Niddesav±ravaººan±

52. Dutiyayamaketi ekam³layamake. Evamidh±p²ti yath± ekam³layamake “ye keci kusal±”icceva pucch± ±raddh±, eva½ idh±pi aññamaññam³layamakepi “ye keci kusal±”icceva pucch± ±rabhitabb± siy±. Kasm±? Purimayamaka…pe… appavattatt±ti. Idañca dutiyayamakassa tath± appavattatt± vutta½, tatiyayamaka½ pana tatheva pavatta½. Kec²ti padak±r±. Te hi yath± paµhamadutiyayamakesu purimapucch± eva parivattanavasena pacchimapucch± kat±ti pacchimapucch±ya purimapucch± sam±n± µhapetv± paµilomabh±va½, na tath± aññamaññayamake. Tattha hi dvepi pucch± aññamaññavisadis±. Yadi tatth±pi dv²hipi pucch±hi sadis±hi bhavitabba½ “ye keci kusal±”ti paµhamapucch± ±rabhitabb±, pacchimapucch± v± “sabbe te dhamm± kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti vattabb± siy±. Eva½ pana avatv± paµhamadutiyayamakesu viya purimapacchimapucch± sadis± akatv± tatiyayamake t±sa½ visadisat± “ye keci kusal±”ti an±raddhatt±, tasm± paµilomapucch±nur³p±ya anulomapucch±ya bhavitabbanti imamattha½ sandh±ya “ye keci kusal±ti apucchitv±”ti vuttanti vadanti.
Atthavasen±ti sambhavant±na½ nicchitasa½sayit±na½ atth±na½ vasena. Tadanur³p±y±ti tass± purimapucch±ya atthato byañjanato ca anucchavik±ya. Purimañhi apekkhitv± pacchim±ya bhavitabba½. Ten±ti tasm±. Yasm± anulome sa½sayacchede j±tepi paµilome sa½sayo uppajjati, yadi na uppajjeyya, paµilomapucch±ya payojanameva na siy±, tasm± na pacchimapucch±nur³p± purimapucch±, atha kho vuttanayena purimapucch±nur³p± pacchimapucch±, t±ya ca anur³pat±ya atth±divasena dvinna½ pad±na½ sambandhatt± atth±diyamakat± vutt±. Desan±kkamato cettha anulomapaµilomat± veditabb± “kusal± kusalam³l±”ti vatv± “kusalam³l± kusal±”ti ca vuttatt±. Sesayamakesupi eseva nayo. Visesavantavisesa, visesavisesavantaggahaºato v± idha anulomapaµilomat± veditabb±. Paµhamapucch±yañhi ye dhamm± visesavanto, te nicchay±dhiµµh±ne katv± dassento “ye keci kusal± dhamm±”ti vatv± tesu yasmi½ viseso sa½say±dhiµµh±no, ta½dassanattha½ “sabbe te kusalam³l±”ti pucch± kat±. Dutiyapucch±ya½ pana tappaµilomato yena visesena te visesavanto, ta½ visesa½ sanniµµh±na½ katv± dassento “ye v± pana kusalam³l±”ti vatv± te visesavante sa½say±dhiµµh±nabh³te dassetu½ “sabbe te dhamm± kusal±”ti pucch± kat±. Aniyatavatthuk± hi sanniµµh±nasa½say± anekajjh±sayatt± satt±na½.
