Paccayuddesavaººan±

Sam±naneti sam±nanayane, sam±haraºe, sam±nakaraºe v± aµµhakath±dhipp±ya½. Tattha “dve anulom±ni dhamm±nulomañca paccay±nulomañc±”ti-±din± parato vaººayissanti.
Paµµh±nan±matthoti “paµµh±nan”ti imassa n±massa attho, ta½ pana yasm± avayavadv±rena samud±ye niru¼ha½, tasm± yath± avayavesu patiµµhita½, tameva t±va dassetu½ “tikapaµµh±n±d²na½ tikapaµµh±n±din±mattho”ti vutta½. Atha v± avayav±nameva paµµh±nan±mattho niddh±retabbo ta½samud±yamattatt± pakaraºassa. Na hi samud±yo n±ma koci attho atth²ti dassetu½ “paµµh±na½…pe… n±mattho”ti vutta½. Tenev±ha “imassa pakaraºassa…pe… samodh±nat± cettha vattabb±”ti. Vacanasamud±yatthavij±nanena viditapaµµh±nas±maññatthassa vitth±rato paµµh±nakath± vuccam±n± sukhaggahaº± hot²ti dassento ±ha “evañhi…pe… hot²”ti. Tatth±ti t±su n±matthayath±vuttasamodh±nat±su. Sabbas±dh±raºass±ti sabbesa½ avayavabh³t±na½ tikapaµµh±n±d²na½ samud±yassa ca s±dh±raºassa. Atthato ±panna½ n±n±vidhabh±vanti pak±raggahaºeneva pak±r±na½ anekavidhat± ca gahit±va hont²ti vutta½. Pak±rehi µh±nanti hi paµµh±na½, n±n±vidho paccayo, ta½ ettha vibhajanavasena atth²ti paµµh±na½, pakaraºa½, tadavayavo ca. Etasmiñca atthanaye saddatopi n±n±vidhabh±vasiddhi dassit±ti veditabb±. Tattha n±nappak±r± paccayat±, n±nappak±r±na½ paccayat± ca n±nappak±rapaccayat±ti ubhayampi s±maññaniddesena ekasesanayena v± ekajjha½ gahitanti dassento “ekassapi…pe… veditabb±”ti ±ha. Anekadhammabh±vatoti aneke dhamm± etass±ti anekadhammo, tabbh±vatoti yojetabba½. N±nappak±rapaccayat±ti n±nappak±rapaccayabh±vo, yo aµµhakath±ya½ “n±nappak±rapaccayaµµho”ti vutto.
K±ma½ dhammasaªgah±d²supi attheva paccayadhammavibh±go, so pana tattha paccayabh±vo na tath± tapparabh±vena vibhatto yath± paµµh±neti dassento “etena…pe… dasset²”ti ±ha. S±tisayavibh±gata½ imassa pakaraºassa tath± tadavayav±na½.
Sabbaññutaññ±ºassa yath±vuttagamana½ yadadhikaraºa½, ta½ dassetu½ “etth±ti vacanaseso”ti. Gamanadesabh±vatoti pavattiµµh±nabh±vato. Aññehi gatimanteh²ti t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±º±d²hi. Tassa sabbaññutaññ±ºassa.
Tividhena paricchedena desitesu dhammesu tikavoh±roti ±ha “tik±nanti tikavasena vuttadhamm±nan”ti. T²ºi parim±º±ni etesanti hi tik±. Samant±ti samantato sabbabh±gatoti vutta½ hot²ti ±ha “anulom±d²hi sabbappak±rehip²”ti. Gat±n²ti pavatt±ni. Samantacatuv²satipaµµh±n±n²ti samantato anulom±disabbabh±gato samodh±navasena catuv²sati paµµh±n±ni. Anulom±disabbakoµµh±satoti anulom±dicatukoµµh±sato. Tik±dichachabh±vanti tik±didukadukapariyos±nehi chachabh±va½. Ten±ti yath±vuttadassanena. Dhamm±nulom±disabbakoµµh±satoti paccan²k±diduk±disahaj±tav±r±dipaccayapaccan²y±di-±rammaºam³l±d²na½ gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Yath±vuttato aññassa pak±rassa asambhavato “an³nehi nayehi pavatt±n²ti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha. T±ni pana yath±vutt±ni samantapaµµh±n±ni. Ayañca atthavaººan± aµµhakath±vacanena aññadatthu sa½sandat²ti dassento ±ha “tenev±ha…pe… vasen±”ti.
