Pañcadv±rav²thivaººan±

8. Kathanti kena pak±rena atimahant±divasena visayavavatth±nanti pucchitv± cittakkhaºavasena ta½ pak±setu½ “upp±daµhit²”ty±di ±raddha½. Uppajjana½ upp±do, attapaµil±bho. Bhañjana½ bhaªgo, sar³pavin±so. Ubhinna½ vemajjhe bhaªg±bhimukhappavatti µhiti n±ma. Keci pana cittassa µhitikkhaºa½ paµisedhenti. Ayañhi nesa½ adhipp±yo– cittayamake (vibha. m³laµ². 20 pakiººakakath±vaººan±; yama. 2.cittayamaka.81, 102) “uppanna½ uppajjam±nan”ti evam±dipad±na½ vibhaªge “bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½ no ca uppajjam±na½, upp±dakkhaºe uppannañceva uppajjam±nañc±”ty±din± (yama. 2.cittayamaka.81, 102) bhaªgupp±d±va kathit±, na µhitikkhaºo. Yadi ca cittassa µhitikkhaºopi atthi, “µhitikkhaºe bhaªgakkhaºe c±”ti vattabba½ siy±. Atha mata½ “upp±do paññ±yati, vayo paññ±yati, µhitassa aññathatta½ paññ±yat²ti (a. ni. 3.47) suttantap±µhato µhitikkhaºo atth²”ti, tatthapi ekasmi½ dhamme aññathattassa anuppajjanato, paññ±ºavacanato ca pabandhaµhitiyeva adhippet±, na ca khaºaµhiti, na ca abhidhamme labbham±nassa avacane k±raºa½ atthi, tasm± yath±dhammas±sane avacanampi abh±vameva d²pet²ti. Tattha vuccate yatheva hi ekadhamm±dh±rabh±vepi upp±dabhaªg±na½ añño upp±dakkhaºo, añño bhaªgakkhaºoti upp±d±vatth±ya bhinn± bhaªg±vatth± icchit±. Itarath± hi “aññoyeva dhammo uppajjati, añño nirujjhat²”ti ±pajjeyya, evameva upp±dabhaªg±vatth±hi bhinn± bhaªg±bhimukh±vatth±pi icchitabb±, s± µhiti n±ma. P±¼iya½ pana veneyyajjh±say±nurodhato nayadassanavasena s± na vutt±. Abhidhammadesan±pi hi kad±ci veneyyajjh±say±nurodhena pavattati, yath± r³passa upp±do upacayo santat²ti dvidh± bhinditv± desito, sutte ca “t²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, saªkhatassa saªkhatalakkhaº±ni. Katam±ni t²ºi? Upp±do paññ±yati, vayo paññ±yati, µhitassa aññathatta½ paññ±yat²”ti eva½ saªkhatadhammasseva lakkhaºadassanattha½ upp±d±d²na½ vuttatt± na sakk± pabandhassa paññattisabh±vassa asaªkhatassa µhiti tattha vutt±ti viññ±tu½. Upasaggassa ca dh±tvattheyeva pavattanato “paññ±yat²”ti etassa viññ±yat²ti attho. Tasm± na ett±vat± cittassa µhitikkhaºo paµib±hitu½ yuttoti suvuttameta½ “upp±daµhitibhaªgavasen±”ti. Evañca katv± vutta½ aµµhakath±yampi “ekekassa upp±daµhitibhaªgavasena tayo tayo khaº±”ti (vibha. aµµha. 26 pakiººakakath±).
