Puggalapaññattipakaraºa-anuµ²k±

1. M±tik±vaººan±

1. “Dh±tukatha½ desayitv± anantara½ tassa ±ha puggalapaññattin”ti vutte tattha k±raºa½ samud±gamato paµµh±ya vibh±vento “dhammasaªgahe”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yadipi dhammasaªgahe phass±d²na½ pathav²-±d²nañca dhamm±na½ n±n±nayavicitto anupadavibh±gopi kato, na saªgaho eva, so pana tesa½ kusalattik±dihetuduk±ditikadukehi saªgahasandassanatthoti vutta½ “dhammasaªgahe tikaduk±divasena saªgahit±na½ dhamm±nan”ti. Teneva hi ta½ pakaraºa½ “dhammasaªgaho”ti samañña½ labhi. K±mañca dhammasaªgahepi “tasmi½ kho pana samaye catt±ro khandh± hont²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 58) khandh±divibh±go dassito, so pana na tath± s±tisayo, yath± vibhaªgapakaraºeti s±tisaya½ ta½ gahetv± ±ha “vibhaªge khandh±divibh±ga½ dassetv±”ti, yato ta½ “vibhaªgo”tveva paññ±yittha. Dh±tukath±y±ti ±dh±re bhumma½, tath± “dhammasaªgahe vibhaªge”ti etth±pi. ¾dh±ro hi saªgahaºavibhajanappabhedavacanasaªkh±t±na½ avayavakiriy±na½ ta½samud±yabh³t±ni pakaraº±ni yath± “rukkhe s±kh±”ti. Karaºavacana½ v± eta½, dh±tukath±ya karaºabh³t±y±ti attho.
Ettha ca abhiññeyyadhamme desento desan±kusalo bhagav± tikadukavasena t±va nesa½ saªgaha½ dassento dhammasaªgaºi½ desetv± saªgahapubbakatt± vibh±gassa tadanantara½ khandh±divasena vibh±ga½ dassento vibhaªga½ desesi. Puna yath±vuttavibh±gasaªgahayutte dhamme saªgah±saªgah±dinayappabhedato dassento dh±tukatha½ desesi tass± abbhantarab±hiram±tik±sar²rakatt±. Na hi sakk± khandh±dike kusal±dike ca vin± saªgah±saªgah±dinaya½ netunti. Ten±ha “tath±saªgahitavibhatt±nan”ti. Eva½ saªgahato vibh±gato pabhedato ca dhamm±na½ desan± yass± paññattiy± vasena hoti, yo c±ya½ yath±vuttadhammup±d±no puggalavoh±ro, tassa ca samayavimutt±divasena vibh±go, ta½ sabba½ vibh±vetu½ puggalapaññatti desit±ti idametesa½ catunna½ pakaraº±na½ desan±nukkamak±raºa½ daµµhabba½.
Tesanti dhamm±na½. Sabh±vatoti “phasso vedan±”ti-±disabh±vato. Up±d±y±ti “puggalo satto poso”ti-±din± khandhe up±d±ya. Paññ±pana½ y±ya tajj±-up±d±dibhed±ya paññattiy± hoti, ta½ paññatti½. Pabhedatoti khandh±disamayavimutt±divibh±gato. Y±ya paññattiy± sabh±vato up±d±ya ca paññ±pananti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaranto “tattha ye dhamme”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha asabh±vapaññattiy±pi m³labh³ta½ up±d±na½ sabh±vadhammo eva, kevala½ pana tesa½ pavatti-±k±rabhedasannissayato visesoti dassento “ye dhamme…pe… hot²”ti ±ha. Tattha pubb±pariyabh±vena pavattam±neti imin± pabandhasannissayata½ dassento sant±napaññatti½ vadati, asabh±vasam³havasen±ti imin± sesapaññatti½. Tisso hi paññattiyo sant±napaññatti sam³hapaññatti avatth±visesapaññatt²ti. Tattha pabandho sant±no. Samud±yo sam³ho. Upp±d±diko daharabh±v±diko ca avatth±viseso. Tesu asabh±vaggahaºena vin± pabandhasam³h±na½ asabh±vatte siddhe asabh±vasam³havasen±ti asabh±vaggahaºa½ pabandhasam³havinimuttapaññattisandassanatthanti tena avatth±visesapaññattiy± pariggaho vuttoti veditabbo.
