Suttantikadukanikkhepakath±vaººan±

1313. Aha½-saddena hetubh³tena yo atthoti ettha aha½-saddo atthoti adhippeto. Atth±vabodhanattho hi saddappayogo. Atthapar±dh²no kevalo atthapadatthako, so padatthavipariyesak±rin± pana iti-saddena parato payuttena saddapadatthako j±yati yath± g±v²ti ayam±h±ti go-sadda½ ±h±ti viññ±yati. Tena viññattivik±rasahito saddo paññatt²ti dasseti. Tath± hi “buddhassa bhagavato voh±ro lokiyasote paµihaññat²”ti-±din± (kath±. 347) paññattiy± vacanabh±va½ s±dhayati. Aññath±ti-±din± paññattiy± asaddasabh±vatte dosam±ha. Adhivacan±dit± siy±, tath± ca adhivacan±d²na½ adhivacanapath±dito viseso na siy±ti dukoyeva na sambhaveyy±ti adhipp±yo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana sakasantatipariy±panne r³p±dayo dhamme sam³hato sant±nato ca ekattavasena gahetv± ahanti vohariyam±n± up±d±paññatti saªkh±yati vohar²yat²ti saªkh±ti adhippet±. Tath± sesesu yath±sambhava½ daµµhabba½. Tenev±ha “dattoti ett±vat± sattapaññatti½ dassetv± aññampi up±d±paññatti½ dassetun”ti-±di. Padatthass±ti aha½-sadd±dipad±bhidheyyassa, paramatthassa v±. Adhivacana½ saddoti adhipp±yena “vadanten±”ti-±di vutta½. So hi attan± ñ±petabbamattha½ saya½ ñ±to eva ñ±pet²ti aggahitasambandhassa na saddo atthappak±sanasamatthoti vutta½ “pubbe gahitasaññen±”ti. Visesena ñ±yat²ti samaññ±ti sa½-saddassa visesatthata½ ±ha.
Kar²yat²ti ida½ imassatthassa adhivacananti eva½ nikkhip²yati. N±mabh³ta½ vacanameva ta½ ta½ attha½ niddh±retv± sahetuka½ katv± vadati byañjayati c±ti ±ha “n±mamicceva vutta½ hot²”ti. Tenev±ha “na hi pathav²”ti-±di. Pathav²saªkh±tanti pathav²-sadd±bhidheyya½.
¾cariy±ti aµµhakath±ya sa½vaººanak± ±cariy±, na aµµhakath±cariy±ti adhipp±yena vadati. M±tik±yanti m±tik±vaººan±ya½. Ten±ti m±tik±vaººan±vacanena. Imiss± p±¼iy± aµµhakath±ya ca atthadassanassa etassa yath±vuttassa ±cariyav±dassa virodho siy±, tameva virodha½ “na h²”ti-±din± vivarati. Tattha adhivacanapath±dibh±vena vutt±na½ dhamm±na½ pak±sakassa sabh±vassa viññattivik±rasahitasaddasseva vacanamatta½ adhik±ra½ katv± pavatti-±di yujjati, na asabh±vass±ti adhipp±yena “upp±davayakiccarahitass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aniddh±ritasabh±vass±ti paramatthato anupaladdhasabh±vassa.
Duvidh±ti paññ±panapaññ±pitabbabhedato duvidh±. Yath±vuttappak±r±ti upp±davayakiccarahit±ti-±dippak±r±. Aµµhakath±ya½ puggalapaññattivaººan±ya½. Nanu ca tattha upanidh±paññatti-±dayo apar±pi paññattiyo vutt±, atha kasm± “cha paññattiyova vutt±”ti vutta½? Sacca½ vutt±, t± pana vijjam±napaññatti-±d²su chasu eva antogadh±ti “aµµhakath±ya½ vijjam±napaññatti-±dayo cha paññattiyova vutt±”ti vutta½.
