8. Nissayapaccayaniddesavaººan±

8. Kismiñci k±leti ida½ na labbhati sabbad±pi nissayapaccayat±ya labbham±natt±. Sahaja½ purejanti hi vibh±ga½ an±masitv± nissayat±mattameva nissayapaccayat±. Vatthur³pa½ pañcavok±rabhaveti vatthur³pa½ pañcavok±rabhave c±ti ca-saddo luttaniddiµµho daµµhabbo. Tass±ti ±ruppavip±kaµµhapanassa. Pak±setabbatt±ti imin± ap±kaµa½ p±kaµa½ katv± vacanena codan± anok±s±ti dasseti.

Nissayapaccayaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

9. Upanissayapaccayaniddesavaººan±

9. Upanissaye tayoti anantar±rammaºapakat³panissayappabhede tayo upanissaye. Anekasaªg±hakat±y±ti anekesa½ paccayadhamm±na½ saªgahaºato. Ekanteneva honti cittaniyamahetubh±vena pavattiniyamato. Yesu pades³ti yesu kusal±dipadesu. Saªgahitoti saªgaha½ gato, kusal±dipadesu yesa½ pad±na½yeva anantar³panissayo labbhat²ti attho. Tesu “kesañc²”ti na vutta½. Kasm±? Na sakk± vattu½ ekanteneva upalabbhanato. Tes³ti kusal±kusalapadesu. Na hi kusalo akusalassa anantar³panissayo hoti, akusalo v± kusalassa, ±rammaºapakat³panissay± pana anekantik±, tasm± tattha “kesañc²”ti vutta½. Siddh±na½ paccayadhamm±nanti paccayabh±vena purimanipphann±na½ kusal±d²na½ kusalassa akusalassa v±ti attho. Akusal±d²h²ti yath±saªkhya½ akusalena kusalena v±. Avisesen±ti yath±vuttavisese niyama½ aggahetv± akusal±d²su akusalakusal±na½ “kesañc²”ti-±din±.
An±rammaºatt± ±rammaº³panissaya½ pubb±paraniyamena appavattito anantar³panissaya½ na labhat²ti yojan±. Pakatass±ti nipph±ditassa, upasevitassa v±. Na hi r³pasant±nassa saddh±dinipph±dana½ atthi, utubhojan±di-upasevana½ v± sambhavati. Ten±ha “yath± hi…pe… r³pasant±nen±”ti. Nanu ca r³pasant±ne pubben±para½ viseso labbhati so ca na vin± sam±naj±tiyena k±raºen±ti sv±ya½ pakat³panissayal±bhoti kad±ci ±saªkeyy±ti ±ha “yasmiñc±”ti-±di. Tattha tanti utub²j±dika½ kamm±di ca tena r³pena purimanipphannena. Upp±dana½ s±bhisandhika½ daµµhabba½. Adhipat²su pubb±bhisaªkh±ro viya pakappana½ sa½vidahana½. Pakaraºa½ vuttalakkhaºena k±raºabh±vena avaµµh±na½, yato k±raºaviseso “pakat²”ti vuccati. Yadi eva½ kasm± r³passeva ta½ paµikkhip²yat²ti ±ha “yath± ca…pe… daµµhabb±”ti. Evampi utub²j±d²na½ aªkur±d²su katha½ paccayavisesabh±voti ±ha “utub²j±dayo pana…pe… bh±vato”ti. Upanissayoti ca yasm± balavat±k±raºa½ adhippeta½, tasm± na ettha ekantena purimanipphatti icchitabb±. Yadi eva½ p±¼iya½ katha½ purimaggahaºanti ±ha “purimapurim±na½yeva pan±”ti-±di. Tepi v± parikappanavasena purimanipphann±yeva n±ma honti. Na hi asa½vidit±k±re vatthusmi½ patthan±pavatt²ti. Ten±ha “ta½sam±nalakkhaºat±y±”ti.
Dhammeti puggalasen±sanapaññatt²na½ up±d±nabh³te dhamme. Aya½ nayoti paññattimukhena paññapetabb± tadup±d±nabh³t± dhamm± gayhant²ti yath±vutto nayo. Etthev±ti “sen±sanampi upanissayapaccayena paccayo”ti etasmi½yeva vacane. Katha½ paccuppannassa pakat³panissayabh±voti codan±ya “vakkhat²”ti-±din± ±gama½ dassetv± yutti½ dassetu½ “paccuppann±nampica t±dis±na½ pubbe pakatatt±”ti vutta½. T±dis±nanti y±dis± utu-±dayo paccupaµµhit±, t±dis±na½ tato pubbe puretara½ pakatatt± pakat³panissayayogyat±ya ±p±ditatt±.
Kasiº±d²nampi ±rammaº³panissayat± sambhavat²ti katv± vutta½ “imin± adhipp±yena ‘ekacc±y±’ti ±h±”ti. Tath± hi “kasiºamaº¹ala½ disv±”ti-±din± tassa upanissayabh±vo aµµhakath±ya½ vutto.
