4. Aµµhakath±kaº¹a½

Tika-atthuddh±ravaººan±

1384. Nayagamananti n²yati, neti, n²yanti v± eten±ti nayo, gammati eten±ti gamana½, nayova, nayassa v± gamana½ nayagamana½. Gati eva v± gamana½. Paµhamena ±di-saddena abhidhammabh±jan²y±disaªgah±saªgah±di-ekak±disuddhikasacchi kaµµh±dim³lam³l±dik± pañcapakaraºik± nayagati saªgayhati. Anulom±d²ti pana paccan²ya-anulomapaccan²yapaccan²y±nulomapak±r± ekam³l±dippak±r± ca. Ettha atthesu nicchites³ti etasmi½ aµµhakath±kaº¹e cittupp±davasena bh³mantaravisesayogato sabbesa½ m±tik±pad±na½ atthesu saªkhepato vavatth±pitesu.
Pañhuddh±ranti-±d²su “siy± kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.25) kusalapada½ ±di½ katv± kusal±kusal±by±katant± tisso kusal±dik±, kusal±by±kata-akusal±by±katakusal±kusalant± tisso, kusal±kusal±by±katant± ek±ti kusal±dik± satta pucch±, tath± akusal±dik±, aby±kat±dik±, kusal±by±kat±dik±, akusal±by±kat±dik±, kusal±kusal±dik±, kusal±kusal±by±kat±dik±ti sattanna½ sattak±na½ vasena dhamm±nulome kusalattika½ niss±ya hetupaccaye ek³napaññ±sa pucch±, tath± sesapaccayesu sesatikesu dhammapaccan²y±d²su ca. Ta½ sandh±ya “ek³napaññ±s±ya ek³napaññ±s±y±”ti vutta½. “Siy± hetu½ dhamma½ paµicca hetudhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 3.1.1) “hetu½ paµicca hetu, hetu½ paµicca nahetu, hetu½ paµicca hetu ca nahetu ca. Nahetu½ paµicca nahetu, nahetu½ paµicca hetu, nahetu½ paµicca hetu ca nahetu ca. Hetuñca nahetuñca paµicca hetu, hetuñca nahetuñca paµicca nahetu, hetuñca nahetuñca paµicca hetu ca nahetu c±”ti ekekasmi½ duke hetupaccay±d²su ekamekasmi½ paccaye nava nava pucch± honti. T± sandh±ya “navasu navasu pañhes³”ti vutta½.
Labbham±nass±ti kusalattike t±va paµiccav±re hetupaccaye “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjati hetupaccay±, kusala½ eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.53) kusalena kusala½, kusalena aby±kata½, kusalena kusal±by±kata½, akusalena akusala½, akusalena aby±kata½, akusalena akusal±by±kata½, aby±katena aby±kata½, kusal±by±katena aby±kata½, akusal±by±katena aby±katanti navanna½ navanna½ pañh±na½ atthato sambhavantassa pañhassa vissajjanavasena uddharaºa½, tath± sesapaccayav±rattik±d²su. Tesuyev±ti yath±vuttesu eva pañhesu atthasambhavato yath±vibhatt±na½ pañhavissajjan±na½ “hetuy± nav±”ti-±din± gaºan±µhapana½. Pasaµe dhammeti yath± heµµh± kaº¹advaye “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ cittan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) vippakiººe muttapupphe viya phass±dayo dhamme. Avisiµµhaniddeso s±maññaniddeso. Viññ±tadhammassa puggalass±ti adhipp±yo.
Yadi cittupp±dar³pakaº¹esu catubh³micittupp±d±divasena viññ±tadhammassa atthuddh±radesan± ±raddh±, eva½ sante idha kasm± kusalattikaniddeso vuttoti ±ha “yadipi kusalattikavitth±ro”ti-±di. Dhammavisesanabh±vatoti “dhamm±”ti padassa padh±nabh±va½ dasseti. Ato hi tadabhidheyy± pucchitabb± j±t±. Viññ±t±h²ti bh³m²na½ visesanalakkhaºayogam±ha. Ettha padh±nanti kiñc±pi uddese kusalapadena dhamm± visesitabb±, “cat³su bh³m²su kusalan”ti imasmi½ pana niddese bh³m²hi visesitabbatt± kusalapada½ padh±nanti visesanabh±vena vacanicch±ya abh±vato satipi visesitabbadhamm±na½ k±m±vacar±diphass±dibhede tadanapekkha½ anavajjasukhavip±kat±saªkh±ta½ attano kusal±k±rameva gahetv± pavattam±natt± “ekattameva up±d±ya pavattat²”ti vutta½. Sabbepi hi kusal± dhamm± anavajjasukhavip±kat±ya ekasabh±v±yev±ti.
