“Purim± cettha dvepi v±dino nik±yantariy±”ti vadanti. ¾lok±disahak±r²k±raºasahit±na½yeva cakkh±d²na½ r³p±di-avabh±sanasamatthat± vivarassa ca sotaviññ±ºupanissayabh±vo guºoti tesa½ laddh²ti adhipp±yena “ta½ta½bh³taguºeh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tej±d²na½ viya vivarassa bh³tabh±v±bh±vato “yath±yogan”ti vutta½. Atha v± r³p±dayo viya vivarampi bh³taguºoti par±dhipp±ya½ dassento “ta½ta½bh³taguºeh²”ti ±ha. Tejassa pana ±lokar³pena, ±k±sasaªkh±tassa vivarassa saddena, v±yussa gandhena, udakassa rasena, pathaviy± phoµµhabben±ti imamattha½ sandh±ya “yath±yoga½ ta½ta½bh³taguºeh²”ti vutta½ siy±. R³p±diggahaºeti r³p±divisaye cakkhuviññ±º±dike nipph±detabbeti attho. Upakaritabbatoti sahak±r²k±raºabh³tehi yath±vuttabh³taguºehi cakkh±d²na½ sakiccakaraºe upakaritabbato. Sabh±vena suyyam±nass±ti kenaci anucc±riyam±nasseva labbham±natt± vutta½. Ghaµµana½ pana vin± v±yusaddopi natth²ti. Atha v± v±yumhi saddo sabh±vena suyyat²ti ±pe raso madhuroti ca tassa laddhiyev±ti daµµhabba½. Dutiyav±dissapi niggaho hoti tassapi tej±diguº± r³p±dayoti eva½laddhikatt±.
R³p±divisesaguºeh²ti r³p±divisesaguºayuttehi. Teja…pe… v±y³h²ti sah±k±sehi tej±diparam±º³hi. Kapp±sato visadis±y±ti kapp±sapathavito visesayutt±ya tato adhikas±matthiyayutt±y±ti adhipp±yo. Tass±yev±ti kapp±sapathaviy±yeva. Yasm± s± vijjam±n±nipi avisesabh³t±ni atth²ti gahetu½ asakkuºeyyabh±vena abhibhavitv± µhit±, tasm± tass±yeva gandho adhikataro bhaveyy±ti attho. Ayañca sabbo uttaro “tassa tassa bh³tassa adhikat±y±”ti-±din± aµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 600) vuttatt± tath±gat±na½ v±da½ sampaµicchitv± vadantassa kaº±dassa vasena vutto. “Attano pana matena kaº±dakapil±dayo kevala½ pathav±didrabyamev±ti-±di laddhi. Kaº±das±san±ya adhimutt±na½ s±sane anavag±¼h±na½ kesañci aya½ v±do”ti ca vadanti. Etassubhayass±ti ±savagandhato kapp±sagandho adhiko s²tudakavaººato uºhodakavaººo ca adhikoti etassa ubhayassa. Tej±di-adhikesu ca sambh±resu r³p±d²na½ visesassa adassanato na r³p±dayo tej±d²na½ visesaguºoti siddhanti ±ha “tadabh±…pe… ttit±”ti. Tena na r³pa½ tejassa visesaguºo ekantato tej±dike sambh±re visesena adassanato, yo yassa visesaguºo, na so tadadhike sambh±re ekantato visesena dissati yath± pathav²-adhike sambh±re ±podh±t³ti dasseti. Eva½ sesesupi yath±yoga½ yojetabba½. Ko pana v±do n±n±kal±peti sabh±vato n±natt±bh±vepi m³lak±raºan±nattavasena atthi koci viseso asaªgh±teti dasseti, yato paramaraº±dikiriy±samatthat± nesa½ kesañciyeva dissat²ti.
