5. B±hiram±tik±vaººan±

5. Etena µhapan±k±ren±ti sar³pena aggahetv± yath±vuttena pakaraºantaram±tik±ya idha m±tik±bh±vakittanasaªkh±tena µhapan±k±rena. Pakaraºantaraµhapit±ya m±tik±ya avibh±gena pacchato gahaºa½ bahi µhapananti ±ha “bahi piµµhito µhapitatt±”ti. Idha aµµhapetv±ti imiss± dh±tukath±ya sar³pena avatv±. Tath± pak±sitatt±ti m±tik±bh±vena jotitatt±. Dhammasaªgaº²s²sena hi dhammasaªgaºiya½ ±gatam±tik±va gahit±ti. Yehi nayehi dh±tukath±ya niddeso, tesu nayesu, tehi vibhajitabbesu khandh±d²su, tesa½ nay±na½ pavattidv±ralakkhaºesu ca uddiµµhesu dh±tukath±ya uddesavasena vattabba½ vuttameva hot²ti ya½ uddesavasena vattabba½, ta½ vatv± puna yath±vutt±na½ khandh±d²na½ kusal±divibh±gadassanattha½ “sabb±pi dhammasaªgaº² dh±tukath±ya m±tik±”ti vuttanti evamettha m±tik±ya nikkhepavidhi veditabbo.
“G±v²ti ayam±h±”ti ettha g±v²-saddo viya “saªgaho asaªgaho”ti ettha padatthavipall±sak±rin± iti-saddena atthapadatthako saªgah±saªgaha-saddo saddapadatthako j±yat²ti adhipp±yen±ha “aniddh±ritatthassa saddasseva vuttatt±”ti. Tena atthuddh±rato saªgahasadda½ sa½vaººet²ti dasseti. Aniddh±ritavisesoti asaªgahitaj±tisañj±ti-±diviseso. S±maññena gahetabbatanti saªgahasadd±bhidheyyat±s±maññena viññ±yam±no vuccam±no v±. Na cettha s±maññañca ekar³pamev±ti codan± k±tabb± bhed±pekkhatt± tassa. Yattak± hi tassa vises±, tadapekkhameva tanti. “Attano j±tiy±”ti viññ±yati yath± “matteyy±”ti vutte attano m±tu hit±ti.
Dhammavisesa½ aniddh±retv±ti saªgahitat±din± pucchitabbavissajjetabbadhamm±na½ visesana½ akatv±. S±maññen±ti avisesena. Dhamm±nanti khandh±didhamm±na½. Avases± niddh±retv±ti “saªgahitena asaªgahitan”ti-±dik± avases± dv±dasapi pucchitabbavissajjetabbadhammavisesa½ niddh±retv± dhamm±na½ pucchanavissajjananaya-uddes±ti yojan±. Nanu ca “saªgahitena asaªgahitan”ti-±dayopi yath±vuttavisesa½ aniddh±retv± s±maññena dhamm±na½ pucchanavissajjananayuddes±ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “saªgahitena asaªgahitan”ti-±di. Yassa attho ñ±yati, saddo ca na payujjati, so lopoti veditabbo, ±vutti-±divasena v± ayamattho d²petabbo. Ten±ti luttaniddiµµhena asaªgahita-saddena. Saªgahitavisesavisiµµhoti cakkh±yatanena khandhasaªgahena saªgahitat±visesavisiµµho, tena sot±yatan±dibh±vena asaªgahito sotapas±d±diko yo ruppanasabh±vo dhammaviseso. Tannissito ta½ dhammavisesa½ niss±ya labbham±no. “Te dhamm± katihi khandhehi…pe… cat³hi khandhehi asaªgahit±”ti-±din± asaªgahitat±saªkh±to pucch±vissajjananayo parato pucchitv± vissajjiyam±no idha uddiµµho hoti. Visesane karaºavacananti imin± tassa dhammassa yath±vuttasaªgahitat±visesavisiµµhata½yeva vibh±veti. Evamete pucchitabbavissajjetabbadhammavisesa½ niddh±retv± pucchanavissajjananayuddes± pavatt±ti veditabb±.
Nanu ca “saªgahitena asaªgahitan”ti ett±vat±pi ayamattho labbhat²ti? Na labbhati tassa dhammamattad²panato. Nayuddeso heso, na dhammuddeso. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ saªgahitena-asaªgahitapadaniddese “cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, ±yatana…pe… dh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti vatv± “te dhamm± katihi khandhehi…pe… asaªgahit±”ti (dh±tu. 171) pucchitv± “te dhamm± cat³hi khandhehi dv²h±yatanehi aµµhahi dh±t³hi asaªgahit±”ti dutiya½ asaªgahitapada½ gahita½. Aññath± “cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±, te dhamm± ±yatanasaªgahena asaªgahit±, dh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±. Te katame”icceva niddisitabba½ siy±.