Ar³p±vacarakusalampi upanissayo hoti, pageva k±m±vacarar³p±vacarakusalanti adhipp±yo. Ta½ pana yath± upanissayo hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “yasmi½ kasiº±dimh²”ti-±di vutta½. Anuppannajh±nupp±daneti r³p±vacarajjh±na½ sandh±y±ha, ar³p±vacarajjh±ne pana vattabbameva natthi. Tadupp±dakakusal±nanti tassa r³p±vacaravip±kassa upp±dakakusal±na½, r³p±vacarakusal±nanti attho. Paµisandhiniy±makass±ti r³p±vacarapaµisandhiniy±makassa. Cutitoti r³p±vacarapaµisandhiy± anantarapaccayabh³t±ya cutiy±. Purimajavanassa vasen±ti cutiy± ±sannajavanabh±vena. R³p±vacarakusala½ ar³p±vacaravip±kass±ti etth±pi “tadupp±dakakusal±nan”ti-±din± ±netv± yojetabba½. Yath± ca “r³p±vacarakusala½ ar³p±vacaravip±kassa upanissayo”ti vutta½, eva½ “k±m±vacarakusalampi tadupp±dakakusal±nan”ti-±din± yojetabba½. Lokuttaravip±kassa tebh³makakusal±nampi p±dak±divasena upanissayabh±vo p±kaµoyeva, tath± ta½ta½bh³makakusal±na½ ta½ta½bh³makakiriy±na½, k±m±vacarakusalassa r³p±r³p±vacarakiriy±na½, r³p±vacarakusalassa ar³p±vacarakiriy±ya upanissayabh±voti imamattha½ dassento “eva½ pacceka½…pe… veditabbo”ti ±ha. “Saddha½ upaniss±ya d±na½ det²”ti-±din± pakat³panissayo uddesavaseneva p±µho ±gato, na vibhajanavasen±ti ±ha “p±¼iyampi…pe… vissajjito”ti. Kusalattik±d²su anulom±dibhedabhinnatt± pañh±v±res³ti bahuvacananiddeso.
Lokuttaranibbattana½ upaniss±ya parassa sinehupp±dane lokuttaradhamm± upanissayo viya hont²ti ayamettha leso, bh±vino pana lokuttarassa akusal±na½ upanissayat± sambhavat²ti ±ha “na ida½ s±rato daµµhabbanti adhipp±yo”ti. R³p±vacar±dikusal±nanti r³p±r³p±vacaralokuttarakusal±na½ upp±diyam±nassa r³p±vacarakusalass±ti yojan±. R³p±vacarakiriyassa ca ar³p±vacaravip±ko upanissayo kathanti ±ha “pubbe nivutth±d²su…pe… arahato”ti Ta½ ta½ vip±ka½ patthento tassa tassa vip±kassa hetubh³ta½ kusala½ nibbattet²ti vip±k±na½ kusal³panissayat±ti ±ha “catubh³mak±…pe… upanissayo”ti. Lokiyakusal±na½ pana lokuttaravip±k± upanissayo na hont²ti dassento “yadip²”ti-±dim±ha. Teneva hi “tath± tebh³makavip±ko”ti tebh³makaggahaºa½ kata½. Tattha ten±ti an±g±min±. Tanti arahattaphala½. Tasm±ti adiµµhapubbatt±. T±ni viy±ti sot±pattiphal±ni viya. Tesanti puthujjan±d²na½. Imass±ti an±g±mino. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± puthujjan±d²na½ sant±ne jh±n±d²na½ sot±pattiphal±d²na½ na upanissayapaccayo anupaladdhapubbatt±, eva½ an±g±mino jh±n±d²na½ aggaphala½ upanissayapaccayo adiµµhapubbatt±. Ten±ha “upaladdhapubbasadisameva hi an±gatampi upanissayo”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana heµµhimaphal±na½ kusal³panissayat± vutt± eva.
Yath± vip±k± kusal±na½, eva½ kiriy±pi tesa½ upanissayo hot²ti ta½ naya½ dassetu½ “kiriya½ atthapaµisambhid±din”ti-±di vutta½. Yonisomanasik±re vattabbameva natth²ti catubh³makakusalassapi yonisomanasik±ro upanissayo hot²ti ettha vattabbameva natthi, tadattha½ yonisomanasik±ra½ pavattentass±ti attho. Tanti yonisomanasik±ra½. Akusalassa ca catubh³makavip±kassa upanissayo yonisomanasik±roti yojan±. Eva½ kiriyassap²ti yath± kusalassa yonisomanasik±rassa vasena upanissayo vutto, eva½ kiriyassapi yonisomanasik±rassa vasena yojetabbanti attho. So hi ta½ upaniss±ya r±g±di-upp±dane akusalassa vuttanayena kusal±kusal³panissayabh±vamukhena catubh³makavip±kassa upanissayo hotiyeva. Yadi kiriyasaªkh±to…pe… hotiyeva, atha kasm± pakat³panissayavibhajane kiriy± na gahit±, utubhojanasen±san±niyeva gahit±n²ti ±ha “nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhammesu…pe… nayadassanamattamev±”ti. Evam±dikanti ±di-saddena “kusala½ dhamma½ sahaj±to aby±kato dhammo uppajjati na upanissayapaccay±”ti evam±dika½ saªgaºh±ti. Upanissayapariy±yo upanisasaddoti katv± vutta½ “viññ±º³panisa½ n±mar³pa½, n±mar³p³panisañca sa¼±yatananti-±diken±”ti. Ettha hi viññ±ºassa n±mar³p±na½ phassar³p±d²na½ cakkh±yatan±d²nañca upanissayabh±vo vuttoti.

Upanissayapaccayaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.