Vipassan±kammaµµh±na½

Visuddhibhedavaººan±

43. Anicc±divasena vividh±k±rena passat²ti vipassan±, anicc±nupassan±dik± bh±van±paññ±. Tass± kammaµµh±na½, s±yeva v± kammaµµh±nanti vipassan±kammaµµh±na½. Tasmi½ vipassan±kammaµµh±ne sattavidhena visuddhisaªgahoti sambandho.
44. Aniccat±yeva lakkhaºa½ lakkhitabba½, lakkh²yati anen±ti v± aniccalakkhaºa½. Udayavayapaµip²¼anasaªkh±tadukkhabh±vo va lakkhaºanti dukkhalakkhaºa½. Paraparikappitassa attano abh±vo anattat±, tadeva lakkhaºanti anattalakkhaºa½.
45. Tiººa½ lakkhaº±na½ anu anu passan± anicc±nupassan±dik±.
46. Khandh±d²na½ kal±pato sammasanavasappavatta½ ñ±ºa½ sammasanañ±ºa½. Upp±dabhaªg±nupassan±vasappavattañ±ºa½ udayabbayañ±ºa½. Udaya½ muccitv± vaye pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ bhaªgañ±ºa½. Saªkh±r±na½ bhayato anupassan±vasena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ bhayañ±ºa½, diµµhabhay±na½ ±d²navato pekkhaºavasena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ ±d²navañ±ºa½, diµµh±d²navesu nibbindanavasappavatta½ ñ±ºa½ nibbid±ñ±ºa½. Nibbinditv± saªkh±rehi muccitukamyat±vasena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ muccitukamyat±ñ±ºa½. Muccanassa up±yasampaµip±danattha½ puna saªkh±r±na½ pariggahavasappavatta½ ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±ñ±ºa½. Paµisaªkh±tadhammesu bhayanand²vivajjanavasena ajjhupekkhitv± pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºa½. Purim±na½ navanna½ kiccanipphattiy±, upari ca sattati½s±ya bodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ anuk³la½ ñ±ºa½ anulomañ±ºa½.
47. Attasuññat±ya suññato. Sa½yojan±d²hi vimuccanaµµhena vimokkho. Niccanimitt±dino abh±vato animitto. Paºihitassa taºh±paºidhissa abh±vato appaºihito.
49. Yo na½ p±ti, ta½ mokkheti ap±y±d²hi dukkheh²ti p±timokkha½, tadeva k±yaduccarit±d²hi sa½varaºato sa½varo, sam±dh±nopadh±raºaµµhena s²lañc±ti p±timokkhasa½varas²la½. Manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ r³p±d²su sa½varaºavasena pavatta½ s²la½ indriyasa½varas²la½. Micch±j²va vivajjanena ±j²vassa parisuddhivasappavatta½ ±j²vap±risuddhis²la½. Paccaye sannissita½ tesa½ idamatthikat±ya paccavekkhaºas²la½ paccayasannissitas²la½. Catubbidhatt± desan±sa½varapariyeµµhipaccavekkhaºavasena, parisuddhatt± ca catup±risuddhis²la½ n±ma.
50. Cittavisuddhi n±ma cittassa vin²varaºabh±v±p±danavasena visodhanato, cittas²sena niddiµµhatt±, visuddhatt± c±ti v± katv±.
51. “Dhamm±na½ s±maññasabh±vo lakkhaºa½, kiccasampattiyo raso, upaµµh±n±k±ro, phalañca paccupaµµh±nan”ti eva½ vutt±na½ lakkhaº±d²na½ “phusanalakkhaºo phasso, kakkha¼alakkhaº± pathav²”ty±din± vitth±rato, “namanalakkhaºa½ n±ma½, ruppanalakkhaºa½ r³pan”ty±din± saªkhepato ca pariggaho paccattalakkhaº±divasena paricchijja gahaºa½ dukkhasaccavavatth±na½ diµµhivisuddhi n±ma “n±mar³pato att± natth²”ti dassanato diµµhi ca attadiµµhimalavisodhanato visuddhi c±ti katv±.
