Id±ni eva½ tikavasena niddiµµhesu kusal±d²su paµhama½ t±va kusalacitta½ vibhajanto “tattha kusalacittan”ti-±din± tassa gaºanapariccheda½ dasseti. Ekav²satividhanti aµµha k±m±vacar±ni pañca r³p±vacar±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacar±ni, catt±ri lokuttar±n²ti eva½ saªkhepato ekav²satividha½. Bh³mito catubbidhanti k±mar³p±r³palokuttarabh³misaªkh±t±na½ catunna½ bh³m²na½ vasena tattha pavattam±na½ cittampi catubbidha½ hoti. Tattha bhavanti etth±ti bh³mi, µh±na½, avatth± ca. Avatth±pi hi avatthavant±na½ pavattiµµh±na½ viya gayhati. Evañhi nesa½ sukhaggahaºa½ hoti. Avatth±ti cettha dhamm±na½ k±mataºh±d²hi paricchinn±paricchinnabh±vo. Tattha purim± tisso bh³miyo ubhayavasena veditabb±, itar± avatth±vaseneva. Na hi lokuttaradhamm±na½ k±mabhav±dito añña½ µh±namupalabbhat²ti.
Aññattha pavattam±nass±pi vakkham±nanayena k±mabh³mipariy±pannatt± bh³mito ekavidhanti. Savatthuk±vatthukabhedatoti cakkh±d²ni pañca, hadayañc±ti cha vatth³ni. Kusalassa pana cakkh±dinissitatt±bh±vato hadayavatthu idha vatth³ti adhippeta½. Tena sahita½ ekantena tannissitappavattitoti savatthuka½, k±mar³padh±tuya½ pavattam±naviññ±ºa½. Tattha hi ar³passa r³papaµibandhappavatti, ar³padh±tuya½ pana r³p±bh±vato vatthuvirahitameva pavattat²ti tattha pavattam±na½ avatthuka½. H²na…pe… tividhanti ettha paccayato, phalato ca majjhimapaº²tehi nih²na½, tesa½ v± guºehi parih²nanti h²na½, attano paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²tanti paº²ta½, ubhinna½ vemajjhe bhava½ majjhima½. Tattha h²nena chandena cittena v²riyena v²ma½s±ya v± pavattita½ h²na½, majjhimehi chand±d²hi pavattita½ majjhima½, paº²tehi paº²ta½. Chand±d²na½ pana h²n±dibh±vo adhimuttivasena daµµhabbo. H²n±dhimuttivasena hi nesa½ h²nat±, paº²t±dhimuttivasena paº²tat±, tadubhayavemajjhavasena majjhimat±. Yasak±mat±ya v± kata½ kusala½ h²na½, puññaphalak±mat±ya majjhima½, “puñña½ n±meta½ s±dh³hi kattabbamev±”ti eva½ ariyabh±va½ niss±ya kata½ paº²ta½. “Ahamasmi d±napati, ime panaññe d±nad±s±dayo”ti-±din± attukka½sanaparavambhan±hi upakkiliµµha½ pavattita½ v± h²na½, tath± anupakkiliµµha½ majjhima½, maggaphalapadaµµh±na½ paº²ta½. Bhavabhogasampattinimitta½ v± kata½ h²na½, s±vakapaccekabodhip±ramit±vasena attano vimokkhatth±ya kata½ majjhima½, samm±sambodhip±ramit±vasena sabbesa½ vimokkhatth±ya kata½ paº²tanti.
Somanassu…pe… bhedatoti bheda-saddo pacceka½ sambandhitabbo “somanassupekkh±bhedato ñ±ºabhedato payogabhedato”ti. Tattha payogabhedatoti saªkh±rabhedatoti attho. Nanu ca somanassupekkh±bhedo t±va yutto tesa½ bhinnasabh±vatt±. ѱºappayogabhedo pana kathanti? Vuccate– ñ±ºappayogakato bhedo ñ±ºappayogabhedo tesa½ bh±v±bh±vamup±d±ya pavattatt±. Id±ni tameva somanassupekkh±dibheda½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “seyyathidan”ti pucchitv± “somanassasahagatan”ti-±din± vissajjeti. Tattha seyyathidanti ta½ katama½, ta½ kathanti v± attho.
