dassetu½ “pariy±pannanti tatra v±”ti vutta½. Tatr±ti tasmi½ k±mabhave. Pariy±pannanti antogadha½. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo–
“Katame dhamm± k±m±vacar±? Heµµhato av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ katv± uparito paranimmitavasavatt² deve antokaritv± ya½ etasmi½ antare etth±vacar± ettha pariy±pann± khandhadh±tu-±yatan± r³pa½ vedan± saññ± saªkh±r± viññ±ºa½. Ime dhamm± k±m±vacar±”ti (dha. sa. 1287)–

Vuttatt± yath± manussitthiy± kucchismi½ nibbattopi tiracch±nagatiko tiracch±nayoniyameva pariy±pannatt± “tiracch±no”tveva vuccati, evamida½ r³p±r³pabhavesu uppannampi k±mabhavapariy±pannatt± “k±m±vacara”micceva kathitanti. Tappariy±pannat± cassa av²ciparanimmitaparicchinnok±saninn±ya k±mataºh±ya visayabh±vatoti veditabb±. Tath± hi vutta½ ±cariyadhammap±lattherena nikkhepakaº¹epi “‘etth±vacar±’ti vacana½ av²ciparanimmitaparicchinnok±s±ya k±mataºh±ya visayabh±va½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti. Padasambhavo panettha eva½ veditabbo– k±mataºh± k±mo, so ettha ±rammaºakaraºavasena avacarat²ti k±m±vacaranti. Nanu cettha katam± k±mataºh±, y± k±m±vacaradhamm±rammaº± taºh±. Katame k±m±vacaradhamm±, ye k±mataºh±visay±ti eva½ itar²taranissayat±doso ±pajjat²ti N±pajjati, av²ci-±di-ek±dasok±saninnat±ya ya½kiñci taºha½ k±mataºh±bh±vena gahetv± ta½sabh±v±ya taºh±ya visayabh±vena k±m±vacaradhamm±na½ upalakkhetabbabh±vato. Atha v± kilesavatthuvasena duvidhopi k±mo yath±raha½ sahaj±tavasena ettha avacarat²ti k±m±vacara½, ±rammaºakaraºavasena v± duvidhepi k±me eta½ avacarat²ti k±m±vacara½. Atha v± mañcanissitakesu ukkuµµhi½ karontesu nissayanissit±na½ abhedassa buddhiy± gahitatt± nissitakesu nissay³pac±ravasena “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti vuccati, evametampi k±m±vacarabhave pavattanavasena tannissitatt± nissayavoh±rena “k±m±vacaran”ti vuccati. Hoti cettha–

“K±movacarat²tyettha, k±mevacarat²ti v±;
µh±n³pac±rato v±pi, ta½ k±m±vacara½ bhave”ti.
20. Pujjaphalanibbattanato, attasant±na½ punanato ca puññ±ni, kattabbat±ya kiriy±, tesa½ tesa½ ±nisa½s±na½ vatthut±ya vatth³ni c±ti puññakiriyavatth³ni. Gaºanato dasaparim±ºatt± dasa ca t±ni puññakiriyavatth³ni c±ti dasa puññakiriyavatth³ni, tesa½ vasen±ti dasapuññakriyavatthuvasena, dasapuññakiriyavatthubh±vena ta½maya½ hutv±ti attho. Eva-k±rena pana r³p±r³palokuttara½ viya na kevala½ bh±van±vasenev±ti dasseti. Atha v± dasapuññakiriyavatthuvaseneva pavattati, na pana parehi parikappitaparapasa½s±dipuññakiriyavatthuvasen±ti eva-saddena avadh±raºa½. Yato vakkhati “sabb±nussatipuññañc±”ti-±di.
21. K±ni pana t±ni dasapuññakiriyavatth³ni, yesa½ vasena ida½ aµµhavidha½ citta½ pavattat²ti vuttanti ima½ anuyoga½ sandh±ya t±ni sar³pato dassetu½ “d±na½ s²lan”ti-±di vutta½ Tattha diyyati eten±ti d±na½, paricc±gacetan±. Idha pana citt±dhik±ravasena ta½sampayutta½ gahetabba½. Tath± “s²l±”d²supi. S²lat²ti s²la½, k±yavac²kamm±ni sam±dahat²ti attho. Susilyavasena hi k±yakamm±d²ni avippakiºº±ni sampati, ±yatiñca hitasukh±vah±ni samm± µhapit±ni sam±hit±ni honti, s²layati upadh±ret²ti v± s²la½. Upadh±raºa½ panettha kusal±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vo. Bh±veti kusaladhamme ±sevati va¹¹heti et±y±ti bh±van±. Attano sant±ne nipphann± patti diyyati eten±ti pattid±na½. Ta½ta½kiccakaraºe by±vaµassa bh±vo veyy±vacca½. Deseti et±y±ti desan±. Patti½ anumodati eten±ti patt±numodo. Pubbapadalopena pana “anumodo”ti vutta½. Diµµhiy± ujubh±vo diµµhijutta½, samm±diµµhiy± ujukaraºanti attho. Attano, parassa v± hitajjh±sayavasena samm± suºanti et±y±ti sa½suti. P³j±vasena apac±yati s±m²ci½ karoti eten±ti apac±yo. Puññakiriyavatth³na½ pabhedo puññakiriyavatthuppabhedo. Majjhapadalopavasena pana “puññavatthuppabhedo”ti vutta½ yath± ±jaññayutto ratho “±jaññaratho”ti. Aya½ t±vettha padavic±ro.