Imin±pi byañjanen±ti “ye keci kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti imin±pi v±kyena. Eva½ na sakk± vattunti yen±dhipp±yena vutta½, tamev±dhipp±ya½ vivarati “na h²”ti-±din±. Tattha tenev±ti kusalabyañjanatthassa kusalam³lena ekam³labyañjanatthassa bhinnatt± eva. Vissajjananti vibhajana½ Itarath±ti kusalam³lena ekam³labyañjanena pucch±ya kat±ya. T±ni vacan±n²ti kusalavacana½ kusalam³lena ekam³lavacanañca. Kusalacittasamuµµh±nar³pavasena cassa aby±katad²panat± daµµhabb±. Etth±ti “imin±pi byañjanena tassevatthassa sambhavato”ti etasmi½ vacane. Ye keci kusal±…pe… sambhavatoti etena kusal±na½ kusalam³lena ekam³lat±ya byabhic±r±bh±va½ dasseti. Tenev±ha “na hi…pe… sant²”ti. Vuttabyañjanatthasseva sambhavatoti hi imin± avuttabyañjanatthassa sambhav±bh±vavacanena sv±yamadhipp±yamattho vibh±vito. Yath± hi kusalam³lena ekam³labyañjanattho kusalabyañjanattha½ byabhicarati, na eva½ ta½ kusalabyañjanattho. Katha½ katv± codan±, kathañca katv± parih±ro? Kusalam³lena ekam³l± kusal± ev±ti codan± kat±, kusalam³lena ekam³l± eva kusal±ti pana parih±ro pavattoti veditabba½. Dutiyayamake viya apucchitv±ti “ye keci kusal±”ti apucchitv±. Kusalam³leh²ti kusalehi m³lehi. Teti kusalam³lena ekam³l±.
Ekato uppajjant²ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho pak±rattho v±. Tena “kusalam³l±ni ekam³l±ni ceva aññamaññam³l±ni c±”ti-±dip±¼isesa½ dasseti. Ya½ sandh±ya “heµµh± vuttanayeneva vissajjana½ k±tabba½ bhaveyy±”ti vutta½. Tattha heµµh±ti anulomapucch±vissajjane. Vuttanayen±ti “m³l±ni y±ni ekato uppajjant²”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Tamp²ti “kusalam³len±”ti-±di aµµhakath±vacanampi. Tath±ti tena pak±rena, anulomapucch±ya½ viya vissajjana½ k±tabba½ bhaveyy±ti imin± pak±ren±ti attho. Yena k±raºena “na sakk± vattun”ti vutta½, ta½ k±raºa½ dassetu½ “ye v± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “±mant±”icceva vissajjanena bhavitabbanti “sabbe te dhamm± kusal±”ti pucch±ya½ viya “sabbe te dhamm± kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti pucchitepi paµivacanavissajjanameva labbhati, na anulomapucch±ya½ viya sar³padassanavissajjana½ vibhajitv± dassetabbassa abh±vato. Ye hi dhamm± kusalam³lena ekam³l±, na te dhamm± kusalam³lena aññamaññam³l±va. Ye pana kusalam³lena aññamaññam³l±, te kusalam³lena ekam³l±va. Ten±ha “na hi…pe… vibh±go k±tabbo bhaveyy±”ti.
Tattha yen±ti yena aññamaññam³lesu ekam³lassa abh±vena. Yatth±ti yasmi½ ñ±ºasampayuttacittupp±de. Aññamaññam³lakatt± ekam³lakatt± c±ti adhipp±yo. Dvinna½ dvinnañhi ekekena aññamaññam³lakatte vutte tesa½ ekekena ekam³lakattampi vuttameva hoti sam±nattho ekasaddoti katv±. Tenev±ha “yattha pana…pe… na ekam³l±n²”ti. Tayida½ micch±, dv²supi ekekena itarassa ekam³lakatta½ sambhavati ev±ti. Ten±ha “etassa gahaºassa niv±raºatthan”ti-±di. “Ye dhamm± kusalam³lena aññamaññam³l±, te kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti imamattha½ vibh±ventena idha “±mant±”ti padena yattha dve m³l±ni uppajjanti, tattha ekekena itarassa ekam³lakatta½ pak±sitamev±ti ±ha “±mant±ti imin±va vissajjanena ta½gahaºaniv±raºato”ti Nicchitatt±ti ettha ekato uppajjam±n±na½ tiººanna½ t±va m³l±na½ nicchita½ hotu aññamaññekam³lakatta½, dvinna½ pana kathanti ±ha “aññamaññam³l±na½ h²”ti-±di. Sam±nam³lat± ev±ti avadh±raºena nivattitattha½ dassetu½ “na aññamaññasam±nam³lat±”ti vutta½. Tena aññamaññam³l±na½ sam±nam³lat±mattavacanicch±ya ekam³laggahaºa½, na tesa½ aññamaññapaccayat±visiµµhasam±nam³lat±dassanatthanti imamattha½ dasseti. Dvinna½ m³l±nanti dvinna½ ekam³l±na½ ekato uppajjam±n±na½. Yath± tesa½ sam±nam³lat±, ta½ dassetu½ “tesu h²”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½m³lehi aññeh²ti itaram³lehi m³ladvayato aññehi sahaj±tadhammehi.
