Ett±vat± ca dv²hi ±k±rehi bhagavato thoman± kat± hoti attahitasampattito, parahitapaµipattito ca. T±su attahitasampatti an±varaºañ±º±dhigamo sav±sanasakalasa½kiles±namaccantappah±na½ anup±disesanibb±n±dhigamo ca, parahitapaµipatti pana ±sayappayogavasena duvidha½ parahitasam²hana½. Tattha dhammadesan±ya abh±janesu devadatt±d²su virodhisattesupi nicca½ hitajjh±sayat± aparip±kagatindriy±na½ indriyaparip±kak±l±gamanañca ±sayo n±ma. Tadaññasatt±na½ pana l±bhasakk±r±dinirapekkhacittassa y±nattayamukhena sabbadukkhaniyy±nikadhammadesan± payogo n±ma. Duvidh±su panet±su parahitapaµipatt²su, tividh±su ca attahitasampatt²su anantakaruº±-vacanena, tath± ±gataµµhena ca tath±gata-saddena ±sayavasena parahitapaµipatti dassit±, bodhanaµµhena buddha-saddena, tathadassanaµµhena ca tath±gataµµhena ca tath±gatasaddena payogavasena, anantapaññ±-vacanena, ñ±ºagatid²pakena tath±gata-saddena, bujjhanaj±garaºavikasanaµµhena ca buddha-saddena tividh±pi attahitasampatti, anuttaravacanena ca attahitaparahitasampatti pak±sit±ti veditabb±.
Apica hetuphalasatt³pak±rasampad±vasena t²h±k±rehipi bhagavato thoman± pavattat²ti ta½vasenapettha thoman± daµµhabb±. Tattha hetusampad± n±ma mah±karuº±sam±yogo, bodhisambh±rasambharaºañca tamm³lakatt± sakalabuddhaguº±na½. Phalasampad± pana catubbidh± ñ±ºasampad±, pah±nasampad±, ±nubh±vasampad±, r³pak±yasampad± c±ti. T±su sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±na½ maggañ±ºa½, maggañ±ºapadaµµh±na½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tamm³lak±ni ca dasabal±diñ±º±ni ñ±ºasampad± n±ma. Aggamaggabh±van±ya sabbakiles±na½ saha v±san±hi anuppattidhammat±p±dana½ pah±nasampad±. Acinteyy±parimit±na½ sabbalokahit±na½ nipph±dane, sadevakalok±bhibhavane ca ±dhipacca½ ±nubh±vasampad±. Sakalalokanayan±bhisekabh³t± pana lakkhaº±nubyañjanapaµimaº¹it± attabh±vasampatti r³pak±yasampad± n±ma. Satt³pak±ro heµµh± vuttaparahitapaµipattivaseneva veditabbo. Im±su pana anantakaruº±-vacanena, tath± ±gataµµhena ca tath±gata-saddena hetusampad± dassit±. Phalasampad±su ñ±ºasampad± ceva pah±nasampad± ca anantapaññ±-vacanena, abhisamayaparid²pakena tath±gatasaddena, bujjhanaj±garaºavikasanaµµhena, ca buddha-saddena dassit±, ±nubh±vasampad±pi abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gata-saddena, anuttara-vacanena ca vibh±vit±, r³pak±yasampad± pana r³paggappattid²pakena anuttara-saddena dassit±ti daµµhabba½.
Eva½ buddharatanassa thoman±pubbaªgama½ paº±ma½ katv± id±ni sesaratan±nampi paº±mam±rabhanto ±ha “dhamma½ s±dhugaºampi c±”ti. Bhagavato thomanena ca sv±kkh±tat±dayo dhammaguº±, suppaµipannat±dayo saªghaguº± ca dassit± honti tappabhavassa anaññath±bh±vatoti na tesa½ visu½ thoman± kat±. Adhigatamagge sacchikatanirodhe puggale yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne ca ap±yadukkhesu ceva vaµµadukkhesu ca apatam±ne katv± dh±ret²ti dhammo, so catunna½ ariyamagg±na½, catunnañca s±maññaphal±na½, nibb±nassa, pariyattidhammassa ca vasena dasavidho. Vuttañheta½ chattavim±ne
“R±gavir±gamanejamasoka½,
dhammamasaªkhatamappaµik³la½;
madhuramima½ paguºa½ suvibhatta½,
dhammamima½ saraºatthamupeh²”ti. (Vi. va. 887).