9. Ar³pa½ lahupariº±ma½, r³pa½ garupariº±ma½ g±hakag±hetabbabh±vassa ta½ta½khaºavasena uppajjanatoti ±ha “t±n²”ty±di. T±n²ti t±dis±ni. Sattarasanna½ citt±na½ khaº±ni viya khaº±ni sattarasacittakkhaº±ni, t±ni cittakkhaº±ni sattaras±ti v± sambandho. Visu½ visu½ pana ekapaññ±sa cittakkhaº±ni honti. R³padhamm±nanti viññattilakkhaºar³pavajj±na½ r³padhamm±na½. Viññattidvayañhi ekacittakkhaº±yuka½. Tath± hi ta½ citt±nuparivattidhammesu vutta½. Lakkhaºar³pesu ca j±ti ceva aniccat± ca cittassa upp±dabhaªgakkhaºehi sam±n±yuk±, jarat± pana ek³napaññ±sacittakkhaº±yuk±. Evañca katv± vadanti–
“Ta½ sattarasacitt±yu, vin± viññattilakkhaºan”ti (sa. sa. 60).
Keci (vibha. m³laµ². 20) pana “paµiccasamupp±daµµhakath±ya½ ‘ett±vat± ek±dasa cittakkhaº± at²t± honti, ath±vasesapañcacittakkhaº±yuke’ti (visuddhi. 2.623; vibha. aµµha. 227) vacanato so¼asacittakkhaº±ni r³padhamm±nam±y³. Uppajjam±nameva hi r³pa½ bhavaªgacalanassa paccayo hot²”ti vadanti, tayidamas±ra½ “paµisandhicittena sahuppanna½ kammajar³pa½ tato paµµh±ya sattarasamena saddhi½ nirujjhati, paµisandhicittassa µhitikkhaºe uppanna½ aµµh±rasamassa upp±dakkhaºe nirujjhat²”ty±din± (vibha. aµµha. 26 pakiººakakath±) aµµhakath±yameva sattarasacittakkhaºassa ±gatatt±. Yattha pana so¼asacittakkhaº±neva paññ±yanti, tattha cittappavattiy± paccayabh±vayogyakkhaºavasena nayo n²to. Heµµhimakoµiy± hi ekacittakkhaºampi atikkantasseva r³passa ±p±th±gamanas±matthiyanti alamativitth±rena.
10. Ekacittassa khaºa½ viya khaºa½ ekacittakkhaºa½, ta½ at²ta½ etesa½, et±ni v± ta½ at²t±n²ti ekacittakkhaº±t²t±ni. ¾p±tham±gacchant²ti r³pasadd±rammaº±ni sakasakaµµh±ne µhatv±va gocarabh±va½ gacchant²ti ±bhog±nur³pa½ anekakal±pagat±ni ±p±tha½ ±gacchanti, ses±ni pana gh±n±dinissayesu all²n±neva viññ±ºuppattik±raº±n²ti ekekakal±pagat±nipi. Ekekakal±pagat±pi hi pas±d± viññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±va½ gacchanti, te pana bhavaªgacalanassa anantarapaccayabh³tena bhavaªgena saddhi½ uppann±. “¾vajjanena saddhi½ uppann±”ti apare.
Dvikkhattu½ bhavaªge caliteti visadisaviññ±ºuppattihetubh±vasaªkh±tabhavaªgacalanavasena purimaggahit±rammaºasmi½yeva dvikkhattu½ bhavaªge pavatte. Pañcasu hi pas±desu yogyades±vatth±navasena ±rammaºe ghaµµite pas±daghaµµan±nubh±vena bhavaªgasantati vocchijjam±n± sahas± anocchijjitv± yath± vegena dh±vanto µh±tuk±mopi puriso ekadvipadav±re atikkamitv±va tiµµhati, eva½ dvikkhattu½ uppajjitv±va occhijjati. Tattha paµhamacitta½ bhavaªgasantati½ c±lenta½ viya uppajjat²ti bhavaªgacalana½, dutiya½ tassa occhijjan±k±rena uppajjanato bhavaªgupacchedoti voharanti. Idha pana avisesena vutta½ “dvikkhattu½ bhavaªge calite”ti.
