“Tassa tattha sukhino dhammapad±ni pilavanti, dandho, bhikkhave, satupp±do, atha so satto khippameva visesabh±g² hot²”ti (a. ni. 4.191).
Tath± paññ±dasaka½ sampattassa indriyaparip±ka½ niss±ya uppajjam±na½ kusala½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ hoti. Yena pana samathavipassan±bh±van±hi kiles± vikkhambhit±, tassa kilesad³r²bh±va½ niss±ya uppajjam±na½ citta½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ uppajjati. Yath±ha–
“Yog± ve j±yate bh³ri, ayog± bh³risaªkhayo”ti. (Dha. pa. 282).
Apica ye te dhamm± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti. Seyyathida½– paripucchakat± vatthuvisadakiriy± indriyasamattapaµip±dan± duppaññapuggalaparivajjan± paññavantapuggalasevan± gambh²rañ±ºacariyapaccavekkhaº± tadadhimuttat±ti imehi k±raºehi ñ±ºasampayuttabh±vo hoti. Tath± hi yo paññavante upasaªkamma khandhadh±tu-±yatana-indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªgajh±naªgasamathavipassan±d²na½ paripucch±bahulo hoti, tassa ta½vasena uppanna½ sutamayañ±ºa½ ±di½ katv± uppajjam±na½ citta½ ñ±ºasahagata½ hoti. Yena pana nakhakesac²varasen±san±d²ni ajjhattikab±hiravatth³ni pubbe avisad±ni chedanamalaharaº±din± visad±ni kat±ni, tasseva½ visadavatthukassa uppannesu cittacetasikesu visada½ ñ±ºa½ hoti parisuddh±ni d²pakapallak±d²ni niss±ya uppannad²pasikh±ya obh±so viya. Yassa ca saddhindriy±d²su aññatara½ balava½ hoti, itar±ni mand±ni, tato t±ni sakasakakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkonti, tasm± so tassa bojjhaªgavibhaªge ±gatanayena tena tena ±k±rena samatta½ paµip±deti, tasseva½ indriy±na½ samatta½ paµip±dentassa vipassan±ñ±º±d²na½ vasena citta½ ñ±ºasahagata½ hoti. Yo pana duppaññapuggale parivajjeti, paññavantapuggale v± payirup±sati, khandh±d²su og±¼ha½ bhagavato gambh²rañ±ºacariya½ v± paccavekkhati, µh±nanisajj±d²su tadadhimuttacitto v± viharati, imesampi uppajjam±na½ kusala½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ hoti. Apica buddh±diguº±nussaraºenapi citta½ ñ±ºasahagata½ hoti. Yath±ha–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosa…pe… na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti tath±gata½ ±rabbha. Ujugatacitto kho pana, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati, passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedeti, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati, sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11).
Eva½ buddh±nussati-±dayopi r±g±dimalavisodhanena ñ±ºuppattihetuk±yev±ti daµµhabba½. Kiñca tihetukapaµisandhikat± ñ±ºuppattik±raºa½. Paµisandhipaññ± hi ±dito paµµh±ya bhavaªgasantativasena bahula½ pavattam±n± sant±naparibh±vanena ñ±ºuppattiy± savisesa-upanissayo hoti. Asaªkh±rikatta½ pana sapp±ya-utubhojana-±v±s±dipaccayehi hot²ti. Honti cettha–
“Iµµh±rammaºat± saddh±b±hulya½ diµµhisuddhi ca;
phaladass±vit± ceva, p²tibojjhaªgahetuyo.
“Ek±dasa tath± dhamm±, agambh²rasabh±vat±;
somanassayutt± sandhi, iccete sukhahetuyo.
“Abh±vo sukhahet³na½, majjhatt±rammaºanti ca;
upekkhuppattihetu ca, eva½ ñeyy± vibh±vin±.
“Kamm³papattito ceva, tath± indriyap±kato;
kiles³pasam± dhamma-vicayassa ca hetuhi.