Ettha hi k±mar±g±dibhedo sabbopi r±go virajjati eten±ti “r±gavir±go”ti maggo kathito. Ej±saªkh±t±ya taºh±ya, antonijjh±nalakkhaºassa ca sokassa taduppattiya½ sabbaso parikkh²ºatt± “anejamasokan”ti phala½ kathita½. Kenaci paccayena asaªkhatatt± “dhammamasaªkhatan”ti nibb±na½ vutta½. Avirodhad²panato pana atthabyañjanassa sampannat±ya, pakaµµhaguºavibh±vanato suµµhu vibhajitatt± ca “appaµik³lan”ti-±din± sabbopi pariyattidhammo kathito. Tattha ariyamagganibb±n±ni nippariy±yeneva ap±y±dito dh±raºato dhammo, phalapariyattiyo pana pariy±yena. Tath± hettha dh±raºa½ n±ma ap±y±dinibbattakakilesaviddha½sana½. Iti ariyamaggassa kilesasamucchedakat±ya, nibb±nassa ca ±lambaºabh±vena tassa tadatthasiddhihetut±yapi ubhinnampi nippariy±yato labbhati. Itaresu pana ariyaphalassa maggena samucchinnakiles±na½ paµipassaddhakiccat±ya, magg±nuk³lappavattito pariyattidhammassa ca tadadhigamahetut±y±ti ubhinnampi pariy±yatova labbhat²ti.
Attahitaparahita½ s±dhent²ti s±dh³, tesa½ gaºo samud±yoti s±dhugaºo, s±dhu c±ya½ gaºo c±ti v± s±dhugaºo, s±dhuno v± samm±sambuddhassa ±yatto gaºo tassa orasaputtabh±vatoti s±dhugaºo. So pana catunna½ ariyamaggasamaªg²na½, catunnañca phalasamaªg²na½ vasena aµµhavidho ariyasaªgho, ta½ s±dhugaºa½. Pic±ti nip±tasamud±yo, eko v± nip±to, tiººa½ ratan±na½ vandanakiriy±ya sampiº¹anattho. Keci “gaºo”ti idha pakaraºatova ariyagaºapuggalova labbhat²ti s±dh³ti bh±vanapu½sakavasena “vanditv±”ti imin± saha yojenti, tad± pana s±dh³ti bhayal±bh±divirahena sakkacca½ ±daranti attho.
2. Eva½ pakaraº±rambhe yath±dhippeta½ ratanattayappaº±ma½ katv± id±ni yattha p±µavatth±ya ida½ pakaraºa½ paµµhap²yati, ta½ saddhi½ desakadesapaµigg±hakasampatt²hi vibh±vetv± dassento ±ha “paº¹ukambalan±m±y±”ti-±di. Tattha devar±jassa paº¹ukambalan±m±ya sil±ya vimale s²tale tale nisinno atulavikkamo devadevehi p³jito devadevo devapurakkhato dev±na½ devalokasmi½ ya½ dhamma½ deses²ti sambandho.