52. Paccayapariggahoti n±mañca r³pañca paµisandhiya½ t±va avijj±taºh±-up±d±nakammahetuvasena nibbattati. Pavattiyañca r³pa½ kammacitta-utu-±h±rapaccayavasena, n±mañca cakkhur³p±dinissay±rammaº±dipaccayavasena, visesato ca yonisomanasik±r±dicatucakkasampattiy± kusala½, tabbipariy±yena akusala½, kusal±kusalavasena vip±ko bhavaªg±divasena ±vajjana½, kh²º±savasant±navasena kiriyajavana½, ±vajjanañca uppajjat²ti eva½ s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºavasena t²su addh±su n±mar³pappavattiy± paccakkh±disiddhassa kamm±dipaccayassa pariggaºhana½ samudayasaccassa vavatth±na½ kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhi n±ma “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nan”ty±dik±ya (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) so¼asavidh±ya, “sattharikaªkhat²”ty±dik±ya (dha. sa. 1123; vibha. 915) aµµhavidh±ya ca kaªkh±ya vitaraºato atikkamanato kaªkh±vitaraº±, ahetukavisamahetudiµµhimalavisodhanato visuddhi c±ti katv±.
53. Tato paccayapariggahato para½ tath±pariggahitesu paccattalakkhaº±divavatth±navasena, paccayavavatth±navasena ca pariggahitesu lokuttaravajjesu tibh³mipariy±pannesu n±mar³pesu at²t±dibhedabhinnesu khandh±dinayam±rabbha pañcakkhandhachadv±racha¼±rammaºachadv±rappavattadhamm±divasena ±gata½ khandh±dinaya½ ±rabbha kal±pavasena piº¹avasena saªkhipitv± ya½ at²te j±ta½ r³pa½, ta½ at²teva niruddha½. Ya½ an±gate bh±vi r³pa½, tampi tattheva nirujjhissati. Ya½ paccuppanna½, ta½ an±gata½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati, tath± ajjhattabahiddhasukhuma-o¼±rikah²napaº²tar³p±dayo. Tasm± “anicca½ att±divasena na icca½ anupagantabba½ khayaµµhena khayagamanato, dukkha½ bhayaµµhena bhayakaratt±, anatt± as±rakaµµhena attas±r±di-abh±ven±”ti ca “cakkhu½ anicca½…pe… mano. R³pa½…pe… dhamm±. Cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ty±din± (paµi. ma. 1.48) at²t±di-addh±vasena, at²t±disant±navasena, at²t±dikhaºavasena ca sammasanañ±ºena hutv±-abh±va-udayabbayapaµip²¼ana-avasavattan±k±rasaªkh±talakkhaºattayasammasanavasappavattena kal±pasammasanañ±ºena lakkhaºattaya½ sammasantassa parimajjantassa.