Sobhana½ mano, sobhana½ v± mano etass±ti sumano, tassa bh±vo somanassa½, m±nasikasukhavedan±yeta½ adhivacana½, somanassena upp±dato y±va nirodh± sahagata½ pavatta½ sa½saµµha½ sampayuttanti attho. Atha v± somanassena saha ekupp±d±dibh±va½ gatanti somanassasahagata½. J±n±ti yath±sabh±va½ paµivijjhat²ti ñ±ºa½, tena sama½ ekupp±d±d²hi pak±rehi yuttanti ñ±ºasampayutta½. N±ssa saªkh±ro atth²ti asaªkh±ra½, asaªkh±rameva asaªkh±rika½. Saha saªkh±rena pavattam±na½ sasaªkh±ra½, tadeva sasaªkh±rika½. Saªkh±roti cettha attano, parassa v± pubbappayogo “saªkharoti tikkhabh±vasaªkh±tena maº¹anavisesena sajjeti, saªkhar²yati v± sajj²yati citta½ eten±”ti katv±. Tattha d±n±dipuññakaraºak±le maccheramalathinamiddh±d²hi upakkilesehi sa½s²dam±ne citte upakkilesav³pasamavasena, cittassa ca uss±hajananavasena t²su dv±resu pavatto samm±v±y±mo attano payogo n±ma. Kusalakaraºe niruss±hassa pana “ambho, sappurisa, kusalakaraºa½ n±ma paº¹itehi ±sevitamaggo, tattha tay±pi paµipajjitu½ vaµµati, tasm± d±na½ dehi, s²la½ rakkha, tañhi te atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya bhavissat²”ti-±din± kusalakaraºatth±ya uss±hajananavasena paresa½ k±yavac²dv±resu pavatt± ±ºatti parappayogo n±ma. Tesu pana purimo pubbabh±gappavattacittasant±ne, pacchimo paresa½ cittasant±neyeva sambhavat²ti tannibbattito cittassa tikkhabh±vasaªkh±to viseso idha upac±rato saªkh±roti veditabbo. Ten±hu ±cariy±–
“Pubbappayogasambh³to, viseso cittasambhav²;
saªkh±ro iti saªkh±ra-sabh±vaññ³hi kittito”ti.
Atha v± “sasaªkh±rikamasaªkh±rikan”ti ca eta½ kevala½ saªkh±rassa bh±v±bh±vamatt±pekkh±ya vutta½, na tassa sahappavattisabbh±v±bh±vatoti bhinnasant±nappavattinopi saªkh±rassa idamatthit±ya ta½vasena nibbatta½ citta½ saªkh±ro assa atth²ti sasaªkh±rika½ saha-saddassa vijjam±natthaparid²panato “salomako sapakkhako”ti-±d²su viya. Tabbipar²ta½ pana tadabh±vato yath±vuttavaseneva asaªkh±rika½. Atha v± saªkharaºa½, saªkhar²yati v± etena ±gantukasambh³tena cittasa½s²danasabh±v±panayanavaseneva sajj²yati, saªkharoti v± ta½ yath±vuttavasenev±ti saªkh±roti ujukameva pubbappayogajanito tikkhabh±vo vuccati, tadabh±vato asaªkh±rika½, sabh±vatikkhanti attho. Ta½sahagat±ya sasaªkh±rika½, atha v± maccheramal±d²hi saªkhar²yat²ti saªkh±ro, cittassa sa½s²danasabh±vo, so yassa natth²ti asaªkh±rika½, itara½ sasaªkh±rika½. Paº²ta-utubhojan±diko v± balavapaccayo saªkh±ro “saªkharoti citta½ tikkhabh±vena, saªkhar²yati v± ta½ eten±”ti katv±. A-k±rassa vu¹¹hatthavuttit±ya vu¹¹hippatto saªkh±ro ass±ti asaªkh±rika½, balavapaccayavantanti attho. Vu¹¹hiparid²pakena pana a-k±rena avisesitatt± sasaªkh±rika½ sappaccaya½ dubbalapaccayanti adhipp±yo. ѱºena vippayutta½ virahitanti ñ±ºavippayutta½.