Aya½ panettha attho– paº¹ukambalasarikkhavaººat±ya “paº¹ukambalan”ti n±ma½ samaññ± etiss±ti paº¹ukambalan±m±. S± hi sakkassa t±disapuññ±nubh±vena nibbatt± paº¹ukambalajayasumanapupphasam±nena vaººena sabbak±la½ virocati pam±ºato pana saµµhiyojan±y±m±, paññ±sayojanavitth±r±, pannarasayojanubbedh± ca hoti. Sil±y±ti avayavasambandhe s±mivacana½. Tul±ya sammito tulyo, na tulyo atulyo, atulyo vikkamo bala½ etass±ti atulyavikkamo. Samm±sambuddhassa hi paramap±ramit±nubh±vasa½siddhena hatthigaºan±ya koµisahassahatth²na½, purisagaºan±ya dasakoµisahassapuris±na½ balehi samappam±ºena k±yabalena, appam±ºena ca ñ±ºabalena na kassaci devabrahm±d²su aññatarassa balatulan±ya upanetabba½ atthi Atha v± anaññas±dh±raºatt± atulyo parakkamasaªkh±to aparim±ºaguºavises±vahena anaññas±dh±raºena sammappadh±nena samann±gatatt± v± atulyo sammappadh±nasaªkh±to vikkamo imass±ti atulyavikkamo. “Atulyavikkamo”ti ca vattabbe g±th±bandhavasena ya-k±ralopa½ katv± “atulavikkamo”ti vutta½. Atha v± sammitatthe a-k±rapaccayass±pi sambhavato atulo vikkamo ass±ti “atulavikkamo”ti vutta½.
Dibbant²ti dev±, pañcak±maguº±d²hi k²¼anti, tesu v± viharanti, vijayasamatthat±yogena b±hirabbhantarike paccatthike vijetu½ icchanti, issariyadhan±disakk±rad±naggahaºa½, ta½ta½atth±nus±sanañca karont± voharanti, puññañ±º±nubh±vappatt±ya jutiy± jotenti, yath±dhippetañca visaya½ appaµigh±tena gacchanti, yathicchitanipph±dane ca sakkont²ti attho. Atha v± devan²y± ta½ta½byasananittharaºatthikehi “saraºa½ par±yaºan”ti gaman²y±, abhitthavan²y± sobh±visesayogena kaman²y±ti v± dev±, te tividh±– sammutidev± upapattidev± visuddhidev±ti. Tattha sammutidev± n±ma mah±sammat±dayo khattiy±. Upapattidev± n±ma c±tumah±r±jike up±d±ya taduttaridev±. Visuddhidev± n±ma kh²º±sav±. Idha pana upapattidev± daµµhabb±. No ca kho tepi avisesena, µhapetv± pana y±m±dike c±tumah±r±jikat±vati½sav±sinova adhippet±. Tesa½ cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi rañjanato r±j±, dev±na½ r±j± issaro devar±j±, tassa devar±jassa, “sakkassa devarañño”ti adhipp±yo. Na hi aññesa½ devalokesu nisinno bhagav± abhidhammapiµaka½ deses²ti.
3. Yanti aniyamaniddeso, tassa pana “tatth±”ti imin± niyamana½ veditabba½. Yath±vutt±na½ tiººampi dev±na½ uttamo devo tehi sabbehi adhikatara½ k²¼an±diyogatoti devadevo, bhagav±. So hi niratisay±ya abhiññ±k²¼±ya uttamehi dibbabrahma-ariyavih±rehi saparasant±nasiddh±ya pañcavidham±ravijayicch±nibbattiy± cittissariyasattadhan±disamm±paµipatti-aveccappas±dasakk±rad±naggahaºasaªkh±tena, yath±par±dhayath±nulomayath±dhamm±nus±sanasaªkh±tena ca voh±r±tisayena param±ya paññ±ya ca sar²rappabh±saªkh±t±ya jutiy± anupam±ya ñ±ºasar²ragatiy± m±ravijayasabbaññutaññ±ºaparahitanipph±danesu appaµihat±ya sattiy± ca samann±gatatt± sadevakena v± lokena “saraºan”ti gaman²yato, abhitthavan²yato, bhattivasena kaman²yato ca sabbe te deve tehi tehi guºehi abhibhuyya µhitoti sabbadevehi p³jan²yataro devo visuddhidevabh±vasaªkh±tassa v± sabbaññuguº±laªk±rassa adhigatatt± aññesañca dev±na½ atisayena devoti devadevo. Dev±nanti tad± dhammapaµigg±hak±na½ dasasahassacakkav±¼±dhiv±s²na½ m±tudevaputtappamukh±na½ upapattidev±na½. Visuddhidev±nampettha gahaºanti vadanti. Te pana upapattidevesveva saªgahit± manussa-arahant±na½ tattha abh±vato Devadeveh²ti visuddhidevehi. Visuddhidev± hi vuttanayena itaradevehi s±tisaya½ k²¼an±diyogato idha “devadev±”ti adhippet±, tehi. P³jitoti p³jitabbo, p³jitu½ arahoti attho. Etena visuddhidevesupi bhagavato aggapuggalata½ d²peti. Deses²ti madhurakarav²kasaddasadisa½ brahmassara½ nicch±rento pak±sesi. Devalokasminti t±vati½sadevaloke. Sabh±vas±maññalakkhaºa½ dh±ret²ti dhammo, kusal±dibhedo abhidhammo, idha pana tappak±saka½ abhidhammapiµaka½ “dhamman”ti vutta½. Tath± hi vakkhati “piµakuttame”ti. Devapurakkhatoti dasasahassacakkav±¼av±sidibbabrahmehi purakkhato, pariv±ritoti attho.
Nanu ca “dev±nan”ti vacaneneva devapurakkhatabh±vo siddhoti ki½ “devapurakkhato”ti vacanena? N±ya½ doso. Bhagav± hi kad±ci c³¼apanthakatther±d²na½ viya parammukhepi nis²ditv± obh±sa½ vissajjetv± satt±na½ sammukhe nisinna½ viya dassento dhamma½ deseti, kad±cipi p±r±yanikabr±hmaº±d²na½ viya sammukhepi nis²ditv± aññehi ca parivuto aññesampi dhamma½ deseti, idha pana na tath±, devehiyeva parivuto dev±na½ deset²ti dassanattha½ “devapurakkhato”tipi vattabbamev±ti.
4. Evametasmi½ pakaraºe g±ravajananattha½ tena samp±detabbap±µavavisaya½ abhidhammapiµaka½ desak±disampatt²hi saha vibh±vetv± id±ni yath±dhippetapakaraº±rambhapayojan±bhidh±n±bhidheyyasotujanasamuss±hanakaraºappak±r±ni ca vibh±vetu½ “tatth±han”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “p±µavatth±y±”ti imin± pakaraº±rambhapayojana½ vutta½. “Abhidhamm±vat±ran”ti imin± abhidh±n±bhidheyy±ni. “Madhuran”ti-±d²hi pakaraºa½ viseseti. “Sam±sen±”ti ca imin± sotujanasamuss±hanakaraºappak±r±n²ti daµµhabba½. “Ahan”ti kattubh³ta½ att±na½ niddisati. Tath± hi yo paro na hoti, so niyakajjhattasaªkh±to att± “ahan”ti vuccati.
Paµuno bh±vo p±µava½, ta½yeva attho payojanaµµhen±ti p±µavattho, tadatth±ya. Ta½ sandh±ya vividhanayaggahaºasamatthassa sutamayañ±ºassa upp±danatthanti vutta½ hoti. Sa½s±re bhaya½ ikkhanti, bhindanti v± p±pake akusale dhammeti bhikkh³, tesa½. Piµakañca ta½ uttamañc±ti piµakuttama½, tasmi½ piµakuttame, abhidhammapiµaketi adhipp±yo. Tañhi pariyattibh±janatthato piµaka½, t²su piµakesu visiµµhabh±vato uttamañc±ti piµakuttama½. Tattha pariyattibh±janatthatoti pariyatti-atthena ceva bh±janatthena ca. Tath± hi “m± piµakasampad±nen±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) pariyatti piµakanti vuccati. “Atha puriso ±gaccheyya kud±lapiµakan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.228; a. ni. 3.70) ya½ kiñci bh±janampi. Tasm± idampi pariy±puºitabbaµµhena pariyatti, abhidhammatth±nam±dh±raºatthena bh±janañc±ti pariyattibh±janatthato piµakanti vuccati. Tenev±hu–
“Piµaka½ piµakatthavid³,
pariyattibbh±janatthato ±hu;
tena samodh±netv±,
tayopi vinay±dayo ñeyy±”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±).
