2. Dutiyanayo saªgahitena-asaªgahitapadavaººan±

171. “Saªgahitena asaªgahitan”ti ettha saªgahit±saªgahitasadd± bhinn±dhikaraº± na gahetabb± visesanavisesitabbat±ya icchitatt±. Yo hi dhammo saªgahitat±visesavisiµµho asaªgahito heµµh± uddiµµho, sveva idha asaªgahitabh±vena pucchitv± vissajj²yat²ti dassento “ya½ ta½…pe… tadeva dassento”ti ±ha. Ye hi dhamm± cakkh±yatanena khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena ca asaªgahit±, tesa½yeva puna khandh±d²hi asaªgaho pucchitv± vissajjito. Tena vutta½ “cakkh±yatanena…pe… ±h±”ti. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu nayesu v±resu ca. Khandh±disaªgahas±maññ±nanti “khandhasaªgahen±”ti-±din± avisesena vutt±na½ khandh±disaªgah±na½. “S±maññajotan± visese avatiµµhat²”ti ±ha “nicca½ vises±pekkhatt±”ti. Vises±vabodhanatth±ni pañhaby±karaº±n²ti vutta½ “bhedanissitatt± ca pucch±vissajjan±nan”ti. Savises±va khandh±digaºan±ti “khandhasaªgahen±”ti-±din± avisesena vutt±pi r³pakkhandh±din± savises±va khandh±digaºan±, khandh±din± saªgahoti attho. Suddh±ti keval± anavases±, s±maññabh³t±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tatth±ti yath±dhikate dutiyanaye. S±maññajotan±ya visesaniddiµµhatt± ±ha “saªgahi…pe… niddh±ritatt±”ti. T²su saªgahes³ti khandh±disaªgahesu t²su. Aññeh²ti vutt±vasesehi dv²hi ekena v±. Ettakeneva dassetabb± siyu½ t±vat±pi saªgahitena asaªgahitabh±vassa pak±sitatt±. Tesanti saªgahitena-asaªgahitabh±vena vuttadhamm±na½. Eva½vidh±nanti “cakkh±yatana½ sot±yatanan”ti-±din± aniddh±ritavises±na½. Asambhav±ti vuttappak±rena niddisitu½ asambhav±. Saªgah±dinayadassanamatta½ nayam±tik±ya by±p±ro, yattha pana saªgah±dayo, te khandh±dayo kusal±dayo ca tesa½ visayabh³t±ti tehi vin± saªgah±d²na½ pavatti natthi. Ten±ha “nayam±tik±ya abbhantarab±hiram±tik±pekkhatt±”ti. Saªg±haka½ asaªg±hakañc±ti vattabba½. Yo hi idha saªg±hakabh±vena vutto dhammo asaªg±hakabh±venapi vuttoyev±ti.
“Ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti, “ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena asaªgahit±, ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena saªgahit±”ti ca yattha pucchitabbavissajjitabbadhammavisesaniddh±raºa½ natthi, tattha paµhamanaye chaµµhanaye ca “r³pakkhandho katihi khandhehi saªgahito? Ekena khandhen±”ti (dh±tu. 6), “r³pakkhandho katihi khandhehi sampayuttoti? Natthi. Cat³hi khandhehi vippayutto”ti (dh±tu. 228) ca eva½ pucchitabbavissajjitabbabh±vena. Itares³ti dutiy±dinayesu. Tassa tass±ti ya½ pucchitabba½ vissajjitabbañca “ye dhamm±”ti aniyamitar³pena niddh±rita½, tassa tassa “te dhamm±”ti niy±makabh±vena.
Etth±ti etasmi½ pakaraºe. Yena yena cakkh±yatan±din± saªg±hakena. Khandh±disaªgahes³ti khandh±yatanadh±tusaªgahesu. Tena ten±ti khandh±disaªgahena. Aññanti tato tato saªg±hakato añña½. Tabbinimutta½ saªgahetabb±saªgahetabba½ ya½ dhammaj±ta½ atthi, ta½ tadeva “cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti saªg±hak±saªg±hakabh±vena uddhaµa½. Añño dhammo natthi tassa sabh±gabh±vena saªg±hakasseva abh±vato. Siy± paneta½ sabh±gena ekadesena saªgahoti, ta½ paµikkhipanto ±ha “na ca so…pe… hot²”ti. Yañc±ti-±din± vacanantara½ pariharati.