Upekkhat²ti upekkh±, vediyam±n±pi ±rammaºa½ ajjhupekkhati, majjhatt±k±rasaºµhitiy±ti attho. Atha v± iµµhe, aniµµhe ca ±rammaºe pakkhap±t±bh±vena upapattito yuttito ikkhati anubhavat²ti upekkh±. Atha v± upet± sukhadukkh±na½ aviruddh± ikkh± anubhavananti upekkh±. Aviruddhatt±yeva hes± tesa½ anantarampi pavattati. Sukhadukkhavedan± pana visu½ visu½ viruddhasabh±vatt± n±ññamañña½ anantara½ pavattanti Teneva hi paµµh±ne somanassassa anantara½ domanassassa, domanassassa anantara½ somanassassa ca uppatti paµisiddh±. Ayañca attho lobhasahagatacittasampayuttavedan±yapi labbhati, purim± pana dve na tath±. Na hi lobhasahagat±d²na½ majjhatt±k±rena ajjhupekkhana½, upapattito ikkhana½ v± atth²ti. Upekkh±sahagatanti sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
Nanu ca aññepi phass±dayo sampayuttadhamm± atth²ti somanass±d²na½ vaseneva pana aµµhavidhat± kasm± gahit±ti? Bhedakarabh±vato. Phass±d²nañhi sabbacittas±dh±raºatt±, saddh±d²nañca sabbakusalas±dh±raºatt± na tehi cittassa vibh±go, somanass±dayo pana katthaci citte honti, katthaci na hont²ti p±kaµova tehi cittassa vibh±goti. Kasm± panete katthaci citte honti, katthaci na hont²ti? K±raºassa sannihit±sannihitabh±vato. Ki½ pana nesa½ k±raºanti? Vuccate– tattha somanassasahagatabh±vo t±va ±rammaºavasena hoti. Iµµh±rammaºasmiñhi somanassasahagatacittamuppajjati. Nanu ca iµµh±rammaºa½ lobhassa vatthu rajjan²yatt±ti katha½ tattha kusala½ uppajjat²ti? Nayidamekantika½ iµµhepi ±rammaºe niyamit±divasena kusalassa uppajjanato. Yassa hi “kusalameva may± kattabban”ti kusalakaraºeyeva citta½ niyamita½ hoti, akusalappavattitova nivattetv± kusalakaraºeyeva pariº±mita½, abhiºhakaraºena ca kusala½ samud±ciººa½, paµir³padesav±sasaddhammassavanasappuris³panissayapubbekatapuññat±saªkh±tacatucakk³panissayavasena, yoniso ca ±bhogo pavattati, tassa iµµhepi ±rammaºe alobhasampayuttameva cittamuppajjati, na lobhasampayutta½. Hoti cettha–
“Niy±mapariº±mehi samud±ciººat±ya ca;
ñ±ºapubbaªgam±bhog±, iµµhepi kusala½ siy±”ti.
Apica saddh±bahulat±d²hi ca k±raºehi cittassa somanassasahagatat± veditabb±. Assaddh±na½, hi micch±diµµhik±nañca ekantamiµµh±rammaºabh³ta½ tath±gatar³pampi disv± somanassa½ na uppajjati. Ye ca kusalappavattiya½ ±nisa½sa½ na passanti, tesa½ parehi uss±hit±na½ kusala½ karont±nampi somanassa½ na uppajjati, tasm± saddh±bahulat± visuddhidiµµhit± ±nisa½sadass±vit±ti imehipi k±raºehi cittassa somanassasahagatat± hoti.