Visiµµhabh±vo panassa lokavoh±ramatikkamma yath±sabh±vavasena desanato, visiµµhadhammakkhandhavibh±vanato ca veditabbo. Ettha hi “satto puggalo bhikkh³”ti-±dika½ lokavoh±ramatikkamma “khandhadh±tu-±yatanan”ti-±din± yath±dhammavaseneva b±hulladesan± pavatt±, na itaresu viya yath±vuttavoh±ravasena, yato ida½ yath±dhammas±sananti vuccati. Sabbasaªkhatadhammavisiµµho cettha paññ±kkhandho visesato vibh±vito, tasm± tiººampi piµak±na½ buddhavacanabh±vepi yath±sabh±v±natikkamadesan±dito idameva t²su piµakesu visiµµhanti yutta½. Apica dhamm±tirekadhammavisesabh±vato cassa visiµµhabh±vo veditabbo. Abhidhamme hi nippadesato khandh±yatan±didhamm±na½ vibhattatt± itaradvayato atirekatar±, visiµµh± ca p±¼i hoti, tasm± atirekassa, visiµµhassa ca p±¼idhammassa vasena idameva t²su piµakesu uttamanti vattu½ vaµµati. Yath±vuttavisiµµhabh±vayogatoyeva ceta½ “abhidhammapiµakan”ti vuccati abhi-saddassa visiµµhabh±vajotanato Apica vu¹¹himant±didhamm±na½ ettha vuttatt± ceta½ abhidhammapiµaka½. Yath±hu por±º±–
“Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±).
Tath± hettha “r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti, mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 160 ±dayo) vu¹¹himantopi dhamm± vutt±, “r³p±rammaºa½ v± sadd±rammaºa½ v±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena ±rammaº±d²hi lakkhitabbatt± salakkhaº±pi “sekkh± dhamm± asekkh± dhamm±, lokuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± nayena p³jit± p³j±rah±pi “phasso hoti, vedan± hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena sabh±vaparicchinnatt± paricchinn±pi “mahaggat± dhamm± appam±º± dhamm± (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 12, dukam±tik± 99), anuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± nayena adhik± visiµµh±pi dhamm± vutt±, tasm± abhi-saddassa vu¹¹hi-±di-atthesupi pavattanato “vu¹¹himanto dhamm± etth±”ti-±din± nibbacanena ida½ piµaka½ “abhidhamman”ti vuccati. Abhidhamma½ otaranti anen±ti abhidhamm±vat±ra½ n±ma pakaraºa½. Imin± panassa atth±nugatamabhidh±na½ dasseti. Tu-saddo padap³raºe. ¾cariyena hi g±th±padap³raºattha½ yebhuyyena tattha tattha nip±t± vuccanti. Yattha pana nesa½ payojanaviseso dissati, tattheva tamattha½ vakkh±ma. Madhuranti nippariy±yato madhura-saddoya½ jivh±viññeyye rasavisese vattati, idha pana iµµhabh±vas±maññena atthabyañjanasampatti madhurasaddena vutt±. Bhavati hi ta½sadisassa ta½-sadden±bhidh±na½ yath± “aggim±ºavo”ti. Tena pana madhurena yogato idampi madhura½ yath± n²laguºayogato n²luppalanti. Nipuºagambh²r±ya byañjanasampattiy± ceva atthasampattiy± ca abhidhammavisaya½ mati½ va¹¹het²ti mativa¹¹hana½. Atha v± byañjanasampattiy± “madhuran”ti vutta½, atthasampattiy± “mativa¹¹hanan”ti.
