2. Khandhayamaka½

1. Paººattiv±ro

Uddesav±ravaººan±

2-3. Khandhayamake …pe… pariññ± ca vattabb±ti ida½ padh±nabh±vena vattabbadassana½. Abhiññeyyakath± hi abhidhammo, s± ca y±vadeva pariññatt±ti pariññ±su ca na vin± t²raºapariññ±ya pah±napariññ±, t²raºañca sampuººapar±nuggahassa adhippetatt± k±lapuggalok±savibh±gamukhena khandh±na½ visu½ saha ca upp±danirodhalakkhaºapariggahavasena s±tisaya½ sambhavati, n±ññath±ti imamattha½ dassento “chasu k±labhedesu…pe… pariññ± ca vattabb±”ti padh±na½ vattabba½ uddharati. Tattha pana yath± na t²raºapariññ±ya vin± pah±napariññ±, eva½ t²raºapariññ± vin± ñ±tapariññ±ya. S± ca sutamayañ±ºam³lik±ti desan±kusalo satth± anvayato byatirekato ca samud±y±vayavapadatth±divibh±gadassanamukhena khandhesu pariññ±ppabheda½ pak±setuk±mo “pañcakkhandh±”ti-±din± desana½ ±rabh²ti dassento “te pana khandh±”ti-±dim±ha. Pañcahi padeh²ti pañcahi samud±yapadehi.
Tatth±ti tesu samud±y±vayavapadesu. Dhammoti ruppan±diko ñeyyadhammo. Samud±yapadass±ti r³pakkhandh±disamud±yapadassa. Yadipi avayavavinimutto paramatthato samud±yo n±ma natthi, yath± pana avayavo samud±yo na hoti, eva½ na samud±yopi avayavoti satipi samud±y±vayav±na½ bhede dvinna½ pad±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vato atthev±bhedoti padadvayassa sam±natthat±ya siy± ±saªk±ti ±ha “etasmi½ sa½sayaµµh±ne”ti. “Cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati, viññ±ºakkhandho tajj± manoviññ±ºadh±t³”ti-±d²su ekadeso samud±yapadattho vutto, “ya½ kiñci r³pa½…pe… aya½ vuccati r³pakkhandho”ti-±d²su (vibha. 2) pana sakaloti ±ha “r³p±di…pe… attho”ti. Avayavapad±nañcettha visesanavisesitabbavisay±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºat±ya samud±yapadatthat± vutt±, tato eva samud±yapad±nampi avayavapadatthat±. Na hi visesanavisesitabb±na½ atth±na½ accanta½ bhedo abhedo v± icchito, atha kho bhed±bhedo, tasm± abhedadassanavasena paµhamanayo vutto, bhedadassanavasena dutiyanayo. Yo hi ruppan±disaªkh±to r±saµµho avayavapadehi r³p±disaddehi ca khandhasaddena ca visesanavisesitabbabh±vena bhinditv± vutto, sv±ya½ atthato r±sibh±vena apekkhito ruppan±di-attho ev±ti.
Yath± avayavapadehi vuccam±nopi samud±yapadassa attho hoti, eva½ samud±yapadehi vuccam±nopi avayavapadassa atthoti “r³pakkhandho r³pañceva r³pakkhandho ca, r³pakkhandho r³panti? ¾mant±”ti-±din± padasodhan± kat±ti dassento ±ha “r³p±di-avayavapadehi…pe… padasodhanav±ro vutto”ti. Tattha ekaccassa avayavapadassa aññattha vuttiy± avayavapadatthassa samud±yapadatthat±ya siy± anekantikat±, samud±yapadassa pana ta½ natth²ti samud±yapadatthassa avayavapadatthat±ya byabhic±r±bh±vo “r³pakkhandho r³panti? ¾mant±”ti p±¼iy± pak±sitoti vutta½ “r³p±di…pe… dassetun”ti.
