Cutipaµisandhikkamavaººan±

89. “¾yukkhayen±”ty±d²su satipi kamm±nubh±ve ta½ta½gat²su yath±paricchinnassa ±yuno parikkhayena maraºa½ ±yukkhayamaraºa½. Satipi tattha tattha paricchinn±yusese gatik±l±dipaccayas±maggiyañca ta½ta½bhavas±dhakassa kammuno pariniµµhitavip±katt± maraºa½ kammakkhayamaraºa½. ¾yukamm±na½ samakameva parikkh²ºatt± maraºa½ ubhayakkhayamaraºa½. Satipi tasmi½ duvime purimabhavasiddhassa kassaci upacchedakakammuno balena satthaharaº±d²hi upakkamehi upacchijjam±nasant±n±na½, guºamahantesu v± katena kenaci upakkamena ±y³hita-upacchedakakammun± paµib±hitas±matthiyassa kammassa ta½ta½attabh±vappavattane asamatthabh±vato dusim±rakal±bur±j±d²na½ viya taªkhaºeyeva µh±n±c±vanavasena pavattamaraºa½ upacchedakamaraºa½ n±ma. Ida½ pana nerayik±na½ uttarakuruv±s²na½ kesañci dev±nañca na hoti. Ten±hu–
“Upakkamena v± kesañcupacchedakakammun±”ti. (Sa. sa. 62).
Maraºassa uppatti pavatti maraºuppatti.
90. Maraºak±leti maraº±sannak±le. Yath±rahanti ta½ta½gat²su uppajjanakasatt±nur³pa½, katthaci pana anuppajjam±nassa kh²º±savassa yathopaµµhita½ n±mar³padhamm±dikameva cutipariyos±n±na½ gocarabh±va½ gacchati, na kammakammanimitt±dayo. Upaladdhapubbanti cetiyadassan±divasena pubbe upaladdha½. Upakaraºabh³tanti pupph±divasena upakaraºabh³ta½. Upalabhitabbanti anubhavitabba½. Upabhogabh³tanti acchar±vim±nakapparukkhanirayaggi-±dika½ upabhuñjitabba½. Acchar±vim±nakapparukkham±tukucchi-±digata½ hi r³p±yatana½ sugatinimitta½. Nirayagginirayap±l±digata½ duggatinimitta½. Gatiy± nimitta½ gatinimitta½.
Kammabalen±ti paµisandhinibbattakassa kusal±kusalakammassa ±nubh±vena. Channa½ dv±r±nanti vakkham±nanayena yath±sambhava½ channa½ upapattidv±r±na½, yadi kusalakamma½ vipaccati, tad± parisuddha½ kusalacitta½ pavattati, atha akusalakamma½, tad± upakkiliµµha½ akusalacittanti ±ha “vipaccam±naka…pe… kiliµµha½ v±”ti. Ten±ha bhagav± “nimittass±dagadhita½ v±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºa½ tiµµham±na½ tiµµhati, anubyañjanass±dagadhita½ v±, tasmi½ ce samaye k±la½ karoti, µh±nameta½ vijjati, ya½ dvinna½ gat²na½ aññatara½ gati½ upapajjeyya niraya½ v± tiracch±nayoni½ v±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.235). Tatthoºata½ v±ti tasmi½ upapajjitabbabhave oºata½ viya, tatthoºata½ ev±ti v± padacchedo. “B±hullen±”ti ettha adhipp±yo “yebhuyyena bhavantare”ti ettha vuttanayena daµµhabbo. Atha v± “yath±rahan”ti imin±va so sakk± saªgahetunti “b±hullen±”ti imin± sahas± occhijjam±naj²vit±na½ saºika½ marant±na½ viya na abhikkhaºamev±ti d²pitanti viññ±yati. Abhinavakaraºavasen±ti taªkhaºe kariyam±na½ viya att±na½ abhinavakaraºavasena.
91. Pacc±sannamaraºass±ti ekav²thippam±º±yukavasena, tato v± kiñci adhik±yukavasena sam±sannamaraºassa. V²thicitt±vas±neti tad±rammaºapariyos±n±na½, javanapariyos±n±na½ v± v²thicitt±na½ avas±ne. Tattha “k±mabhavato cavitv± tattheva uppajjam±n±na½ tad±rammaºapariyos±n±ni, ses±na½ javanapariyos±n±n²”ti dhamm±nus±raºiya½ vutta½. Bhavaªgakkhayev±ti yadi ekajavanav²thito adhikatar±yuseso siy±, tad± bhavaªg±vas±ne v± uppajjitv± nirujjhati. Atha ekacittakkhaº±yuseso siy±, tad± v²thicitt±vas±ne, tañca at²takamm±divisayameva. “Tass±nantaramev±”ti imin± antar±bhavav±dimata½ paµikkhipati.
Yath±rahanti kammakaraºak±lassa, vip±kad±nak±lassa ca anur³pavasena. Atha v± vipaccam±nakakamm±nur³pa½ anusayavasena, javanasahaj±tavasena v± pavatti-anur³patotyattho. Nanu ca “avijj±nusayaparikkhitten±”ty±di vutta½. Javanasahaj±t±nañca katha½ anusayabh±voti? N±ya½ doso anusayasadisat±ya t±sampi anusayavoh±rabh±vato. Itarath± akusalakammasahaj±t±na½ bhavataºh±sahaj±t±na½ v± cuti-±sannajavanasahaj±t±nañca saªgaho na siy±. Avijj±va appah²naµµhena anusayanato pavattanato anusayo, tena parikkhittena pariv±ritena. Taºh±nusayova m³la½ padh±na½ sahak±r²k±raºabh³ta½ imass±ti taºh±nusayam³lako. Saªkh±ren±ti kusal±kusalakammena kammasahaj±taphass±didhammasamud±yena cuti-±sannajavanasahaj±tena v±, tena janiyam±na½. Avijj±ya hi paµicchann±d²navavisaye taºh± n±meti, khipanakasaªkh±rasammat± yath±vuttasaªkh±r± khipanti, yath±hu–
“Avijj±taºh±saªkh±ra-sahajehi ap±yina½;
visay±d²navacch±dinamanakkhipakehi tu.
“Appah²nehi ses±na½, ch±dana½ namanampi ca;
khipak± pana saªkh±r±, kusal±va bhavantih±”ti. (Sa. sa. 164-165).
