2. Pavattiv±ravaººan±

27-164. Dukkhapariññ± y±va dukkhasamatikkamanatth±ti sappadesa½ pavatt±pi s± tadatth±vah± bhaveyy±ti kassaci ±saªk± siy±ti dassento ±ha “ariyatt±…pe… katv± vuttan”ti. Keci panettha “antimabhave µhitatt±”ti k±raºa½ vadanti, ta½ na yujjati upapattiy± dukkhavic±ratt±, na ca sabbe suddh±v±s± antimabhavik± uddha½sotavacanato. “Yassa dukkhasacca½ uppajjat²”ti upp±d±vatth±. Avisesena dukkhasaccapariy±pann± dhamm± sambandh²bh±veneva ta½samaªg² ca puggalo vuttoti dassento “sabbe upapajjant±”ti-±di½ vatv± sv±yamattho yasm± nicchayar³pena gahito, nicchitasseva ca atthassa vibh±gadassanena bhavitabba½, tasm± “tesveva…pe… upapannamev±”ti ±ha. Tattha tesveva keci dass²yant²ti sambandho. Ekakoµµh±suppattisamaªginoti dukkhakoµµh±suppattisamaªgino. Tes³ti sanniµµh±nena gahitesu. Maggaphalupp±dasamaªg²s³ti maggaphalupp±dasamaªg²na½, ayameva v± p±µho.
Ettha c±ti-±din± “sabbesan”ti-±dip±¼iy± piº¹attha½ dasseti. Tattha samudayasaccupp±davomissassa dukkhasaccupp±dass±ti ida½ an±dare s±mivacana½. Katthaci samudayasaccupp±davomissepi dukkhasacce ta½rahitassa samudayasaccupp±darahitassa dukkhasaccupp±dassa dassanavasena vuttanti yojan±. Keci pana “samudayasacc±vomissass±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ “ta½rahitass±”ti ida½ purimapadassa atthavivaraºa½ veditabba½. Ta½sahitass±ti samudayasaccupp±dasahitassa dukkhasaccupp±dassa dassanavasena vuttanti yojan±. Tesanti asaññasatt±na½, pavattiya½ dukkhasaccassa upp±do “pavatte”ti-±din± vuttesu dv²supi koµµh±sesu na gahitoti attho. Paµisandhiya½ pana tesa½ upp±dassa paµhamakoµµh±sena gahitat± dassit± eva. Tath± nirodho c±ti yath± asaññasatt±na½ paµisandhiya½ dukkhasaccassa upp±do paµhamakoµµh±sena gahito, pavattiya½ pana so dv²hi koµµh±sehi na gahito, tath± tesa½ dukkhasaccassa nirodhop²ti attho. Tath± hi “sabbesa½ cavant±na½ pavatte taºh±vippayuttacittassa bhaªgakkhaºe”ti-±din± (yama. 1.saccayamaka.88) nirodhav±re p±¼i pavatt±. Eseva nayoti yv±ya½ “ettha c±”ti-±din± samudayasaccayamake p±¼iy± atthanayo vutto, maggasaccayamakepi eseva nayo, evameva tatth±pi attho netabboti attho. Tath± hi “sabbesa½ upapajjant±nan”ti-±din± tattha p±¼i pavatt±.
Evañca sat²ti eva½ khaºavasena ok±saggahaºe sat²ti yath±vuttamattha½ ananuj±nanavasena pacc±masati. Etassa vissajjaneti etassa yamakapadassa vissajjane. “Aggamaggassa upp±dakkhaºe, arahant±na½ cittassa upp±dakkhaºe, yassa cittassa anantar± aggamagga½ paµilabhissanti, tassa cittassa upp±dakkhaºe, asaññasatta½ upapajjant±na½ tesa½ tattha dukkhasacca½ uppajjati, no ca tesa½ tattha samudayasacca½ uppajjissat²”ti (yama. 1.saccayamaka.71) purimakoµµh±sassa ±gatatt± virodho natth²ti “pacchimakoµµh±se”ti-±di vutta½ Tattha tasm±ti yasm± na upapatticittupp±dakkhaºo bh±vino samudayapaccupp±dassa ±dh±ro, atha kho k±m±vacar±di-ok±so, tasm±. Puggalok±sav±ro hes±ti yasm± puggalok±sav±ro esa, tasm± “tesa½ tatth±”ti ettha ok±savasena tattha-saddassa attho veditabbo. Yadi puggalok±sav±re k±m±vacar±di-ok±savaseneva attho gahetabbo, na khaºavasena, atha kasm± “sabbesa½ upapajjant±nan”ti-±din± ok±sa½ an±masitv± tattha vissajjana½ pavattanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “tattha…pe… so ev±”ti. Tattha tatth±ti ok±sav±re. Puggalavisesadassanatthanti puggalasaªkh±tavisesadassanattha½. Yattha teti yasmi½ k±m±vacar±di-ok±se te puggal±.