“R³pakkhandho”ti-±d²su khandhatthassa visesitabbatt± vutta½ “padh±nabh³tassa khandhapadass±”ti. Vedan±di-upapadatthassa ca sambhavato “vedan±kkhandho”ti-±d²su. R³p±vayavapadena vuttass±ti r³pasaªkh±tena avayavapadena visesanabh±vena vuttassa khandhatthassa r³pakkhandhabh±vo hoti. Tena vutta½ “r³pakkhandho r³panti? ¾mant±”ti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ r³pakkhandhapade. Padh±nabh³tena visesitabbatt± khandh±vayavapadena vuttassa ruppanaµµhassa ki½ vedan±kkhandh±dibh±vo hot²ti yojan±. Sam±ne avayavapad±bhidheyyabh±ve appadh±nena padena yo attho viññ±yati, so kasm± padh±nena na viññ±yat²ti adhipp±yo. Khandh±vayavapadena vutto dhammoti r±saµµham±ha. Tattha koc²ti ruppanaµµho. Kenaci samud±yapaden±ti r³pakkhandhapadena, na vedan±kkhandh±dipadena. Ten±ha “na sabbo sabben±”ti. Esa nayo vedan±kkhandh±d²su. R³par³pakkhandh±di-avayavasamud±yapadasodhanamukhena tattha ca catukkhandhavasena pavatt± p±¼igati padasodhanam³lacakkav±ro. Evañca dassenten±ti imin± yv±ya½ r³p±di-avayavapadehi r³pakkhandh±disamud±yapadehi ca dassit±k±ro atthaviseso, ta½ pacc±masati. Visesanabh±vo bhedakat±ya s±maññato avacchedakatt±, visesitabbabh±vo abhedayogena bhedantarato avicchinditabbatt±, sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vo tesa½ bhed±bhed±na½ ekavatthusannissayatt±.
Ten±ti yath±vuttena visesanavisesitabbabh±vena. Etth±ti etasmi½ sam±n±dhikaraºe. Ten±ti v± sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vena. Etth±ti r³pakkhandhapade. Yath± n²luppalapade uppalavisesanabh³ta½ n²la½ visiµµhameva hoti, na ya½ kiñci, evamidh±pi khandhavisesanabh³ta½ r³pampi visiµµhameva siy±ti dassento “ki½ khandhato…pe… hot²”ti ±ha. Tath± “r³pañca ta½ khandho c±”ti sam±n±dhikaraºabh±veneva ya½ r³pa½, so khandho. Yo khandho, ta½ r³panti ayampi ±panno ev±ti ±ha “sabbeva…pe… visesitabb±”ti. Visesanena ca n±ma niddh±ritar³pena bhavitabba½ avacchedakatt±, na aniddh±ritar³pen±ti ±ha “ki½ pana tan”ti-±di, tasseva gahitatt± na piyar³pas±tar³pass±ti adhipp±yo. Na hi ta½ khandhavisesanabh±vena gahita½, vissajjana½ kata½ tassev±ti yojan±. Na khandhato añña½ r³pa½ atth²ti ida½ ruppanaµµho r³panti katv± vutta½, na hi so khandhavinimutto atthi. Tenev±ti yath±vuttar³passa khandhavinimuttassa abh±veneva. “Piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, dassentenappakan”ti ca ±d²su atadatthassa r³pasaddassa labbham±natt± “tena r³pasadden±”ti visesetv± vutta½. Vuccam±na½ bh³tup±d±yampi bheda½ dhammaj±ta½. Suddhen±ti kevalena, r³pasaddena vin±p²ti attho. Tayida½ pakaraº±di-avacchinnata½ sandh±ya vutta½, sam±n±dhikaraºata½ v±. Yo hi r³pasaddena sam±n±dhikaraºo khandhasaddo, tena yath±vuttar³pasaddena viya tadattho vuccateva. Ten±ha “khandh± r³pakkhandho”ti. Yadipi yath±vutta½ r³pa½ khandho eva ca, khandho pana na r³pamev±ti ±ha “na ca sabbe…pe… visesitabb±”ti. Tenev±ti ar³pasabh±vassa khandhassa atthibh±veneva. Teti khandh±. Vibhajitabb±ti “khandh± r³pakkhandho”ti pada½ uddharitv± “r³pakkhandho khandho ceva r³pakkhandho ca, avases± khandh± na r³pakkhandho”ti-±din± vibh±gena dassetabb±.
Khandh±na½ r³pavisesana…pe… sa½sayo hot²ti ettha ki½ khandhato aññ±pi vedan± atthi, yato vinivatt± vedan± khandhavisesana½ hoti, sabbe ca khandh± ki½ khandhavisesanabh³t±ya vedan±ya visesitabb±ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Kec²ti anubhavan±dippak±r±. Kenaci visesanen±ti vedan±din± visesanena.
