Apicetassa lokavicittassa issaranimm±nabh±ve bah³ dos± sambhavanti. Katha½? Yadi sabbamida½ lokavicitta½ issaranimmita½, saheva vacanena pavattitabba½, na kamena. Na hi sannihitak±raº±na½ phal±na½ kamena uppatti yutt±, k±raºantar±pekkh±ya issarassa s±matthiyah±ni. Cakkh±d²na½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²su k±raºabh±vo na yutto. Karot²ti hi k±raºanti. Issaro eva ca k±rakoti sabbak±raº±na½ k±raºabh±vah±ni. Yehi puthuvisesehi issaro pas²deyya, tesañca saya½k±rat± ±pajjati, tath± sabbesa½ hetuk±na½ k±raºabh±vo. Yañjeta½ nimm±na½, tañcassa attadattha½ v± siy±, parattha½ v± siy±. Attadatthat±ya½ attano issarabh±vah±ni akatakiccat±ya isit±vasit±bh±vato. Tena v± nimmitena ya½ attano k±tabba½, ta½ kasm± sayameva na karoti. Paratthat±ya½ pana paro n±mettha loko ev±ti kimatthiya½ tassa niray±dirog±divis±dinimm±na½. Y± cassa issarat±, s± saya½kat± v± siy± para½kat± v± ahetuk± v±. Tattha saya½kat± ce, tato pubbe anissarabh±v±patti. Para½kat± ce, pacch±pi anissarabh±v±patti sa-uttarat± ca siy±. Ahetuk± ce, na kassaci anissarat±ti evamissarassapi asiddhi veditabb±.
Yath± ca issaro, eva½ paj±pati puriso ca. N±mamattameva hettha viseso. Tehi v±d²hi pakappita½ yadida½ “paj±pati puriso”ti. Ta½nimittaka½ pana lokappavatti½ icchant±na½ paj±pativ±de purisav±de ca issarav±de viya dos± asiddhi ca vidh±tabb±. Yath± cete issar±dayo, eva½ k±lopi asiddho lakkhaº±bh±vato. Paramatthato hi vijjam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vasaªkh±ta½ lakkhaºa½ upalabbhati. Yath± pathaviy± kathinat±, na eva½ k±lassa, tasm± natthi paramatthato k±loti. K±lav±d² pan±ha “vattan±lakkhaºo k±lo”ti. So vattabbo “k± pan±ya½ vattan±”ti. So ±ha “samayamuhutt±d²na½ pavatt²”ti. Tampi na, r³p±d²hi atthantarabh±vena aniddh±ritatt±. Paramatthato hi aniddh±ritasabh±vassa vattan±lakkhaºat±ya½ sasavis±º±d²nampi ta½lakkhaºat± ±pajjeyya.
Ya½ pana vadanti k±º±d± “aparasmi½ apara½ yugapadi cira½ khippamiti k±laliªg±n²ti liªgasabbh±vato atthi k±lo”ti, ta½ ayutta½ liªgino anupalabbham±natt±. Siddhasambandhesu hi liªgesu liªgamattaggahaºena liªgini avabodho bhaveyya. Na ca kenaci avipar²tacetas± tena liªgena saha kad±ci k±lasaªkh±to liªg² gahitapubboti. Ato na yutta½ “liªgasabbh±vato atthi k±lo”ti. “Aparasmi½ aparan”ti-±dikassa visesassa nimittabh±vato yuttanti ce? Na, paµhamaj±tat±dinimittakatt± tassa. Na ca paµhamaj±tat±di n±ma koci dhammo atthi aññatra samaññ±mattatoti nattheva paramatthato k±lo. Kiñca bhiyyo, bah³na½ ekabh±v±pattito. At²t±divibh±gena hi lokasamaññ±vasena bah³ k±labhed±. Tvañceta½ eka½ vadas²ti bah³na½ ekabh±v±bh±vato nattheva paramatthato k±lo. Tath± ekassa anekabh±v±pattito. Yo hi aya½ ajja vattam±nak±lo, so hiyyo an±gato ahosi, sve at²to bhavissati. Hiyyo ca vattam±no ajja at²to ahosi, tath± sve vattam±nopi aparajja. Na cekasabh±vassa anekasabh±vat± yutt±ti asiddho paramatthato k±lo. Dhammappavatti½ pana up±d±ya kappan±mattasiddh±ya lokasamaññ±ya at²t±divibh±gato vohar²yat²ti voh±ramattakoti daµµhabbo.
