2. Niddesavaººan±

1. Ekakaniddesavaººan±

1. Paccan²kadhamm±na½ jh±panaµµhena jh±na½, tato suµµhu vimuccanaµµhena vimokkhoti nippariy±yena jh±naªg±neva vimokkhoti aµµhakath±-adhipp±yo. ݲk±k±rena pana “abhibh±yatana½ viya sasampayutta½ jh±na½ vimokkho”ti maññam±nena “adhipp±yen±h±”ti vutta½. Jh±nadhamm± hi sampayuttadhammehi saddhi½yeva paµipakkhato vimuccanti, na vin±, tath± abhirativasena ±rammaºe nir±saªkappavattip²ti adhipp±yo. Yath± v± jh±naªg±na½ jh±napaccayena paccayabh±vato saviseso jh±napariy±yo, eva½ vimokkhakiccayogato tesa½ saviseso vimokkhapariy±yo, tadupac±rena sampayutt±na½ veditabbo. Paµhama½ samaªgibh±vatthanti paµil±bha½ sandh±y±ha. “Phusitv± viharat²ti paµilabhitv± iriyat²”ti hi vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ “yena hi saddhi½…pe… paµiladdh± n±ma hont²”ti tehi s±dhetabbasahaj±t±dipaccayal±bhoyevettha paµil±bho daµµhabbo. Yath± phasso yattha uppanno, ta½ ±rammaºa½ phusat²ti vuccati, eva½ sampayuttadhammepi ta½sabh±vatt±ti ±ha “samphassena phusanatthan”ti. Tassa “vivarat²”ti imin± sambandho. Itareh²ti upac±ramp²ti-±din± upac±rapurimappan±parappan±na½ paµil±bhak±raºanti vacanehi. Itare k±raºattheti “upac±rena…pe… phusatiyev±”ti vutte k±raºatthad²pake atthe. Phusati phala½ adhigacchati et±y±ti k±raºabh±vassa phusan±pariy±yo veditabbo.
Paµhamatthamev±ti samaªgibh±vatthameva. T±ni aªg±n²ti imin± jh±nakoµµh±sabh±vena vuttadhamm±yeva gahit±, na phassapañcamaka-indriyaµµhak±dibh±ven±ti vutta½ “ses±…pe… saªgahit±n²”ti. Eva½ sat²ti sukhasaªkh±tajh±naªgato vedan±somanassindriy±na½ sesitabbabh±ve sati. Evañhi nesa½ phassakat± itarassa phassitabbat±va siy±. Ten±ha “sukhassa phusitabbatt±”ti. Vedayit±dhipateyyaµµheh²ti ±rammaº±nubhavanasaªkh±tena vedayitasabh±vena, tasseva s±tavisesasaªkh±tena sampayuttehi anuvattan²yabh±vena ca. Upanijjh±yanabh±vopi yath±vuttavedayit±dhipateyyaµµhavisiµµho o¼±rikassa ±rammaºassa nijjh±yanabh±vo. Abhinnasabh±vopi hi dhammo purimavisiµµhapaccayavisesasambhavena visesena bhinn±k±ro hutv± visiµµhaphalabh±va½ ±pajjati. Yatheka½yeva kamma½ cakkh±dinibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½. Tena vutta½ “vedayit±…pe… vuttatt±”ti. Aªg±n²ti n±ya½ tapparabh±vena bahuvacananiddeso anantabh±vato, kevalañca aªg±na½ bahutt± bahuvacana½, tena ki½ siddha½? Paccekampi yojan± siddh± hoti. Tena vutta½ “paccekampi yojan± k±tabb±”ti. Yadi “sukha½ µhapetv±”ti yojan±ya½ ses± tayo khandh± honti, ses± tayo, catt±ro ca khandh± hont²ti vattabba½ siy±ti? Na, cat³su tiººa½ antogadhatt±. Ten±ha “sabbayojan±…pe… vuttan”ti.