Sampayuttehi pariggayham±nanti attan± sampayuttehi phass±d²hi dhammehi sampayuttapaccay±din± pariv±retv± gayham±na½, sahaj±t±namadhiµµh±nabh±vena pubbaªgamabh³tanti attan± sahaj±t±na½ patiµµh±nabh±vena padh±nabh³ta½. “Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti (dha. pa. 1-2) hi vutta½. Bhavantarapaµisandh±navasen±ti purimabhavantarassa, pacchimabhavantarassa ca aññamañña½ ek±baddha½ viya paµisandahanavasena uppajjam±nameva patiµµh±ti, na ito gantv±tyadhipp±yo. Na hi purimabhavapariy±panno koci dhammo bhavantara½ saªkamati, n±pi purimabhavapariy±pannahet³hi vin± uppajjati paµighosapad²pamudd± viy±ti alamatippapañcena.
92. Manda½ hutv± pavatt±ni mandappavatt±ni. Paccuppann±rammaºesu ±p±thagatesu manodv±re gatinimittavasena, pañcadv±re kammanimittavasen±tyadhipp±yo. Paµisandhibhavaªg±nampi paccuppann±rammaºat± labbhat²ti manodv±re t±va paµisandhiy± catunna½ bhavaªg±nañca, pañcadv±re pana paµisandhiy±va paccuppann±rammaºabh±vo labbhati. Tath± hi kassaci manodv±re ±p±tham±gata½ paccuppanna½ gatinimitta½ ±rabbha uppann±ya tad±rammaºapariyos±n±ya cittav²thiy± anantara½ cuticitte uppanne tadanantara½ pañcacittakkhaº±yuke ±rammaºe pavatt±ya paµisandhiy± catunna½ bhavaªg±na½, pañcadv±re ca ñ±tak±d²hi upaµµh±pitesu deyyadhammesu vaºº±dike ±rabbha yath±raha½ pavatt±ya cittav²thiy± cuticittassa ca anantara½ ekacittakkhaº±yuke ±rammaºe pavatt±ya paµisandhiy± paccuppann±rammaºe pavatti upalabbhat²ti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge(visuddhi. 2.620 ±dayo) vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 227) v± saªkh±rapaccay±viññ±ºapadavaººan±ya½ vuttanayena daµµhabbo. Chadv±raggahitanti kammanimitta½ chadv±raggahita½, gatinimitta½ chaµµhadv±raggahitanti yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Apare pana avisesato vaººenti. Saccasaªkhepepi tenev±dhipp±yena ida½ vutta½–
“Pañcadv±re siy± sandhi, vin± kamma½ dvigocare”ti. (Sa. sa. 173).
Aµµhakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 2.624-625; vibha. aµµha. 227) pana “gatinimitta½ manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchat²”ti vuttatt±, tad±rammaº±ya ca pañcadv±rikapaµisandhiy± adassitatt±, m³laµ²k±d²su ca “kammabalena upaµµh±pita½ vaºº±yatana½ supina½ passantassa viya dibbacakkhussa viya ca manodv±reyeva gocarabh±va½ gacchat²”ti (visuddhi. mah±. 2.623) niyametv± vuttatt± tesa½ vacana½ na sampaµicchanti ±cariy±. “Paccuppannañc±”ti ettha gatinimitta½ t±va paccuppann±rammaºa½ yujjati, kammanimitta½ pana paµisandhijanakakammasseva nimittabh³ta½ adhippetanti katha½ tassa cuti-±sannajavanehi gahitassa paccuppannabh±vo sambhavati. Na hi tadeva ±rammaºupaµµh±paka½, tadeva paµisandhijanaka½ bhaveyya upacitabh±v±bh±vato anass±ditatt± ca. “Katatt± upacitatt±”ti (dha. sa. 431) hi vacanato punappuna½ laddh±sevanameva kamma½ paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hati. Paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.232) ca nikantikkhaºe dvinna½ het³na½ paccay±pi sahetukapaµisandhiy± vuttatt±kat³pacitampi kamma½ taºh±ya ass±ditameva vip±ka½ abhinipph±deti, tad± ca paµisandhiy± sam±nav²thiya½ viya pavattam±n±ni cuti-±sannajavan±ni katha½ punappuna½ laddh±sevan±ni siyu½, kathañca t±ni tad± kaºh±ya par±maµµh±ni. Apica paccuppanna½ kammanimitta½ cuti-±sannappavatt±na½ pañcadv±rikajavan±na½ ±rammaºa½ hoti. “Pañcadv±rikakammañca paµisandhinimittaka½ na hoti paridubbalabh±vato”ti aµµhakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 2.620; vibha. aµµha. 227) vuttanti saccameta½. ѱtak±d²hi upaµµh±pitesu pana pupph±d²su sannihitesveva maraºasambhavato tattha vaºº±dika½ ±rabbha cuti-±sannav²thito purimabh±gappavatt±na½ paµisandhijananasamatth±na½ manodv±rikajavan±na½ ±rammaºabh³tena saha sam±natt± tadekasantatipatita½ cuti-±sannajavanaggahitampi paccuppanna½ vaºº±dika½ kammanimittabh±vena vutta½. Evañca katv± vutta½ ±nand±cariyena “pañcadv±re ca ±p±tham±gacchanta½ paccuppanna½ kammanimitta½ ±sannakatakamm±rammaºasantatiya½ uppanna½, ta½sadisañca daµµhabban”ti (vibha. m³laµ². 227; visuddhi. mah±. 2.623).
94. Yath±rahanti dutiyacatutthapaµhamatatiy±na½ paµisandh²na½ anur³pato.
98. ¾ruppacutiy± para½ heµµhim±ruppavajjit± ±ruppapaµisandhiyo honti upar³pari-ar³p²na½ heµµhimaheµµhimakammassa an±y³hanato, upac±rajjh±nassa pana balavabh±vato tassa vip±kabh³t± k±matihetuk± paµisandhiyo honti. R³p±vacaracutiy± para½ ahetukarahit± upac±rajjh±n±nubh±veneva duhetukatihetukapaµisandhiyo siyu½, k±matihetumh± cutito para½ sabb± eva k±mar³p±r³pabhavapariy±pann± yath±raha½ ahetuk±dipaµisandhiyo siyu½. Itaro duhetuk±hetukacutito para½ k±mesveva bhavesu tihetuk±dipaµisandhiyo siyu½.