Id±ni yena adhipp±yena paµilome “kusal±”icceva pucch± kat±, na “kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti, ta½ dassetu½ “aññamaññam³latte pana…pe… kat±ti daµµhabban”ti ±ha. Na hi kusalam³lena aññamaññam³lesu kiñci ekam³la½ na hot²ti vuttov±yamattho. M³layuttatameva vadati, na m³lehi ayuttanti adhipp±yo. Aññath± pubben±para½ virujjheyya. Tenev±ti m³layuttat±ya eva vuccam±natt±. Ubhayatth±p²ti aññamaññam³l± ekam³l±ti dv²supi padesu. “Kusalam³len±”ti vutta½, kusalam³lena sampayutten±ti hi attho. Yadi ubhayampi vacana½ m³layuttatameva vadati, atha kasm± anulomapucch±yameva ekam³laggahaºa½ kata½, na paµilomapucch±yanti ubhayatth±pi ta½ gahetabba½ na v± gahetabba½. Evañhi m³lekam³layamakadesan±hi aya½ aññamaññayamakadesan± sam±naras± siy±ti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di.
Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ aññamaññayamake. Yadipi ekam³l± aññamaññam³l±ti ida½ padadvaya½ vuttanayena m³layuttatameva vadati, tath±pi s±maññavisesalakkhaºe attheva bhedoti dassetu½ “m³layogas±maññe”ti-±di vutta½. Sam³lak±na½ sam±nam³lat± ekam³lattanti ekam³lavacana½ tesu avisesato m³lasabbh±vamatta½ vadati, na aññamaññam³lasaddo viya m³lesu labbham±na½ visesa½, na ca s±maññe nicchayo visese sa½saya½ vidhamat²ti imamattham±ha “m³layogas±maññe…pe… pavatt±”ti imin±. Visese pana nicchayo s±maññe sa½saya½ vidhamanto eva pavattat²ti ±ha “m³layogavisese pana…pe… nicchitameva hot²”ti. Tasm±ti vuttasseva tassa hetubh±vena par±masana½, visesanicchayeneva avin±bh±vato, s±maññassa nicchitatt± tattha v± sa½say±bh±vatoti attho. Ten±ha “ekam³l±ti puccha½ akatv±”ti. Kusalabh±vad²paka½ na hot²ti kusalabh±vasseva d²paka½ na hoti tadaññaj±tikassapi d²panato. Ten±ha “kusalabh±ve sa½sayasabbh±v±”ti. Aññamaññam³lavacananti kevala½ aññamaññam³lavacananti adhipp±yo. Kusal±dhik±rassa anuvattam±natt±ti imin± “sabbe te dhamm± kusal±”ti kusalaggahaºe k±raºam±ha. Ekam³laggahaºe hi payojan±bh±vo dassito, kusalassa vasena c±ya½ desan±ti.
53-61. M³lanaye vutte eva attheti m³lanaye vutte eva kusal±didhamme. Kusal±dayo hi sabh±vadhamm± idha p±¼i-atthat±ya atthoti vutto. Kusalam³labh±vena, m³lassa visesanena, m³layogad²panena ca pak±setu½. Kusalam³labh³t± m³l± kusalam³lam³l±ti sam±sayojan±. M³lavacanañhi nivattetabbagahetabbas±dh±raºa½. Akusal±by±kat±pi m³ladhamm± atth²ti kusalam³labh±vena m³ladhamm± visesit±. M³laggahaºena ca m³lavant±na½ m³layogo d²pito hoti. Sam±nena m³lena, m³lassa visesanena, m³layogad²panena ca pak±setu½ “ekam³lam³l±”ti, aññamaññassa m³lena m³labh±vena, m³lassa visesanena, m³layogad²panena ca pak±setu½ “aññamaññam³lam³l±”ti m³lam³lanayo vuttoti yojan±. T²supi yamakesu yath±vuttavisesanamevettha pariy±yantara½ daµµhabba½.