Sabh±vaniyatiyadicch±dayopi asiddh±. Ki½ k±raº±? Lakkhaº±bh±v±. Na hi sabh±vato niyatiyadicch± sambhavati. Aññath± eva½vidho koci bh±vo atthi ce, tesa½ sabh±vasaªkh±tena lakkhaºena bhavitabba½, patiµµh±pakahetun± ca na catthi. Kevala½ panete v±d± vimaddiyam±n± ahetuv±de eva tiµµhanti, na c±hetuka½ lokavicitta½ vises±bh±vappasaªgato. Ahetukabh±ve hi pavattiy± yv±ya½ narasuranirayatiracch±n±d²su indriy±d²na½ viseso, tassa abh±vo ±pajjati, na c±ya½ paº¹itehi icchito. Kiñca? Diµµhabh±vato. Diµµh± hi cakkh±dito cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ b²j±dito aªkur±d²na½ pavatti, tasm±pi hetutov±ya½ pavatti. Tath± pure pacch± ca abh±vato. Yato yato hi paccayas±maggito ya½ ya½ phala½ nibbattati, tato pubbe pacch± ca na tassa nibbatti sambhavati, kiñca bahun±. Yadi ahetuto pavatti siy±, ahetuk± pavatt²ti im±pi v±c± yath±sakapaccayasamav±yato pure pacch± ca bhaveyyu½, na ca bhavanti aladdhappaccayatt±, majjhe eva ca bhavanti laddhappaccayatt±. Eva½ sabbepi saªkhat± dhamm±ti na sijjhati ahetuv±do. Tasmiñca asiddhe pavattiy± ahetubh±vo viya ahetupariy±yavisesabh³t± sabh±vaniyatiyadicch±dayopi asiddh± eva hont²ti veditabb±.
Ya½ pana k±º±d± “param±ºavo nicc±, tehi dvi-aºuk±diphala½ nibbattati, tañca anicca½ tassa vaseneta½ lokavicittan”ti vadanti, tampi micch±parikappamatta½. Na hi param±ºavo n±ma santi aññatra bh³tasaªgh±t±. So pana aniccova, na ca niccato aniccassa nibbatti yutt± tassa k±raºabh±v±nupapattito tath± adassanato ca. Yadi ca so kassaci k±raºabh±va½ gaccheyya, anicco eva siy± vik±r±pattito. Na c±ya½ sambhavo atthi, ya½ vik±ra½ an±pajjantameva k±raºa½ phala½ nibbatteyy±ti. Vik±rañce ±pajjati, kutassa niccat±vak±so, tasm± vuttappak±r± param±ºavo satt± anicc±, aññepi nicc±dibh±vena b±hirakehi parikappit± asiddh± ev±ti veditabba½. Tena vutta½ “dhammappabhedato pana aññassa saccikaµµhassa asiddhatt±”ti.
Etth±ha “yadi paramatthato puggalo na upalabbhati, eva½ pana puggale anupalabbham±ne atha kasm± bhagav± ‘atthi puggalo attahit±ya paµipanno’ti (a. ni. 4.95; kath±. 22), ‘catt±rome, bhikkhave, puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmin’ti (a. ni. 4.95; kath±. 22) ca tattha tattha puggalassa atthibh±va½ pavedes²”ti. Vineyyajjh±sayavasena. Tath± tath± vinetabb±nañhi puggal±na½ ajjh±sayavasena vineyyadamanakusalo satth± dhamma½ desento lokasamaññ±nur³pa½ tattha tattha puggalaggahaºa½ karoti, na paramatthato puggalassa atthibh±vato.