Tattha r³p±di viya avijjam±natt± paññ±pitabbatt± ca avijjam±napaññatti, avijjam±nassa ca sattarath±di-atthassa paññ±panato avijjam±napaññatt²ti eva½ avijjam±napaññattivacanena yath±vutt± duvidh±pi paññatti saªgahit±ti ±ha “avijjam±na…pe… vutt±”ti. Itareh²ti vijjam±napaññatti-±d²hi avasesehi pañcahi, r³pavedan±d²na½ sattarath±d²nañca atth±na½ pak±rehi ñ±panato ta½ta½v±cako saddoyeva visayabhedato vijjam±napaññatti-±dibhed± paññatti saªkh±d²hi dasahi padehi vutt±ti aya½ purimo attho, so ca yath±rutavaseneva p±¼iy± viññ±yam±natt± “p±¼i-anugato ujuko”ti ca vutto. Yadi c±ti-±d²su satt±dik± yath±vuttappak±r± up±d±paññatti yadi avijjam±napaññatti, s± atth²ti na vattabb±. Avijjam±n± ca s± paññ±pitabbato paññatti c±ti tesa½ ±cariy±na½ laddh²ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni tass± laddhiy± vasena paññattipath±ti vuttadhamm±nampi vijjam±napaññattibh±v±patticodanena tattha dosa½ dasseti “yath± c±”ti-±din±. Tatoti yasm± avijjam±natt± paññ±pitabbatt± ca sattarath±d²na½ avijjam±napaññattibh±vo viya vijjam±natt± paññ±pitabbatt± ca sabbesa½ sabh±vadhamm±na½ vijjam±napaññattibh±vo ±pajjati, tasm±ti attho.
“Ath±”ti-±din± paññattipathaniddesato visiµµhassa paññattidhammaniddesassa sayameva k±raºam±saªkati. “N±p²”ti-±din± tassa k±raºassa asiddhata½ dasseti. “Purisoti saªkh±”ti-±d²su saªkh±dayopi n±m±d²hi atthato avisiµµh± vutt±ti ±ha “saªkh±disadd±na½ sam±natthatt±”ti. Vacanaggahaºa½ vacanucc±raºa½. Aññass±ti n±mapaññatti½ sandh±y±ha. Tesanti saªketaggahaºavacanaggahaº±na½. Asamatthat± na sambhavat²ti yojan±. Tameva asambhava½ “yadi h²”ti-±din± vivarati. Paññattiy±ti n±mapaññattiy±. Paññattipaññ±paneti y±ya n±mapaññattiy± up±d±yapaññatti r³p±dayo ca paññ±p²yanti, y± ca sotadv±raviññ±ºasant±n±nantaramuppannena gahitapubbasaªketena manodv±raviññ±ºasant±nena gayhati, s± aya½ n±m±ti tass± paññ±pane asaªkarato µhapane. Atha v± sotadv±raviññ±ºasant±n±nantaramuppannena manodv±raviññ±ºasant±nena paññattiy± g±h±pane paricchindane. Tass± aññ± paññatti vattabb± siy±ti tass± n±mapaññattiy± ñ±pane saªketaggahaºavacanaggahaº±na½ sahak±r²k±raºabh³t± aññ± n±mapaññatti atth²ti vattabb± anuññ±tabb± siy±. Tato atthavij±nanameva na siy±ti keval±ni saªketaggahaºavacanaggahaº±ni atthapaññ±pane viya paññattiñ±panepi asamatth±ni, paññatti ca ñ±t±yeva tesa½ sahak±r²k±raºa½ ta½j±nanattha½ paññatti-anantaraparikappane ca anavatth±n±patt²ti atth±dhigamassa sambhavo eva na bhaveyya.
