Paccayaniddeso

1. Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan±

1. Hetupaccayena paccayabh±vo hetupaccayoti uddiµµho, na hetupaccayadhammoti attho. Soti hetubh±vena paccayo. Ettha ca paµhamavikappe yo hetupaccayena paccayabh±vo vutto, yo ca dutiyavikappe hetubh±vena paccayo vutto, so yasm± atthato yath±vuttassa paccayadhammassa yath±vutt±na½ paccayuppann±na½ hetupaccayabh±voyeva, tasm± vutta½ “ubhayath±pi hetubh±vena upak±rakat± hetupaccayoti uddiµµhoti dassita½ hot²”ti. Yath± cettha, eva½ “±rammaŗapaccayena paccayabh±vo, ±rammaŗabh±vena v± paccayo ±rammaŗapaccayo”ti-±din± ±rammaŗapaccay±d²su attho netabboti dassento “esa nayo sesapaccayesup²”ti ±ha. Dhammasabh±vo eva, na dhammato ańń± dhammasatti n±ma atth²ti. Upak±raka½ dhammanti paccayadhamma½ ±ha. Upak±rakatanti paccayata½.
Paccattaniddiµµhoti paccattavasena niddiµµho, paµham±ya vibhattiy± niddiµµhoti attho. Ten±ti paccayadhammaniddesabh³tena paccattaniddiµµhena paµhamena hetusaddena. Etass±ti hetusadd±bhidheyyamattham±ha. So hi chabbidho navavidho dv±dasavidhoti anekabhedena bhinnopi hetubh±vas±mańńena ekajjha½ katv± ekavacanena vutto. Dutiyo hetusaddoti ±netv± yojan±. Hetun± sampayutt±nanti adhikatatt± vutta½ “hetu sampayutt±na½ paccayo honto hetun± sampayutt±nameva paccayo hoti, na vippayutt±nan”ti eva½ padameta½. Na hi sabbena sabba½ hetuvippayuttadhamm±na½ hetupaccayo na hot²ti. Sampayuttasaddassa sambandh²saddatt± “sampayuttasaddassa s±pekkhatt±”ti vutta½. Sampayuttoti hi vutte kena sampayuttoti ekantato sambandhi-antara½ apekkhitabba½. Ten±ha “ańńassa…pe… vińń±yat²”ti. N±ya½ ekantoti yv±ya½ “dutiye hetusadde avijjam±ne”ti-±din± vutto attho, ayamekanto na hoti, ańń±pekkhopi saddo ańńassa visesana½ hot²ti ida½ na sabbattheva sambhavat²ti attho. “Paccattaniddiµµho”ti imin± paµhamassa hetusaddassa sampayuttasadd±napekkhata½ ±ha. Tena vutta½ “hehupaccayena paccayoti ettheva by±vaµo”ti. Avisiµµh±ti na visesit±. Evanti yath± hetusaddena ańńattha by±vaµena sampayutt± na visesiyanti kiccantarapasutatt±, eva½ sampayuttasaddena hetusaddavisesanarahitena tadatthamattaby±vaµatt± avisesato sampayutt±na½ gahaŗa½ siy±. Tena vutta½ “sampayuttasadden±”ti-±di. ¾h±rindriy±sampayuttassa abh±vatoti ±h±rehi indriyehi ca nasampayuttassa dhammassa abh±vato. Na hi phassacetan±vińń±ŗavedan±j²vitavirahito cittupp±do atthi. Ten±ha “vajjetabb±…pe… ta½ na katan”ti. Vajjetabba½ hetuvippayutta½.