“Sattadhammehi buddh±di-guº±nussaraºena ca;
sappaññasandhito ceva, citta½ ñ±ºayuta½ siy±.
“Utubhojana-±v±sa-sapp±y±d²hi hetuhi;
asaªkh±rikabh±vopi, viññ±tabbo vibh±vin±”ti.
Eva½ vedan±ñ±ºappayogabhedato aµµhavidha½ k±m±vacaracitta½ niddisitv± id±ni ta½ nigamento ±ha “ida½…pe… n±m±”ti.
12. Yena panatthena ida½ “k±m±vacaran”ti vuccati, ta½ d±ni dassetu½ “udd±nato”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha udd±natoti uddesato, saªkhepatoti attho. Kiñc±pi avasiµµhakiles±dayo viya kilesak±mopi ass±detabbat±ya vatthuk±me saªgahito ñ±ºa½ viya ñeyyeti saªkhepato ekoyeva k±mo siy±, tath±pi kilesak±mo vatthuk±mabh±va½ gacchanto k±man²yaµµhena gacchati, na k±manavasena. K±manavasena ca pana kilesak±mova hoti, na pana vatthuk±moti ±ha “klesavatthuvas±”ti-±di. Ko panettha vatthuk±mo, ko kilesak±moti codana½ manasi nidh±ya “chando k±mo, r±go k±mo, chandar±go k±mo, saªkappo k±mo, r±go k±mo, saªkappar±go k±mo”ti (mah±ni. 1) eva½ niddesap±¼iya½ ±gat± niddiµµh± k±mataºh±va idha kilesak±mo. Vatthuk±moti ca “man±pik± r³p±…pe… man±pik± phoµµhabb±…pe… sabbepi k±m±vacar± dhamm±…pe… sabbepi r³p±vacar±…pe… sabbepi ar³p±vacar±…pe… k±m±”ti (mah±ni. 1) tattheva niddiµµh± saviññ±º±viññ±ºappabhed± tebh³makadhamm±ti dassento ±ha “kileso…pe… vaµµakan”ti. “Chandar±gov±”ti avadh±raºena kilesabh±vena niru¼hesu lobhadosamoh±d²su dasasu dosamoh±dayo nava kilese paµikkhipati. K±mar³p±r³pataºh±ya vatthu patiµµh±na½, k±raºabh³tanti v± vatthu.
13. Katha½ pana kilesak±mo n±ma, kathañca vatthuk±moti ±ha “kilesak±mo”ti-±di. K±met²ti vatthuk±ma½ pattheti. K±m²yat²ti kilesak±mena patth²yati. Iti-saddo “tasm±”ti imassa atthe. Ca-saddo eva-k±ratthe, tena yasm± kilesak±mo k±met²ti k±mo, vatthuk±mo ca k±m²yat²ti, tasm± eva kilesak±mo, vatthuk±mo c±ti duvidhopi esa k±mo k±rakadvaye kattari, kammani ca sijjhati, kattubh±va½, kammabh±vañca paccanubhot²ti attho. Atha v± duvidhoti dvinna½ k±m±na½ v±cakato duvidho. “K±mo”ti aya½ saddo k±rakadvaye sijjhati yath±vuttak±rakayuga¼e nipphajjati, kattari, kammani ca “k±mo”ti padasambhavo hot²ti attho. Vo-k±ro pana nip±tamatta½ “eva½ vo k±l±m±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) viya. Atha v± vok±rakadvayeti khandhadvayeti attho. Kilesak±mo hi saªkh±rasabh±vatt± saªkh±rakkhandhe, vatthuk±mo ca vakkham±nanayena pañcak±maguºabh³to r³pasabh±vatt± r³pakkhandheti eva½ duvidhopesa k±mo khandhadvaye sijjhati nipphajjati, antobh±va½ gacchat²ti.