Apica aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± puggalakatha½ katheti hirottappad²panattha½, kammassakat±d²panattha½, paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½, ±nantariyad²panattha½, brahmavih±rad²panattha½, pubbeniv±sad²panattha½, dakkhiº±visuddhid²panattha½, lokasammutiy± appah±natthañc±ti. “Khandh± dh±t³ ±yatan±ni hir²yanti ottappant²”ti hi vutte mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoha½ ±pajjati, paµisattu v± hoti “kimida½ khandh± dh±t³ ±yatan±ni hir²yanti ottappanti n±m±”ti. “Itth² hir²yati ottappati, puriso, khattiyo, br±hmaºo”ti pana vutte j±n±ti, na sammoha½ ±pajjati, na paµisattu hoti, tasm± bhagav± hirottappad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti. “Khandh± kammassak±, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± kammassakat±d²panatthampi puggalakatha½ katheti. “Ve¼uvan±dayo mah±vih±r± khandhehi k±r±pit±, dh±t³hi, ±yataneh²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tath± “khandh± m±tara½ j²vit± voropenti, pitara½, arahanta½, ruhirupp±dakamma½, saªghabhedakamma½ karonti, dh±tuyo, ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi, “khandh± mett±yanti dh±tuyo, ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi, “khandh± pubbeniv±sa½ anussaranti, dh±tuyo, ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½ ±nantariyad²panattha½ brahmavih±rad²panattha½ pubbeniv±sad²panatthañca puggalakatha½ katheti. “Khandh± d±na½ paµiggaºhanti, dh±tuyo, ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoha½ ±pajjati, paµisattu v± hoti “kimida½ khandh± dh±t³ ±yatan±ni paµiggaºhanti n±m±”ti. “Puggalo paµiggaºh±t²”ti pana vutte j±n±ti, na sammoha½ ±pajjati, na paµisattu hoti, tasm± bhagav± dakkhiº±visuddhid²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti. Lokasammutiñca buddh± bhagavanto nappajahanti lokasamaññ±ya lok±bhil±pe µhit±yeva dhamma½ desenti, tasm± bhagav± lokasammutiy± appah±natthampi puggalakatha½ kathet²ti imehi aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± puggalakatha½ katheti, na paramatthato puggalassa atthibh±vatoti veditabba½.
Dhammappabhed±k±renev±ti yath±vuttar³p±didhammappabhedato aññassa saccikaµµhassa asiddhatt± r³p±didhammappabhed±k±reneva puggalassa upaladdhiy± bhavitabbanti attho. Tena “ki½ tava puggalo upalabbham±no ruppan±k±rena upalabbhati, ud±hu anubhavanasañj±nan±bhisaªkharaºavij±nanesu aññatar±k±ren±”ti dasseti tabbinimuttassa sabh±vadhammassa loke abh±vato. Avisesavisesehi puggal³palabbhassa paµiññ±paµikkhepapakkh± anuj±nan±vaj±nanapakkh±. Yadipime dvepi pakkh± anulomapaµilomanayesu labbhanti, ±dito pana paµhama½ µhapetv± pavatto paµhamanayo, itaro dutiyanti ima½ nesa½ visesa½ dassento “anuj±nan±…pe… veditabbo”ti ±ha. Yath±dhikat±ya laddhiy± anulomanato cettha paµhamo nayo anulomapakkho, tabbilomanato itaro paµilomapakkhoti vuttoti veditabbanti.
Tena vata reti ettha ten±ti k±raºavacana½. Yena puggal³palabbho patiµµhap²yati, tena hetun±. Sv±ya½ hetu s±sanikassa b±hirakassa ca vasena heµµh± dassito eva. Hetupatir³pake c±ya½ hetusamaññ± paramatthassa adhippetatt±. Heµµh± “±j±n±hi niggahan”ti niggahassa saññ±panamatta½ kata½, ta½ id±ni “ya½ tattha vades²”ti-±din± nigamanar³pena micch±bh±vadassanena ca vibh±viyam±na½ p±kaµabh±vakaraºato ±ropita½ patiµµh±pita½ hot²ti aµµhakath±ya½ “±ropitatt±”ti vutta½.