Evamp²ti dutiyena hetusaddena gayham±nepi n±pajjati. Yadipi hetavo bahavo, s±mańńaniddeso c±ya½, tath±pi s±mańńajotan±ya visesaniddiµµhatt±ti adhipp±yo. Tena vutta½ “paccatta…pe… vuttatt±”ti. Vin±pi dutiyena hetusaddena hetusampayuttabh±ve siddhep²ti imin± ya½ vutta½ “n±yamekanto”ti, tameva ulliŖgeti. Na pana het³nanti ida½ hetussa paccayabh±vena gahitatt± paccayuppannabh±vena gahaŗa½ na yujjeyy±ti ±saŖkam±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tenev±ha “evampi gahaŗa½ siy±”ti. Soti dutiyo hetusaddo. Apare pana “hetusampayuttak±nan”ti ettha het³nańca sampayuttak±nańc±ti sam±sa½ vikappenti. Patiµµh±matt±dibh±vena nirapekkh±ti hetujh±namaggadhamm± patiµµh±na-upanijjh±naniyy±namattena ańńadhammanirapekkh± hetujh±namaggapaccayakicca½ karonti. S±pekkh± ev±ti ańńas±pekkh± eva. ¾haritabba-isitabb± ±h±rindriyapaccayehi upakattabbadhamm±. Tasm±ti yasm± yehi s±pekkh±, te attano paccayuppannadhamme paccayabh±veneva paricchinditv± tiµµhanti, tasm±. Ten±ha “te vin±pi…pe… na katan”ti. Paricchindanti visesenti. Tanti dutiya½ ±h±rindriyaggahaŗa½. Tatth±ti ±h±rindriyapaccayaniddese. Na kevalańca tattheva, idha ca hetupaccayaniddese dutiyena hetuggahaŗena paccayuppann±na½ puna visesanakicca½ natthi, kasm±? Paccayabh³teneva hetun± sampayutt±na½ ańńesańca het³na½ avicchinnatt±.
Purimavacan±pekkho vuttasseva niddesoti ta½-saddassa paµiniddesabh±vam±ha. P±kaµ²bh³te eva atthe pavattati, p±kaµ²bh±vo ca ańń±napekkhena saddena pak±sitatt± veditabbo. Anapekkhan²yo atthantaraby±vaµatt±. Ańńoti hetusaddato ańńo. Niddisitabbapak±sako vutto natthi, yo ta½-saddena paµiniddesa½ labheyya.
Yadi eva½ “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti ettha kathanti ±ha “hetusampayuttak±nanti imin± pan±”ti-±di. Tattha pana-saddo satipi het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ niddesabh±ve hetusampayuttakasadde labbham±n±na½ niddisitabb±na½ p±kaµ²karaŗasaŖkh±ta½ hetusaddato visesa½ joteti. “Hetusampayuttak±nan”ti imassa sam±sapadassa uttarapadatthappadh±nattam±ha “paccayuppannavacanen±”ti. Tena ca yath±dhippetassa atthassa ekadesova vuccati dhamm±na½ visesanabh±vatoti ±ha “asamatten±”ti. Visesana½ n±ma visesitabb±pekkhanti ±ha “paccayuppannavacanantar±pekkhen±”ti. Vuttat±ya vin± paµiniddesat± natth²ti “pubbe vutten±”ti vutta½.
Ta½-saddena niddisitabbanti “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti ettha ta½-saddena niddisitabba½ hetusampayuttakasadde p±kaµ²bh³ta½ ki½ pan±ti pucchati. Te het³ ceva…pe… hetusampayuttak± ca ta½-saddena niddisitabb± hetusampayuttakasadde p±kaµ²bh³t±ti sambandho. Ańńath±ti “yehi het³h²”ti-±din± vuttappak±rato ańńath± ańńena pak±rena. Ta½ ańńa½ pak±ra½ dassento “te het³…pe… sambandhe sat²”ti ±ha. Idh±ti anantara½ vuttasambandhana½ bhummaniddesena par±masati. Tenev±ti paµhameneva hetusaddena. Ta½-saddena niddisitabb±ti “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti ettha ta½-saddena niddisitabb± yath± p±kaµ±, eva½ pubbe “ta½sampayuttak±nan”ti vuttacodan±yampi evameva teneva ta½-saddena niddisitabb± p±kaµ± bhavitu½ arahanti. Tath± ca sati niddisitabbassa…pe… na yujjeyya. Duvidhampi v± hetuggahaŗa½ apanetv±ti “het³ hetusampayuttak±nan”ti ettha kata½ dvippak±rahetuggahaŗa½ avic±retv± “ta½sampayuttak±nanti avatv±”ti-±din± ta½-saddavacan²yata½ codeti, “niddisitabbassa ap±kaµatt±”ti-±din± pariharati ca. Het³ hi paccay±ti ida½ aya½ hetupaccayakath±ti katv± vutta½.