Ekamp²ti pi-saddena anekasmi½ vattabbameva natth²ti dasseti. Pañc±yatanikattabh±ve patthan± y± daµµhuk±mat±dibh±vena vutt±, t±ya nipphanna½. Etena k±raºavisesena phalavisesam±ha. Na h²ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ samatthayati. Tanti kamma½. Visesen±ti attano k±raºena ±hit±tisayena Teneva sotassa na hoti paccayo, tato aññeneva pana hot²ti adhipp±yo. Tena anekasabh±vena k±raºena ±hitavisesa½ ekampi kamma½ anekasabh±va½ phala½ nipph±detu½ samattha½ hot²ti dasseti. Id±ni kammassa vuttappak±ravises±bh±ve dosam±ha “indriyantar±bh±vappattito”ti. Tassattho– k±raºavises±bh±ve phalavisesassa asambhavato ya½ visesayutta½ kamma½ cakkhussa k±raºa½, tassa tato aññavises±bh±ve tadaññindriyupp±dakat±pi na siy±ti sotindriy±d²na½ tato anuppatti eva siy±. Evamitaratth±pi. Visesoti cettha kammassa ta½ta½indriyupp±danasamatthat± adhippet±, s± ca pubbe dassitasabh±vova.
Anek±hi mahaggatacetan±hi ek±ya v± parittacetan±sahit±ya paµisandhikkhaºe kaµatt±r³p±na½ nibbatt²ti na sakk± viññ±tunti “sabbesa½…pe… viññ±yat²”ti vutta½. Id±ni tameva asakkuºeyyata½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “n±n±cetan±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Tass±ya½ saªkhepattho– “paµisa…pe… paccayo”ti ettha yadi n±n±kammavasena indriy±na½ uppatti adhippet±, eva½ sati mahaggatakammena ca k±m±vacarakammena ca ta½ta½paµisandhikkhaºe kaµatt±r³pa½ uppanna½ siy±, na ceta½ yutta½ “mahaggatacetan± kammapaccayo”ti (paµµh±. 2.12.78) vuttatt±. N±pi ta½ta½bhavaniyatar³pindriyehi vikalindriyat± gatisampattiy± opap±tikayoniya½ paµisandhikkhaºe yutt±. Atha mahaggat±hi eva n±n±cetan±hi nibbatta½, na cek± paµisandhi anekakammanibbatt± hoti. Nicchitañheta½ s±ketapañhen±ti. Eva½ ekena mahaggatakammun± cakkhundriyasotindriyahadayavatth³na½ uppattiñ±pakena imin± vacanena parittakammun±pi ekena yath±raha½ anekesa½ indriy±na½ uppatti siddh±v±ti vutta½ “siddhamekena kammena anekindriyuppatti hot²”ti.
Sampattoyeva n±ma sampattikiccakaraºatoti imamattha½ dassetu½ “paµi…pe… nakato”ti vutta½. Atisukhumabh±vato ma½sacakkhu-agocarena r³p±yatanena samann±gatasaªgh±tavuttit±ya ca “v±yu viy±”ti vutta½. Cittasamuµµh±na½ sadd±yatana½ sotaviññ±ºassa kad±cipi ±rammaºapaccayo na siy± dh±tuparampar±ya ghaµµentassa utusamuµµh±natt±. Ten±ha “na hi…pe… pajjat²”ti. Paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 1.1.2) ca “sadd±yatana½ sotaviññ±ºassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”ti avisesena vutta½.
Nanu cirena suyyant²ti d³re µhit±na½ lahuka½ savana½ natthi, tesampi v± lahuka½ savanena d³r±sannabh±v±na½ viseso na siy±ti adhipp±yo. Na d³…pe… toti na d³re µhitehi rajak±disadd± cirena sotaviññ±ºena suyyanti, sace savan³pac±re so saddo d³re ±sanne ca µhit±na½ yath±bh³te ±p±thagate sadde manoviññ±ºasaªkh±tato gahaºavisesato cirena suto s²gha½ sutoti abhim±noti attho. Etamevattha½ vitth±rato dassento “yath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Nicchaya…pe… abhim±no hoti, sotaviññ±ºappavatti pana ubhayatth±pi sam±n±, yasm± so pana saddo…pe… ±gacchat²ti. Yadi dh±tuparampar±ya saddo nappavattati, katha½ paµighos±d²na½ uppatt²ti ±ha “d³re…pe… paccayo hot²”ti. Uppattivasena ±gat±n²ti etena r³padhamm±pi yattha uppajjanti, tattheva bhijjanti, na desantara½ saªkamant²ti dasseti. Ghaµµanasabh±v±nev±ti tesa½ bh³t±na½ saddasamuppattihetubh±vam±ha. Sotapadesass±ti sotadesassa, sotadese µhitass±ti attho.