Tesanti pubbe ya½-saddena par±maµµh±na½ indriyabaddhadhamm±na½. Tenev±ha “aññesañca b±hirar³panibb±n±nan”ti. Sasabh±vasam³hasasabh±vappabhedavasen±ti r³pakkhandh±disasabh±vasam³havasena cakkh±yatan±disasabh±vavisesavasena ca. “Sasabh±vasam³hasabh±vabhedavasen±”ti ca p±µho. Tattha sam³hasabh±voti sabh±vasant±na½ avatth±visesavidhura½ sam³havasena lakkhaºamev±ha. Tath± hi khandhapaññattiy±pi sabh±vapaññattit± vutt±. T±y±ti ±yatanapaññatti-±dippabhed±ya sabh±vapaññattiy±. Vibhatt± sabh±vapaññatt²ti “phasso phusan±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 2) vibhatt± phass±disabh±vapaññatti. Sabb±p²ti pi-saddena sabh±vadhammesu s±maññavasena pavatta½ kusal±dipaññatti½ saªgaºh±ti. R³p±didhamm±na½ sam³ho sant±nena pavattam±no avatth±visesasahito ekattaggahaºanibandhano sattoti vohar²yat²ti so sabh±vadhammo n±ma pana na hot²ti ±ha “puggalapaññatti pana asabh±vapaññatt²”ti. T±y±ti puggalapaññattiy±. Yasm± pana dhamm±na½ pabandho sam³ho ca dhammasannissitoti vattabbata½ arahati, tasm± “pariññeyy±disabh±vadhamme up±d±ya pavattito”ti vutta½.
Vijjam±napaññatti pana “sabh±vapaññatt²”ti vutt±, avijjam±napaññatti “asabh±vapaññatt²”ti vutt±. Sabb± paññattiyoti up±d±yapaññattikiccapaññatti-±dayo sabb± paññattiyo. Yadi sabb± paññattiyo idha dassit± honti, katha½ “puggalapaññatt²”ti n±ma½ j±tanti ±ha “khandh±dipaññatt²s³”ti-±di. Aññatth±ti dhammasaªgah±d²su. Ye dhammeti ye khandh±didhamme. Paññattiy± vatthubh±ven±ti paññ±panassa adhiµµh±nabh±vena. Adhiµµh±nañhi paññ±petabbadhamm± paññ±panassa. Evañca katv± khandh±d²hi saddhi½ puggalo gahito. Ye dhammeti v± ye paññattidhamme. Paññ±petuk±moti nikkhipituk±mo vatthubhedato asaªkarato µhapetuk±mo. Paññattiparicchedanti ca vatthubhedabhinna½ paññattibh³ta½ pariccheda½. Evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
S±maññappabhedapaññ±pan±ti s±maññabh³t±na½ visesabh³t±nañca atth±na½ paññ±pan±. Tesanti attha-sadd±pekkh±ya pulliªganiddeso. Tatth±ti paññ±pan±ya atthadassanabh³tesu dassan±d²su. Idameva½n±makanti ida½ ruppan±di-atthaj±ta½ itthann±maka½ r³pakkhandhavedan±kkhandh±disamañña½. Ta½ta½koµµh±sikakaraºanti r³pavedan±dita½ta½atthavibh±gapariy±pannat±p±dana½. Tath± saññupp±d±namev±ti ±ha “bodhanameva nikkhipan±”ti. Bodhanañhi bodhaneyyasant±ne bodhetabbassa atthassa µhapananti katv± “nikkhipan±”ti vutta½. “Paññ±pan±”ti-±din± bh±vas±dhanena vatv± s±dhanantar±masanena atthantaraparikapp±saªk± siy±ti ta½ niv±retu½ “yo pan±ya½…pe… veditabbo”ti ±ha. Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±nanti ta½ta½paññ±petabbadhamm±na½. Dassanabh³t±ya n±mapaññattiy± diµµhat±ya, µhapanabh³t±ya µhapitat±ya. Ta½nimittatanti tassa dassanassa µhapanassa ca nimittak±raºata½. Nimittañhi kattubh±vena vohar²yati yath± “bhikkh± v±set²”ti, “ariyabh±vakar±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±n²”ti ca.