Ta½ na vuttanti cittasamuµµh±navacana½ na vutta½. Tass±ti sahaj±tapaccayassa. Kaµatt±r³passa paccayabh±vo na vutto bhaveyya, vuttova so “vip±k±by±kato eko khandho tiŗŗanna½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ sahaj±tapaccayena paccayo, tayo khandh± ekassa khandhassa kaµatt± ca r³p±nan”ti-±din±, tasm± cittacetasik±na½ kaµatt±r³papaccayabh±vo na sakk± niv±retu½. Tatth±ti sahaj±tapaccayaniddese. Tattha hi “cittacetasik± dhamm± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ sahaj±tapaccayena paccayo”ti cittasamuµµh±nar³p±ni eva niddiµµh±ni. Idh±p²ti imasmi½ hetupaccayaniddesepi. Eva½ bhavitabbanti “cittasamuµµh±n±nan”ti niddesena bhavitabba½. Yadi eva½ kasm± tath± na vuttanti ±ha “cittasamuµµh±n±nanti pan±”ti-±di. Visesita½ hoti sabbacittacetasik±samuµµh±nabh±vena. Vacanen±ti yath±dassitena sahaj±tapaccayaniddesavacanena. Cittacetasik±na½ paccayabh±vo eva hi tattha paccayaniddese vutto, na cittacetasik±na½ samuµµh±nabh±voti adhipp±yo.
Hetu-±dipaµibaddhatańca dasseti yadaggena t±ni cittapaµibaddhavutt²ni, tadaggena ta½sampayuttadhammapaµibaddhavutt²nipi hont²ti. ¾rammaŗameta½ hot²ti yadeta½ kusal±kusalacetan±vasena manodv±re cetana½ sesadv±resu k±yavac²payogavasena saŖkappana½, yańca k±mar±g±d²na½ sant±ne anusayana½, eta½ ±rammaŗa½ eso paccayo kammavińń±ŗassa µhitiy± patiµµh±n±ya. Patiµµhiteti kamma½ jav±petv± paµisandhi-±ka¹¹hanasamatthat±patiµµh±patte kammavińń±ŗe viru¼heti tato eva kammavińń±ŗato paµisandhivińń±ŗab²je viru¼he viruhanteti attho. Atha v± patiµµh± vińń±ŗassa hot²ti kiles±bhisaŖkh±rasaŖkh±te kammavińń±ŗassa µhitiy± pavattiy± ±rammaŗe paccaye paµisiddhe ±yatipaµisandhivińń±ŗassa patiµµh± hoti, tasmi½ paµisandhivińń±ŗe punabbhav±bhinibbattivasena patiµµhite patiµµhahante viru¼he b²jabh±vena viruhante n±mar³passa avakkanti hot²ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Ten±ha “paµisandhin±mar³passa vińń±ŗapaccayat± vutt±”ti.
Purimatarasiddh±y±ti khettabh±vanibbattiy± puretarameva siddh±ya pathaviy±. Attal±bhoyeva cettha patiµµh±na½, na paµiladdhattabh±v±na½ avaµµh±nanti dassento “patiµµh±na½ kammassa kaµatt± uppatt²ti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha.
Sesar³p±nanti paµisandhikkhaŗe pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ sesar³p±na½, pavatte pana tisantatir³p±nampi. Sahabhavanamatta½ v± dasseti. Sahabh±venapi hi atthi k±ci visesamatt±. Katthaci katthac²ti pakatik±labhavavises±dike. Tatiyapakatiyańhi paµhamakappikak±le ca bh±vakal±po natthi, r³pabhave k±yakal±popi. ¾di-saddena tattheva gh±najivh±kal±p±, k±mabhave ca andh±d²na½ cakkh±dikal±p± saŖgayhanti. Katthaci abh±v±bh±vatoti n±mar³pok±se katthacipi abh±v±bh±vato.
Tesanti pavattiya½ kaµatt±r³p±d²na½. Na hi hetu pavattiya½ kaµatt±r³passa paccayo hoti, utu-±h±raj±na½ pana sambhavoyeva natthi. Tena vutta½ “paccayabh±vappasaŖgoyeva natth²”ti. Na pana labbhati paccayapaccan²ye t±disassa v±rassa anuddhaµatt±. Idanti “pavattiya½ kaµatt±r³p±d²na½ paccayabh±vapaµib±hanato”ti ida½ “het³ sahaj±t±nan”ti adesan±ya parih±ravacana½, ²dis² pana codan± anok±s± ev±ti dassetu½ “bhagav± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Yo hi dhammo yath± bhagavat± desito, so tatheva gahetabboti.

Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.