Nanu ca r³p±din± pas±de ghaµµite tannissitasseva calana½ yutta½, katha½ pana hadayavatthunissitassa bhavaªgass±ti? Santativasena ek±baddhatt±. Yath± hi bheriy± ekasmi½ tale µhitasakkhar±ya makkhik±ya nisinn±ya aparasmi½ tale daº¹±din± pahaµe anukkamena bhericammavaratt±d²na½ calanena sakkhar±ya calit±ya makkhik±ya uppatitv± gamana½ hoti, evameva r³p±din± pas±de ghaµµite tannissayesu mah±bh³tesu calitesu anukkamena ta½sambandh±na½ sesar³p±nampi calanena hadayavatthumhi calite tannissitassa bhavaªgassa calan±k±rena pavatti hoti. Vuttañca–
“Ghaµµite aññavatthumhi, aññanissitakampana½;
ek±baddhena hot²ti, sakkharopamay± vade”ti. (Sa. sa. 176).
Bhavaªgasotanti bhavaªgappav±ha½. ¾vajjantanti “ki½ n±metan”ti vadanta½ viya ±bhoga½ kurum±na½. Passantanti paccakkhato pekkhanta½. Nanu ca “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±”ti (d². ni. 1.213; a. ni. 3.62; vibha. 517) vacanato cakkhundriyameva dassanakicca½ s±deti, na viññ±ºanti? Nayidameva½, r³passa andhabh±vena r³padassane asamatthabh±vato. Yadi ca ta½ r³pa½ passati, tath± sati aññaviññ±ºasamaªginopi r³padassanappasaªgo siy±. Yadi eva½ viññ±ºassa ta½ kicca½ s±dheti, viññ±ºassa appaµibandhatt± antaritar³passapi dassana½ siy±. Hotu antaritassapi dassana½, yassa phalik±ditirohitassa ±lokapaµibandho natthi, yassa pana kuµµ±di-antaritassa alokapaµibandho atthi. Tattha paccay±bh±vato viññ±ºa½ nuppajjat²ti na tassa cakkhuviññ±ºena gahaºa½ hoti. “Cakkhun±”ti panettha tena dv±rena karaºabh³ten±ti adhipp±yo. Atha v± nissitakiriy± nissayappaµibaddh± vutt± yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti.
Sampaµicchantanti tameva r³pa½ paµiggaºhanta½ viya. Sant²rayam±nanti tameva r³pa½ v²ma½santa½ viya. Vavatthapentanti tameva r³pa½ suµµhu sallakkhenta½ viya. Yonisomanasik±r±divasena laddho paccayo eten±ti laddhapaccaya½. Ya½ kiñci javananti sambandho. Mucch±maraº±sannak±lesu ca chappañcapi javan±ni pavattant²ti ±ha “yebhuyyen±”ti. Javan±nubandh±n²ti paµisotag±min±va½ nad²soto viya kiñci k±la½ javana½ anugat±ni. Tassa javanassa ±rammaºa½ ±rammaºametesanti tad±rammaº±ni “brahmassaro”ty±d²su viya majjhepadalopavasena, tad±rammaº±ni ca t±ni p±k±ni c±ti tad±rammaºap±k±ni. Yath±rahanti ±rammaºajavanasatt±nur³pa½. Tath± pavatti½ pana sayameva pak±sayissati, bhavaªgap±toti v²thicittavasena appavattitv± cittassa bhavaªgap±to viya, bhavaªgavasena uppatt²ti vutta½ hoti. Ettha ca v²thicittappavattiy± sukhaggahaºattha½ ambopam±dika½ ±haranti, tatrida½ ambopam±matta½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±)– eko kira puriso phalitambarukkham³le sas²sa½ p±rupitv± nidd±yanto ±sanne patitassa ekassa ambaphalassa saddena pabujjhitv± s²sato vattha½ apanetv± cakkhu½ umm²letv± disv± ca ta½ gahetv± madditv± upasiªghitv± pakkabh±va½ ñatv± paribhuñjitv± mukhagata½ saha semhena ajjhoharitv± puna tattheva nidd±yati. Tattha purisassa nidd±yanak±lo viya bhavaªgak±lo, phalassa patitak±lo viya ±rammaºassa pas±daghaµµanak±lo, tassa saddena pabuddhak±lo viya ±vajjanak±lo, umm²letv± olokitak±lo viya cakkhuviññ±ºappavattik±lo, gahitak±lo viya sampaµicchanak±lo, maddanak±lo viya sant²raºak±lo, upasiªghanak±lo viya voµµhabbanak±lo, paribhogak±lo viya javanak±lo, mukhagata½ saha semhena ajjhoharaºak±lo viya tad±rammaºak±lo, puna nidd±yanak±lo viya puna bhavaªgak±lo.