2. Asamayavimokkhen±ti heµµh±maggavimokkhena. So hi lokiyavimokkho viya adhigamava¼añjanattha½ pakappetabbasamayavises±bh±vato eva½ vutto. Aggamaggavimokkho pana ekacc±savavimuttivacanato idha n±dhippeto. Ten±ha “ekacce ±sav± parikkh²º± hont²”ti. Ekaccehi ±savehi vimuttoti diµµh±sav±d²hi samucchedavimuttiy± vimutto. Asamaya…pe… l±bhen±ti yath±vutta-asamayavimokkhassa upanissayabh³tassa adhigamena. Tato eva s±tisayena, ekaccehi k±m±savehi vimutto vikkhambhanavasen±ti attho. So eva ekaccasamayavimokkhal±bh² yath±vutto samayavimutto asamayavimokkhavisesassa vasena samayavimokkhapaññattiy± adhippetatt±. Soti asamayavimokkh³panissayasamayavimokkhal±bh². Tena s±tisayena samayavimokkhena. Tath±vimuttova hot²ti ettha iti-saddo hetu-attho. Yasm± tath±vimutto hoti, tasm± samayavimuttapaññatti½ laddhu½ arahat²ti pariññ±tattha½ hetun± patiµµh±peti. Byatirekamukhenapi tamattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “puthujjano pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha samud±c±rabh±vatoti samud±c±rassa sambhavato. Soti jh±nal±bh² puthujjano.
Yadi punar±vattakadhammat±ya puthujjano samayavimuttoti na vutto, tadabh±vato kasm± arah± tath± na vuttoti ±ha “arahato pan±”ti-±di. Tadak±raºabh±vanti tesa½ vimokkh±na½, tassa v± samayavimuttibh±vassa ak±raºabh±va½. Sabboti sukkhavipassakopi samathay±nikopi aµµhavimokkhal±bh²pi Bahi-abbhantarabh±v± apekkh±siddh±, vattu adhipp±yavasena gahetabbar³p± c±ti ±ha “b±hir±nanti lokuttarato bahibh³t±nan”ti.
3. R³pato añña½ na r³panti tattha r³papaµibh±ga½ kasiºar³p±di r³pa-saddena gahitanti tadañña½ paµhamatatiy±ruppavisayamatta½ ar³pakkhandhanibb±navinimutta½ ar³pa-saddena gahita½ daµµhabba½. Paµipakkhabh³tehi kilesacorehi am³sitabba½ jh±nameva cittamañj³sa½. Sam±dhinti v± sam±dhis²sena jh±nameva vuttanti veditabba½.
4. Attano anur³pena pam±den±ti ettha an±g±mino adhikusalesu dhammesu asakkacca-as±taccakiriy±din±. Kh²º±savassa pana t±disena pam±dapatir³pakena, t±dis±ya v± asakkaccakiriy±ya. S± cassa ussukk±bh±vato veditabb±. Paµippassaddhasabbussukk± hi te uttamapuris±. Samayena samayanti samaye samaye. Bhummatthe hi eta½ karaºavacana½ upayogavacanañca. Anipphattitoti sam±pajjitu½ asakkuºeyyato. Ass±ti “tesañh²”ti-±din± vuttassa imassa aµµhakath±vacanassa. Ten±ti yath±bhatena suttena.
5. Yen±dhipp±yena “dhammeh²”ti vattabbanti vutta½, ta½ vivaranto “idh±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha idh±ti “parih±nadhammo aparih±nadhammo”ti etasmi½ padadvaye. Tatth±ti “kuppadhammo akuppadhammo”ti padadvaye. Sati vacanan±natte attheva vacanatthan±nattanti ±ha “vacanatthan±nattamattena v±”ti. Vacanatthaggahaºamukhena gahetabbassa pana vibh±vanatthassa natthettha n±natta½, yato tesa½ pariy±yantarat±siddhi.
7-8. Sam±patticetan±ti y±ya cetan±ya sam±patti½ nibbatteti sam±pajjati ca. Ten±ha “tad±y³han±”ti. ¾rakkhapaccupaµµh±n± sat²ti katv± ±ha “anurakkhaº±…pe… sat²”ti. Ten±ha “ek±rakkho sat±rakkhena cetas± viharat²”ti. Tath± hi s± “kusal±kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samannesat²”ti vutt±.
