20. V²satimo paricchedo

Magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhiniddesavaººan±

1263. Id±ni kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhiy± anantara½ uddiµµh±ya magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhiy± niddesakkamo anuppatto, s± pana yasm± obh±s±di-upakkilesasambhave sati hoti, obh±s±dayo ca udayabbayañ±ºe sambhavanti, udayabbayañ±ºañca tilakkhaºavipassan±ya sati uppajjati, tassa ca kal±pasammasana½ ±di. Tañhi at²t±dibhedabhinn±na½ dhamm±na½ saªkhipitv± vavatth±navasena pavattanato ±dikammikassa sukarasammasana½, tasm± paµhama½ tattheva abhiyoga½ karontena kamato ta½ samp±detabbanti dassetu½ “kal±pasammasanenev±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Atha v± dvinna½ visuddh²namantare kal±pasammasana½ hoti, tañca kho dv²su ek±ya visuddhiy± saªgahetabba½, magg±maggañ±ºassa ca ±dibh³tatt± tatthevassa saªgaho yuttoti ettheva na½ saªgahituk±mat±ya vutta½ “kal±pasammasanenev±”ti-±di. Keci pana kal±pasammasana½ n±ma ekavisuddhiyampi na antogadhanti ta½ an±masitv±va vipassan±c±ra½ vaººenti. Kal±pasammasanenev±ti at²t±dibhedabhinn±na½ dhamm±na½ saªkhipitv± vavatth±navasena kal±pato, kal±p±na½ v± sammasanena magg±maggañ±ºadassanavipassan±ya yogo karaº²yo. Atha v± bhummatthe karaºaniddesavasena kal±pasammasane yogo karaº²yoti attho. “Kal±pasammasaneneva yogo karaº²yo”ti vatv±pi ta½ pana visuddhimaggato (visuddhi. 2.692) gahetabbanti ganthavitth±raparih±rattha½ idha na dassitanti.
1264. Paccuppannassa dhammass±ti santatipaccuppannassa, khaºapaccuppannassa v±. ¾dito pana khaºapaccuppannassa udayavaya½ duppariggaha½, tasm± santatipaccuppannavasena paµhama½ udayabbay±nupassana½ k±tabba½. Nibbatt²ti dvinna½ paccuppann±na½ vasena paµham±bhinibbatti ca khaºanibbatti ca. Vipariº±moti vin±so.
1265. Anupassan±pi ñ±ºanti y± udayassa ca vayassa ca anupassan±, s± ñ±ºanti varañ±ºena samm±sambuddhena desita½. Tatr±ya½ p±¼i–
“Katha½ paccuppann±na½ dhamm±na½ vipariº±m±nupassane paññ± udayabbay±nupassane ñ±ºa½? J±ta½ r³pa½ paccuppanna½, tassa nibbattilakkhaºa½ udayo. Vipariº±malakkhaºa½ vayo. Anupassan± ñ±ºa½. J±t± vedan±…pe… saññ±… saªkh±r±… viññ±ºa½… j±ta½ cakkhu½…pe… j±to bhavo paccuppanno, tassa nibbattilakkhaºa½ udayo. Vipariº±malakkhaºa½ vayo. Anupassan± ñ±ºan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.49).
Ettha pana udayadassana½ y±vadeva khayadassananti vayadassanassa padh±nata½ dassetu½ “vipariº±m±nupassane paññ±”ti vatv± ta½ pana vayadassana½ udayadassanapubbakanti vutta½ “udayabbay±nupassane ñ±ºan”ti.
1266-8. Pubbe uppattitoti jananato pubbe anuppannass±ti vutta½ hoti. Nicayo r±si v± natthi, yato ±gaccheyya uppajjam±na½ aladdhattabh±vassa sabbena sabba½ avijjam±natt±. Ten±ha “tath± uppajjato”ti-±di. Yath± an±gate addh±ne ime dhamm± sabbena sabba½ natthi, eva½ at²tepi addh±nanti dassento “tath± nirujjham±nass±”ti-±di½ vatv± avijjam±n±na½yeva r³p±r³padhamm±na½ hetupaccayasamav±ye upp±do, uppajjitv± ca sabbaso abh±v³pagamoti imamattha½ samud±yagata½ tadekadesabh³t±ya upam±ya vibh±vetu½ imasmi½ µh±ne aµµhakath±ya (visuddhi. 2.723) v²º³pam± ±gat±. S± idh±pi ±haritv± vattabb±ti adhipp±yena “ettha v²º³pam±”ti-±dim±ha. Etassatthass±ti avijjam±n±na½yeva upp±do, uppann±nañca parato abh±voti imassa atthassa pak±sane. V²º³pam±ti v²º±vasena ±gat± upam±. S± paneva½ daµµhabb±– yath± v²º±ya v±diyam±n±ya uppannassa saddassa neva uppattito pubbe sannicayo atthi, na uppajjam±no sannicayato ±gato. Na nirujjham±nassa dis±vidis±gamana½ atthi, na niruddho katthaci sannicito tiµµhati, atha kho v²ºañca v²ºav±danañca purisassa ca tajja½ v±y±ma½ paµicca ahutv± sambhoti, hutv± paµiveti, eva½ sabbepi r³p±r³padhamm± ahutv± sambhonti, hutv± paµivent²ti.