14. Sampajjan±ni sampattiyo, t±sa½ vasena visayavisay²bh±vena aññamañña½ samosaraºavasena, samp±puºanavasen±ti attho. Imin± pana ida½ d²peti– yattha duvidhopi k±mo visayavisay²bh±vena sahito pavattati, soyeva ek±dasavidho padeso k±m±vacarasaññito Yattha pana r³p±r³padh±tuya½ kevala½ vatthuk±mova pavattati, na so padeso k±m±vacaro n±m±ti. Nanu ca duvidhopi sahito r³p±r³padh±t³su pavattati, r³p±r³p±vacaradhamm±na½ vatthuk±matt±, tad±rammaºabh³t±nañca r³p±r³pataºh±na½ ta½yogena kilesak±mabh±vasiddhitoti? Nayidameva½ orambh±giyabh³tassa bahalakilesasseva k±mar±gassa idha kilesak±mabh±vena adhippetatt±. “Udd±nato duve k±m±”ti sabbe k±me uddisitv±pi hi “padeso catup±y±nan”ti-±din± visayaniyamanena “duvidhopi ayan”ti ettha k±mekadesabh³to n²varaº±vatth±ya kathito k±mar±go kilesak±mabh±vena, tabbatthuk±yeva dhamm± vatthuk±mabh±vena gahit±, na r³p±r³pataºh±, tabbatthukadhamm± c±ti ñ±p²yati. Evañca katv± upari vakkham±n± sasatth±vacar³pam± upapann± hoti, yath±vutt±nameva k±m±na½ idha adhippetatt± r³p±r³padh±t³su vim±nakapparukkhavatth±laªk±raparittakusal±dibhedesu k±m±vacaradhammesu pavatto chandar±go kilesak±mo n±ma na hoti, na ca tabbatthubh³ta½ vim±nakapparukkh±diparittadhammaj±ta½ vatthuk±mo n±m±ti siddha½. Tenev±ha “k±mo v± k±masaññ± v± brahmaloke na vijjat²”ti. K±m±vacarasattasant±nagatataºh±ya visayabh±ve sati pana ta½yogena r³p±r³padh±t³supi pavattam±no parittadhammo vatthuk±moyev±ti veditabba½. Atha v± niddese ±gatanayena niravaseso kilesak±mo k±mataºh±bhavataºh±vibhavataºh±nirodhataºh±pabhedo idha pavattati. Vatthuk±mesupi appaka½ r³p±r³pavip±kamatta½ µhapetv± sabboyeva idha pavattat²ti anavasesappavatti½ sandh±ya “k±moya½ duvidhopi c±”ti vutta½. Kiñc±pi eva½ vutta½, tesu pana bahalakilesak±mabh³to bahalak±mar±go ca tabbatthuk± pañca k±maguº± ca idha gahit±ti dassanattha½ “sampatt²na½ vasen±”ti vutta½. Sampajjanavasena, samijjhanavasen±ti attho. Avacarat²ti pavattati. Iti-saddo hetumhi, yasm± duvidhopi aya½ k±mo avacarati, tasm± k±mo ettha avacarat²ti k±m±vacarasaññitoti attho.
15. Saggamokkhahetubh³t± puññasammat± ay± yebhuyyena apet±ti ap±y±. Niray±divasena catt±ro ap±y± catup±y±. Channanti c±tumah±r±jikat±vati½say±m±tusit±nimm±naratiparanimmitavasavattisaªkh±t±na½ channa½ devalok±na½. Merup±dav±sino pana asur± t±vati½sesuyeva saªgayhant²ti na tehi saddhi½ sattannanti vutta½. Manaso ussannat±ya manuss±, satis³rabh±vabrahmacariyayogyat±diguºavasena upacitam±nasat±ya ukkaµµhaguºacittat±y±ti attho, te pana nippariy±yato jambud²pav±sino veditabb±. Yath±ha–
“T²hi bhikkhave, µh±nehi jambud²pak± manuss± uttarakuruke ca manusse adhiggaºhanti deve ca t±vati½se. Katamehi t²hi? S³r± satimanto idha brahmacariyav±so”ti (a. ni. 9.21).