P±¼iya½ an±gatatanti vijjam±nat±divisesavacanena saha p±µh±n±ru¼hata½. Vijjam±nassa satoti vijjam±nassa sam±nass±ti imamattha½ dassento “vijjam±nabh³tass±ti attho”ti ±ha. Tath±ti saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena avijjam±nassa anupalabbham±nassa. Ta½ pana anupalabbham±nata½ tath±-saddena byatirekavasena d²pita½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “yath± kusal±d²n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vinivattasabh±v±n²ti vibhattasabh±v±ni. Upaladdh²ti gahaºa½. Ten±k±ren±ti tena r³pavedan±di-±k±rena avijjam±nassa. Aññen±k±ren±ti tato r³pavedan±dito aññena tabbinimuttena paññ±petabbapaññ±pan±k±rena vijjam±nassa. Paññattiduke vuttameva “ayañca v±do sevatthikath±ya paµisiddho”ti-±din±. Lokaniruttimattasiddhass±ti ettha mattaggahaºa½ tassa paññattivatthussa na kevala½ vijjam±nasabh±vat±nivattanatthameva, atha kho vipar²tagg±hanivattanatthamp²ti dassento “anabhinivesena citten±”ti ±ha. Catusaccapañcakkhandh±divinimutta½ saccantarakhandhantar±dika½ pañcamasacc±dika½. Sace ta½ koci atth²ti paµij±neyya, ay±th±vagahitassa ta½ v±c±vatthumattamevass±ti dassento ±ha “s±bhinivesena…pe… vuttan”ti. Uddese niddese ca sattavanta½ padh±nabh±vena ±gamana½ sandh±y±ha “sar³pato tissanna½ ±gatatan”ti. Guºabh±vena pana uddha½sotapaññ±vimuttap±s±ºalekh±diggahaºesu itar±pi tisso paññattiyo imasmi½ pakaraºe ±gat± eva.
Yath±vuttassa…pe… avirodhen±ti “vijjam±napaññatti avijjam±napaññatt²”ti eva½ vuttappak±rassa avilomanena. ¾cariyav±d±ti cettha attanomatiyo veditabb±, aññattha pana aµµhakath± ca. Yath± ca avirodho hoti, ta½ dassento “tasm±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha avijjam±natt± paññ±petabbamattatthena paññatt²ti etena “avijjam±n± paññatti avijjam±napaññatt²”ti ima½ sam±savikappam±ha. Avijjam±napaññatt²ti ettha hi dve sam±s± avijjam±nassa, avijjam±n± v± paññatt²ti avijjam±napaññatti. Tesu purimena n±mapaññatti vutt±, dutiyena up±d±paññatti-±dibhed± itar±pi. Sasabh±va½ vedan±dika½. Tajjaparamatthan±mal±bhatoti tajjassa tadanur³passa paramatthassa anvatthassa n±massa labhanato, anubhavan±disabh±v±na½ dhamm±na½ paramatthikassa vedan±din±massa labhanatt±ti attho Etena visesanivatti-attho matta-saddo, tena c±ya½ viseso nivattitoti dasseti. Parato labhitabbanti para½ up±d±ya laddhabba½ yath± r³p±dike up±d±ya sattoti nissabh±vasam³hasant±n±di paññattivatthu. Ekatten±ti anaññattena. Anupalabbhasabh±vat± ñ±ºena aggahetabbasabh±vat±, yato te navattabb±ti vuccanti.
Sas³kas±lir±si-±di-±k±rena sa½kucitaggo v±savav±sudev±d²na½ viya moliviseso kir²µa½, so pana makuµavisesopi hotiyev±ti ±ha “kir²µa½ makuµan”ti. Sabbasamorodhoti sabb±sa½ vijjam±napaññatti-±d²na½ channa½ paññatt²na½ antokaraºa½. Saªkh±tabbappadh±natt±ti ida½ lakkhaºavacana½. Na hi sabb±pi upanidh±paññattisaªkh±vasena pavatt±, n±pi sabb± saªkh±tabbappadh±n±. Dutiya½ tatiyanti-±dika½ pana upanidh±paññattiy±, dve t²º²ti-±dika½ upanikkhittapaññattiy± ekadesa½ upalakkhaºavasena dassento tassa ca saªkhyeyyappadh±nat±y±ha “saªkh±tabbappadh±natt±”ti. P³raºattho hi saddo tadatthad²panamukhena p³retabbamattha½ d²peti. So ca saªkh±visayo padh±nov±ti dutiy±d²na½ paññatt²na½ saªkh±tabbappadh±nat± vutt±. Y±va hi dasasaªkh± saªkhyeyyappadh±n±ti. Tath± dve t²º²ti-±d²nampi paññatt²na½. Saªkh±tabbo pana attho koci vijjam±no, koci avijjam±no, koci saha visuñca tadubhaya½ missoti chapi paññattiyo bhajat²ti.