Esa nayoti atidesena dassitamattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “tesup²”ti-±di vutta½. Tatiyapaden±ti luttaniddesena gahetabbanti vuttapada½ sandh±y±ha. Kattu-atthe karaºaniddeso saªgahit±saªgahitehi tehi dhammehi dhamm±na½ saªgahitat±saªgahitat±ya vuttatt±. Tath± hi tattha p±¼iya½ “tehi dhammehi ye dhamm±”ti dhammamukheneva saªgahitat±saªgahitat± vutt±. Dutiyatatiyesu pana saªgahitat±saªgahitat±saªkh±tavisesanadv±rena dhamm±na½ asaªgahitat±saªgahitat± vutt±ti tattha “visesane karaºavacanan”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “tattha hi…pe… dhammantarass±”ti. Tattha sabh±vantaren±ti saªgahitat±saªgahitat±saªkh±tena sabh±vantarena pak±rantarena. Sabh±vantarass±ti asaªgahitat±saªgahitat±saªkh±tassa sabh±vantarassa. Etes³ti catutthapañcamesu. Dhammantaren±ti aññadhammena. Dhammantarass±ti tato aññassa dhammassa visesana½ kata½. Tattha hi antarena pak±ravises±masana½ dhammeneva dhammo visesitoti. ¾dipadenev±ti “saªgahiten±”ti-±din± vuttena paµhamapadeneva. Itareh²ti “sampayutta½ vippayuttan”ti-±din± vuttehi dutiyatatiyapadehi. Etth±ti ek±dasam±d²su cat³su. Dutiyatatiyesu viya visesane eva karaºavacana½ daµµhabba½, na catutthapañcamesu viya kattu-attheti adhipp±yo. Pucch±vissajjan±nanti-±din± tamevattha½ vibh±veti.
Vividhakappanatoti vividha½ bahudh± kappanato, saªgah±saªgah±na½ visu½ saha ca visesanavisesitabbabh±vakappanatoti attho. Ta½ pana vikappana½ vutt±k±rena vibhajana½ hot²ti ±ha “vibh±gatoti attho”ti. Sanniµµh±nalakkhaºena adhimokkhena sampayuttadhamm± ±rammaºe nicchayan±k±rena pavattiy± sanniµµh±navasena vuttadhamm±. Te ca tehi saddhi½ tadavasiµµhe dvipañcaviññ±ºavicikicch±sahagatadhamme ca saªgahetv± ±ha “sanniµµh±navasena vutt± ca sabbe ca cittupp±d± sanniµµh±navasena vuttasabbacittupp±d±”ti. Itareti phass±dayo. Sabbesanti ek³nanavutiy± cittupp±d±na½. Pariggahetabb±ti saªgah±divasena pariggaºhitabb±. Mah±visayena adhimokkhena. Aññesanti vitakk±d²na½. Vacana½ sandh±y±ti “adhimuccana½ adhimokkho, so sanniµµh±nalakkhaºo”ti dhammasaªgahavaººan±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. yev±panakavaººan±) “taºh±paccay± adhimokkho, adhimokkhapaccay± bhavo”ti paµiccasamupp±davibhaªge ca ±gata½ vacana½ sandh±ya. Atthe sat²ti “sanniµµh±na…pe… s±dh±raºato”ti evamatthe vuccam±ne. Vattabbes³ti saªgah±dipariggahattha½ vattabbesu. Vutt± phass±dayo manasik±rapariyos±n±. T±disass±ti phass±disadisassa s±dh±raºassa adhimokkhasadisassa as±dh±raºassa aññassa dhammassa abh±v±.
Nanu j²vitindriyacittaµµhitiyopi s±dh±raº±ti? Sacca½ s±dh±raº±, atthi pana visesoti dassento ±ha “j²vitindriya½ pan±”ti-±di. Asam±dhisabh±v± balabh±va½ appatt± s±maññasaddeneva vattabb±ti yojan±. S±maññavisesasaddehi c±ti s±maññavisesasaddehi vattabb± ca sam±dhisabh±v± cittekaggat±. Visesasaddavacan²ya½ aññanti balappattasam±dhito añña½ s±maññasaddena by±petabba½, visesasaddena ca nivattetabba½ natthi sam±dhisabh±v±ya eva cittekaggat±ya gahitatt±. Na aññaby±pakanivattako s±maññaviseso anañña…pe… viseso tassa d²panato. Tasseva dhammass±ti tasseva balappattasam±dhidhammassa. Bhedad²pakeh²ti visesad²pakehi sam±dhibal±divacanehi vattabb±. Vuttalakkhaº± anaññaby±pakanivattakas±maññavisesad²pan± sadd±. Tato vipar²tehi añña½ by±petabba½ nivattetabbañca gahetv± pavattehi s±maññavisesasaddeheva na sukh±disabh±v± vedan± viya vattabb±. Tasm±ti yasm± asam±dhisabh±v± sam±dhisabh±v±ti dvedh± bhinditv± gahit± cittekaggat±, tasm±. Asam±dhisabh±vameva pak±seyya visesasaddanirapekkha½ pavattam±natt±. Itaroti sam±dhibal±diko visesasaddo. Idh±ti imasmi½ abbhantaram±tikuddese, s±dh±raºe phass±dike, mah±visaye v± adhimokkhe uddisiyam±ne. Nanu ca abhinditv± gayham±n± cittekaggat± vedan± viya s±dh±raº± hot²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “abhinn±pi v±”ti-±di. “Cittassa µhiti cittekaggat± avis±haµam±nasat± (dha. sa. 11, 15). Ar³p²na½ dhamm±na½ ±yu µhit²”ti (dha. sa. 19) vacanato sam±dhij²vitindriy±na½ aññadhammanissayena vattabbat± veditabb±. Na arahat²ti idha uddesa½ na arahati samukheneva vattabbesu phass±d²su uddisiyam±nes³ti attho.

M±tik±vaººan± niµµhit±.