Kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ navamo khaºo catt±ri ca sampatticakk±ni yonisomanasik±ro eva v± hetu, vuttavipariy±yena akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ hetu, kusal±kusal± dhamm± yath±sambhava½ aby±kat±na½ dhamm±na½ het³ti aya½ parikkh±ro h±ro.
Kusal±ti pariññeyyaggahaºañceva bh±vetabbaggahaºañca. Akusal±ti pariññeyyaggahaºañceva pah±tabbaggahaºañca. Aby±kat±ti pariññeyyaggahaºañceva sacchik±tabbaggahaºañca. Dhamm±ti pariññ±d²na½ pavattan±k±raggahaºa½. Tena pariññeyyappah±nabh±van±sacchikaraº±ni d²pit±n²ti tadaªg±div²tikkam±dippah±n±ni lokiyalokuttar± ca bh±van± dassit±ti aya½ sam±ropano h±ro.
K±mañceta½ avisesato sabh±vadhammakathana½, visesavanto pana dhamm± visesato niddh±rit±. Tath± hi citteneva samayo niyamito, tasm± kusalaggahaºena visesato s±dhiµµh±no samatho vipassan± ca dassit±ti. Tath± tappaµipakkhato akusalaggahaºena s±dhiµµh±n± taºh± avijj± ca aby±kataggahaºena sapariv±r± cetovimutti paññ±vimutti c±ti aya½ nandiy±vattassa nayassa bh³mi.
Tath± kusalaggahaºena m³labh±vavisesato t²ºi kusalam³l±ni, tesu ca adosena s²lakkhandho, alobhena sam±dhikkhandho, amohena paññ±kkhandho n²yati. Tath± akusalaggahaºena t²ºi akusalam³l±ni, tesu ca lobhena tadekaµµh± akusal± dhamm±. Tath± dosamohehi ta½tadekaµµh±. Aby±kataggahaºena appaºihit±nimittasuññat± n²yant²ti aya½ tipukkhalassa nayassa bh³mi.
Tath± kusalaggahaºena yato kosallato sambh³t± kusal±, ta½ paññindriya½. Ta½sahaj±t± tadupanissay± ca saddahanussahan±pil±p±vikkhep± saddhindriy±d²ni. Tehi ca sabbe saddhamm± bodhit± bhavanti. Akusalaggahaºena akosallapaµicch±dit±d²navesu k±yavedan±cittadhammesu subhasukhanicca-att±bhinivesabh³t± catt±ro vipall±s±. Aby±kataggahaºena yath±vutta-indriyapaccay±ni yath±vuttavipall±sappah±nabh³t±ni ca catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni bodhit±n²ti aya½ s²havikk²¼itassa nayassa bh³m²ti ime tayo atthanay±.
Tehi ca siddhehi dve kammanay±pi siddh± hont²ti. Aya½ tiko sabbadhammasaªgahitasabbabh±giyo veditabboti ida½ s±sanapaµµh±na½.

Aya½ t±va nettinayena kusalattikavaººan±.

Eva½ vedan±ttik±d²supi yath±sambhava½ catusaccaniddh±raº±dividhin± so¼asa h±r± pañca nay± niddisitabb±, ativitth±rabhayena pana na vitth±ray±ma. Sakk± hi imin± nayena tesu tesu tikadukesu ta½ta½h±ranayayojan±nur³padhammaniddh±raºavasena te te h±ranay± viññun± niddisitunti.
2. Tañca sukhindriya½ sukhavedan± eva hoti s±maññassa bhedapariy±d±nato, bhedassa ca s±maññaparicc±gatoti adhipp±yo. Yasm± pana visesas±maññ±ni avayavasamud±y± viya aññamaññato bhinn±ni, tasm± “na pana…pe… sam±natthatt±”ti vutta½. Id±ni tameva nesa½ bhinnatatva½ “ayañh²”ti-±din± vivarati. Tanti sukhahet³na½ k±raºa½. Tena sukhassa k±raºa½ sukhahetu, sukhassa k±raºak±raºa½ sukham³lanti dasseti. Sukhahet³nanti ettha hetu-saddena k±raºabh±vas±maññato hetupaccay± saªgahit±ti ±ha “puññapassaddhi-±d²nan”ti. Ettha ca sukham³lasukhahet³su phal³pac±rena, sukh±rammaºasukhapaccayaµµh±nesu sukhasahacariy±ya, aby±pajjanibb±nesu dukkh±pagamabh±vena sukhapariy±yo vuttoti daµµhabbo. Iµµh±s³ti sukhupekkh±na½ vipariº±m±ññ±ºasaªkh±radukkhat±ya aniµµhabh±vopi atth²ti viseseti. Upekkhameva v± apekkhitv± visesana½ kata½. S± hi akusalavip±kabh³t± aniµµh±pi atth²ti. Evam±d²s³ti ±di-saddena “sovaggika½ sukhavip±kan”ti (d². ni. 1.163) evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Iµµhapariy±yo hi ettha sukha-saddoti.