1269-70. Eva½ saªkhepato udayabbayamanasik±ravidhi½ dassetv± puna y±ni etasseva udayabbayañ±ºassa vibhaªge “avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayasamudayaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati, “taºh±samuday±…pe… kammasamuday±…pe… ±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayasamudayaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati, nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati, r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati. “Avijj±nirodh± r³panirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayanirodhaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati, “taºh±nirodh±…pe… kammanirodh±…pe… ±h±ranirodh± r³panirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayanirodhaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati, r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati. Tath± “avijj±samuday± vedan±samudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayasamudayaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati, “taºh±samuday±…pe… kammasamuday±…pe… phassasamuday± vedan±samudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayasamudayaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati, nibbattilakkhaºa½ passanto vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati, vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati. “Avijj±nirodh±…pe… taºh±nirodh±…pe… kammanirodh±…pe… phassanirodh± vedan±nirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayanirodhaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passati, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passati, vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati, vedan±kkhandhassa viya saññ±saªkh±raviññ±ºakkhandh±na½ Aya½ pana viseso– viññ±ºakkhandhassa phassaµµh±ne “n±mar³pasamuday± n±mar³panirodh±”ti.
Eva½ ekekassa khandhassa udayabbayadassane dasa dasa katv± samapaññ±sa lakkhaº±ni vutt±ni, tesa½ vasenapi “evampi r³pasamudayo, evampi r³pavayo, evampi r³pa½ udeti, evampi r³pa½ vet²”ti paccayato ceva khaºato ca vitth±rena ca manasik±ravidhi½ dassetu½ “tasseva ñ±ºass±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha avijj±samuday±ti avijj±ya upp±d± atthibh±v±ti attho. Nirodhaviruddho hi upp±do atthibh±vo hoti, tasm± purimabhavasiddh±ya avijj±ya sati imasmi½ bhave r³pasamudayo r³passa upp±do hot²ti attho. ¾di-saddasaªgahitesu “taºh±samuday± r³pasamudayo, kammasamuday± r³pasamudayo, ±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo”ti ca, tath± vayadassane “avijj±nirodh± r³panirodho, taºh±nirodh±… kammanirodh±… ±h±ranirodh± r³panirodho”ti ca ±d²su avijj±d²hi t²hi at²tak±lik±ni tesa½ sahak±r²k±raºabh³t±ni up±d±n±d²nipi gahit±nev±ti veditabba½.
Pavattipaccayesu kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa balavat±ya so eva gahito “±h±rasamuday±”ti. Tasmi½ pana gahite pavattipaccayat±s±maññena utucitt±nipi gahit±neva hont²ti catusamuµµh±nikar³passa paccayato udayadassana½ vibh±vitamev±ti daµµhabba½. Avijj±taºh³panissayasahiteneva kammun± r³pak±yassa nibbatti, asati ca avijj³panissay±ya bhavanikantiy± j±tiy± asambhavoyev±ti. Yath± r³passa avijj±taºh³panissayat±, eva½ vedan±d²nampi daµµhabb±. ¾h±ro pana uppannassa r³passa posako kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa adhippetatt±, k±ma½ yath±dhiµµh±natt± v± desan±ya. Ukkaµµhaniddesena v± ±h±raggahaºa½. Avijj±nirodh±ti aggamaggañ±ºena avijj±ya anupp±danirodhato an±gatassa r³passa anupp±danirodho hoti paccay±bh±ve abh±vato. “Taºh±nirodh± kammanirodho”ti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾h±ranirodh±ti pavattipaccayassa kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa abh±ve. R³panirodhoti ta½samuµµh±nar³passa abh±vo hot²ti. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½ Aya½ pana viseso– “phuµµho vedeti, phuµµho sañj±n±ti, phuµµho cetet²ti (sa½. ni. 4.93), phassapaccay± vedan±, cakkhusamphassaj± vedan±, saññ± cetan±”ti vacanato phasso vedan±saññ±saªkh±rakkhandh±na½ pavattipaccayo, tannirodh± ca tesa½ nirodho, mah±pad±namah±nid±nasuttesu abhidhamme ca aññamaññapaccayav±re “n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºan”ti (d². ni. 2.57, 97; kath±. 719) vacanato n±mar³pa½ viññ±ºassa pavattipaccayo, tannirodh± ca tassa nirodhoti vutta½ “phassasamuday± vedan±samudayo”ti-±di.