Sammasanañ±ºe pana uppanne puna tesveva saªkh±resu “avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayo, taºh±kamma-±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo, tath± avijj±nirodh± r³panirodho, taºh±kamma-±h±ranirodh± r³panirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) eva½ r³pakkhandhe vedan±saññ±saªkh±rakkhandhesupi ±h±ra½ apanetv± “phassasamuday± phassanirodh±”ti ca eva½ phassa½ pakkhipitv±, viññ±ºakkhandhe “n±mar³pasamuday± n±mar³panirodh±”ti n±mar³pa½ pakkhipitv± paccayasamudayavasena, paccayanirodhavasena ca, paccaye an±masitv± paccuppannakkhandhesu nibbattilakkhaºamattassa, vipariº±malakkhaºamattassa ca dassanena khaºavasena c±ti ekekasmi½ khandhe paccayavasena catudh±, khaºavasena ekadh± c±ti pañcadh± udaya½, pañcadh± vayanti dasadasa-udayabbayadassanavasena samapaññ±s±k±rehi udayabbayañ±ºena udayabbaya½ samanupassantassa ±raddhavipassakassa yogino vipassan±cittasamuµµh±no sar²rato niccharaºaka-±lokasaªkh±to obh±so, vipassan±cittasahaj±t± khuddik±dipañcavidh± (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 dhammuddesav±ra jh±naªgar±sivaººan±) p²ti, tath± k±yacittadarathav³pasamalakkhaº± k±yacittavasena duvidh± passaddhi, balavasaddhindriyasaªkh±to adhimokkho, sammappadh±nakiccas±dhako v²riyasambojjhaªgasaªkh±to paggaho, atipaº²ta½ sukha½, indavissaµµhavajirasadisa½ tilakkhaºavipassan±bh³ta½ ñ±ºa½, satipaµµh±nabh³t± cirakat±di-anussaraºasamatth± upaµµh±nasaªkh±t± sati, samappavattavipassan±sahaj±t± upekkh±sambojjhaªgabh³t± tatramajjhattupekkh±, manodv±re ±vajjhanupekkh± c±ti duvidh±pi upekkh±, obh±s±d²su uppannesu “na vata me ito pubbe evar³po obh±so uppannapubbo”ty±din± (visuddhi. 2.733) nayena tattha ±laya½ kurum±n± sukhumataºh± r³panikantic±ti obh±s±d²su dasasu vipassanupakkilesesu uppannesu “na vata me ito pubbe evar³p± obh±s±dayo uppannapubb± addh± maggappattosmi, phalappattosm²”ti (visuddhi. 2.733) aggahetv± “ime obh±s±dayo taºh±diµµhim±navatthut±ya na maggo, atha kho vipassanupakkiles± eva, tabbinimutta½ pana v²thipaµipanna½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ maggo”ti eva½ magg±maggalakkhaºassa vavatth±na½ nicchayana½ magg±maggassa j±nanato, dassanato, amagge maggasaññ±ya visodhanato ca magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
54. Y±v±nulom±ti y±va sacc±nulomañ±º±. Nava vipassan±ñ±º±n²ti (visuddhi. 2.737 ±dayo) khandh±na½ udayañca vayañca j±nanaka½ udayabbayañ±ºa½, udaya½ muñcitv± bhaªgamatt±nupekkhaka½ bhaªgañ±ºa½, bhaªgavasena upaµµhit±na½ s²h±d²na½ viya bh±yitabb±k±r±nupekkhaka½ bhayañ±ºa½, tath±nupekkhit±na½ ±dittagharassa viya ±d²nav±k±r±nupekkhaka½ ±d²navañ±ºa½, diµµh±d²navesu nibbindanavasena pavatta½ nibbid±ñ±ºa½, j±l±dito macch±dik± viya tehi tebh³makadhammehi muccituk±mat±vasena pavatta½ muccitukamyat±ñ±ºa½, muccanup±yasamp±danattha½ diµµh±d²navesupi samuddasakuº² viya punappuna½ sammasanavasappatta½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±ñ±ºa½, cattabhariyo puriso viya diµµh±d²navesu tesu saªkh±resu upekkhan±k±rappavatta½ saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºa½, anicc±dilakkhaºavipassanat±ya heµµh± pavatt±na½ aµµhanna½ vipassan±ñ±º±na½, uddha½ maggakkhaºe adhigantabb±na½ sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm±nañca anulomato maggav²thiya½ gotrabhuto pubbe pavatta½ sacc±nulomikañ±ºasaªkh±ta½ navama½ anulomañ±ºanti im±ni nava ñ±º±ni ñ±ºadassanavisuddhiy± paµipad±bh±vato tilakkhaºaj±nanaµµhena, paccakkhato dassanaµµhena, paµipakkhato visuddhatt± ca paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
55. Vipassan±ya parip±ko vipassan±parip±ko, saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºa½. Ta½ ±gamma paµicca. Id±ni appan± uppajjissat²ti “id±ni appan±saªkh±to lokuttaramaggo uppajjissat²”ti vattabbakkhaºe. Ya½ kiñc²ti saªkh±rupekkh±ya gahitesu t²su eka½ ya½ kiñci.