Saªkh±radukkh±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena “µhitisukha½ vipariº±madukkha½, akusala½ k±yakamma½ dukkhudraya½ dukkhavip±kan”ti-±dike saªgaºh±ti. Yath±kkama½ sukhavedan± dukkha-aniµµhapariy±yo hi ettha dukkha-saddoti. Dukkhavedan±dukkhavatthu-±d²su dukkhasaddappavatti vuttanayeneva yojetabb±. Vip±k±vip±kabhed±ya sabb±yapi sukhavedan±ya vasena lakkhaºassa vuttatt± tadubhay±nuk³lamattha½ vivaranto “sabh±vato”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vip±k± sabh±vato iµµhassa anubhavanalakkhaº±. Itar± sabh±vato saªkappato ca iµµhassa iµµh±k±rassa v± anubhavanalakkhaº±ti daµµhabba½.
Asam±napaccayehi ekajjha½ uppattito sam±napaccayehi ekajjha½ uppatti s±tisay±ti ukka½sagativij±nanavasena “sam±napaccayehi sahuppattik±ti attho”ti vutta½. Atha v± uppajjana½ upp±do, uppajjati etasm±ti upp±doti duvidhopi upp±do ekupp±d±ti ettha ekasesanayena saªgahitoti imin± adhipp±yena “sam±…pe… attho”ti vutta½ siy±. Tena t±ni ekavatthuk±n²ti etassa ca “kappentass±”ti-±din± sambandho. Tattha purimavikappe eka½ vatthu nissayo etesanti yojan±, na eka½yeva vatth³ti. Ekekabh³tassa bh³tattayanissitatt± catubh³tanissitatt± ca up±d±r³p±na½. Dutiyavikappe pana eka½yeva vatthu etesu nissitanti yojan±. Nissayanissitat±saªkh±ta-upak±ropakattabbabh±vad²pana½ ekavatthukavacananti dutiyavikappe mah±bh³tavasena yojan± kat±. Itarath± eka½ vatthu etes³ti sam±satthabh±vena up±d±r³p±nampi pariggaho vattabbo siy±. Pañcaviññ±ºasampaµicchan±nanti ida½ nidassananti daµµhabba½. Kiriyamanodh±tucakkhuviññ±º±dayopi hi ek±rammaº±bhinnavatthuk± c±ti p±kaµoyamatthoti. Sant²raº±d²nanti ±di-saddena voµµhabbanajavanatad±rammaº±ni saªgayhanti, et±ni ca sampaµicchan±d²ni cuti-±sann±ni idh±dhippet±n²ti daµµhabba½. T±ni hi taduddha½ kammajar³passa anuppattito ekasmi½yeva hadayavatthusmi½ vattanti, itar±ni pana purimapurimacittakkhaºuppanne hadayavatthusmi½ uttaruttar±ni pavattant²ti. Chasu v± vatth³su eka½ hadayavatthuyeva vatthu etesanti eva½ pana atthe sati cuti-±sannato itaresa½ sampaµicchan±d²na½ gahaºa½ siy±ti ñ±tabba½.
Etth±ha– “kasm± panettha kusalattik±nantara½ vedan±ttikova vutto”ti? Kismi½ pana vuccam±ne ayamanuyogo na siy±, apica avayav±na½ anekabhedat±dassanatth± tikantaradesan±. Samm±sambuddhena hi kusalattikena sabbadhamm±na½ tidh± vibh±ga½ dassetv± puna tadavayav±na½ kusal±d²nampi anekabhedabhinnata½ dassentena tesa½ vedan±sampayogavibh±gavibh±vanattha½ “sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±”ti vutta½. Kusal± hi dhamm± siy± sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±, siy± adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±. Akusal± dhamm± siy± sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±, siy± dukkh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±, siy± adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±, tath± aby±kat± sampayog±rah±ti. Eva½ kusal±didhamm±na½ pacceka½ vedan±bhedena vibh±gadassanattha½ kusalattik±nantara½ vedan±ttika½ vatv± id±ni sukhasampayutt±d²na½ pacceka½ vip±k±dibhedabhinnata½ dassetu½ vedan±ttik±nantara½ vip±kattiko vutto. Sukhasampayutt± hi dhamm± siy± vip±k±, siy± vip±kadhammadhamm±, siy± nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhamm±. Tath± adukkhamasukhasampayutt±, dukkhasampayutt± pana siy± vip±k±, siy± vip±kadhammadhamm±ti imin± nayena avasesattik±na½ duk±nañca tassa tassa anantaravacane payojana½ vibh±vetabba½.
