Tad±rammaºaniyamavaººan±

25. Sabbatth±p²ti pañcadv±ramanodv±repi.
26. Iµµheti iµµhamajjhatte. Ati-iµµh±rammaºañhi visu½ vakkhati. Kusalavip±k±ni pañcaviññ±ºasampaµicchanasant²raºatad±rammaº±n²ti sambandho. Iµµhamajjhatte sant²raºatad±rammaº±ni upekkh±sahagat±nev±ti ±ha “ati-iµµhe pana somanassasahagat±nev±”ti. Vip±kassa hi kamm±nubh±vato pavattam±nassa ±d±se mukhanimitta½ viya nibbikappat±ya pakappetv± gahaº±bh±vato yath±rammaºameva vedan±yogo hoti, kusal±kusal±na½ pana appah²navipall±sesu sant±nesu pavattiy± ati-iµµhepi iµµhamajjhatta-aniµµh±k±rato, aniµµhepi iµµha-iµµhamajjhatt±k±rato gahaºa½ hoti. Tath± hi assaddh±d²na½ buddh±d²su ati-iµµh±rammaºesupi upekkh±javana½ hoti, titthiy±d²nañca domanassajavana½, gambh²rapakatik±d²nañca paµikk³l±rammaºe upekkh±javana½, sunakh±d²nañca tattha somanassajavana½, purimapacch±bh±gappavatt±ni pana vip±k±ni yath±vatthuk±neva Apica asucidassane suman±yam±n±na½ sunakh±d²nanti. Cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ pana ati-iµµh±niµµhesu pavattam±n±nampi upekkh±sahagatabh±ve k±raºa½ heµµh± kathitameva.
27. Tatth±p²ti tad±rammaºesupi. Somanassasahagatakiriyajavan±vas±neti sahetuk±hetukasukhasahagatakiriyapañcak±vas±ne. Kh²º±sav±na½ cittavipall±s±bh±vena kiriyajavan±nipi yath±rammaºameva pavattant²ti vutta½ “somanassasahagatakiriyajavan±vas±ne”ty±di. Keci pana ±cariy± “paµµh±ne (dha. sa. m³laµ². 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±vaººan±) ‘kusal±kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²’ti (paµµh±. 3.1.98) kusal±kusal±namev±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ vuttanti natthi kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaºupp±do”ti vadanti. Tattha vuccate– yadi aby±kat±nantarampi tad±rammaºa½ vucceyya. Paritt±rammaºe voµµhabban±nantarampi tassa pavatti½ maññeyyunti kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ na vutta½, na pana alabbhanato. Labbham±nassapi hi kenaci adhipp±yena katthaci avacana½ dissati, yath± ta½ dhammasaªgahe labbham±nampi hadayavatthu desan±bhedaparih±rattha½ na vuttanti.
28. Domanassa…pe… upekkh±sahagat±neva bhavanti, na somanassasahagat±ni aññamañña½ viruddhasabh±vatt±. Teneva hi paµµh±ne domanass±nantara½ somanassa½, tadanantarañca domanassa½ anuddhaµa½. Tath± hi “sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutto dhammo sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayuttassa dhammassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ty±din± (paµµh±. 1.2.45) sukhadukkhavedan±ya sampayutt± dhamm± attano attano sam±navedan±sampayutt±na½ adukkhamasukhavedan±ya sampayuttak±nañca anantarapaccayabh±vena dv²su dv²su v±resu vutt±, adukkhamasukhavedan±ya sampayuttak± pana sam±navedan±sampayutt±na½, itaravedan±dvayasampayutt±nañca dhamm±na½ anantarapaccayabh±vena t²su v±res³ti eva½ vedan±ttike satteva anantarapaccayav±r± vutt±. Yadi ca domanass±nantara½ somanassa½, somanass±nantara½ v± domanassa½ uppajjeyya, sukhadukkhavedan±sampayutt±nampi aññamañña½ anantarapaccayavasena dve v±re va¹¹hetv± nava v±r± vattabb± siyu½, na paneva½ vutt±. Tasm± na tesa½ tadanantara½ uppatti atthi. Ettha ca “somanassasahagatakiriyajavan±vas±ne”ty±din± ayampi niyamo anuññ±to–
“Parittakusal±dosa-p±pas±takriy±jav±
pañcasveka½ tad±lamba½, sukhitesu yath±raha½.
“P±p±k±masubh± ceva, sopekkh± ca kriy±jav±;
sopekkhesu tad±lamba½, chasvekamanur³pato”ti.
Ayañhi javanena tad±rammaºaniyamo abyabhic±r². “ѱºasampayuttajavanato ñ±ºasampayuttatad±rammaºan”ty±dinayappavatto pana anekantiko. Yebhuyyena hi akusalajavanesu paricitassa kad±ci kusalajavanesu javitesu, kusalajavanesu v± paricitassa kad±ci akusalajavanesu javitesu akusal±nantara½ pavattaparicayena tihetukajavanatopi para½ ahetukatad±rammaºa½ hoti, tath± kusal±nantara½ pavattaparicayena akusalajavanato para½ tihetukatad±rammaºampi, paµisandhinibbattakakammato pana aññakammena tad±rammaºappavattiya½ vattabbameva natthi. Tath± ca vutta½ paµµh±ne “ahetuke khandhe aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassanti, kusal±kusale niruddhe ahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjati, kusal±kusale niruddhe sahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.98).