Kec²ti dhammasiritthera½ sandh±y±ha. So hi “pavatte cittassa bhaªgakkhaºe dukkhasacca½ nuppajjat²”ti ettha cittajar³pameva adhippeta½ cittapaµibaddhavuttitt±ti k±raºa½ vadati. Apare “ar³peti ima½ purim±pekkhampi hot²ti tena pavatta½ visesetv± ar³pabhavavasena ayamattho vutto tasm± ‘yassa v± pana samudayasacca½ nirujjhati, tassa dukkhasacca½ uppajjat²ti? No’ti-±d²supi evamattho veditabbo”ti vadanti. Puggalo na citta½ apekkhitv±va gahitoti ida½ cittassa anadhikatatt± vutta½. Yattha pana samudayasaccassa upp±danicchayo, tattheva tassa anupp±danicchayenapi bhavitabba½ cittena ca vin± puggalasseva anupalabbhanatoti “yassa samudayasacca½ nuppajjat²”ti ettha samudayasacc±dh±ra½ citta½ atthato gahitamev±ti sakk± viññ±tu½. Apica indriyabaddhepi na sabbo r³pupp±do ekantena cittupp±d±dh²noti sakk± vattu½ cittuppattiy± vin±pi tattha r³puppattidassanato, tasm± cittajar³pameva cittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppajjati, na itara½, itara½ pana tassa t²supi khaºesu uppajjat²ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Vibhajitabb± avibhatt± n±ma natth²ti siy±ya½ pasaªgo paµhamav±re, dutiyav±re pana vibhajan± eva s±ti n±ya½ pasaªgo labbhati, paµhamav±repi v± n±ya½ pasaªgo. Kasm±? Es± hi yamakassa pakati, yadida½ yath±l±bhavasena yojan±.
Dutiye citte vattam±neti ettha “paµhama½ bhavaªga½, dutiya½ cittan”ti vadanti. Bhavanikantiy± ±vajjanampi vip±kappavattito visadisatt± “dutiyan”ti vattu½ sakk±, tato paµµh±ya pubbe tassa tattha samudayasacca½ nuppajjitth±ti vattabb±ti apare. Bhavanikantiy± pana sahaj±ta½ paµhama½ citta½ idha dutiya½ cittanti adhippeta½. Tato pubbe pavatta½ sabba½ aby±katabh±vena sam±naj±tikatt± ekanti katv± tato paµµh±ya heµµh± tassa tattha samudayasacca½ nuppajjitthev±ti Ten±ha “sabbantimena pariccheden±”ti-±di. Tasminti dutiye citte. Tena sam±nagatikatt±ti tena yath±vuttadutiyacittena ca ta½samaªgino v± dukkhasacca½ uppajjittha, no ca samudayasaccanti vattabbabh±vena sam±nagatikatt±. Evañca katv±ti tena sam±nagatikat±ya dassitatt± eva. Yath±vutt±ti dutiy±kusalacittato purimasabbacittasamaªgino aggahit± honti itarabh±v±bh±vato. Vuttamevattha½ p±µhantarena samatthetu½ “yath±”ti-±di vutta½. Teti catuvok±r±. Vajjetabb±ti “itaresan”ti visesanena nivattetabb±. Pañcavok±r± viya yath±vutt± suddh±v±s±ti dutiyacittakkhaºasamaªgibh±vena vuttappak±r± yath± suddh±v±sasaªkh±t± pañcavok±r± pubbe vutt± santi, eva½ catuvok±r± pubbe vutt± na hi sant²ti yojan±.