Yadi ti-±din±pi tasseva tena saªgah±bh±va½ p±µh±bh±vadassanena vibh±veti. Tattha so ev±ti yo r³p±dikkhandho saªg±hakabh±vena vutto, so eva tena r³p±dikkhandhena saªgayheyya saªgahetabbo bhaveyya, teneva tassa saªgah±bh±ve lakkhaºa½ dassento ±ha “na hi so eva tassa sabh±go visabh±go c±”ti. Ekades± viya cakkh±yatan±dayo samud±yassa r³pakkhandh±dikassa. R³pakkhandho cakkh±yatan±d²na½ na saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca sabh±gavisabh±gabh±v±bh±vato. Esa nayo sesesupi. Samud±yantogadh±nanti-±din± vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti. Tattha yen±ti vibh±gena. Teti ekades±. Tesanti ekades±na½. Ettha tadantogadhat±ya vibh±g±bh±vo, vibh±g±bh±vena sabh±gavisabh±gat±bh±vo, tena saªg±hak±saªg±hakat±bh±vo dassitoti veditabbo.
Yath± sabbena sabba½ sabh±gavisabh±g±bh±vena ekades±na½ samud±yo saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca na hoti, eva½ ekadesasabh±gavisabh±g±nanti dassento “tath±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yath±ti-±di ud±haraºadassanena yath±vuttassa atthassa p±kaµakaraºa½. Khandhasaªgahena saªg±haka½ asaªg±hakañc±ti yojan±. Tath± sesesupi. Na hi ekadesa…pe… visabh±ga½ yena samud±yo saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca siy±ti adhipp±yo. Ettha ca saªg±hakatta½ t±va m± hotu, asaªg±hakatta½ pana kasm± paµikkhip²yat²ti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Tattha tasm±ti vuttamevattha½ hetubh±vena par±masati. Attato aññassa, attani antogadhato aññassa, attekadesasabh±gato aññassa satipi asaªg±hakatteti yojan±. Ta½ paneta½ “r³pakkhandho r³pakkhandhena saªgahito asaªgahito ca na hot²”ti-±din± vutte tayo pak±re sandh±ya vutta½. Saªg±hakattameva etesa½ natth²ti etesa½ att±, attani antogadho, attekadesasabh±go c±ti vutt±na½ saªg±hakabh±vo eva natthi sabh±g±bh±vato. Tena vutta½ “na hi so eva tassa sabh±go”ti-±di. Yen±ti saªg±hakattena. Evar³p±nanti yath±vutt±na½ tippak±r±na½ aggahaºa½ veditabba½ satipi visabh±gabh±veti adhipp±yo.
Ten±ti “dhamm±yatanan”ti-±din± vacanena. Ekadesassa vedan±kkhandh±dikassa samud±yassa dhamm±yatanassa saªg±hakatta½ ekadesena samud±yassa saªgahitabh±vanti attho, samud±yassa r³pakkhandhassa ekadesassa cakkh±yatanassa sot±yatanassa ca saªg±hakatta½ samud±yena ekadesassa saªgahitabh±vanti vutta½ hoti. Yadi eva½ na dasseti, atha ki½ dasset²ti ±ha “catukkhandhagaºanabhedeh²”ti-±di. Tattha catukkhandhagaºanabhedeh²ti r³p±dicatukkhandhagaºanavibh±gehi Pañcadh±ti r³p±dicatukkhandhasaªgaho viññ±ºakkhandhasaªgahoti eva½ pañcappak±rena bhinnata½. Ten±ha “gaºetabb±gaºetabbabh±ven±”ti. “Ekena khandhen±”ti-±d²su karaºatthe karaºavacana½, na kattu-attheti katv± ±ha “saªg±hak±saªg±hakanirapekkh±nan”ti. Tenev±ha “kammakaraºamattasabbh±v±”ti. Dutiy±dayo pana nay±. Agaºan±didassan±n²ti agaºanagaºanadassan±ni. Nanu ca dutiy±d²su gaºan±d²nipi vijjant²ti? Sacca½ vijjanti, t±ni pana visesanabh³t±ni appadh±n±n²ti visesitabbabh³t±na½ padh±n±na½ vaseneva½ vutta½. “Cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±”ti-±din± kattu-±dayo niddiµµh±ti ±ha “kattukaraºakammattayasabbh±v±”ti.