Im±ya ca upam±ya ki½ d²pita½ hoti? ¾rammaºassa pas±daghaµµanameva kicca½, ±vajjanassa visay±bhujanameva, cakkhuviññ±ºassa dassanamattameva, sampaµicchan±d²nañca paµiggaºhan±dimattameva javanasseva pana ±rammaºaras±nubhavana½, tad±rammaºassa ca tena anubh³tasseva anubhavananti eva½ kiccavasena dhamm±na½ aññamañña½ asa½kiººat± d²pit± hoti. Eva½ pavattam±na½ pana citta½ “±vajjana½ n±ma hutv± bhavaªg±nantara½ hoti, tva½ dassan±d²su aññatara½ hutv± ±vajjan±nantaran”ty±din± niyuñjake k±rake asatipi utub²janiy±m±di (dha. sa. aµµha. 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±) viya cittaniy±mavaseneva pavattat²ti veditabba½.
11. Ett±vat± sattarasa cittakkhaº±ni parip³rent²ti sambandho.
12. Appahont±t²takanti appahonta½ hutv± at²ta½. Natthi tad±rammaºupp±doti cuddasacittakkhaº±yuke t±va ±rammaºassa niruddhatt±va tad±rammaºa½ nuppajjati. Na hi ekav²thiya½ kesuci paccuppann±rammaºesu k±nici at²t±rammaº±ni honti. Pannarasacittakkhaº±yukesupi javanuppattito para½ ekameva cittakkhaºa½ avasiµµhanti dvikkhattu½ tad±rammaºuppattiy± appahonakabh±vato natthi dutiyatad±rammaºassa uppatt²ti paµhamampi nuppajjati. Dvikkhattumeva hi tad±rammaºuppatti p±¼iya½ niyamit± cittappavattigaºan±ya½ sabbav±resu “tad±rammaº±ni dve”ti (vibha. aµµha. 227) dvinnameva cittav±r±na½ ±gatatt±. Ya½ pana paramatthavinicchaye vutta½–
“Saki½ dve v± tad±lamba½, sakim±vajjan±dayo”ti (parama. vi. 116), ta½ majjhimabh±ºakamat±nus±rena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Yasm± pana majjhimabh±ºak±na½ v±do heµµh± vuttap±¼iy± asa½sandanato sammohavinodan²ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 227) paµikkhittova, tasm± ±cariyenapi attan± anadhippetatt±yeva idha ceva n±mar³paparicchede ca saki½ tad±rammaºuppatti na vutt±.
13. Voµµhabbanupp±dato para½ chacittakkhaº±vasiµµh±yukampi ±rammaºa½ app±yukabh±vena paridubbalatt± javanuppattiy± paccayo na hoti. Javanañhi uppajjam±na½ niyamena sattacittakkhaº±yukeyeva uppajjat²ti adhipp±yen±ha “javanampi anuppajjitv±”ti. Hetumhi c±ya½ tv±paccayo, javanassapi anuppattiy±ti attho. Itarath± hi aparak±lakiriy±ya sam±nakattukat± na labbhat²ti. Dvattikkhattunti dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v±. Keci pana “tikkhattun’ti ida½ vacanasiliµµhat±mattappayojanan”ti vadanti, ta½ pana tesa½ abhinivesamatta½. Na hi “dvikkhattu½ voµµhabbanameva parivattat²”ti vuttepi vacanassa asiliµµhabh±vo atthi, na ca tikkhattu½ pavattiy± b±dhaka½ kiñci vacana½ aµµhakath±d²su atthi. Evañca katv± tattha tattha s²ha¼asa½vaººan±k±r±pi “dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v±”icceva vaººenti. Voµµhabbanameva parivattat²ti voµµhabbanameva punappuna½ uppajjati. Ta½ pana appatv± antar± cakkhuviññ±º±d²su µhatv± cittappavattiy± nivattana½ natthi.