Ettha ca r³p±dipaººatti khandhapaººatti ca “r³pa½ khandho, khandh± r³pakkhandho”ti-±din± visu½ saha ca ruppan±dike atthe pavattam±n± kad±ci avayavabh³te pavattati, kad±ci samud±yabh³te, tass± pana tath± pavattan±k±re niddh±rite yasm± r³p±dikkhandh± padato atthato ca visodhit± n±ma honti tabbisayakaªkh±panodanato, tasm± “r³pakkhandho r³pañceva r³pakkhandho ca, r³pakkhandho r³panti? ¾mant±”ti-±dinayappavattena paµhamav±rena r³p±di-avayavapadehi avayavattho viya samud±yatthopi vuccati, tath± samud±yapadehip²ti ayamattho dassito. “R³pa½ r³pakkhandho, khandh± vedan±kkhandho”ti-±dinayappavattena pana dutiyav±rena visesav±c² viya r³p±di-avayavapadehi s±maññabh³tenapi ta½ta½visiµµhena khandh±vayavapadena so so eva samud±yattho vuccati, na sabboti ayamattho dassito. Khandhavinimuttassa yath±dhippetassa abh±v± yadipi khandhoyeva r³pa½, so pana na sabbo r³pa½, atha kho tadekadeso, tath± vedan±dayop²ti ayamattho “r³pa½ khandho, khandh± r³pan”ti-±dinayappavattena tatiyav±rena dassito. “R³pa½ khandho, khandh± vedan±kkhandho”ti-±dinayappavattena pana catutthav±rena “r³pa½ khandho”ti r³passa khandhabh±ve nicchite khandho n±m±ya½ na kevala½ r³pameva, atha kho vedan±di c±ti vedan±d²nampi khandhabh±vappak±sane na sabbe khandh± vedan±divisesavanto, kecideva pana tena tena visesena tath± vuccant²ti ayamattho dassito. Eva½ dassent² ces± p±¼i khandh±na½ yath±vuttapaººattisodhanamukhena sar³p±vadh±raº±ya sa½vattati, tañca tesa½ y±vadeva upp±d±dinicchayatthanti dassento “eva½ yesa½…pe… veditabbo”ti ±ha.
Ekadesepi samud±yavoh±ro dissati yath± paµo da¹¹ho, samuddo diµµhoti ±ha “cakk±vayavabh±vato cakk±n²ti yamak±ni vutt±n²”ti. Bandhitv±ti yamakabh±vena bandhitv±, yamakam³labh±veneva v±. M³labh±vena gahaºa½ sambandhabh±vo, ta½sambandhat± ca m³lapad±d²na½ n±bhi-±disadisat± daµµhabb±. Apubbassa vattabbassa abh±vato nayidha desan± maº¹alabh±veneva sambajjhat²ti ±ha “na maº¹alabh±vena sambajjhanato”ti. Yadipi r³pakkhandham³lake apubba½ natthi, vedan±kkhandh±dim³lakesu pana saññ±dimukhena desanappavattiya½ apubbavaseneva gato siy± maº¹alabh±vena sambandho, na tath± p±µho pavattoti ±ha “vedan±kkhandha…pe… sambandhen±”ti. Pacchimassa purimena asambajjhanameva hi heµµhimasodhana½. Suddhakkhandhal±bhamattameva gahetv±ti “khandh± r³pan”ti ettha khandh±ti khandhasaddena labbham±na½ r³p±d²hi asammissa½ khandhaµµhamattameva uddesavasena gahetv±. Yadipi uddese khandhavisesana½ r³p±di “khandh± r³pan”ti suddhar³p±dimattameva gahita½, tath±pi visesarahitassa s±maññassa abh±vato tattha suddhar³p±dimattat±ya aµµhatv±. Khandhavisesanabh±vasaªkh±tanti yath±dhigata½ khandh±na½ visesanabh±vena kathita½ ruppan±dika½ visesanattha½ dassetu½. Kevalameva ta½ aggaºhanto khandhasaddena saha yojetv±…pe… vibhattatt± suddhakkhandhav±roti vuttoti yojan±.

Uddesav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.