6. Chaµµhanayo sampayogavippayogapadavaººan±

228. “Tatth±”ti imin± “sampayogavippayogapada½ bh±jetv±”ti ettha sampayogavippayogapada½ bh±jita½, sa½vaººetabbat±ya ca padh±nabh³ta½ pacc±maµµha½, na r³pakkhandh±dipadanti dassento “ya½ labbhati…pe… veditabban”ti vatv± puna “r³pakkhandh±d²su h²”ti-±din± tamattha½ vivarati. Tattha na labbhat²ti “sampayutta½ vippayuttan”ti v± gahetu½ na labbhati, alabbham±nampi pucch±ya gahita½ paµikkhepena vissajjetu½. Paµikkhepopi hi pucch±ya vissajjanameva. Tath± hi yamake (yama. 1.khandhayamaka.59-61) “yassa r³pakkhandho nuppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho nuppajjitth±”ti pucch±ya “natth²”ti vissajjita½. Tena panettha r³padhammesu sampayogaµµho na labbhat²ti ayamattho dassito hoti. Alabbham±nampi sampayogapada½ gahitanti sambandho. Sabbatth±ti r³pakkhandhavedan±kkhandh±d²su. Etesanti r³panibb±n±na½. Visabh±gat±ti ata½sabh±gat±. Ekupp±d±dibh±vo hi sampayoge sabh±gat±, na saªgahe viya sam±nasabh±gat±, tasm± ekupp±d±dibh±varahit±na½ r³panibb±n±na½ s± ekupp±d±dit± visabh±gat± vutt±. Tadabh±vatoti tass± visabh±gat±ya ekupp±d±dit±ya abh±vato. Vippayogopi niv±rito eva hoti, visabh±go bh±vo vippayogoti vuttov±yamatthoti. “Cat³su h²”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti. Tattha tesa½ teh²ti ca ar³pakkhandhe eva par±masati. Visabh±gat± ca hoti r³panibb±nesu avijjam±natt±ti attho. Ten±ha “na ca r³pekadesass±”ti-±di. Tenev±ti catukkhandhasabh±gatt± eva.
T²hi viññ±ºadh±t³h²ti gh±najivh±k±yaviññ±ºadh±t³hi vippayutte an±rammaºamissake r³padhammamissake dhamme d²peti r³pabhavoti yojan±. Pañcah²ti cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi pañcahi viññ±ºadh±t³hi. Ek±ya manodh±tuy±. Na sampayutteti na sampayutte eva. Tath± hi “vippayutte ahonte sattahipi sampayutte sattapi v± t±”ti vutta½. Ten±ti vippayuttat±paµikkhepena. T±h²ti sattaviññ±ºadh±t³hi. Sampayutte d²pent²ti sampayutte d²pentiyeva, na sampayutte ev±ti evamavadh±raºa½ gahetabba½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Sampayutte vedan±dike. Sampayuttavippayuttabh±vehi navattabba½, ta½yeva viññ±ºadh±tusattaka½. Sampayuttabh±vena navattabb±ni sampayuttanavattabb±ni, bhinnasant±nik±ni, n±n±kkhaºik±ni ca ar³p±nipi dhammaj±t±ni. An±rammaºamissakasabbaviññ±ºadh±tuta½sampayutt± dhamm±yatan±dipadehi d²petabb±, an±rammaºamissakasabbaviññ±ºadh±tuyo acetasik±dipadehi d²petabb±, tadubhayasamud±y± dukkhasacc±dipadehi d²petabb±ti veditabb±.