¾nand±cariyo panettha (dha. sa. m³laµ². 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±vaººan±) “±vajjan± kusal±kusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417) ±vajjan±ya kusal±kusal±na½ anantarapaccayabh±vassa vuttatt± voµµhabban±vajjan±nañca atthantar±bh±vato sati uppattiya½ voµµhabbana½ k±m±vacarakusal±kusalakiriyajavan±na½ ekantato anantarapaccayabh±veneva pavatteyya, no aññath±ti mucch±k±l±d²su mand²bh³tavegat±ya javanap±rip³riy± paritt±rammaºa½ niyamitabba½, na voµµhabbanassa dvattikkhattu½ pavattiy±ti d²peti. Kiñc±pi eva½ d²peti, tihetukavip±k±ni pana anantarapaccayabh±vena vutt±neva. Kh²º±sav±na½ cutivasena pavatt±ni na kassaci anantarapaccayabh±va½ gacchant²ti t±ni viya voµµhabbanampi paccayavekallato kusal±kusal±d²na½ anantarapaccayo na hot²ti na na sakk± vattu½, tasm± aµµhakath±su ±gatanayenevettha paritt±rammaºa½ niyamitanti.
14. Natthi v²thicittupp±do uparimakoµiy± sattacittakkhaº±yukassapi dvattikkhattu½ voµµhabbanuppattiy± appahonakabh±vato v²thicitt±na½ upp±do natthi, bhavaªgap±tova hot²ti adhipp±yo. Bhavaªgacalanamev±ti avadh±raºaphala½ dassetu½ “natthi v²thicittupp±do”ti vutta½. Apare pana “natthi bhavaªgupacchedo”ti avadh±raºaphala½ dassenti, ta½ pana v²thicittupp±d±bh±vavacaneneva siddha½. Sati hi v²thicittupp±de bhavaªga½ upacchijjati. Bhavaªgupacchedan±mena pana heµµh±pi visu½ avuttatt± idha avisesena vutta½.
15. Sabbaso v²thicittuppattiy± abh±vato pacchimav±rovidhamoghav±ravasena vutto, aññattha (dha. sa. aµµha. 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±) pana dutiyatatiyav±r±pi tad±rammaºajavanehi suññatt± “moghav±r±”ti vutt±. ¾rammaºabh³t±ti visayabh³t±, paccayabh³t± ca. Paccayopi hi “±rammaºan”ti vuccati “na lacchati m±ro ot±ra½, na lacchati m±ro ±rammaºan”ty±d²su (d². ni. 3.80) viya. Tenevettha moghav±rassapi ±rammaºabh³t± visayappavatt²ti siddha½. Atiparitt±rammaºañhi moghav±rapaññ±panassa paccayo hoti. Itarath± hi bhavaªgacalanassa sakasakagocareyeva pavattanato pacchimav±rassa atiparitt±rammaºe pavatti natth²ti “catunna½ v±r±na½ ±rammaºabh³t±”ti vacana½ durupap±dana½ siy±ti.
16. Pañcadv±re yath±raha½ ta½ta½dv±r±nur³pa½, ta½ta½paccay±nur³pa½, ta½ta½±rammaº±di-anur³pañca uppajjam±n±ni v²thicitt±ni ±vajjanadassan±disampaµicchanasant²raºavoµµhabbanajavanatad±rammaºavasena avisesato satteva honti. Cittupp±d± citt±na½ visu½ visu½ uppattivasena uppajjam±nacitt±niyeva v± catuddasa ±vajjan±dipañcakasattajavanatad±rammaºadvayavasena. Vitth±r± pana catupaññ±sa sabbesameva k±m±vacar±na½ yath±sambhava½ tattha uppajjanato,
Etth±ti visayappavattisaªgahe.

Pañcadv±rav²thivaººan± niµµhit±.