Tath± tath±ti tena tena r³pakkhandh±dippak±rena. Ta½ta½khandh±dibh±v±bh±vo sabh±gavisabh±gat±ti r³padhamm±d²na½ r³pakkhandh±dibh±vo sabh±gat±, vedan±kkhandh±di-abh±vo visabh±gat±ti attho. Yath±niddh±ritadhammadassaneti “ye dhamm±, te dhamm±”ti niddh±ritappak±radhammanir³pane. Saªg±hakasaªgahetabb±nanti cakkh±yatan±dikassa saªg±hakassa sot±yatan±dikassa ca saªgahetabbassa. Sam±nakkhandh±dibh±voti ekakkhandh±dibh±vo, r³pakkhandh±dibh±voti attho. Tadabh±voti tassa sam±nakkhandh±dibh±vassa abh±vo aññakkhandh±dibh±vo. Ayanti yv±ya½ paµhamanaye tath± tath± gaºetabb±gaºetabbat±saªkh±to dutiy±dinayesu yath±vutt±na½ sam±nakkhandh±dibh±v±bh±vasaªkh±to ta½ta½khandh±dibh±v±bh±vo vutto, ayametesa½ dvippak±r±na½ nay±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gat±su viseso.
Samudayasaccasukhindriy±d²ti ±di-saddena maggasaccadukkhindriy±di saªgayhati. Asaªg±hakatt±bh±vatoti saªgahitat±visiµµhassa asaªg±hakattassa abh±vato Na hi sakk± “samudayasaccena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti-±di vattu½. Dukkhasaccasadis±ni aby±katapad±d²ni. Itareh²ti ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi saªg±hakatt±saªg±hakatt±bh±vato na uddhaµ±n²ti yojan±. Evanti-±di yath±vuttassa atthassa nigamanavasena vutta½. Na r³pakkhandhoti na sabbo r³pakkhandhadhammoti attho.
“Khandhapaden±”ti ida½ karaºatthe karaºavacana½, na kattu-attheti ±ha “khandhapadasaªgahen±ti attho”ti. Tenevassa kattu-atthata½ paµisedhetu½ “na saªg±haken±”ti vutta½. Karaºa½ pana katturahita½ natth²ti ±ha “kenaci saªg±haken±ti ida½ pana ±netv± vattabban”ti. Saªg±hakesu na yujjati na saªgahetabbes³ti adhipp±yo. R³pakkhandhadhamm± hi “ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±”ti vutt±ti. Samud±ye vuttavidhi tadavayavepi sambhavat²ti codana½ samuµµh±pento “etena nayen±”ti-±dim±ha. Paµiyog²nivattana½ eva-saddena kar²yat²ti ±ha “na hi aññamattaniv±raºa½ eva-saddassa attho”ti. Ten±ha “saªg±hakato aññaniv±raºa½ eva-saddassa attho”ti. So ca…pe… pekkhanti imin± tamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti. Saªg±hak±pekkhatte hi “so c±”ti-±divacanassa “cakkh±yatanena r³pakkhandhova saªgahito”ti ettha cakkh±yatana½ saªg±hakanti yath±dhippetassa atthassa asambhavo ev±ti id±ni ta½ asambhava½ vibh±vento “kathan”ti-±dim±ha, ta½ suviññeyyameva.