Itar±ti up±d±samodh±natajj±santatipaññattiyo vutt±vases± upanidh±paññatti-upanikkhittapaññattiyo ca. Sattarath±dibhed± up±d±paññatti, d²gharass±dibhed± upanidh±paññatti ca avijjam±napaññatti. Hatthagat±divisiµµh± upanidh±paññatti, samodh±napaññatti ca avijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññatti. Tatheva “suvaººavaººo brahmassaro”ti-±dik± vijjam±nagabbh± vijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññatti½ bhajant²ti ±ha “yath±yoga½ ta½ ta½ paññattin”ti. Tena vutta½ “dutiya½ tatiya½…pe… bhajant²”ti. Yañh²ti-±di yath±vutta-upanidh±-upanikkhittapaññatt²na½ avijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññattibh±vasamatthana½. Tattha tañca saªkh±nanti ya½ “paµhama½ ekan”ti-±dika½ saªkh±na½, tañca saªkh±mukhena gahetabbar³pa½. Ca-saddena saªkhyeyya½ saªgaºh±ti. Tampi hi paññ±petabba½ paññatt²ti. Tass± pana paramatthato abh±vo vuttoyeva. Kiñci natth²ti paramatthato kiñci natthi. Tath±ti imin± avijjam±nena-avijjam±nabh±vanti eta½ ±ka¹¹hati. Ten±ha “na hi…pe… vijjam±no”ti.
Ok±seti av²ciparanimmitavasavatt²paricchinne padese. So hi k±m±dhiµµh±nato “k±mo”ti vuccati. Kammanibbattakkhandhes³ti imin± uttarapadalopena k±mabhava½ “k±mo”ti vadati. Bhaºana½ saddo cetan± v±, ta½samaªgit±ya tabbisiµµhe puggale bh±ºakoti paññatt²ti ±ha “vijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññattipakkha½ bhajat²”ti. Yebhuyyena r³p±yatanaggahaºamukhena r³pasaªkh±tena saºµh±na½ gayhat²ti tassa tena abhedopac±ra½ katv± vutta½ “r³p±yatanasaªkh±tena saºµh±nen±”ti. Ya½ abhedopac±ra½ bhinditu½ aj±nant± nik±yantariy± r³p±yatana½ saºµh±nasabh±va½ paµij±nanti. “Kiso puggalo, th³lo puggalo, kiso daº¹o, th³lo daº¹o”ti-±din± puggal±d²na½ paññ±pan± tath±tath±sanniviµµhe r³pasaªkh±te kis±disaºµh±napaññatti, na r³p±yatanamatteti ±ha “saºµh±nanti v± r³p±yatane aggahite”ti. Paccattadhamman±mavasen±ti “pathav² phasso”ti-±din± dhamm±na½ ta½ta½n±mavasena. Kiccapaññatti-±divibh±gena pavatto ayampi ±cariyav±do “kiccapaññatti ekacc± bh³mipaññatti paccattapaññatti asaªkhatapaññatti ca vijjam±napaññatti, liªgapaññatti ekacc± paccattapaññatti ca avijjam±napaññatti, ekacc± kiccapaññatti vijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññatti, ekacc± bh³misaºµh±napaññatti vijjam±nena v± avijjam±nena v± avijjam±napaññatt²”ti dassitatt± “dhammakath± itthiliªgan”ti-±d²na½ vijjam±nenavijjam±napaññattibh±vo, avijjam±nena-avijjam±napaññattibh±vo ca dassitanayoti ±ha “sabbasaªg±hakoti daµµhabbo”ti. Up±d±paññatti-±dibh±vo cettha kiccapaññatti-±d²na½ kiccapaññatti-±dibh±vo ca t±sa½ yath±raha½ vibh±vetabbo.