Tasm±ti yasm± domanassajavan±vas±ne upekkh±sahagat±neva honti. Tasm± domanassasahagatajavan±vas±ne upekkh±sahagatasant²raºa½ uppajjat²ti sambandho. ‘Somanassapaµisandhikass±’ti imin±va bhavaªgap±t±bh±vo d²pitova hoti domanass±nantara½ somanass±bh±vatoti ta½ avatv± tad±rammaº±bh±vameva parikappento ±ha “yadi tad±rammaºasambhavo natth²”ti. Somanassapaµisandhikassa titthiy±dino buddh±di-ati-iµµh±rammaºe pi paµihatacittassa domanassajavane javite vuttanayena somanassatad±rammaºassa ati-iµµh±rammaºe ca upekkh±sahagatatad±rammaºassa anuppajjanato, kenaci v± asapp±yena parih²nalokiyajjh±na½ ±rabbha “paº²tadhammo me naµµho”ti vippaµis±ra½ janentassa domanassajavane sati ak±m±vacar±rammaºe tad±rammaº±bh±vato yadi tad±rammaºassa uppattisambhavo natth²ti adhipp±yo.
Paricitapubbanti pubbe paricita½, tasmi½ bhave yebhuyyena gahitapubba½. Upekkh±sahagatasant²raºa½ uppajjati nir±vajjanampi. Yath± ta½ nirodh± vuµµhahantassa phalacittantyadhipp±yo. Yath±hu–
“Nir±vajja½ katha½ citta½, hoti netañhi sammata½;
niyamo na vin±vajja½, nirodh± phaladassan±”ti.
Kena pana kiccena ida½ citta½ pavattat²ti? Tad±rammaºakiccena t±va na pavattati javan±rammaºassa aggahaºato, n±pi sant²raºakiccena yath±sampaµicchitassa sant²raºavasena appavattanato, paµisandhicut²su vattabbameva natthi, p±risesato pana bhavassa aªgabh±vato bhavaªgakiccen±ti yutta½ siy±. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherenapi (dha. sa. anuµ². 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±vaººan±) hi ayamattho dassitova. Ya½ pana paµisandhibhavaªg±na½ dhammato, ±rammaºato ca sam±nata½ vakkhati, ta½ yebhuyyatoti daµµhabba½. Na hi idameka½ µh±na½ vajjetv± paµisandhibhavaªg±na½ visadisat± atthi. Tamanantaritv±ti ta½ attano anantara½ abyavahita½ katv±, tadanantarantyattho.
29. K±m±vacara…pe… icchant²ti ettha k±m±vacarajavan±vas±neyeva tad±rammaºa½ icchanti k±mataºh±nid±nakammanibbattatt±. Na hi ta½ k±mataºh±hetukena kammun± janita½ ata½sabh±vassa r³p±r³p±vacaralokuttarajavanassa anantara½ uppajjati. Ki½k±raº±? Ajanakatt±, janakasam±natt±bh±vato ca. Yath± hi gehato bahi nikkhamituk±mo b±lako janaka½, ta½sadisa½ v± aªguliya½ gahetv± nikkhamati, n±ñña½ r±japuris±di½, eva½ bhavaªgavisayato aññattha pavattam±na½ tad±rammaºa½ janaka½ k±m±vacarakusal±kusala½, ta½sadisa½ v± k±m±vacarakiriyajavana½ anubandhati, na pana tassa visadis±ni mahaggatalokuttarajavan±ni. Tath± k±m±vacarasatt±nameva tad±rammaºa½ icchanti, na brahm±na½ tad±rammaº³panissayassa k±m±vacarapaµisandhib²jass±bh±vato. Tath± k±m±vacaradhammesveva ±rammaºabh³tesu icchanti. Na itaresu aparicitatt±. Yath± hi so b±lako janaka½, ta½sadisa½ v± anugacchantopi araññ±di-aparicitaµµh±na½ gacchanta½ ananubandhitv± pamukhaªgaº±dimhi paricitaµµh±neyeva anubandhati, evamidampi r³p±vacar±di-aparicit±rammaºa½ ±rabbha pavattanta½ n±nubandhati. Apica k±mataºh±yattakammajanitatt±pi eta½ k±mataºh±rammaºesu parittadhammesveva pavattat²ti vuttov±yamattho. Honti cettha–
“Janaka½ ta½sam±na½ v±, javana½ anubandhati;
na tu añña½ tad±lamba½, b±lad±rakal²lay±.
“B²jass±bh±vato natthi, brahm±nampi imassa hi;
paµisandhimano b²ja½, k±m±vacarasaññita½.
“Ýh±ne pariciteyeva, ta½ ida½ b±lako viya;
anuy±t²ti n±ññattha, hoti taºh±vasena v±”ti.
Nanu ca “k±m±vacarapaµisandhib²j±bh±vato”ti vutta½, tath± ca cakkhuviññ±º±d²nampi abh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati indriyappavatti-±nubh±vato, dv±rav²thibhede cittaniyamato ca.

Tad±rammaºaniyamavaººan± niµµhit±.