Saªketo r³p±d²su na kiñci hoti, bh³t±dinimitta½ bh±van±visesañca up±d±ya vohariyam±n± kasiº±dipaññatti viya ta½ ta½ saªketitabba½ saªketakaraºañca up±d±ya voh±ramatto, tassa ca paññ±pik± n±mapaññatt²ti yath±vuttados±patti½ dassento “n±pi saªketaggahaºan”ti avoca. Nanu ca atthavij±nan±sambhavacodaneneva saªketaggahaº±bhavopi dassitoti? Saccameta½, saªkete pana ±cariy±na½ matibhedo vijjati. Tattha ekapakkhiko aya½ dosoti dassanattha½ tassa visu½ vacana½ vuccam±n± r³p±dayo dhamm±vacanatth± paññ±pitabb± ca, tadabhidh±yako saddo paññatt²ti. Ett±vat± sabbavoh±ro sijjhat²ti adhipp±yena “vacana…pe… jana½ natth²”ti ±ha. Paññattiy± vacanabh±vo siddho paµihananasotabbat±d²pakatt± tesa½ p±µh±nanti adhipp±yo. ¾di-saddena “atthi keci buddhassa bhagavato voh±ra½ suºanti, niruttipaµisambhid± paccuppann±rammaº±”ti evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Tasm±ti yasm± “paññattidhamm±”ti padassa yath±vuttapaññattiyo atthoti etasmi½ pakkhe m±tik±vaººan±ya virodho, aµµhakath±ya½ avuttat±, imiss± p±¼iy± ananugamo, sabbe dhamm± paññatt²ti niddisitabbat±, paññattipathapadassa navattabbat±, anavatth±n±pattito atthavij±nan±sambhavoti aneke dos±, viññattivik±rasahitassa pana saddassa paññattibh±ve yath±vuttados±bh±vo anekesa½ p±µhappades±nañca anulomana½, tasm±. Tattha yutta½ gahetabbanti adhipp±yen±ha “p±¼i…pe… tabbo”ti.
Yadi satt±ti-±din± saddassa paññattibh±ve aµµhakath±ya virodham±ha. Eva½ paññattibh±ve yadi saddassa paññattibh±vo, tassa paramatthato vijjam±natt± r³p±di-atthassa ca paññ±panato vijjam±napaññattibh±vo eva siy±, na avijjam±napaññattibh±vo. Na hi te satt±dayo paññatt²ti. Evañca avijjam±napaññattiy± abh±vo eva siy±. Vutt± ca aµµhakath±ya½ (pa. pa. aµµha. 1 m±tik±vaººan±) “avijjam±napaññatt²”ti. Itaro visayassa avijjam±natt± tassa avijjam±napaññattibh±voti yath±vuttavirodh±bh±va½ dassento “avijjam±n±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Id±ni satt±divisayassa kenacipi pariy±yena atthit±ya abh±vadassanena tabbisay±ya paññattiy± avijjam±napaññattibh±va½yeva vavatthapeti “ayañca v±do”ti. Vijjam±n± eva satt±dayo r³p±disabh±v±bh±vavasena “avijjam±n±”ti vuccanti, na sabbath± abh±vato. Tath± hi tath± tath± paññ±piyam±nabh±vena viññ±yant²ti yath±vuttar³po v±do “r³pa½ atth²ti? Hevatthi heva natth²ti. Sevatthi seva natth²ti. Na heva½ vattabbe. Sevatthi seva natth²ti. ¾mant±. Atthaµµho natthaµµho”ti (kath±. 306) eva½ pavatt±ya hevatthikath±ya. Tattha hi r³p±dayo dhamm± r³p±disabh±vena atthi, vedan±disabh±vena natthi, tasm± sabbamevida½ eva½ atthi eva½ natth²ti eva½laddhike sandh±ya “r³pa½ atth²”ti pucch± sakav±dissa. “Hevatthi heva natth²”ti vissajjana½ parav±dissa. Atha na½ sakav±d² yadi r³pameva eva½ atthi eva½ natth²ti laddhi, eva½ sante so eva atthi so eva natthi n±m±ti pucchanto “sevatth²”ti ±ha. Itaro teneva sabh±vena atthita½, teneva natthita½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho sakabh±vena atthita½, parabh±vena natthita½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Tato sakav±d² “atthaµµho natthaµµho”ti-±din± atthit± v± natthit± v± aññamaññaviruddh± ekasmi½ dhamme vin± k±labhedena asambhavatt±ti ki½ ekatta½ ±pajjat²ti dassento parav±di½ niggaºh±t²ti. Paµisiddhoti ca “r³pa½ ‘r³pan’ti hevatthi, r³pa½ ‘vedan±’ti heva natth²”ti-±din± (kath±. 306) vutt±ya r³pavedan±saññ±saªkh±raviññ±º±na½ sakabh±vena atthit±ya parabh±vena natthit±ya ca paµisedhanena satt±d²nampi tath±bh±vo paµisedhito hot²ti katv± vutta½.