2. Saªkhepappabhedavasen±ti “y±vat± pañcakkhandh±”ti sabbepi khandhe khandhabh±vas±maññena sa½khipanavasena, “y±vat± r³pakkhandho”ti-±din± khandh±na½ tato s±maññato pak±rehi bhindanavasena ca. Aya½ atthoti aya½ paññattisaªkh±to attho. S±maññato v± hi dhamm±na½ paññ±pana½ hoti visesato v±. Viseso cettha attano s±maññ±pekkh±ya veditabbo, vises±pekkh±ya pana sopi s±mañña½ sampajjat²ti “kitt±vat± khandh±na½ khandhapaññatt²”ti pucch±ya saªkhepato vissajjanavasena “y±vat± pañcakkhandh±”ti vuttanti tatth±pi “khandh±na½ khandhapaññatt²”ti ±netv± yojetabbanti ±ha “y±vat±…pe… paññatt²”ti. “Y±vat± pañcakkhandh±, ett±vat± khandh±na½ khandhapaññatti. Y±vat± r³pakkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho, ett±vat± khandh±na½ khandhapaññatt²”ti evamettha p±¼iyojan± k±tabb±. Evañhi saªkhepato pabhedato ca khandhapaññatti vissajjit± hoti. Tath± hi imasseva atthassa aµµhakath±ya½ vuttabh±va½ dassento “yattakena…pe… ±diken±”ti ±ha. Tatth±ti tasmi½ vissajjanassa atthavacane, tasmi½ v± vissajjanap±µhe tadatthavacane ca. Pabhedanidassanamattanti pabhedassa ud±haraºamatta½. Avuttopi sabbo bh³tup±diko, sukh±diko ca pabhedo. Ta½ pana bh³mimukhena dassetu½ “r³pakkhandho k±m±vacaro”ti-±di vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Eva½ aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayena p±¼iy± atthayojana½ dassetv± id±ni ta½ pak±rantarena dassetu½ “aya½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aya½ v±ti vuccam±na½ sandh±y±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ khandhapaññattivissajjane. Idanti ida½ pada½. Yattako…pe… khandhapaññattiy± pabhedoti imin± saªkhepato vitth±rato ca khandh±na½ pabheda½ pati paññattivibh±goti dassita½ hoti. Ten±ha “vatthubhedena…pe… dasset²”ti. Pakaraºantareti vibhaªgapakaraºe. Tattha hi s±tisaya½ khandh±na½ vibh±gapaññatti vutt±. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “samm±sambuddhena hi…pe… kathit±”ti. Ettha ca paµhamanaye samukhena, dutiye vatthumukhena paññattiy± vibh±g± dassit±ti ayametesa½ viseso.
Esa nayoti imin± khandhapaññattiy± vuttamattha½ ±yatanapaññattiy±d²su atidisati. Tattha “y±vat± pañcakkhandh±”ti, “khandh±na½ khandhapaññatt²”ti ida½ paññattiniddesap±¼iy± ±dipariyos±naggahaºamukhena dassana½. “Y±vat± dv±das±yatan±n²”ti, “±yatan±na½ ±yatanapaññatt²”ti imassa attho “yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato dv±das±yatan±n²”ti etena dassito, “y±vat± cakkh±yatanan”ti-±dikassa pana “pabhedato cakkh±yatanan”ti-±diken±ti. Tattha “cakkh±yatana½…pe… dhamm±yatanan”ti pabhedanidassanamattameta½. Etena avuttopi sabbo saªgahito hot²ti “tatr±pi das±yatan± k±m±vacar±”ti-±di vutta½. Aya½ v± ettha p±¼iy± atthayojan±– “y±vat±”ti ida½ sabbehi padehi yojetv± “yattak±ni dv±das±yatan±ni…pe… yattako dv±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½, tappabhed±nañca cakkh±yatan±d²na½ pabhedo, tattako ±yatan±na½ ±yatanapaññattiy± pabhedo”ti pakaraºantare vuttena vatthupabhedena ±yatanapaññattiy± pabheda½ dasset²ti-±din± itarapaññatt²supi nayo yojetabbo.
7. “Cha paññattiyo…pe… puggalapaññatt²”ti ima½ apekkhitv± “kitt±vat±…pe… ett±vat± indriy±na½ indriyapaññatt²”ti aya½ p±¼ipadeso niddesopi sam±no pakaraºantare vatthubhedena vutta½ khandh±dipaññattippabheda½ up±d±ya uddesoyeva hot²ti ±ha “uddesamattenev±ti attho”ti.

M±tik±vaººan± niµµhit±.