Cakkhumato puggalassa ajjh±sayavasen±ti citravicitrar³p±yatane yebhuyyena satt±na½ cakkhudv±rikajavanassa anuka¹¹hanavasena pavatti½ sandh±ya vutta½. Kaººak³pacchiddeyeva pavattanatoti etena adhiµµh±nato bahiddh± indriya½ pavatt²ti v±da½ paµisedheti. Adhiµµh±nadese eva hi indriya½ vattati tattha kicc±dippayogadassanato. Satipi panassa bahiddh± vuttiya½ na visayaggahaºe samatthat±, aññath± adhiµµh±napidahanepi visayaggahaºa½ bhaveyy±ti. ¾rammaºaggahaºahetuto c±ti kaººak³pacchiddeyeva µhatv± ±rammaºakaraºassa viññ±ºassa v± hetubh±vato.
Tabboh±ren±ti gandhagandhaggahaºassa sahacarit±ya gandhopi tath± vuttoti adhipp±yo. Gandho paccayoti gandho sahak±r²paccayoti attho. Khe¼±diko paccayoti yojetabba½. Tath± pathav²ti sahak±r²paccayantarabh³t± ajjhattikab±hir± pathav² ±rammaºaggahaºe paccayoti attho. ¾dh±rabh³t±ti tejov±yodh±t³na½ ±dh±rabh³t±. Nissayabh³t±nanti nissayamah±bh³t±na½ ±potejov±yodh±t³na½. Sabbad±ti upp²¼anak±le ca anupp²¼anak±le ca. Tatth±ti catur±s²tipabhede uparimak±yasaªkh±te r³pasam³he. Vinibbhujjitu½ asakkuºeyy±nanti ida½ cakkhudasaka½ ida½ k±yadasaka½ ida½ bh±vadasakanti eva½ kal±patopi vinibbhujjitu½ asakkuºeyy±na½.
616. D²gh±d²na½ phusitv± j±nitabbatoti ida½ d²gh±d²na½ na k±yaviññ±ºagocaratt± vutta½, d²gh±divoh±rar³p±d²na½ pana phoµµhabba½ phusitv± k±yaviññ±ºav²thiy± parato pavattena manoviññ±ºenapi j±nitabbatt± vutta½. D²gh±disannivesanti d²gh±disannivesavanta½. Ekasmi½ itarassa abh±v±ti ch±y±tap±na½ ±lokandhak±r±nañca asahaµµh±yita½ ±ha. Katha½ pana ±loko andhak±ra½ vidhamat²ti? “¾lokappavattisam±nak±la½ andhak±rasabh±vena pavattam±na½ vaºº±yatana½ bhijjati. Andhak±rassa nissayo hutv± pavattam±n±ni bh³t±ni kamena tath±r³passa vaºº±yatanassa nissayabh±va½ gacchant²”ti keci. Saha andhak±rena tannissayabh³t±na½ nirodhasamanantara½ ta½santatiya½ t±dise paccayasannip±te ±lokanissayabh³t±na½ uppatt²ti veditabba½. Na hi nissayamah±bh³tehi vin± ±lokappavatti atthi, n±pi andhak±rasaªkh±ta½ vaºº±yatanameva nirujjhati ta½nissayehi payujjam±naka-ekakal±pabh³top±d±r³p±na½ saheva nirujjhanato. Pad²pasikh±maºira½siyo viya pathav²p±k±rarukkh±d²ni muñcitv±pi andhak±ro pavattat²ti vadanti. Manda½ pana p±k±r±di-±dh±rarahita½ na suµµhu paññ±yati, bahala½ ±dh±ra½ niss±ya pavattat²ti yuttanti ca vadanti.
620. “Amanussasaddo”ti ettha a-k±ro na manussat±mattanivatti-attho sadisabh±vad²panat±ya anadhippetatt±, manussato pana anaññat±nivatti-atthoti dassetu½ “amanussa…pe… µµh±dayop²”ti ±ha. Tath± kittetabboti “va½saph±lanasaddo”ti-±din± vatthuvasena kittetabbo.