1271. Dasa das±ti r³pakkhandhassa udayadassane avijj± taºh± kamma½ ±h±roti imesa½ paccay±na½ atthit±saªkhatalakkhaº±ni ceva r³passa nibbattilakkhaºañc±ti im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni, vayadassane avijj±d²na½ catunna½ paccay±na½ anupp±danirodho, r³passa khaºanirodho c±ti im±ni pañca lakkhaº±n²ti r³pakkhandhassa dasa lakkhaº±ni, tath± vedan±kkhandh±d²na½ catunna½ catt±l²sa lakkhaº±n²ti eva½ samapaññ±sa lakkhaº±ni honti. Ten±ha “paññ±sa lakkhaº±n²”ti. Lakkhaºaµµho pana tesa½ catunna½ paccay±na½ atthit±, anupp±danirodho c±ti aµµha lakkh²yati etehi r³p±d²na½ udayo ca vayo c±ti lakkhaº±ni. Catunnañhi paccay±na½ atthit±hi r³p±di-udayo lakkh²yati, anupp±danirodha-accantanirodhehi vayo, nibbattivipariº±m±ni pana saªkhatalakkhaº±nev±ti. Dhamme samanupassat²ti r³p±dike dhamme udayabbayavante samanupassati. Ettha ca keci t±va ±hu “ar³pakkhandh±na½ udayabbayadassana½ addh±santativasena, na khaºavasen±”ti, tesa½ matena khaºato udayabbayadassanameva na siy±. Apare pan±hu “paccayato udayabbayadassanena at²t±divibh±ga½ an±masitv± sabbas±dh±raºato avijj±dipaccay± vedan±ya sambhava½ labbham±nata½ passati, na upp±da½. Avijj±di-abh±ve ca tass± asambhava½ alabbham±nata½ passati, na bhaªgakkhaºato. Udayabbayassa dassane paccuppann±na½ upp±da½, bhaªgañca passat²”ti, ta½ ayutta½. Santativasena hi r³p±r³padhamme udayabbayato manasi karontassa anukkamena bh±van±ya balappattak±le ñ±ºassa tikkhavisadabh±vappattiy± khaºato udayabbay± upaµµhahant²ti.
1272-5. Ayañhi paµhama½ paccayato udayabbaya½ manasi karonto pacch± avijj±dike paccayadhamme vissajjetv± udayabbayavante khandhe gahetv± tesa½ paccayato udayabbayadassanamukhena khaºatopi udayabbaya½ manasi karoti. Tassa yad± ñ±ºa½ tikkha½ visada½ hutv± pavattati, tad± r³p±r³padhamm± khaºe khaºe uppajjant±, bhijjant± ca hutv± upaµµhahanti. Tena vutta½ “eva½ r³pudayo hot²”ti-±di. Tattha eva½ r³pudayoti eva½ vuttanayena avijj±samuday±…pe… taºh±samuday±…pe… kamma…pe… ±h±rasamuday±pi r³passa sambhavo Evamassa vayoti eva½ vuttanayeneva avijj±nirodh±…pe… taºh±nirodh±…pe… kamma…pe… ±h±ranirodh± r³passa vayo anupp±doti aya½ paccayato vitth±rena manasik±ro. Udeti eva½ r³pamp²ti eva½ samudayato kammasamuµµh±nar³pampi ±h±ra-utucittasamuµµh±nar³pampi udeti uppajjati nibbattati. Eva½ r³pa½ tu vet²ti kammasamuµµh±nar³pampi ±h±ra-utucittasamuµµh±nar³pampi eva½ veti nirujjhat²ti aya½ khaºato vitth±rena manasik±ro. Tena vutta½ “eva½ paccayatopettha khaºato udayabbayan”ti. Sabbadhamm± p±kaµ± hont²ti iti ime dhamm± ahutv± sambhonti, hutv± paµiventi. Yath± paccuppanne, eva½ at²t±n±gatep²ti nayavasena at²t±didhamm±na½ dvedh± udayabbaya½ passato saccapaµiccasamupp±danayalakkhaºabhed± p±kaµ± honti. Tasseva½ p±kaµ²bh³tasabbadhammasabh±vassa “eva½ kira n±mime dhamm± anuppannapubb± uppajjanti, uppann± nirujjhant²”ti niccanav±va hutv± saªkh±r± upaµµhahanti. Na kevalañca niccanav±va, udake daº¹akena katalekh± viya, ±ragge µhapitas±sapo viya, vijjusañc±ro viya ca parittak±laµµh±yino upaµµhahanti. Ten±ha “udake daº¹ar±j²v±”ti-±di. Udake daº¹ar±ji-±dayova kiñc±pi uttaruttari atiparittaµµh±yibh±vanidassanattha½ dassit±, tath±pi dandhanirodh± eva nidassit±, tatopi lahutaranirodhatt± saªkh±r±na½. Tath± hi gamanass±d±na½ devaputt±na½ heµµhupariyena parimukha½ dh±vant±na½ sirasi, p±de ca baddhakhuradh±r±sannip±tatopi s²ghataro r³panirodho vutto, pageva ar³padhamm±na½. Na kevala½ parittatarak±laµµh±yinova upaµµhahanti, atha kho as±r±pi kh±yant²ti ±ha “kadal²”ti-±di. Tattha maº¹al±k±rena ±vijjhiyam±na½ al±tameva al±tacakka½. Mantosadhappabh±vit± indaj±l±dik± m±y±.