Hetunoti hetusabh±vassa dhammassa. Satipi hetusabh±vassa ±rammaºapaccay±dibh±ve savisese t±va paccaye dassentena “adhipatipaccay±dibh³tassa c±”ti vutta½. “Hetu hutv± paccayo”ti vutte dhammassa hetusabh±vat± niddh±rit±, na paccayavisesoti tassa adhipatipaccay±dibh±vo na niv±ritoti ±ha “etenapi so eva doso ±pajjat²”ti. Ten±ti hetubh±vaggahaºena. Idh±ti “hetupaccayo”ti ettha. Dhammaggahaºanti alobh±didhammaggahaºa½. Sattiviseso attano bala½ sattik±raºabh±vo, yo rasotipi vuccati, sv±ya½ anaññas±dh±raºat±ya dhammato anaññopi paccayantarasamav±yeyeva labbham±natt± añño viya katv± vutto. Tass±ti hetubh±vasaªkh±tassa s±matthiyassa. Hetu hutv±ti etth±pi hetubh±vav±cako hetusaddo, na hetusabh±vadhammav±cakoti ±ha “hetu hutv± paccayoti ca vuttan”ti.
Evañca katv±ti-±din± yath±vuttamattha½ p±¼iy± samattheti. Yadi eva½ aµµhakath±ya½ dhammasseva paccayat±vacana½ kathanti ±ha “aµµhakath±ya½ pan±”ti-±di Teneva cettha amhehipi “dhammato anaññopi añño viya katv±”ti ca vutta½. Yadi aµµhakath±ya½ “yo hi dhammo, m³laµµhena upak±rako dhammo”ti ca ±d²su dhammena dhammasattivibh±vana½ kata½, atha kasm± idha hetubh±vena paccayoti dhammasattiyeva vibh±vit±ti codana½ manasi katv± vutta½ “idh±pi v±…pe… dasset²”ti. Dhammasattivibh±vana½ panettha na sakk± paµikkhipitunti dassento “na h²”ti-±dim±ha. Attho etassa atth²ti attho, atth±bhidh±yivacananti vutta½ “et²ti etassa attho vattat²”ti, tasm± atthoti atthavacananti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “tañca uppattiµµhit²na½ s±dh±raºavacanan”ti. Tañc±ti hi “vattat²”ti vacana½ pacc±maµµha½. Atha v± et²ti etassa atthoti “et²”ti etassa padassa attho “vattat²”ti ettha vattanakiriy±. Tañc±ti tañca vattana½. Etasmi½ panatthe s±dh±raºavacananti ettha vacana-saddo atthapariy±yo veditabbo “vuccat²”ti katv±. Yadaggena uppattiy± paccayo, tadaggena µhitiy±pi paccayoti koci ±saªkeyy±ti tad±saªk±nivattanattha½ vutta½ “koci hi…pe… hetu-±dayo”ti. Ettha ca yath± uppajjan±rah±na½ uppattiy± paccaye satiyeva upp±do, n±sati, eva½ tiµµhant±nampi µhitipaccayavaseneva µh±na½ yath± j²vitindriyavasena sahaj±tadhamm±nanti daµµhabba½. Ye pana ar³padhamm±na½ µhiti½ paµikkhipanti, ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva.
Yath± adhikaraºas±dhano patiµµhattho hetu-saddo, eva½ karaºas±dhano pavatti-atthopi yujjat²ti dassento “hinot²”ti-±dim±ha. “Lobho nid±na½ kamm±na½ samuday±y±”ti-±divacanato het³na½ kammanid±nabh±vo veditabbo.
Eten±ti hetupaccayato aññeneva kusalabh±vasiddhivacanena. Eke ±cariy±. Sabh±vatov±ti etena yath± aññesa½ r³pagata½ obh±sentassa pad²passa r³pagatobh±sakena aññena payojana½ natthi saya½ obh±sanasabh±vatt±, eva½ aññesa½ kusal±dibh±vas±dhak±na½ het³na½ aññena kusal±dibh±vas±dhakena payojana½ natthi sayameva kusal±disabh±vatt±ti dasseti. Na sabh±vasiddho alobh±d²na½ kusal±dibh±vo ubhayasabh±vatt± ta½sampayuttaphass±d²na½ viy±ti imamattha½ dasseti “yasm± pan±”ti-±din±. S± pana aññapaµibaddh± kusal±dit±.
Na koci dhammo na hot²ti r³p±dibhedena chabbidhesu saªkhat±saªkhatapaññattidhammesu kocipi dhammo ±rammaºapaccayo na na hoti, sv±ya½ ±rammaºapaccayabh±vo heµµh± dh±tuvibhaªgavaººan±ya½ vuttoyeva.
Purim±bhisaªkh±r³panissayanti “chandavato”ti-±din± vutt±k±rena purimasiddha½ citt±bhisaªkh±rakasaªkh±ta½ upanissaya½. Citteti cittas²sen±ya½ niddeso daµµhabbo. Na hi cittameva tath±bhisaªkhar²yati, atha kho ta½sampayuttadhamm±pi. S±dhayam±n±ti vase vattayam±n±. Vasavattanañcettha tad±k±r±nuvidh±na½. Chand±d²su hi h²nesu majjhimesu paº²tesu ta½ta½sampayutt±pi tath± tath± pavattanti. Ten±ha “h²n±dibh±vena tadanuvattanato”ti. Ten±ti attano vase vatt±panena, tesa½ v± vase vattanena. Tehi chand±dayo. Adhipatipaccay± honti att±dh²n±na½ patibh±vena pavattanato. Garuk±tabba½ ±rammaºa½ mahaggatadhammalobhan²yadhamm±di.