5. T±¼anti kuñcika½, kuñcik±sadisanti attho. Muyhanti ten±ti moho, avijj±yeta½ adhivacana½, mohoyeva abhidhammamah±pura½ pavisant±na½ pavesananiv±raºatt± kav±µabh³toti mohakav±µa½, tassa. Vigh±µeti, vigh±µ²yati anen±ti v± vigh±µana½. Nanu ca avijj±kav±µa½ paññ±ya uggh±µ²yati. S± hi tass± ujuvipaccan²kabh³t±ti? Sacca½, idampi tass± k±raºabh±vena “mohakav±µavigh±µanakaran”ti vutta½. K±raºak±raºampi hi k±raºavasena vuccati yath± “corehi g±mo da¹¹ho, tiºehi bhatta½ siddhan”ti.
6. Suduttaranti dhammatthadesan±paµivedhasaªkh±tacatugambh²rabh±vapaµisa½yuttat±ya mandabuddh²hi taritu½ asakkuºeyyatt± atiduttara½, teneva ceda½ mahodadhisam±natt± “mahodadh²”ti vutta½. Mahaººavopi hi catur±s²tiyojanasahassagambh²ro na sakk± aññatra sinerupabbatar±jato kenaci patiµµha½ laddhu½, evamidampi catugambh²rat±paµisa½yutta½ aññatra tath±gat± na kenaci patiµµha½ laddhu½ sakk±ti. Tarant±nanti atthaggahaºavasena uttarituk±m±na½. Ettha ca “tara½v±”ti adhik±ravasena vattabba½, vakkham±na½ v± ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tarant±nanti parat²rasamp±puºanattha½ uttarant±na½. Tara½v±ti u¼umpa½ viya, ta½sam±nanti attho. Makar± n±ma macchaj±tik±, tesa½ ±karo niv±sabh³m²ti makar±karo, ta½.
7. Abhidhamme niyutt± ±bhidhammik±, tesa½. Hatthas±ra½ viy±ti hatthas±ra½. Yath± hi manuss±na½ bah³su ratan±d²su vijjam±nesupi ±pad±su ca sukhaparibhogattha½ hatthe kayiram±na½ s±raratan±dika½ “hatthas±ran”ti vuccati, evamidampi satipi mahante abhidhammapiµake tassa sabbaso vittiººat±ya pariharitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± tadatthas±rasampiº¹anavasena kayiram±na½ ±bhidhammikabhikkh³na½ sukhapariharaºatth±ya sampajjat²ti hatthas±rasadisatt± “hatthas±ran”ti vutta½. Pavakkh±m²ti pak±rena kathess±mi, an±gatavacanañceta½, vattam±nasam²patt± v± an±gate vattam±n³pac±rato vattam±navacana½, paµiññ±nantarameva vakkhat²ti. Atthavasena pak±rena kathentopi saddavasena saªkhipitv± kathess±m²ti dassento ±ha “sam±sen±”ti. Samasana½ sa½khipana½ sam±so, tena sam±sena, na by±savasen±ti vutta½ hoti. Ett±vat± ca payojan±bhidh±n±bhidheyyasotujanasamuss±hanakaraºappak±r±ni dassetv± id±ni yasm± sotujanasamuss±hana½ n±ma tesa½ sakkaccasavane niyuñjana½, tasm± te tattha niyojento ±ha “ta½ suº±tha sam±hit±”ti. Sakkaccasavanapaµibaddh± hi samm±paµipatt²ti. Tattha tanti ta½ may± vakkham±na½ abhidhamm±vat±ra½ suº±tha nis±mayatha. Sam±hit± samm± ±hit±, avikkhittacitt±ti attho.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.