1385. Yath±yoga½ yojetabbanti cat³hi bh³m²hi ±dh±rabh³t±hi visesetv± samayaphass±dibheda½ an±masitv± vip±kabh±vena ekatta½ netv± “cat³su bh³m²su vip±ko”ti vuttanti yojetabba½. Esa nayo “t²su bh³m²su kiriy±by±katan”ti-±d²supi.
Uppajjati etth±ti upp±do, cetasik±. Te hi cittassa sabbath±pi nissay±dipaccayabh±vato ettha ca uppattiy± ±dh±rabh±vena apekkhit±. Yath± ca cetasik± cittassa, eva½ cittampi cetasik±na½ nissay±dipaccayabh±vato ±dh±rabh±vena vattabbata½ arahat²ti yath±vutta½ upp±dasadd±bhidheyyata½ na vinivattati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “cittupp±do”ti ettha upp±dassa visesanabh±vena pavattam±nampi citta½ attani yath±vutta-upp±da-atthasambhavato apariccattavisesitabbabh±vameva hutv± tassa visesanabh±va½ paµipajjat²ti. Yad±ha “avayavena samud±yopalakkhaºavasena attho sambhavat²”ti. Cittasam±nagatikassa idha cittaggahaºena gahetabbat±ya “dvepañcaviññ±º±n²”ti nidassanena vakkham±natt± “citta…pe… gahaºa½ katan”ti vutta½. Tattha aññass±ti r³passa.
1420. Pañcadv±re vattabbameva natthi ekantaparitt±rammaºatt± pañcadv±rikacitt±na½. Iµµh±niµµh±rammaº±nubhavananti vip±kassa pakappetv± ±rammaºaggahaº±bh±vam±ha. Tato kamm±nur³pa½ pavattam±no vip±ko parittakammavip±kat±ya paritt±rammaºeyeva pavattitumarahati, na mahaggatappam±º±rammaºeti adhipp±yo. Sam±dhippadh±nassapi kassaci kammassa appan±-appattassa ekantena sadisavip±kat±-abh±vato “appan±ppattass±”ti kamma½ visesita½. Vaººalakkhaº±di½ aggahetv± lokasaññ±nurodheneva gahite pathav±dike parikammasaññ±ya samupp±ditatt± paµibh±ganimittasaªkh±ta½ saññ±vasa½ ±rammaºa½ ass±ti saññ±vas±rammaºa½. T±disenev±ti sam±dhippadh±nat±ya appan±ppatt²hi viya saññ±vas±rammaºat±ya ca nibbiseseneva. Sop²ti pi-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Teneta½ dasseti “attano kammassa sam±nabh³mikadhamm±rammaºat±ya viya tassa ±rammaº±rammaºat±yapi vip±ko kamm±nur³poyeva n±ma hot²”ti.
Yadi eva½ kasm± mahaggatappam±º±rammaºassa parittakammassa vip±ko tad±rammaº±rammaºo na hot²ti? Appan±ppattakammavip±kassa viya tassa kamm±rammaº±rammaºat±ya niyam±bh±vato kamm±nur³pat±ya ca anekar³patt±. Yath± attano kammasadisassa mahaggatajavanassa paritt±rammaºassapi tad±rammaºa½ n±nubandhaka½ paricay±bh±vato, eva½ attano kammassa nimittabh³tepi tassa sahak±r²k±raº±hi apariy±dinne mahaggatappam±ºe ±rammaºe paricay±bh±vato parittavip±ko na pavattati, kammanimitt±rammaºo pana j±yam±no paritteneva tena hot²ti ±ha “paµisandhi-±dibh³to”ti-±di. Yasm± pan±ti-±din± p±¼iy±va yath±vuttamattha½ nicchinoti. N±n±kkhaºikakammapaccayo hi ettha adhippeto paccayapaccayuppann±na½ bhinn±rammaºat±ya vuttatt±. Na c±ti-±din± parittavip±k± eva idha paccayuppannabh±vena vutt±ti dasseti. Idh±ti imasmi½ atthuddh±rakaº¹e.
Sativepullappatt±na½ sativirahitassa k±yakammassa sambhava½ dassetu½ “v±san±vasen±”ti vutta½. Av²tar±g±na½ aparittepi katthaci ±rammaºe siy± cetaso uppil±vitattanti “kilesavirahe”ti visesetv± vutta½. ¾dar±karaºavasenev±ti ±dar±karaºamattavasenev±ti visesanivatti-attho eva-saddo tameva nivattetabba½ visesa½ dasseti, n±ññath±. Kosajj±d²ti ±di-saddena dos±dayo saªgaºh±ti. ¾dar±karaºa½ nirussukkat± ev±ti ±dara½ karont± nirussukkabh±veneva na honti, na pana ±dara½ na karontiyev±ti daµµhabba½. Ekacce pana “akammaññasar²rat±ya aññavihitat±ya ca kh²º±sav±na½ asakkaccad±n±dipavatti na an±daravasen±”ti vadanti.