632. Kammacitt±din±ti ±di-saddena utu-±h±re saªgaºh±ti. Ta½tad±k±r±n²ti itthiliªg±di-±k±r±ni. Itthindriya½ paµicca samuµµhahant²ti aññamaññapaccay±nipi itthiliªg±d²ni yebhuyyena itthindriyasahite eva sant±ne sabbh±v± itarattha ca abh±v± indriyahetuk±ni vutt±ni. Aññath±ti itthiliªg±di-±k±rato aññath±, itthindriy±bh±ve v±. Itthiggahaºassa c±ti itth²ti cittappavattiy±. Tesa½ r³p±nanti itthiliªg±di-±k±rar³p±na½. Yadi itthindriya½ itthiliªg±di-±k±rar³p±na½ sahak±r²k±raºa½, atha kasm± tassa indriy±dipaccayabh±vo tesa½ na vuttoti? Neva ta½ sahak±r²k±raºa½, atha kho tesa½ tabbh±vabh±vit±mattena ta½ k±raºanti vuccat²ti dassetu½ ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di.
633. Liªga½ parivattam±na½ purimaliªg±dh±raj±ti-anur³pameva hutv± parivattat²ti katv± vutta½ “paµisandhiya½ viya pavattep²”ti. Yassa…pe… noti ±divacanatoti ±di-saddena “yassa v± pana purisindriya½ uppajjati, tassa itthindriya½ uppajjat²ti no”ti (yama. 3.indriyayamaka.188) saªgaºh±ti.
635. Dv±rabh±vena kucchit±na½ ±savadhamm±na½ pavattiµµh±nat±ya pas±davisese viya viññattivisesepi k±yavoh±rappavatti daµµhabb±. Vitthambhanasabh±vat±ya v±yodh±tuy± thambhana½ “v±yodh±tukiccan”ti vutta½. Kiccampi hi dhamm±na½ sabh±voyev±ti. Pathav²dh±tuy± ±k±ro vac²viññatt²ti vattu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.
636. Vitakka…pe… gahit±ti yath±dhippetatth±bhibyañjik±ya v±c±ya samuµµh±pan±dhipp±yappavatti½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tad± hi s± tehi pariggahit± n±ma hot²ti. Ekassapi akkharassa anekehi javanehi nibbattetabbatt± tath± nibbattiyam±nat±ya asamatthasabh±vatt± na viññ±tavises± na bhinn± ev±ti ±ha “sava…pe… bhinn±”ti. Abbokiººeti antarantar± uppajjam±nehi asa½saµµhe. “Pacchimacittan”ti avisesena cuticitta½ vuttanti adhipp±yena “aññesampi cuticitta½…pe… ñ±yat²”ti vutta½.
Atha v± “ye ca r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacara½ upapajjitv± parinibb±yissanti, tesa½ cavant±na½ tesa½ vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhissati, no ca tesa½ k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhissat²”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.88) r³p±r³pabhav³papajjanak±na½ k±m±vacaracuticittassapi k±yasaªkh±r±samuµµh±panavacanena kh²º±savehi aññesampi…pe… ñ±yat²”ti vutta½. Yasm± ca–
“Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhissat²ti ±mant±”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.108),
“Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nirujjhissat²ti ±mant±”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.108) ca,
“Pacchimacittassa bhaªgakkhaºe tesa½ k±yasaªkh±ro ca na nirujjhati cittasaªkh±ro ca na nirujjhissat²”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.113)–

¾divacanato ca pacchimacittassa purato so¼asamena cittena tato orimena v± saddhi½ ass±sapass±s± na uppajjant²ti siddha½. Yadi uppajjeyyu½, “pacchimacittassa bhaªgakkhaºe tesa½ k±yasaªkh±ro na nirujjhat²”ti na vadeyya, vuttañceta½, tasm± heµµhimakoµiy± cutito purimena sattarasamena uppann± ass±sapass±s± cutiy± heµµh± dutiyena cittena saddhi½ nirujjhanti. Tena “yassa cittassa anantar± k±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacitta½ uppajjissat²”ti cuticittass±nantarapaccayabh³tassapi cittassa k±yasaªkh±r±samuµµh±panat± vutt±.