3. Vip±kaniruttiñca labhant²ti tesu vip±kasaddassa niru¼hata½ dasseti. Sukkakaºh±d²ti ±di-saddena akaºha-asukkaphass±dibh±vo pariggahito. Sati pana p±ka-saddassa phalapariy±yabh±ve r³pa½ viya na nih²no pakka½ viya visiµµho p±koti vip±koti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo. Saby±p±rat±ti sa-uss±hat±. Sant±ne saby±p±rat±ti etena cittappayogasaªkh±tena kiriy±bh±vena vip±kadhamm±na½ sant±navisesam±ha “yato yasmi½ cittupp±de kusal±kusal± cetan±, ta½sant±ne eva tass± vip±kuppatt²”ti. Ettha ca “saby±p±rat±”ti etena ±vajjanadvaya½ vip±kañca nivatteti, “anupacchinn±vijj±taºh±m±ne”ti imin± avasiµµha½ kiriya½ nivatteti. Ubhayenapi anusayasah±yasa-uss±hat±lakkhaº± vip±kadhammadhamm±ti dasseti. Lokuttarakusal±nampi hi anusay± upanissay± honti, yato “katame dhamm± kusal±? Yasmi½ samaye lokuttara½…pe… tasmi½ samaye avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±din± (vibha. 342) ariyamaggacetan±ya avijj±-upanissayat± paµiccasamupp±davibhaªge pak±sit±. Niruss±hasantabh±valakkhaº± vip±k±, ubhayavipar²talakkhaº± nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhamm±ti.
Abhiññ±dikusal±nanti ±di-saddena “ahosi kamma½ n±hosi kammavip±ko”ti (paµi. ma. 1.234) imin± tikena saªgahita½ gati-upadhik±lapayog±bh±vena avip±ka½ diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ upapajjavedan²yañca saªgaºh±ti. Apar±pariyavedan²ya½ pana sa½s±rappavattiya½ ahosikamm±dibh±va½ na bhajati. Bh±van±ya pah±tabb±d²ti ±di-saddena dassanena pah±tabba½ saªgaºh±ti. Ubhayampi “vip±k±nupp±dane”ti vacanato gati-upadhik±lapayog±bh±vena anuppannavip±kameva adhippeta½ bh±van±ya pah±tabbassapi pavattivip±kassa anuj±nanato. Yesa½ pana bh±van±ya pah±tabb± avip±k±, tesa½ matena ±di-saddena dassanena pah±tabbassa ahosikammanti eva½pak±rasseva pariggahoti veditabba½.
4. “Katham±dinn±”ti ayampi pañho labbhati. “Phalabh±ven±”ti hi ±d±nappak±ravacana½. Kesañci gotrabhupaccavekkhaº±d²na½ upetakiriyabh³t±na½ ta½kattubh³t±nañca atth±na½ upetabbasambandhabh±vato tadabhidh±yinopi sadd± sambandh± ev±ti “upetasaddasambandhin±”ti vutta½. Upetanti hi upetabbatthe vuccam±ne avassa½ upetakiriy± upet± ca ñ±yat²ti. “R³padh±tuy± kho pana, gahapati, yo chando yo r±go y± nand² y± taºh± ye upayup±d±n±, cetaso adhiµµh±n± abhinives± anusay±”ti-±d²su “upayo”ti taºh±diµµhiyo adhippet±ti ±ha “upaya…pe… diµµh²h²”ti. Yath±sambhavanti “±rammaºakaraºavasen±”ti-±din± aµµhakath±ya½ vutta-atthesu yo yo sambhavati yojetu½, so soti attho. Na vacan±nupubben±ti “ki½ pana ta½ upetan”ti-±din± vuttavacan±nupubbena na yojetabbo. Sabbapaccayuppann±nanti sabbatebh³makapaccayuppann±na½. N±pajjati s±maññajotan±ya visese avaµµh±nato visesatthin± ca viseso anupayujjat²ti ta½ pana visesa½ vuttappak±ra½ niyametv± dassetu½ “bodhaneyy±”ti-±di vutta½.
Upeta½ d²pet²ti yath± “p±cariyo”ti ettha pagato ±cariyo p±cariyoti pa-saddo pagata½ d²peti, eva½ upa-saddo upeta½ d²peti eva, na cettha gat±di-atth±na½ ekantena paccattavacanayogo icchitoti. Atisaddo viy±ti ca ida½ sas±dhanakiriy±d²panas±maññena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Paccayabh±ven±ti etena purimanibbatti½ viseseti. Tena sahaj±tassapi up±d±nassa saªgaho kato hoti. Sahaj±topi hi dhammo paccayabh³to purimanipphanno viya vohar²yati yath± “eka½ mah±bh³ta½ paµicca tayo mah±bh³t±”ti, “eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.53) ca. Dh±tukath±ya½ pak±sitanti “upapattibhavo pañcahi khandhehi ek±dasah±yatanehi sattarasahi dh±t³hi saªgahito. Katihi asaªgahito. Na kehici khandhehi eken±yatanena ek±ya dh±tuy± asaªgahito”ti (dh±tu. 67) evam±di½ sandh±y±ha. Tasm± ev±ti up±dinnasadd±napekkhatt± eva. Avisesetv±ti up±dinn±nup±dinnavisesa½ akatv±. Up±d±n±na½ ±rammaºabh±v±nativattanato up±d±nehi up±d±tabb±ti v± up±d±niy±, up±d±tu½ v± arahant²ti up±d±niy±, up±d±ne niyutt±ti v± up±d±niy± ka-k±rassa ya-k±ra½ katv±ti evamettha attho daµµhabboti.