Yadi evanti yadi an±rammaºamiss±na½ dhamm±na½ vippayogo natthi. An±rammaºamissobhayadhamm±ti r³panibb±nasahitasabbaviññ±ºadh±tuta½sampayuttadhamm±. Khandh±d²hev±ti khandh±yatanadh±t³hi eva, na ar³pakkhandhamattena. Ar³pakkhandheyeva pana sandh±ya “tehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±”ti vuttanti n±ya½ dosoti dasseti. Tadekades±ti “an±rammaºamiss±”ti-±din± vuttadhammasamud±yassa ekades±. Tadekadesaññasamud±y±ti tasseva yath±vuttassa samud±yassa ekades± hutv± aññesa½ avayav±na½ r³pakkhandh±d²na½ samud±yabh³t±. Vibh±g±bh±vatoti bhed±bh±vato. Bhedoti cettha accantabhedo adhippeto. Na hi samud±y±vayav±na½ s±maññavises±na½ viya accantabhedo atthi bhed±bhedayuttatt±. Tesa½ accantabhedameva hi sandh±ya “samud±yantogadh±na½ ekades±na½ na vibh±go atth²”ti saªgahepi vutta½. Ten±ti avibh±gasabbh±vato sabh±gavisabh±gatt±bh±vena. Tesanti an±rammaºamissakasabbaviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²na½ Te ca akusal±by±kat±. Tesanti kusal±kusal±by±katadhamm±na½. Tasm±ti yasm± vibhattasabh±v±na½ na tesa½ samud±yekades±dibh±vo, tasm±. Yasm± pana kusal±dayo eva khandh±dayoti khandh±di-±masanena samud±yekades±dibh±vo ±panno ev±ti vuttanayena vippayog±bh±vo hoti, tasm± ta½ pariharanto “khandh±d²ni an±masitv±”ti-±dim±ha. Tesanti kusal±d²na½. Aññamaññavippayuttat± vutt± “kusalehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±”ti-±din±. Sabbes³ti dutiy±disabbapañhesu.
Chatti½s±ya piµµhidukapadesu v²sati dukapad±ni imasmi½ naye labbhanti, avasiµµh±ni so¼asev±ti ±ha “so¼as±ti vattabban”ti. Tato eva “tev²sapadasatan”ti ettha “tev²san”ti idañca “ekav²san”ti vattabbanti yojan±. Sabbatth±ti sabbapañhesu. Ekak±lekasant±n±na½ bhinnak±labhinnasant±n±nañca anekesa½ dhamm±na½ samud±yabh³t± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±yatanadhammadh±tuyoti ±ha “k±lasant±na…pe… dh±t³nan”ti. Ekadesasammiss±ti cittiddhip±d±din± attano ekadeseneva khandhantar±d²hi sammiss± iddhip±d±dayo, an±rammaºehi r³panibb±nehi ca asammiss±. Sam±nak±lasant±neh²ti ekak±lasant±nehi k±lasant±nabhedarahitehi ekadesantarehi, saªkh±rakkhandh±d²na½ ekadesantarehi, saªkh±rakkhandh±d²na½ ekadesavisesabh³tehi satipaµµh±nasammappadh±nasaññ±kkhandh±d²hi vibhatt± eva samudayasacc±dayo sampayog²vippayog²bh±vena, r³pakkhandh±dayo vippayog²bh±vena gahit±ti yojan±. Tehi samudayasacc±d²hi. Te saññ±kkhandh±dayo. Kehici sahuppajjan±rahehi ekadesantarehi vibhattehi. Na hi saªkh±rakkhandh±dipariy±pannattepi samudayasacc±dayo maggasacc±d²hi sampayoga½ labhanti. Tesanti vedan±kkhandhasaññ±kkhandh±d²na½. Ekupp±d±…pe… visabh±gat± c±ti ekupp±d±dit±saªkh±t± yath±raha½ sabh±gat± visabh±gat± ca. Tena yath±vuttak±raºena sampayogassa vippayogassa ca labhanato.
Bhinnak±l±na½ samud±y²na½ samud±y± bhinnak±lasamud±y±. Vattam±n± ca ekasmi½ sant±ne ekekadhamm± vattanti. Tasm±ti yasm± etadeva, tasm±. Tesa½ vedan±kkhandh±d²na½ vibhajitabbassa ekadesabh³tassa abh±vato. Sukhindriy±d²ni vedan±kkhandhekadesabh³t±nipi. Tena vibh±g±karaºena Yadi sam±nak±lassa vibhajitabbassa abh±vato cakkhuviññ±ºadh±t±dayo viññ±ºakkhandhassa vibh±ga½ na karonti, atha kasm± “cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu…pe… manoviññ±ºadh±tu so¼asahi dh±t³hi vippayutt±”ti vuttanti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “khandh±yatana…pe… vippayutt±ti vuttan”ti. Evamevanti yath± dh±tuvibh±gena vibhattassa viññ±ºassa, evameva½.