R³p±dayo na hont²ti r³p±disabh±v± na honti. Tath± tath±ti sam³hasant±n±divasena. Vicittasaññ± parikappavasena uppajjati. Yadi sattarath±disaññ±valambito vacanattho vijjam±no na hoti, nanu sattarath±di-abhil±p± anariyavoh±r± j±yant²ti ±ha “na ca te abhil±p±”ti-±di. Attano vasena kiñci ahonta½ paññ±pakassa vacanasseva vasena paññ±pitabbatt± paññattivoh±ra½ labhati. Imin±va adhipp±yen±ti-±di “saya½ avijjam±no”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ sandh±y±ha. Tanti satt±diggahaºa½. “Brahmavih±racatukka½ sattapaññatti½ ±rabbha pavattatt± navattabb±rammaºa½ n±ma hot²”ti-±din± aµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 1421) tattha tattha na vattabbanti vutta½. Yadi paritt±dibh±vena na vattabba½, katha½ avijjam±nassa satt±dikassa paccayabh±voti ±ha “khandhasam³hasant±nan”ti-±di. Tanti khandhasam³hasant±na½. Tadup±d±nabh³tanti puggaloti gahaºapaññatt²na½ k±raºabh³ta½. Yadi puggalasaññ±ya sevam±nassa kusal±di-uppatti hoti, katha½ puggaladassana½ micch±dassananti paµisiddhanti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Pathav²dh±tu upalabbhat²ti puggal±bh±ve vipakkhavasena nidassanam±ha. Idañhettha anum±na½. Na r³p±dayo vivecetv± puggalo upalabbhati tesa½ aggahaºe tath±r³p±ya buddhiy± abh±vato sevan±dayo viy±ti. Puggalo upalabbhati sacchikaµµhaparamatthena yo chaviññ±ºaviññeyyoti sa½sarati muccati c±ti eva½ diµµhiy± parikappitapuggalova paµisedhito, na voh±rapuggaloti dassento “paµise…pe… diµµh²”ti ±ha.
G±th±ya pañcasu khandhesu r³pa½ vedan± saññ± cetan± viññ±ºanti etesu ka½ n±ma dhamma½ sattoti j±n±si nu, etesu ekampi sattoti gaºhitu½ n±rahat²ti dasseti. Atha etehi añño eko satto atth²ti paccesi. Evampi m±ra diµµhigata½ nu te. Nu-saddo diµµhigatameveti avadh±raºattho. Kasm±? Yasm± suddhasaªkh±rapuñjoya½. Tamevattha½ vivarati “nayidha satt³palabbhat²”ti. Yasm± paccakkhato v± anum±nato v± anupaladdhito natthi ettha koci satto n±m±ti adhipp±yo. Yadi satto natthi, katha½ satto sa½s±ram±p±d²ti-±di n²yat²ti. Kimettha netabba½, sattoti voh±rasatto adhippeto, yasm± satta-saddo voh±re pavattat²ti. Dutiyag±th±ya sambandha½ dassento “satto pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Aªgasambh±r±ti aªgasambh±rato akkhacakka-²s±di-aªgasambh±ramup±d±y±ti attho. Sattoti voh±ro.