Ettha ca “puggalo upalabbhat²”ti paµiññ±vayavo sar³peneva dassito. “Ten±”ti imin± s±maññato het±vayavo dassito. Yv±ya½ yasm± paµiññ±dhammo hutv± sadisapakkhe vijjam±no, visadisapakkhe avijjam±noyeva hetu lakkhaº³papanno n±ma hoti, na itaro, tasm± yattha so vijjati na vijjati ca, so sadis±sadisabh±vabhinno duvidho diµµhant±vayavo. Yath± r³p±di upalabbhati, tath± puggalo. Yath± ca sasavis±ºa½ na upalabbhati, na tath± puggaloti upanayo. Sv±ya½ “vattabbe kho puggalo upalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti im±ya p±¼iy± d²pito, yo aµµhakath±ya½ saddhi½ hetud±haraºehi “p±pan±”ti vutto. Nigamana½ p±¼iya½ sar³peneva ±gata½, y± aµµhakath±ya½ “ropan±”ti vutt±ti. Eva½ por±ºena ñ±yakkamena s±dhan±vayav± niddh±retv± yojetabb±.
Id±ni vattanena parapakkhupalakkhite hetud±haraºe anvayabyatirekadassanavasena niddh±retv± s±dhanapayogo yojetabbo. K±raºa½ vattabbanti kimettha vattabba½. Hetud±haraºehiyeva hi saparapakkh±na½ s±dhana½ d³sana½ v±, na paµiññ±ya, tass± s±dhetabb±dibh±vato. Ta½ pana dvaya½ “tena vata re”ti-±dip±¼iy± vibh±vita½. Aµµhakath±ya½ p±pan±ropan±s²sena dassita½. Paµiññ±µhapan± pana tesa½ visayadassana½ kath±ya½ ta½m³lat±y±ti veditabba½. Ten±ha “ya½ pana vakkhat²”ti-±di. Teneva ca aµµhakath±ya½ “ida½ anuloma…pe… eka½ catukka½ veditabban”ti vakkhati. Tath± c±ha “yath± pana tatth±”ti-±di. Niggahova visu½ vutto, na paµikammanti adhipp±yo. Visu½ vuttoti ca p±pan±ropan±hi asammissa½ katv± visu½ aªgabh±vena vutto, na tadaññataro viya tadantogadhabh±vena vutto, n±pi µhapan± viya agaºanupagabh±ven±ti attho. Ye pan±ti padak±re sandh±y±ha. Dutiye…pe… ±pajjati tattha niggahassa ayath±bh³tatt± paµikammassa ca yath±bh³tabh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
2. Paramatthato puggala½ n±nuj±n±ti, voh±rato pana anuj±n±t²ti sakav±dimata½ j±nantenapi parav±din± chalavasena vibh±ga½ akatv± “puggalo nupalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti pucch±ya kat±ya sakav±d² tattha aya½ puggalav±d², imassa laddhi paµikkhipitabb±ti paramatthasacca½ sandh±y±ha “±mant±”ti. “Na upalabbhat²”ti hi vutta½ hoti. Puna itaro sammutisacca½ sandh±ya “yo saccikaµµho”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yo lokavoh±rasiddho saccikaµµho, tato eva kenaci apaµikkhipitabbato paramatthato tato so puggalo nupalabbhat²ti. Puna sakav±d² pubbe paramatthasaccavasena puggale paµikkhitte id±ni sammutisaccavasen±ya½ pucch±ti mantv± ta½ appaµikkhipanto “na heva½ vattabbe”ti ±ha. Ten±ha “attan± adhippeta½ saccikaµµhamev±ti sammutisacca½ sandh±y±ti adhipp±yo”ti Evamavaµµhite “yadi parav±din±…pe… n±rabhitabb±”ti ida½ na vattabba½ paµhamapucch±ya paramatthasaccassa saccikaµµhoti adhippetatt±. “Atha sakav±din±…pe… ±pajjat²”ti idampi na vattabba½ dutiyapucch±ya sammutisaccassa saccikaµµhoti adhippetatt±.