“Yassa yatth±”ti puggalok±s± ±dheyy±dh±rabh±vena apekkhit±ti ±ha “puggalok±s± aññamaññaparicchinn± gahit±”ti. K±m±vacare…pe… upapann±ti ettha k±m±vacare abhisamet±vino r³p±vacara½ upapann±, r³p±vacare abhisamet±vino ar³p±vacara½ upapann±, v±-saddena k±m±vacare abhisamet±vino ar³p±vacara½ upapann±ti ca yojetabba½. Tatth±ti upapannok±se. Abhisamayoti uparimagg±bhisamayo y±va upapanno na bhavissati, t±va te tattha upapannapuggal± ettha etasmi½ “abhisamet±v²nan”ti-±din± vutte dutiyakoµµh±se na gayhanti puggalok±s±na½ aññamañña½ paricchinnatt±. Yadi eva½ ki½ te imasmi½ yamake asaªgahit±ti ±ha “te pan±”ti-±di. Tattha ya½ vutta½ “sam±nagatik±ti visu½ na dassit±”ti, ta½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “anabhisamet±v²nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho– “anabhisamet±v²nan”ti imin± paµhamapadena gahit± sabbattha magguppattirahe sampattibhave tattha suddh±v±se ye anabhisamet±vino, tesu dvippak±resu suddh±v±s± yasmi½ k±le tattha anabhisamet±vinoti gahetabb±, tattha nesa½ tath± gahetabbak±lassa visesanattha½ “suddh±v±s±na½ dutiye citte vattam±ne”ti vuttanti.
Eten±ti etena vacanena. Vod±nacitta½ n±ma maggacitt±na½ anantarapaccayabh³ta½ citta½, idha pana aggamaggacittassa. Tatoti yath±vuttavod±nacittato purimataracittasamaªgino, anulomañ±ºasampayuttacittasamaªgino, avasiµµhavuµµh±nag±minivipassan±citt±disamaªginopi. Ten±ha “y±va sabbantimataºh±sampayuttacittasamaªg², t±va dassit±”ti.
Paµisandhicuticitt±na½ bhaªgupp±dakkhaº± pavatte cittassa bhaªgupp±dakkhaºehi dukkhasacc±d²na½ nupp±d±d²su sam±nagatik±ti katv± vutta½ “pavatte cittass±”ti-±di. Tattha cuticittassapi upp±dakkhaºassa gahaºa½ daµµhabbanti yojan±. Dv²supi koµµh±ses³ti samudayasaccassa bh±vino nirodhassa appaµikkhepapaµikkhepavasena pavattesu purimapacchimakoµµh±sesu. Na visesitanti yath±vutte appaµikkhepe ca satipi visesetv± na vuttanti attho. Ekassapi puggalassa t±disassa maggassa ca phalassa ca bhaªgakkhaºasamaªgino purimakoµµh±sasseva abhajanato koµµh±sadvayasambhav±bh±vatoti attho. Id±ni tamevattha½ vivaritu½ “yassa dukkhasaccan”ti-±di vutta½. Kesañci puggal±na½. Niddh±raºe ceta½ s±mivacana½. “Maggassa ca phalassa c±”ti vuttamaggaphal±ni dassento “tiººa½ phal±na½ dvinnañca magg±nan”ti ±ha. T±ni pana heµµhim±ni t²ºi phal±ni majjhe ca dve magg± veditabb±. Nirantara½ anupp±detv±ti paµipakkhadhammehi avokiººa½ katv± saha vipassan±ya magga½ upp±dentena y± s±taccakiriy± k±tabb±, ta½ akatv±ti attho. Ten±ha “antarantar±…pe… upp±detv±”ti. “Ar³pe maggassa ca phalassa ca bhaªgakkhaºe”ti avisesato vutte kathamaya½ viseso labbhat²ti ±ha “s±maññavacanenap²”ti-±di. Tena apav±davisayapariy±yena upasagg± abhinivisant²ti lokasiddhoya½ ñ±yoti dasseti.

Pavattiv±ravaººan± niµµhit±.