Aya½ pana vinicchayo– tattha sekhaputhujjan±na½ para½ uddissa p³j±nuggahak±mat±ya attano vijjam±navatthupariccajanavasena pavatt± cetan± d±namayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Kh²º±sav±nampi tath± pavatt± d±nameva, s± pana puññakiriy± n±ma na hot²ti na idha adhippet±. Pujjaphalanibbattanato, hi attasant±na½ punanato ca puñña½, na ca kh²º±savasant±ne pavatt± phalanibbattik± hoti, na ca ta½ pun±ti visuddhasant±nappavattatt±ti. Eva½ sesesupi.
Y± pana niccas²la-uposathas²l±divasena pañcas²la½ aµµhas²la½ dasas²la½ sam±diyantassa, asam±diyantassapi kulac±rittavasena sampattak±yaduccarit±d²hi viramantassa, upasampadam±¼ake sa½vara½ sam±diyantassa, p±timokkha½ parip³rentassa, ±p±thagatavisayesu cakkh±d²ni indriy±ni thakentassa c²var±dike ca paccaye paccavekkhantassa, kuhan±divatthuto ±j²va½ parisodhentassa pavatt± cetan±, aya½ s²lamayapuññakiriyavatthun±ma. Etth±ha– “d±na½ n±meta½ mayha½ kulava½so kulac±rittan”ti eva½ c±rittas²le µhatv± dentassa pavatt± d±namayapuññakiriyavatthu ki½, ud±hu s²lamayanti? S²lamayameva c±rittas²labh±vato. Deyyadhammaparicc±gavasena pavatt±pi hes± pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa aparabh±ge cetan±ya ca tath± pavattatt± s²lamayameva puññakiriyavatthu, na d±namaya½. P³j±nuggahak±mat±ya hi dinna½ d±namayanti.
“Cakkhu aniccan”ti-±din± pana cakkh±dike tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± sammasantassa pavatt± gotrabhuvod±napariyos±n± vipassan±cetan±, kasiº±d²su ±rammaºesu appana½ appatt± gotrabhupariyos±n± parikammacetan± c±ti aya½ bh±van±mayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Appan±ppatt±pi bh±van±yeva, s± pana na k±m±vacar±ti idha na gahit±. Niravajjavijj±yatanakamm±yatanasipp±yatan±na½ sikkhanacetan±pi bh±van±mayeyeva samodh±na½ gacchat²ti ±cariy±. Y± cettha deyyadhamma½ khayato vayato sammasitv± dadato pavatt±, s±pi pubbe viya ubhayabh±ge cetan±na½ tath± pavattatt± bh±van±mayapuññakiriyavatthuyev±ti veditabba½.
D±n±dika½ ya½ kiñci sucaritakamma½ katv± “asukassa ca n±ma patti hotu, sabbasatt±na½ v± hot³”ti eva½ attan± katassa parehi s±dh±raºabh±va½ pacc±s²sanavasena pavatt± pattid±namayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Ki½ paneva½ patti½ dadato puññakkhayo hot²ti? Na hoti, yath± pana eka½ d²pa½ j±letv± tato d²pasahassa½ j±lentassa paµhamad²po kh²ºoti na vattabbo, purim±lokena pana saddhi½ pacchim±lokassa ek²bh±ve atimah±va hoti, evameva patti½ dadato parih±ni n±ma na hoti, vu¹¹hiyeva pana hot²ti daµµhabb±. Katha½ panes± dinn± n±ma hot²ti? “Ida½ me puññakamma½ sabbasatt±na½, asukassa v± pariºamat³”ti eva½ pubbabh±ge, pacch±pi v± vac²bheda½ karontena manas± eva v± cintentena dinn± n±ma hoti. Keci pana “ya½ may± kata½ sucarita½, tassa phala½ ‘damm²’ti vuttepi patti dinn±va hot²”ti vadanti. Kusalakamm±dhik±ratt± pana parehi ca kammasseva anumoditabbatt± kammameva d±tabba½, anumodentenapi kammameva anumoditabbanti idamettha ±cariy±na½ sanniµµh±na½.
C²var±d²su pacc±s±rahitassa asa½kiliµµhena ajjh±sayena samaºabr±hmaº±na½ vattapaµivattakaraºavasena, gil±nupaµµh±navasena ca pavatt± veyy±vaccamayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma.