Etth±ti “a¹¹hek±dasahi ±yatanadh±t³h²”ti ettha. “R³pakkhandhen±”ti ±netv± vattabba½ ±yatanadh±tuvisesanattha½. Na so eva tassa, samud±yo v± tadekades±na½ saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca hot²ti vuttov±yamatthoti ±ha “r³pakkhandho…pe… na hot²”ti. Imin± pariy±yen±ti yasm± vuttappak±ra½ saªg±hakatta½ natthi “yena saªgahitassa asaªg±haka½ siy±”ti imin± pariy±yena. Asaªgahitat±ya abh±vo vutto aµµhakath±ya½ (dh±tu. aµµha. 171) “so ca…pe… natth²”ti. Saªgahitat±y±ti nippariy±yena saªgahitabh±vena asaªgahitat±ya abh±vo vuttoti na yujjat²ti yojan±. S± saªgahitat±ti attan± attano, attekades±na½ v± saªgahitat±. Ten±ti r³pakkhandhena. Tesanti r³pakkhandhatadekades±na½. Atthi ca vippayuttat± vedan±kkhandh±d²hi. Cakkh±yatan±d²hi viy±ti visadisud±haraºa½. Etehi r³pavedan±kkhandh±d²hi aññehi ca evar³pehi. Et±ni aññ±ni c±ti etth±pi eseva nayo.
Teneva tassa saªgahitatt±bh±vadassanena heµµh± dassitena. Etth±ti etasmi½ v±re. Aggahaºeti akathane, adesan±yanti attho. Samudayasacc±d²s³ti samudayasaccasukhindriy±d²su yujjeyya ta½ k±raºa½. Kasm±? Tehi samudayasacc±d²hi khandh±disaªgahena saªgahite dhammaj±te sati tassa ±yatanasaªgah±d²hi asaªgahitattassa abh±vato. R³pakkhandh±d²h²ti r³pakkhandhavedan±kkhandh±d²hi. Saªgahitameva natthi, kasm±? “So eva tassa saªg±hako na hot²”ti vuttov±yamattho. Yadipi r³pakkhandh±din± r³pakkhandh±dikassa attano…pe… natth²ti sambandho. Aññassa pana vedan±kkhandh±dikassa r³pakkhandh±din± saªgahitatt±bh±vena asaªgahitatta½ atth²ti yojan±. Ubhay±bh±voti saªgahitatt±saªgahitatt±bh±vo. Ettha etasmi½ v±re. Dhamm±yatanaj²vitindriy±d²nanti dhamm±yatan±d²na½ khandhacatukkasaªg±hakatte, j²vitindriy±d²na½ khandhadukasaªg±hakatteti yojan±. P±¼iya½ an±gatatt± “sat²”ti s±saªka½ vadati. ¾di-saddena paµhamena dhammadh±tusa¼±yatan±d²na½ sukhindriy±d²nañca, dutiyena ekakkhandhassa saªgaho daµµhabbo. Sukhindriyañhi vedan±kkhandhasseva saªg±haka½. Tesanti khandhacatukkakhandhaduk±d²na½ asaªgahitat± na natthi atthev±ti tass± abh±vo anekantiko. Pubbe vuttanayen±ti “r³pakkhandh±d²hi pan±”ti-±din± vuttanayena.
Tatthev±ti tasmi½yeva pubbe vutte sanidassanasappaµighapade. Nivattetv± gaºhantoti pubbe vutta½ paµinivattetv± gaºhanto pacc±masanto. Tadavattabbat±ti tesa½ saªg±hak±saªg±hakasaªgahitatt±saªgahitatt±na½ avattabbat±. Asaªg±hakatt±bh±vato eva…pe… na saªg±hakatt±bh±vatoti yasm± nesa½ asaªg±hakatta½ viya saªg±hakattampi natthi, tato eva saªgahitatt±saªgahitattamp²ti dasseti.

Dutiyanayasaªgahitena-asaªgahitapadavaººan± niµµhit±.