56. Vipassan±ya matthakappattiy± sikh±ppatt±. Anulomañ±ºasahitat±ya s±nulom±. S± eva saªkh±resu ud±s²natt± saªkh±rupekkh±. Yath±nur³pa½ ap±y±dito, saªkh±ranimittato ca vuµµhahanato vuµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ magga½ gacchat²ti vuµµh±nag±min².
57. Abhisambhontanti p±puºanta½.
58. Parij±nantoti “ettaka½ dukkha½, na ito ³n±dhikan”ti paricchijja j±nanto. Sacchikarontoti ±rammaºakaraºavasena paccakkha½ karonto. Maggasacca½ bh±van±vasen±ti maggasaccasaªkh±tassa sampayuttamaggasaªkh±tassa catutthasaccassa sahaj±t±dipaccayo hutv± va¹¹hanavasena. Ekasseva ñ±ºassa catukiccas±dhana½ pad²p±d²na½ vaµµid±h±dicatukiccadassanato, “yo, bhikkhave, dukkha½ passat²”ty±di (sa½. ni. 5.1100; visuddhi. 2.839) ±gamato ca sampaµicchitabba½.
59. Dve t²ºi phalacitt±ni pavattitv±ti magguppattiy± anur³pato dve v± t²ºi v± phalacitt±ni apan²taggimhi µh±ne uºhattanibb±panatth±ya ghaµehi abhisiñcam±namudaka½ viya samucchinnakilesepi sant±ne darathapaµippassambhak±ni hutv± pavattitv±, tesa½ pavattiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Paccavekkhaºañ±º±n²ti maggaphal±divisay±ni k±m±vacarañ±º±ni, y±ni sandh±ya “vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hot²”ti (mah±va. 23) vutta½.
60. Id±ni paccavekkhaº±ya bh³mi½ dassetu½ “magga½ phalañc±”ty±di vutta½. Tattha “imin±va vat±ha½ maggena ±gato”ti magga½ paccavekkhati. Tato “aya½ n±ma me ±nisa½so laddho”ti tassa phala½, tato “aya½ n±ma me dhammo ±rammaºato sacchikato”ti nibb±nañca paº¹ito paccavekkhati. Tato “ime n±ma me kiles± pah²n±”ti pah²ne kilese, “ime n±ma avasiµµh±”ti avasiµµhakilese paccavekkhati v±, na v±. Koci sekkho paccavekkhati, koci na paccavekkhati. Tattha k±mac±rotyadhipp±yo. Tath± hi mah±n±mo sakko “ko su n±ma me dhammo ajjhatta½ appah²no”ti (ma. ni. 1.175; visuddhi. 2.812) appah²ne kilese pucchi. Arahato pana avasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaºa½ natthi sabbakiles±na½ pah²natt±, tasm± tiººa½ sekkh±na½ pannarasa arahato catt±r²ti ek³nav²sati paccavekkhaºañ±º±n²ti daµµhabba½.
Chabbisuddhikamen±ti (visuddhi. 2.662 ±dayo) s²lacittavisuddh²na½ vasena m³labh³t±na½ dvinna½, diµµhivisuddhi-±d²na½ vasena sar²rabh³t±na½ catunnanti et±sa½ channa½ visuddh²na½ kamena. Catunna½ sacc±na½ j±nanat±, paccakkhakaraºato, kilesamalehi visuddhatt± ca ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
Etth±ti vipassan±kammaµµh±ne.

Visuddhibhedavaººan± niµµhit±.