¾misakiñcakkh±dinirapekkhacittassa attano paguºa½ dhamma½ vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± desentassa, tatheva niravajjavijj±yatan±dika½ upadisantassa ca pavatt± desan±mayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Parehi kata½ ya½ kiñci sucaritakamma½ dinnamadinnampi v± iss±maccheramala½ pah±ya “s±dhu suµµh³”ti anumodantassa pavatt± anumodanapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma, “atthi dinnan”ti-±din± kammassakat±ñ±ºavasena diµµhi½ uju½ karontassa pavatt± diµµhijukammapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Yadi eva½ ñ±ºavippayuttacittassa diµµhijukammapuññakiriyat± na labbhat²ti? No na labbhati purimapacchimacetan±nampi ta½ta½puññakiriy±sveva saªgaºhanato. Tath± hi vakkhati–
“Purim± muñcan± ceva, par± tissopi cetan±;
hoti d±namaya½ puñña½, eva½ sesesu d²paye”ti.
Tasm± kiñc±pi ujukaraºavel±ya½ ñ±ºasampayuttameva citta½ hoti, purimapacch±bh±ge pana ñ±ºavippayuttampi hot²ti tass±pi diµµhijukammapuññakiriyabh±vo uppajjati.
Apare pan±hu– viññ±ºapaññ±ºavasena dassana½ diµµhi, citta½ paññ± ca. Diµµhiy± ujubh±vo diµµhijutta½. Ki½ ta½? Kusalañca viññ±ºa½ kammassakat±ñ±º±di ca samm±dassana½. Tattha kusalaviññ±ºena ñ±ºupp±depi attano sucarit±nussaraºaparaguºapasa½s±saraºagaman±na½ saªgaho, kammassakat±ñ±ºena kammapathasamm±diµµhiy±ti. D±n±disampayutta½ pana ñ±ºa½ d±n±d²sveva antogadhanti veditabba½. “Evamima½ dhamma½ sutv± tattha vuttanayena paµipajjanto lokiyalokuttaraguºavisesa½ adhigamiss±mi, bahussuto v± hutv± pare dhammadesan±ya anuggaºhiss±m²”ti eva½ attano, paresa½ v± vimutt±yatanas²sena saddhamma½ suºantassa pavatt± savanamayapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Niravajjavijj±yatan±disavanacetan±pi ettheva saªgayhati. P³j±rahe, garuµµh±niye, mahallake ca disv± ±san± vuµµhahantassa pattac²varapaµiggahaºamaggad±na-abhiv±dana-añjalikammakaraºa-±sanapupphagandh±di-abhih±ra½ karontassa ca pavatt± bahum±nacetan± apacitisahagatapuññakiriyavatthu n±ma. Veyy±vacc±pac±yan±nañhi aya½ viseso– vayas±, guºena ca jeµµh±na½, gil±n±nañca ta½ta½kiccakaraºa½ veyy±vacca½, s±m²cikiriy± apac±yananti.
22-3. Eva½ aµµhakath±ya ±gatanayena dasapuññakiriyavatth³ni dassetv± id±ni sutte ±gatanayena d±na½ s²la½ bh±van±ti t²ºiyeva dassetu½ tesu itaresampi saªgaha½ d²pento ±ha “gacchanti saªgahan”ti-±di. Tattha pattid±n±numodan± d±ne saªgaha½ gacchanti ta½sabh±vatt±. D±nampi hi iss±maccher±na½ paµipakkha½, etepi, tasm± sam±napaµipakkhat±ya d±nena saha ekalakkhaºatt± ete d±namayapuññakiriyavatthumhi saªgaha½ gacchanti. Veyy±vacc±pac±yan± s²lamaye puññe saªgaha½ gacchanti c±rittas²lasabh±vatt±. Desan±savanadiµµhi-ujuk± pana kusaladhamm±sevanato bh±vanato bh±van±maye saªgaha½ gacchanti. Keci pana “desento, suºanto ca desan±nus±rena ñ±ºa½ pesetv± lakkhaºa½ paµivijjha deseti, suº±ti ca, t±ni ca desan±savan±ni paµivedhameva ±harant²ti desan±savana½ bh±van±maye saªgaha½ gacchat²”ti vadanti. Dhammad±nabh±vato “desan± d±namaye saªgaha½ gacchat²”tipi sakk± vattu½. Tath± diµµhijukamma½ sabbatth±pi sabbesa½ niyamanalakkhaºatt±ti. D±n±d²su hi ya½ kiñci “atthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya samm±diµµhiy±va visodhita½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±nisa½santi. Evañca katv± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ “diµµhijukamma½ pana sabbesa½ niyamanalakkhaºan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 3.305) vutta½. Mah±sa½ghiy± pana abhayagiriv±sino ca diµµhijukamma½ visu½ puññakiriyabh±vena na gaºhanti. Tath± hi te d±na½ s²la½ bh±van± sa½suti desan±nussatimodana½ veyy±vaccap³j±saraºappattipasa½s± c±ti attan± katapuññ±nussaraºa½ buddh±d²su saraºagamana½ paraguºapasa½s±ti im±ni t²ºi pakkhipitv± diµµhijukamma½ aggahetv± dv±dasa puññakiriyavatth³ni paññ±penti. Puna t²ºev±ti paµhama½ das±pi sam±n± puna saªkhepato t²ºeva sambhonti.