11. Aggamaggaµµhopi itaramaggaµµh± viya anupacchinnabhayatt± bhay³paratavoh±ra½ labhat²ti ±ha “arahattamaggaµµho ca…pe… bhay³parato”ti.
12. Kec²ti tihetukapaµisandhike mandabuddhike sandh±y±ha. Tena vutta½ “duppaññ±ti imin± gayhant²”ti. Dubbal± paññ± yesa½ te duppaññ±ti.
14. Aniyatadhammasamann±gatasseva paccayavisesena niyatadhammapaµil±bhoti ±ha “yattha…pe… hont²”ti. Tadabh±v±ti niyat±niyatavomiss±ya pavattiy± abh±v±.
16. Pariy±diyitabb±n²ti pariy±dakena maggena khepetabb±ni. Taºh±d²na½ palibudhan±dikiriy±ya matthakappattiy± s²sabh±vo veditabbo, nibb±nassa pana visaªkh±rabh±vato saªkh±ras²sat±. Ten±ha “saªkh±ravivekabh³to nirodho”ti. Keci pana “saªkh±ras²sa½ nirodhasam±patt²”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ paññattimattassa s²sabh±v±nupapattito taduddhañca saªkh±rappavattisabbh±vato. Saha viy±ti ekajjha½ viya. Etena sama-saddassa attham±ha. Sahattho hesa sama-saddo. Sa½siddhidassanen±ti sa½siddhiy± niµµh±nassa uparamassa dassanena.
Idh±ti imiss± puggalapaññattip±¼iy±, imiss± v± tadaµµhakath±ya. Kilesapavattas²s±nanti kilesas²sapavattas²s±na½. Tesu hi gahitesu itarampi pariy±diyitabba½ kilesabh±vena pariy±diyitabbat±s±maññena ca gahitameva hot²ti kilesavaµµapariy±d±nena maggassa itaravaµµ±nampi pariy±diyana½. Vaµµupacchedakena maggeneva hi j²vitindriyampi anavasesato nirujjhat²ti. Kasm± panettha pavattas²sa½ visu½ gahitanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “pavattas²samp²”ti-±di. Odhiso ca anodhiso ca kilesapariy±d±ne sati sijjham±n± paccavekkhaºav±r± tena nipph±detabb±ti vutt±. Tenev±ha “kilesapariy±d±nasseva v±r±”ti. Id±ni tamattha½ ±gamena s±dhento “vimuttasmin”ti-±dim±ha. Cuticittena hot²ti ida½ yath±vuttassa kilesapariy±d±nasam±panabh³tassa paccavekkhaºav±rassa cuticittena paricchinnatt± vutta½, tasm± cuticittena paricchedakena paricchinna½ hot²ti attho.
17. Tiµµheyy±ti na upagaccheyya. Ýh±nañhi gatinivatti. Tena vutta½ “nappavatteyy±”ti.
18. Payirup±san±ya bah³pak±ratt± payirup±sitabbatt±.
20. Aggavijj± yassa anadhigatavijj±dvayassa hoti, so ce pacch± vijj±dvaya½ adhigacchati, tassa paµhama½ adhigatavijj±dvayassa viya atevijjat±bh±v± yadipi nippariy±yat± tevijjat±, paµhama½ adhigatavijj±dvayassa pana s± savises±ti dassento “y±ya katakiccat±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha aggavijj±ti ±savakkhayañ±ºa½, aggamaggañ±ºameva v± veditabba½. S± ca tevijjat±ti yojan±.
22. Tatthev±ti sacc±bhisambodhe eva.
24. Tanti nirodhasam±pattil±bhino ubhatobh±gavimuttat±vacana½. Vuttalakkhaº³papattikoti dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti eva½ vuttalakkhaºena upapattito yuttito samann±gato. Eseva nayoti yath± catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ ekekato nirodhato ca vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patt±na½ vasena pañca ubhatobh±gavimutt± vutt±, tath± sekkhabh±va½ patt±na½ vasena pañca k±yasakkhino hont²ti katv± vutta½.