Cutipaµisandhikkamavaººan± niµµhit±.

99. Paµisandhiy± nirodhassa anantarato paµisandhinirodh±nantarato. Tadeva cittanti ta½sadisat±ya tabboh±rappavattatt± tadeva citta½ yath± “t±niyeva osadh±n²”ti. Asati v²thicittupp±deti antarantar± v²thicitt±na½ upp±de asati, cuticitta½ hutv± nirujjhati tadeva cittanti sambandho.
101. Parivattant± pavattanti y±va vaµµam³lasamucched±tyadhipp±yo.
102. Yath± iha bhavepaµisandhi ceva bhavaªgañca v²thiyo ca cuti ca, tath± puna bhavantare paµisandhibhavaªganti evam±dik± aya½ cittasantati parivattat²ti yojan±. Keci pana imasmi½ paricchede v²thimuttasaªgahasseva dassitatt± paµisandhibhavaªgacut²nameva idha gahaºa½ yuttanty±dhipp±yena “paµisandhibhavaªgav²thiyo”ti imassa paµisandhibhavaªgappav±h±ti attha½ vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ pavattisaªgahadassan±vas±ne tattha saªgahit±na½ sabbesameva nigamanassa adhippetatt±. Evañhi sati “paµisaªkh±ya panetamaddhuvan”ti ettha sabbesameva eta-saddena par±masana½ suµµhu upapanna½ hoti. Eta½ yath±vutta½ vaµµapavatta½ addhuva½ anicca½ palokadhamma½ paµisaªkh±ya paccavekkhitv± budh± paº¹it± cir±ya cirak±la½ subbat± hutv± accuta½ dhuva½ acavanadhamma½ pada½ nibb±na½ adhigantv± maggaphalañ±ºena sacchikatv± tatoyeva suµµhu samucchinnasinehabandhan± sama½ nirupadhisesanibb±nadh±tu½ essanti p±puºissanti.

Iti abhidhammatthavibh±viniy± n±ma abhidhammatthasaªgahavaººan±ya

V²thimuttaparicchedavaººan± niµµhit±.