235. Ta½sampayog²bh±vanti tehi khandhehi sampayog²bh±va½. Yath± hi sam±nak±lasant±nehi ekacittupp±dagatehi vedan±saññ±viññ±ºakkhandhehi samudayasaccassa sampayuttat±, eva½ bhinnasant±nehi bhinnak±lehi ca tehi tassa vippayuttat±ti ±ha “eva½ ta½vippayog²bh±va½…pe… na vuttan”ti. Visabh±gat±nibandhassa vibh±gassa abh±vena avibh±gehi tehi t²hi khandhehi. Vibh±ge h²ti-±din± tamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti. Vibh±garahiteh²ti sam±nak±lasant±nehi ekacittupp±dagatatt± avibhattehi vedan±kkhandh±d²hi na yutta½ vippayuttanti vattu½. Ten±ha “vijjam±nehi…pe… bh±vato”ti. Tattha vijjam±nassa sam±nassa sam±naj±tikass±ti adhipp±yo. Na hi vijjam±na½ r³p±r³pa½ aññamaññassa visabh±ga½ na hoti. Anuppann± dhamm± viy±ti ida½ visadisud±haraºadassana½. Yath± “anuppann± dhamm±”ti an±gatak±la½ vuccat²ti ±maµµhak±labheda½, eva½ ya½ ±maµµhak±labheda½ na hot²ti attho. Uddharitabba½ desan±ya desetabbanti vutta½ hoti. Vijjam±nasseva vijjam±nena sampayogo, sampayog±rahasseva ca vippayogoti atthibh±vasannissay± sampayuttavippayuttat±ti ±ha “paccuppannabh±va½ niss±y±”ti. Tenev±ha “avijjam±nass±”ti-±di. Tañc±ti uddharaºa½.
Vibh±garahiteh²ti visabh±gat±bh±vato avibh±gehi. An±maµµhak±labhedeti an±maµµhak±lavisese. Avijjam±nassa…pe… sampayogo natth²ti etena p±risesato vijjam±nassa ca vijjam±nena sampayogo dassito. Avijjam±nat±d²pake bhede gahiteti yath±gahitesu dhammesu tehi vippayog²na½ avijjam±nabh±vad²pake tesa½yeva visese “ar³pabhavo ekena khandhena dasah±yatanehi so¼asahi dh±t³hi vippayutto”ti-±din± (dh±tu. 246) gahite teneva ruppan±din± bhedena tesa½ aññamañña½ visabh±gat±pi gahit± ev±ti vippayogo hot²ti yojan±. Bhede pana aggahite tena tena gahaºen±ti yath±vutte avijjam±nat±d²pake visese, visabh±ge v± aggahite “vedan±, saññ±, saªkh±rakkhandho t²hi khandhehi eken±yatanena sattahi dh±t³hi sampayutto”ti-±din± tena tena gahaºena sabh±gat±d²panena visabh±gat±ya aggahitatt± sabh±gat±va hoti. Tath± ca sati sabh±gatte k± panettha sabh±gat±ti ±ha “vijjam±nat±ya…pe… hot²”ti. Tass±ti sabh±gat±ya. Tasm±ti visabh±gat±ya alabbham±natt±, sabh±gat±ya ca labbham±natt±.