Dassanak±raº±ti imin± “disv±”ti ettha tv±-saddo hetu-atthoti dasseti yath± “s²ha½ disv± bhaya½ hot²”ti-±d²su. Dassane sati parikkhayo, n±sat²ti ±ha “dassan±yattaparikkhayatt±”ti. Purimakiriy±ti ±sav±na½ khayakiriy±ya purimakiriy±. Sam±nak±lattepi hi k±raºakiriy± phalakiriy±ya purimasiddh± viya vohar²yati. Tato n±mak±yato muccanato. Yato hi yena muccitabba½, ta½ nissito hot²ti vutta½ “n±manissitako”ti. Tass±ti k±yadvayavimuttiy± ubhatobh±gavimuttabh±vassa. Ar³paloke hi µhit±rahantavasen±yamattho vutto. Ten±ha “sutte h²”ti-±di.
Dv²hi bh±geh²ti vikkhambhanasamucchedabh±gehi. Dve v±reti kiles±na½ vikkhambhanasamucchindanavasena dvikkhattu½. Kilesehi vimuttoti ida½ paµhamatatiyav±d±na½ vasena vutta½, itara½ dutiyav±dassa. Ar³pajjh±na½ yadipi r³pasaññ±d²hi vimutta½ ta½samatikkam±din± pattabbatt±, pavattiniv±rakehi pana k±macchand±d²hiyevassa vimutti s±tisay±ti dassento “n²varaºasaªkh±tan±mak±yato vimuttan”ti ±ha. Yañc±pi ar³pajjh±na½ r³paloke vivekaµµhat±vasenapi r³pak±yato vimutta½, ta½ pana r³papaµibandhachandar±gavikkhambhaneneva hot²ti vikkhambhanameva padh±nanti vutta½ “r³pataºh±vikkhambhanena r³pak±yato ca vimuttatt±”ti. Ekadesena ubhatobh±gavimutta½ n±ma hoti samucchedavimuttiy± abh±v±.
25. “Sattisayo”ti viya samud±ye pavatto voh±ro avayavepi dissat²ti dassento ±ha “aµµhavimokkhekadesena…pe… vuccat²”ti.
26. Phuµµh±nanti phassit±na½, adhigat±nanti attho. Antoti antasadiso phassan±ya parak±lo. Tadanantaro hi tappariyos±no viya hot²ti. K±lavisayo c±ya½ anta-saddo, na pana k±lattho. Ten±ha “adhipp±yo”ti. N±mak±yekadesatoti n²varaºasaªkh±tan±mak±yekadesato. ¾locito pak±sito viya hoti vibandhavikkhambhanena ±locane pak±sane samatthassa ñ±ºacakkhuno adhiµµh±nasamupp±danato. Na tu vimuttoti vimuttoti na vuccateva.
28. Ima½ pana nayanti “apica tesan”ti-±din± ±gatavidhi½. Yena visesen±ti yena k±raºavisesena. Soti diµµhippattasaddh±vimutt±na½ yath±vutto paññ±ya viseso. Paµikkhepo kato k±raºassa avibh±vitatt±. Ubhatobh±gavimutto viya, paññ±vimutto viya v± sabbath± avimuttassa s±vasesavimuttiyampi diµµhippattassa viya paññ±ya s±tisay±ya abh±vato saddh±mattena vimuttabh±vo daµµhabbo. Saddh±ya adhimuttoti ida½ ±gamanavasena saddh±ya adhikabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, magg±dhigamato panassa paccakkhameva ñ±ºadassana½.