Tehi pana sam±nar³p±dit±ya saddhi½ parittad²pav±s²hi itaramah±d²pav±sinopi “manuss±”icceva paññ±yi½su. Lokiy± pana manuno apaccabh±veneva “manuss±”ti vadanti Ek±dasavidhoti catur±p±yesu tiracch±napettivisay±na½ visu½ paricchinnassa ok±sassa abh±vepi yattha te araññasamuddapabbatap±d±dike nibaddhav±sa½ vasanti, t±disassa µh±nassa gahitatt± ek±dasavidho.
16. Nanu cettha aññesampi dhamm±na½ pavattisambhavato k±masseva avacaraºavasena katha½ n±mal±bhoti ±ha “ass±bhilakkhitatt±”ti-±di. Tattha ass±ti imassa duvidhassa k±massa. Abhilakkhitatt±ti ek±dasavidhe padese p±kaµatt±. Atha v± ass±ti karaºatthe s±mivacana½, tasm± anena duvidhena k±mena ek±dasavidhassa padesassa abhilakkhitatt±, paññ±pitatt±ti attho. Atha v± upayogatthe s±mivacanavasena assa ek±dasavidhassa padesassa tena duvidhena abhilakkhitatt±ti attho. Saha sattheh²ti sasatth±, yattha te avacaranti, so sasatth±vacaro, padeso. So viya. Yath± hi yasmi½ padese sasatth± puris± avacaranti, so vijjam±nesupi aññesu dvipadacatuppad±d²su avacarantesu tesa½ tattha p±kaµatt±, tehi v± abhilakkhitatt± “sasatth±vacaro”tveva paññ±yati, eva½ vijjam±nesupi aññesu r³p±vacar±d²su avacarantesu abhilakkhaºavasena aya½ padeso “k±m±vacaro”tveva saññitoti. Esa nayo r³p±r³p±vacaresu.
17-8. Nanu ca citta½ k±m±vacaranti vutta½, yath±vuttanayena pana padesassa gahitatt± katha½ tattha avacaranta½ k±m±vacara½ n±m±ti ±ha “sv±yan”ti-±di. So aya½ k±m±vacaro “k±mo”ti saññitoti sambandho. R³pabhavo r³panti yath± r³pabhavo r³pa½. Avuttopi hi yath±saddo eva½-saddasanniµµh±nato labbhati. Yath± “r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±vet²”ti ettha “r³pabhav³papattiy±”ti vattabbe r³pabhavo “r³pan”ti saññitoti ayamettha attho. Katha½ panesa eva½ saññitoti ±ha “uttarass±”ti-±di. Atha v± yath± uttarassa padassa lopa½ katv± ud²rito esa r³pabhavo “r³pan”ti saññito, eva½ sv±ya½ k±m±vacaro k±moti sambandho. Tasmi½ k±meti tasmi½ uttarapadalopavasena k±masaññite padese. Idanti ida½ aµµhavidha½ citta½. Adhik±ravasena pana tassa gahaºepi sabbesameva parittacitt±namayamattho labbhati sabbesampi k±me avacaraºato. Sad±ti sabbak±la½, b±hulyen±ti adhipp±yo. Imin± pana ida½ d²peti– yath± saªg±me yebhuyyena avacaranto “saªg±m±vacaro”ti laddhan±mo hatth² aññattha avacarantopi b±hullappavattivasena “saªg±m±vacaro”tveva paññ±yati, evamida½ aññattha avacarantampi k±maloke b±hullavuttito “k±m±vacara”micceva vuttanti. Tena pana nanu ceta½ r³p±r³pabhavesupi avacaraºato r³p±vacar±din±mampi labheyy±ti ida½ codana½ pariharati. Hoti cettha–