Apica ye te ek±dasa dhamm± p²tisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti. Seyyathida½– buddh±nussati dhamm±nussati sa½gh±nussati s²l±nussati c±g±nussati devat±nussati upasam±nussati l³khapuggalaparivajjana½ siniddhapuggalasevan± pas±dan²yasuttantapaccavekkhaº± tadadhimuttat±ti imehipi k±raºehi cittassa somanassasahagatabh±vo veditabbo. Buddh±diguºe anussarantassa hi y±va upac±rupp±d± sakalasar²ra½ pharam±n± p²ti uppajjati. Tath± d²gharatta½ akkhaº¹at±divasena attan± rakkhita½ catup±risuddhis²la½ paccavekkhantassa, gihino dasas²la½ pañcas²la½ paccavekkhantassa, dubbhikkhabhay±d²su paº²ta½ bhojana½ sabrahmac±r²na½ datv± “eva½n±ma d±na½ ad±sin”ti attanoc±ga½ paccavekkhantassa, gihinopi tath±r³pe k±le s²lavant±na½ dinnad±na½ paccavekkhantassa, yehi guºehi samann±gat± dev± devatta½ gat±, tath±r³p±na½ guº±na½ attani atthita½ paccavekkhantassa, samathavipassan±hi vikkhambhitakilese saµµhipi sattatipi vass±ni asamud±carante disv± “aho mayha½ kiles± na samud±carant²”ti cintentassa, cetiyadassanatheradassanesu asakkaccakiriy±ya sa½sucital³khabh±vena buddh±d²su pas±dasineh±bh±vena gadrabhapiµµhe rajasadise l³khapuggale parivajjantassa, buddh±d²su pas±dabahule muducitte siniddhapuggale paµisevantassa, ratanattayaguºaparid²pake pas±dan²yasuttante paccavekkhantassa, µh±nanisajj±d²supi p²ti-upp±danattha½ tanninnat±divasena pavattentassa yebhuyyena p²ti uppajjati. P²tiy± ca somanassena saha avin±bh±vato taduppattiy± tass±pi uppatti niyat±ti eva½ p²tik±raº±nipi somanassak±raº±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. Kiñca– agambh²rapakatit±, somanassapaµisandhikat±ti imehi dv²hi k±raºehi somanassasahagatat± hoti. Yo hi agambh²rapakatiko hoti, appamattakepi hitopakaraºe tussati, yo ca somanassapaµisandhiko appasannesu ±rammaºesupi appaµikk³ladass±v², tassa yebhuyyena somanassasahagatacitta½ uppajjati. Yath±vutt±na½ pana somanassak±raº±namabh±vena majjhatt±rammaºat±ya ca upekkh±sahagatat± veditabb±.
ѱºasampayuttassa pana kammato upapattito indriyaparip±kato kilesad³r²bh±vatoti imehi k±raºehi hoti. Yo hi paresa½ hitajjh±sayena dhamma½ deseti h²nukkaµµh±d²ni ca na¼ak±ramudd±gaºan±d²ni sipp±yatan±ni, va¹¹hak²kasiv±ºijj±d²ni ca kamm±yatan±ni, visaharaº±d²ni ca vijj±yatan±n²ti eva½ niravajjasipp±yatan±d²ni sikkh±peti, saya½ v± sikkhati, dhammakathikassa sakk±ra½ katv± dhamma½ kath±peti, “±yati½ paññav± bhaviss±m²”ti patthana½ paµµhapetv± n±nappak±ra½ puññakamma½ karoti, tasseva½ n±nappak±ra½ paññ±sa½vattanikakamma½ samp±dentassa ta½ kamma½ upaniss±ya uppajjam±na½ kusala½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ uppajjati. Tath± aby±pajje loke uppannassa uppajjam±na½ kusala½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ hoti. Vuttañheta½–