262. Vitakko viy±ti savitakkasavic±resu cittupp±desu vitakko viya. So hi vitakkarahitatt± avitakko vic±ramatto ca. Ten±ha “koµµh±santaracittupp±desu al²n±”ti. Tato eva so appadh±no, dutiyajh±nadhamm± evettha padh±n±ti ±ha “ye padh±n±”ti. Tenev±ti savitakkasavic±resu cittupp±desu vitakkassa avitakkavic±ramattaggahaºena idha aggahitatt±, vitakkattike dutiyar±siyeva ca adhippetatt±. Anantaranayeti sampayuttenavippayuttapadaniddese. Samudayasaccena sam±nagatik± sadisappavattik±. It²ti imin± k±raºena. Te avitakkavic±ramatt± dhamm± na gahit±, samudayasacca½ viya na desan±ru¼h±. Na savitakkasavic±rehi sam±nagatik±ti yojan±. Yadi hi te savitakkasavic±rehi sam±nagatik± siyu½, “avitakkavic±ramattehi dhammehi ye dhamm± sampayutt±, tehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±, te dhamm± na kehici khandhehi, na kehici ±yatanehi, ek±ya dh±tuy± vippayutt±”ti vattabb± siyu½. Yasm± pana te samudayasaccena sam±nagatik±. Yath± hi ye samudayasaccena sampayuttehi vippayutt±, tesa½ kehici vippayoga½ vattu½ na sakk±, eva½ tehipi Tath± hi vakkhati “samudayasacc±d²n²”ti-±di. Dasamo…pe… vuttoti ettha dasamanaye tehi avitakkavic±ramattehi vippayuttehi vippayutt±na½ so¼asahi dh±t³hi vippayogo vutto, os±nanaye tehi vippayutt±na½ aµµh±rasahi dh±t³hi saªgaho ca vuttoti tasm± na te savitakkasavic±rehi sam±nagatik±ti dasseti.
Vitakkasahites³ti sahavitakkesu. Tes³ti avitakkavic±ramattesu saha vitakkena dutiyajjh±nadhammesu, “avitakkavic±ramatt±”ti gahitesu vuttes³ti attho. Sabbepi teti dutiyajjh±nadhamm± vitakko c±ti sabbepi te dhamm± sakk± vattu½. Tath± hi sampayogavippayogapadaniddese “avitakkavic±ramatt± dhamm± ekena khandhena eken±yatanena ek±ya dh±tuy± kehici sampayutt±”ti vutta½. Tattha ekena khandhen±ti saªkh±rakkhandhena. So hi samud±yoti “avitakkavic±ramatt± dhamm±”ti vuttadhammasamud±yo. Nanu vitakkopettha dhammasaªgaha½ gato, so ca vic±rato aññenapi sampayuttoti codana½ sandh±y±ha “na hi tadekadesassa…pe… hot²”ti. Yath±ti-±din± tamevattha½ iddhip±danidassanena vibh±veti. Tassattho– yath± iddhip±dasamud±yassa ekadesabh³t±na½ chandiddhip±d±d²na½ t²hi khandhehi sampayogo vutto, ta½samud±yassa na hoti, eva½ idh±pi vitakkassa aññehi sampayogo avitakkavic±ramattassa samud±yassa na hot²ti.
Yadi eva½ “iddhip±do dv²hi khandhehi sampayutto”ti-±di na vattabbanti ce? No na vattabbanti dassento “yath± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tes³ti iddhip±desu. Samud±yass±ti iddhip±dasamud±yassa. Tehi vedan±kkhandh±d²hi sampayuttat± vutt± “iddhip±do dv²hi khandhehi sampayutto”ti-±din±. Ten±ti vic±rena. Na h²ti-±din± yath±dhigatadhamm±na½ sampayuttat±ya navattabb±bh±va½ ud±haraºadassanavasena vibh±veti. Keci vicikicch± ta½sahagat± ca mohavajj± mohena sampayutt±, keci asampayutt±. Mohen±ti vicikicch±sahagatamohameva sandh±ya vadati. Iti imin± k±raºena na samud±yo tena mohena sampayutto. Añño koci dhammo hetubh±vo n±pi atthi, yena hetun± so dassanenapah±tabbahetukoti vutto samud±yo. Evanti imin± nayena “bh±van±…pe… yopi sampayutt±”ti navattabbat±ya nidassetabb±ti attho. Evanti yath± dassanenapah±tabbahetukasamud±yassa sampayuttat± na vattabb±, eva½ yena dhammena avitakka…pe… siy±, ta½ na natthi. Tasm±ti yasm± avitakkavic±ramattesu kocipi vic±rena asampayutto natthi, tasm±. Teti avitakkavic±ramatt± dhamm±. Ekadhammepi…pe… kato yath± “appaccay± dhamm± asaªkhat± dhamm±”ti.

Chaµµhanayasampayogavippayogapadavaººan± niµµhit±.