Tadanantarupp±daniyamoti tassa tasseva cittassa anantara½ uppajjam±nata½. Ta½ta½sahak±r²paccayavisiµµhass±ti tena tena ±rammaº±din± sahak±r²k±raºena tadupp±danasamatthat±saªkh±ta½ visesa½ pattassa. T±yayev±ti y± vekh±d±ne pupphanasamatthat± vekh±pagame laddhok±s±, t±yameva.
Upasaggavasenapi atthaviseso hot²ti vutta½ “saddatthamattato n±n±karaºan”ti. Vacan²yatthatoti bh±vatthato. Bh±vatthopi hi vacanaggahaº±nus±rena viññeyyatt± “vacan²yo”ti vuccati. Nirodhupp±dantar±bh±vatoti purimanirodhassa pacchimupp±dassa ca byavadh±yak±bh±vato. Nirantarupp±danasamatthat±ti etena nirodh±na½ nirodhasamak±lupp±dav±da½ niv±reti. Sati hi samak±latte byavadh±n±saªk± eva na siy± saºµh±n±bh±vato. Idamito heµµh± uddha½ tiriyanti vibh±g±bh±v± attan± ekattamiva upanetv±ti yojan±. Saºµh±n±bh±vena hi appaµighabh±v³palakkhaºena vibh±g±bh±va½, tena ekattamiv³panayana½ suµµhu anantarabh±va½ s±dheti, sah±vaµµh±n±bh±vena pana anantarameva upp±dana½.
Vibh±gato ñ±ºena ±kar²yat²ti ±k±ro, dhamm±na½ pavattibhedo. Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanaphalasam±patt²na½ nirodhupp±d±nantarat±y±ti yojan±. Purimacut²ti asaññasattuppattito purimacuti. Yadi k±lantarat± natthi, kathamida½ “satt±ha½ nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± pañca kappasat±ni atikkamitv±”ti vacananti ±ha “na hi tesa½…pe… vucceyy±”ti. Nanu tesa½ antar± r³pasant±no pavattatev±ti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “na ca…pe… aññasant±natt±”ti. Yadi eva½ tesa½ aññabhinnasant±na½ viya aññamaññ³pak±renapi bhavitabbanti codan±ya vutta½ “r³p±r³pa…pe… hont²”ti. Teneta½ dasseti– yadipi r³p±r³padhamm± ekasmi½ puggale vattam±n± visesato aññamaññ³pak±rakabh±vena vattanti, aññamañña½ pana visadisasabh±vat±ya visu½yeva sant±nabh±vena pavattanato byavadh±yak± na honti santativasena mithu apariy±pannatt±, yato “aññamañña½ vippayutt±, visa½saµµh±”ti ca vuttanti. Upak±rako ca n±ma accanta½ bhinnasant±n±nampi hotiyev±ti na t±vat± sant±n±bhedoti bhiyyopi nesa½ byavadh±yakat±bh±vo veditabbo. Yath± sam±naj±tik±na½ cittupp±d±na½ nirantarat± suµµhu anantarabh±vena p±kaµ±, na tath± asam±naj±tik±nanti adhipp±yena “javan±nantarassa javanassa viya bhavaªg±nantarassa bhavaªgassa viy±”ti vutta½.
Paccayabh±vo cetth±ti ettha ca-saddo byatireko. So yena visesenettha upp±dakkhaºa½, ta½ visesa½ joteti. Anantarapaccay±d²nanti ±di-saddena samanantarapaccaya½ saªgaºh±ti. Purepacch±bh±v±, tadup±dik± v± upp±danirodh± pubbant±parantaparicchedo, tena gahit±na½ khaºattayapariy±pann±nanti attho. Ten±ha “uppajjat²ti vacana½ alabhant±nan”ti. Upp±dakkhaºasamaªg² hi “uppajjat²”ti vuccati. Tath± hi vutta½ “upp±dakkhaºe uppajjam±na½, no ca uppanna½, bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½ no ca uppajjam±nan”ti (yama. 2.cittayamaka.81). Soti anantar±dipaccayabh±vo. Aparicchedanti k±lavasena paricchedarahita½. Yatoti pubbant±parantavasena paricched±bh±vato. Tenev±ti k±lavasena paricchijja eva dhamm±na½ gahaºato.
Uppattiy± paccayabh±vena p±kaµen±ti ida½ tassa nidassanabh±vanidassana½. Siddhañhi nidassana½. Paccayuppann±nanti paccayanibbatt±na½, attano phalabh³t±nanti adhipp±yo. Sahaj±tabh±ven±ti saha uppannabh±vena. Attan± sahuppannadhamm±nañhi sahuppannabh±vena upak±rakat± sahaj±tapaccayat±. Tena µhitikkhaºepi nesa½ upak±rakat± veditabb±. Evañhi “pak±sassa pad²po viy±”ti nidassanampi suµµhu yujjati. Pad²po hi pak±sassa µhitiy±pi paccayoti.