Atha v± yassa cittass±ti yena cittena sabbapacchimo k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati. Ta½ citta½ vuttanti gahetabba½, na pacchimacittassa anantarapaccayabh³ta½. Anantar±ti hi k±yasaªkh±rupp±dana½ antara½ vin±, yato pacch± k±yasaªkh±rupp±danena anantarita½ hutv± pacchimacitta½ uppajjissat²ti attho. Kasm±? “Itaresa½ vac²saªkh±ro ca nirujjhissati k±yasaªkh±ro ca nirujjhissat²”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.88) vuttatt±. Aññath±pacchimacittato purimatatiyacittasamaªg²na½ k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjat²ti ±pajjat²ti. Eva½ sabbesampi cuticittassa r³pajanakat±bh±ve ±gama½ dassetv± id±ni yutti½ dassetu½ “na h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha gabbhagaman±d²ti ±di-saddena udakanimugga-asaññ²bh³tak±lakatacatutthajjh±nasam±pannar³p±r³pabhavasamaªg²nirodhasam±pannabh±ve saªgaºh±ti.
637. Anekesa½ kal±p±na½ ekato hutv± ekaghanapiº¹abh±vena pavattanato kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi samphuµµhabh±vo vutto. Yato tesa½ duviññeyyan±natta½, na pana avinibbhuttabh±vato. Ta½ta½bh³tavivittat±ti tesa½ tesa½ bh³t±na½ vibhattabh±vo kal±pantarabh³tehi vibhattasabh±vat± asa½kiººat±ti attho. Yasm± pana yath±vutt± vivittat± r³p±na½ os±na½ hoti, tasm± “r³papariyanto”ti vutta½. Atha v± ta½ta½bh³tasuññat±. Yesañhi paricchedo ±k±so, tesa½ pariyantat±ya tehi suññabh±voti lakkhitabbo. Tatoyeva ca so bh³tantarehi viya tehi asamphuµµhoti vuccat²ti. Aññath±ti paricchinditabbehi asamphuµµhabh±v±bh±ve.
638. Ta½ta½vik±r±dhikar³peh²ti ettha katha½ cammasuvaººesu mudut±kammaññat± labbhanti, nanu lahut±divik±r± ekantato indriyabaddhar³pe eva pavattanato anindriyabaddhe na labbhant²ti? Saccameta½, idha pana ta½sadisesu tabboh±ravasena vutta½. Tath± hi t³lapicu-±d²su garubh±v±dihet³na½ bh³t±na½ adhikabh±v±bh±vato lahu-±divoh±ro. Niddisitabbadhammanissayar³pe eva v± sandh±ya “ta½ta½vik±r±dhikar³peh²”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. Sabbe sabbesa½ paccay± lahut±d²na½ aññamaññ±vijahanatoti adhipp±yo.
641. ¾cayasaddenev±ti niddese vutta-±cayasaddeneva. Yo ±yatan±na½ ±dicayatt± ±cayo punappuna½ nibbattam±n±na½, sova r³passa uparicayatt± upacayoti adhippeta½ attha½ p±¼iya½ yojetv± dassetu½ “p±¼iya½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Upa-saddo paµhamattho “d±na½, bhikkhave, paº¹itupaññattan”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.45) viya. Upari-atthoca “sammaµµhe upasitte ca, te nis²di½su maº¹ape”ti-±d²su viya. Aññath±ti upa-saddassa upari-atthasseva gahaºe.
643. Phalavipaccanapakatiy±ti phalavipaccanasabh±vena. Phalameva v± pakat²ti ±yusa½h±n±din± phalasabh±vena jar±niddesoti attho. Tath± hi “phal³pac±rena vutt±”ti vutta½. Supariºatar³paparip±kak±le h±nidasak±d²su.
645. Kattabbasabh±vatoti m³laphal±d²na½ idh±dhippeta-±h±ravatth³na½ mukhena asan±dikattabbasabh±vato. Visabh³te saªgh±te oj± mand± hot²ti savisatt±bh±vato sukhumat± vutt±. Aªgamaªg±nus±rino rasassa s±roti rasaharaº²dhamanij±l±nus±rena sar²r±vayave anuppaviµµhassa ±h±rarasassa abbhantar±h±rapaccayo sneho, yo loke rasadh±t³ti vuccati.

Up±d±bh±jan²yakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.