M³layoga½ d²petunti m³layogameva padh±na½ s±tisayañca katv± d²petunti adhipp±yo. Yath± hi kusal±ni m³l±ni etesanti kusalam³lak±n²ti b±hiratthasam±se m³layogo padh±nabh±vena vutto hoti, na eva½ “kusalasaªkh±t± m³l± kusalam³l±”ti kevala½, “kusalam³lam³l±”ti savisesana½ v± vutte uttarapadatthappadh±nasam±se. Ten±ha “aññapadattha…pe… d²petun”ti. Vuttappak±rov±ti “kusalam³labh±vena m³lassa visesanen±”ti-±din± m³lam³lanaye ca, “aññapadatthasam±santena ka-k±ren±”ti-±din± m³lakanaye ca vuttappak±ro eva. Vacanapariy±yo m³lam³lakanaye ekajjha½ katv± yojetabbo.
74-85. Na ekam³labh±va½ labham±neh²ti aby±katam³lena na ekam³laka½ tath±vattabbata½ labham±nehi aµµh±rasa-ahetukacittupp±d±hetukasamuµµh±nar³panibb±nehi ekato alabbham±natt±. Yath± hi yath±vuttacittupp±d±dayo hetupaccayavirahit± ahetukavoh±ra½ labhanti, na eva½ sahetukasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½. Ten±ha “ahetukavoh±rarahita½ katv±”ti. Ettha ca “sabba½ r³pa½ na hetukameva, ahetukamev±”ti vuttatt± kiñc±pi sahetukasamuµµh±nampi r³pa½ ahetuka½, “aby±kato dhammo aby±katassa dhammassa hetupaccayena paccayo, vip±k±by±kat± kiriy±by±kat± het³ sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ cittasamuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.403) pana vacanato hetupaccayayogena sahetukasamuµµh±nassa r³passa ahetukavoh±r±bh±vo vutto. Keci pana “abboh±rika½ katv±ti sahetukavoh±rena abboh±rika½ katv±ti attha½ vatv± aññath± ‘ahetuka½ aby±kata½ aby±katam³lena ekam³lan’ti na sakk± vattun”ti vadanti. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ vuttameva ahetukavoh±r±bh±vena sahetukat±pariy±yassa atthasiddhatt±. Apica hetupaccayasabbh±vato tassa sahetukat±pariy±yo labbhateva. Ten±ha “na v± sahetukaduke viya…pe… abboh±rika½ katan”ti. Ettha etth±ti etasmi½ ekam³lakaduke. Hetupaccayayog±yogavasen±ti hetupaccayena yog±yogavasena, hetupaccayassa sabbh±v±sabbh±vavasen±ti attho. Sahetukavoh±rameva labhati paccayabh³tahetusabbh±vato.
Apare pana bhaºanti “sahetukacittasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½ ahetuka½ aby±katanti imin± vacanena saªgaha½ gacchantampi sam³lakatt± ‘aby±katam³lena na ekam³lan’ti na sakk± vattu½, satipi sam³lakatte nippariy±yena sahetuka½ na hot²ti ‘aby±katam³lena ekam³lan’ti ca na sakk± vattu½, tasm± ‘ahetuka½ aby±kata½ aby±katam³lena na ekam³la½, sahetuka½ aby±kata½ aby±katam³lena ekam³lan’ti dv²supi padesu anavarodhato abboh±rika½ katv±ti vuttan”ti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ “sahetuka-aby±katasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½ aby±katam³lena ekam³la½ hot²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ tassa ekam³labh±vassa nicchitatt±, tasm± vuttanayeneva cettha attho veditabbo.
86-97. Kusal±kusal±by±katar±sito namanan±manasaªkh±tena visesena ar³padhamm±na½ gahaºa½ niddh±raºa½ n±ma hot²ti ±ha “n±m±na½ niddh±ritatt±”ti. Tena tesa½ adhikabh±vam±ha viññ±yam±nameva pakaraºena aparicchinnatt±. Yadi eva½ “ahetuka½ n±ma½ sahetuka½ n±man”ti p±µhantare kasm± n±maggahaºa½ katanti ±ha “sup±kaµabh±vatthan”ti, paribyatta½ katv± vutte ki½ vattabbanti adhipp±yo.

Niddesav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.

M³layamakavaººan± niµµhit±.