31. “Sototi ariyamaggassa n±man”ti nippariy±yena ta½samaªg² sot±pannoti adhipp±yena codako “api-saddo kasm± vutto”ti codana½ uµµh±petv± “nan³”ti-±din± attano adhipp±ya½ vivarati. Itaro “n±pannan”ti-±din± pariharati. Samann±gato eva n±ma lokuttaradhamm±na½ akuppasabh±vatt±. Itareh²ti dutiyamaggaµµh±d²hi. So ev±ti paµhamaphalaµµho eva. Idh±ti imasmi½ sattakkhattuparamaniddese. Sota½ v± ariyamagga½ ±dito panno adhigatoti sot±pannoti vuccam±ne dutiyamaggaµµh±d²na½ nattheva sot±pannabh±v±patti. Sutte pana sota½ ariyamagga½ ±dito mariy±da½ amuñcitv±va panno paµipajjat²ti katv± maggasamaªg² “sot±panno”ti vutto. Pariy±yena itaropi tassa aparih±nadhammatt± sot±pannoti veditabba½. Pah²n±vasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaº±ya samudayasacca½ viya dukkhasaccampi paccavekkhita½ hoti saccadvayapariy±pannatt± kiles±nanti ±ha “catusaccapaccavekkhaº±d²nan”ti. ¾di-saddena phalapaccavekkhaºa-uparimaggaphaladhamme ca saªgaºh±ti.
32. Mah±kulamev±ti u¼±rakulameva vuccati “kul²no kulaputto”ti-±d²su viya.
33. Sajjh±nako aparih²najjh±no k±lakato brahmalok³pago hutv± vaµµajjh±sayo ce, upar³pari nibbattitv± nibb±yat²ti ±ha “an±g±misabh±go”ti. Yato so jh±n±n±g±m²ti vuccati. Ten±ha “an±vattidhammo”ti.
36. Parayoge tv±-saddo tadanto hutv± “parasaddayoge”ti vutto, appatv±ti vutta½ hot²ti “appatta½ hutv±”ti imin± vuccati.
37. Ten±ti “upahacc±”ti padena. Nanu ca vemajjh±tikkamo “atikkamitv± vemajjhan”ti imin± pak±sito hot²ti adhipp±yo.
40. Taºh±vaµµasot± taºh±vaµµabandh±. Tass±ti sotassa. Sambandhe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Uddha½sotassa uparibhav³pagat± eka½sik±ti ±ha “yattha v± tattha v± gantv±”ti. Tass±ti uddha½sotassa. Tatth±ti avihesu. Lahus±lahusagatik±ti lahuk±lahuk±yugatik±, lahuk±lahukañ±ºagatik± v±. Uppajjitv±va nibb±yanak±d²h²ti ±di-saddena “±k±sa½ laªghitv± nibb±yat²”ti-±din± vutt± tisso upam± saªgaºh±ti. Antar±-upahaccaparinibb±y²hi adhimattat±, uddha½sotato anadhimattat± ca asaªkh±rasasaªkh±raparinibb±y²na½ na veditabb±ti yojan±. Te ev±ti antar±-upahaccaparinibb±yi-uddha½sot± eva. Yadi eva½ asaªkh±rasasaªkh±raparinibb±y²na½ upam±vacanena tato mahantatarehi kasm± vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “tato mahanta…pe… dassanatthan”ti.
Ten±ti “no cassa, no ca me siy±”ti vacanena. Ten±ti v± yath±vuttena tassa atthavacanena. Imassa dukkhass±ti imassa sampati vattam±nassa viññ±º±didukkhassa. Udayadassana½ ñ±ºa½. Cat³hip²ti “no cass±”ti cat³hi padehi. Ya½ atth²ti ya½ paramatthato vijjati Ten±ha “bh³tanti sasabh±van”ti, bh³tanti khandhapañcakanti attho. Yath±ha “bh³tamidanti, bhikkhave, samanupassath±”ti. Vivaµµam±naso viviccam±nahadayo taºh±disotato nivattajjh±sayo. Upekkhako hot²ti cattabhariyo viya puriso bhaya½ nandiñca pah±ya ud±sino hoti.
Avisiµµheti h²ne. Visiµµheti uttame. “Bhave”ti vatv± “sambhave”ti vuccam±na½ avuttav±caka½ hot²ti dassento “paccuppanno”ti-±dim±ha. Bh³tameva vuccat²ti ya½ bh³tanti vuccati, tadeva bhavoti ca vuccati, bhavati ahos²ti v±. Sambhavati etasm±ti sambhavo. Tad±h±ro tassa bhavassa paccayo. Anukkamena maggapaññ±y±ti vipassan±nukkamena laddh±ya ariyamaggapaññ±ya. Ten±ti sekkhena.

Ekakaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.