1421. Atipaguº±nanti subh±vit±na½ suµµhutara½ vasippatt±na½. Eva½ paguºajjh±nesupi pavatti hoti tattha vic±raºuss±hassa mandabh±vatoti adhipp±yo. Pubbe dassitanti “t²ºi lakkhaº±n²ti ahanti v±”ti-±din± pubbe dassita½. “Avijjam±no aparamatthabh±vato, vijjam±no ca lokasaªketasiddhiy± sammutisaccabh±vato attho ar²yati cittena gammati ñ±yat²”ti ±cariy± vadanti. Yato tabbisay± cittupp±d± navattabba½ ±rammaºa½ etesanti navattabb±rammaº±ti aññapadatthasam±savasena vuccanti. Aya½ pana v±do hevatthikav±do viya hot²ti tassa accanta½ avijjam±nata½ maññanto ito ca aññath± avijjam±napaññatti½ dassetu½ “sammutisacce pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Katha½ pana tassa accantamavijjam±natte tabbisay±na½ dhamm±na½ pavatti navattabb±rammaºabh±vo c±ti ±ha “avijjam±namp²”ti-±di. Paritt±di-±rammaº±ti na vattabb±ti vutt±ti paritt±dayo viya tassa visu½ vavatthitabh±va½ nisedheti.
Vikkhipana½ n±n±rammaºesu cittassa pavattana½. Anavaµµh±na½ ekasmi½yeva pavattitu½ appad±na½. Dutiy±dimaggapurec±rika½ phalasam±pattipurec±rikañca k±m±vacarañ±ºa½ nibb±n±rammaºat±ya lokuttaracittassa ±vajjanaµµh±niyat±ya ca paµhamamaggapurec±rikañ±ºena sam±nanti katv± vutta½ “gotrabhuvod±ne gotrabh³ti gahetv±”ti.
Sabbatthap±dakanti nipph±detabbe, payojane v± bhumma½ “cetaso av³pasame”ti-±d²su viya. Tena sabbesu vipassan±d²su nipph±detabbes³ti attho. Tenev±ha “sabbes³”ti-±di. At²ta½sañ±ºassa k±m±vacaratt± iddhividh±d²su tassa aggahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Tassa pana at²tasattadivasato heµµh± y±va paccuppannapaµisandhi, t±va visayoti vadanti. At²tasattadivasesupi khandhapaµibaddh±na½ tassa visayabh±vo yutto viya dissati.
P±dakajjh±nacitta½ parikammehi gahetv±ti p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya “ida½ citta½ viya aya½ k±yo s²ghagamano hot³”ti pubbabh±gaparikammehi r³pak±yassa viya p±dakajjh±nacittassapi gahetabbata½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ida½ pana adhiµµh±na½ eva½ pavattat²ti veditabba½. Adhippetaµµh±nap±puºanattha½ gantuk±mata½ purakkhatv± p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya “ida½ citta½ viya aya½ k±yo s²ghagamano hot³”ti karajak±y±rammaºa½ parikamma½ katv± bhavaªga½ otaritv± vuµµh±ya p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± puna bhavaªge otiººe manodv±r±vajjana½ r³pak±ya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± uppajjati anulom±ni ca. Tato adhiµµh±nacittampi tamev±rammaºa½ katv± uppajjati. Tass±nubh±vena yath±dhippetaµµh±na½ gatoyeva hoti. Eva½ adissam±nena k±yena gacchanto pan±ya½ ki½ tassa adhiµµh±nacittassa upp±dakkhaºe gacchati, ud±hu µhitikkhaºe bhaªgakkhaºe v±ti? T²su khaºesu gacchat²ti icchanti. Citteti p±dakajjh±nacitte. Samodahat²ti citt±nugatika½ citta½ viya s²ghagamana½ karot²ti attho. Yath± hi citta½ icchitakkhaºe atid³repi visaya½ ±rabbha pavattati, eva½ r³pak±yassapi lahuparivattibh±v±p±dana½ cittavasena k±yapariº±mana½. Na cettha r³padhamm±na½ dandhaparivattibh±vato ekacittakkhaºena desantaruppatti na yujjat²ti vattabb± adhiµµh±nacittena r³pak±yassa lahuparivattibh±vassa ±p±ditatt±. Tenev±ha “cittavasena k±ya½ adhiµµhahitv± sukhasaññañca lahusaññañca okkamitv± adissam±nena k±yena brahmaloka½ gacchat²”ti (visuddhi. 2.397). Acinteyyo hi iddhimant±na½ iddhivisayoti.