Yadi ubhaya½ adhippetanti ida½ yadi paµhamapuccha½ sandh±ya, tadayutta½ tass± paramatthasaccasseva vasena pavattatt±. Atha dutiyapuccha½ sandh±ya, tass± sammutisaccavasena paµhamattha½ vatv± puna missakavasena vattu½ “sammutisaccaparamatthasacc±ni v± ekato katv±pi evam±h±”ti vuttatt± tampi na vattabbameva. Dvepi sacc±n²ti sammutiparamatthasacc±ni. Tesu paramatthasaccasseva nippariy±yena saccikaµµhaparamatthabh±vo, itarassa upac±rena. Tath± ca vutta½ “m±y± mar²ci…pe… uttamaµµho”ti. Tasm± sammutisaccavasena upaladdhi½ icchantenapi paramatthasaccavasena anicchanato “puggalo upalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti-±din± anuyogo yutto. “Padh±nappadh±nesu padh±ne kiccasiddh²”ti eteneva “na ca saccikaµµhekadesena anuyogo”ti-±di nivattitañca hoti saccikaµµhekadesabh±vasseva asiddhatt±. N±ssa paramatthasaccat± anuyuñjitabb±ti assa saccikaµµhassa paramatthasaccat± parav±din± na anuyuñjitabb± “puggalo nupalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti sakav±dinopi saccikaµµhaparamatthato tassa icchitabbatt±ti adhipp±yo. Voharitasaccikaµµhassa attan± adhippetasaccikaµµhat±pi yutt± tassa tena adhippetatt±. Sv±yamattho heµµh± dassitoyeva. Vuttanayova dosoti “dvepi sacc±n²”ti-±din± anantarameva vutta½ sandh±y±ha. Tassa pana adosabh±vo dassitoyeva. Atha na iti atha na bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbheyy±ti yojan±. Vattabboti yadettha vattabba½, ta½ “yo lokavoh±rasiddho”ti-±din± vuttameva, tasm± ettha “paramatthato puggala½ n±nuj±n±t²”ti-±din± adhipp±yamaggana½ daµµhabba½.
Anuññeyyameta½ siy±ti eta½ anupalabbhana½ paµhamapucch±ya½ viya dutiyapucch±yampi anuj±nitabba½ siy±. Na v± kiñci vattabbanti atha v± kiñci na vattabba½ µhapan²yatt± pañhassa. Tath± hissa µhapan²y±k±ra½ dassento “yath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca k±ma½ saccadvay±k±rena puggalo nupalabbhati, sammutiy±k±rena pana nupalabbhat²ti upalabbhanabh±vassa vasena paµikkhepo katoti ayamettha adhipp±yo daµµhabbo. Anuññ±ta½ paµikkhittañc±ti paµhamapucch±ya½ anuññ±ta½, dutiyapucch±ya½ paµikkhitta½. Eta½ chalav±da½ niss±y±ti eta½ eka½yeva vatthu½ uddissa anuj±nanapaµikkhipan±k±ra½ chalavacana½ niss±ya. Tva½ niggahetabboti yojan±. Sambhavantassa s±maññen±ti niggahaµµh±nabh±vena sambhavantassa anulomanayena anuj±nanapaµikkhepassa sam±nabh±vena. Asambhavantassa kappananti paccan²kanayena tassa niggahaµµh±nabh±vena asambhavantassa tath± kappana½ sa½vidh±na½ chalav±do bhavitu½ arahati. “Atthavikappupapattiy± vacanavigh±to chalan”ti vuttov±yamattho. Ten±ti yath±vuttakappana½ chalav±doti vuttatt±. Vacanas±maññamatta½ kappita½ chala½ vadati eten±ti chalav±do. Tena vutta½ “chalav±dassa k±raºatt± chalav±do”ti. Vacanas±maññamatta½ atthabh³ta½ tadattha½ chalav±da½ niss±ya. “Vic±retabban”ti vutta½, kimettha vic±retabba½. Yadipi pakkhassa µhapan±m³laka½ anuj±nan±vaj±nan±na½ micch±bh±vadassana½ tabbisayatt±, p±pan±ropan±hi eva pana so vibh±v²yati, na µhapan±y±ti p±kaµoyamattho.
4-5. Ten±ti sakav±din±. Tena niy±men±ti yena niy±mena sakav±din± cat³hi p±pan±ropan±hissa niggaho kato, tena niy±mena nayena. So niggaho dukkaµo aniggahoyev±ti dassento ±ha “aniggahabh±vassa v± upagamitatt±”ti, p±pitatt±ti attho. Evamev±ti yath± “tay± mama kato niggaho”ti-±din± aniggahabh±v³panayo vutto, evameva. Etass±ti “tena h²”ti-±din± im±ya p±¼iy± vuttassa.

Anulomapaccan²kavaººan± niµµhit±.