R³pavibhatti

Ekakaniddesavaººan±

594. Pathav²-±d²na½ dhamm±na½ ruppanasabh±vo viya na hetu-±dibh±vopi s±dh±raºoti na het³su vibhajitabboti vutta½ “avijjam±navibh±gass±”ti. Tassa pana vibh±g±bh±vadassanasar³padassanameva niddeso. Evañca katv± nibb±nassapi vibh±garahitatt± “asaªkhat± dh±t³”ti ettakameva niddesavasena vutta½.
Yadipi hinoti etena patiµµh±ti kusal±diko dhammoti alobh±dayo kevala½ hetupadavacan²y±, k±raºabh±vas±maññato pana mah±bh³t±dayopi hetu-sadd±bhidheyy±ti m³laµµhav±cin± dutiyena hetu-saddena visesetv± ±ha “hetuhet³”ti. Suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanato kusal±didhamm±na½ m³latthena upak±rakadhamm± “tayo kusalahet³”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1059-1060) paµµh±ne ca teyeva “hetupaccayo”ti vutt±ti ±ha “m³lahetu paccayahet³ti v± ayamattho”ti. Hinoti etena, etasm± v± phala½ pavattat²ti hetu, paµicca etasm± eti pavattat²ti paccayoti eva½ hetupaccaya-sadd±na½ an±natthata½ sandh±ya hetusaddapariy±yabh±vena paccaya-saddo vuttoti ±ha “hetupaccayasadd±na½ sam±natthatt±”ti. Bh³tattayanissit±ni ca mah±bh³t±ni catumah±bh³tanissita½ up±d±r³panti sabbampi r³pa½ sabbad± sabbattha sabb±k±ra½ catumah±bh³tahetuka½ mah±bh³t±ni ca an±maµµhabhed±ni s±maññato gahit±n²ti vutta½ “r³pakkhandhassa het³”ti.
Kammasam±d±n±nanti sam±d±n±na½ kamm±na½, sam±diyitv± katakamm±na½ v±. Aññesu paccayesu vip±kassa taºh±vijj±d²su.
“Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ k±yaduccaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ýh±nañca kho eta½, bhikkhave, vijjati, ya½ k±yaduccaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyya. Ýh±nameta½ vijjati. Vac²…pe… mano…pe… vijjati…pe… aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ k±yasucaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyy±”ti (ma. ni. 3.131; vibha. 809),

“Kamma½ satte vibhajati, yadida½ h²napaº²tat±y±”ti (ma. ni. 3.289)– evam±divacanato kamma½ vip±kassa iµµh±niµµhata½ niyamet²ti ±ha “iµµh±niµµhavip±kaniy±makatt±”ti. Gati-upadhik±lapayogasampattivipattiyoyeva µh±na½ vip±kassa ok±sabh±vato. Na hi tehi vin± koci vip±ko nibbattat²ti. Yath±vuttaµµh±ne sati adhigantabba½ iµµh±niµµh±rammaºa½ “gati…pe… nipph±ditan”ti vutta½. Vip±kassa ±rammaºena vin± abh±vato ±rammaºampi tassa padh±na½ k±raºa½. Anaññasabh±vatoti hetu-±disabh±v±bh±vato.

Ruppana½ r³pa½. Ta½ assa atth²ti ettha “ass±”ti vuccam±no pathav²-±di-atthoyeva ruppat²tipi vuccat²ti ±ha “ruppanalakkhaºayuttasseva r³p²r³pabh±vato”ti. Eta½ sabh±vanti eta½ uppannabh±ve sati chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyasabh±va½ r³pe niyameti r³passeva ta½sabh±vatt±. Na r³pa½ etasminti k±labhedavasena ata½sabh±vassapi r³passa atthit±ya na r³pa½ tattha niyantabbanti dasseti. Atthi h²ti-±din± tattha r³passeva niyantabbat±bh±va½yeva vivarati. Etamev±ti-±din± uddesena niddesa½ sa½sandeti. Ettha etameva r³pe yath±vuttasabh±va½ niyametabba½ niddese eva-saddena niyameti avadh±ret²ti attho. Yath±vutto niyamoti uppannabh±ve sati chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyabh±vo niyantabbat±ya “niyamo”ti vutto, so r³pe atthi eva r³passeva ta½sabh±vatt±. Visiµµhak±lassa vuttappak±ra½ avadh±raºa½yeva v± yath±vutto niyamo, so r³pe atthiyeva sambhavatiyeva, na ar³pe viya na sambhavat²ti attho daµµhabbo. K±labhedanti k±lavisesa½. An±masitv±ti aggahetv±. Ta½ sabbanti an±maµµhak±labheda½ tatoyeva ar³pehi sam±naviññeyyasabh±va½ sabba½ r³pa½. Uppannanti etena k±labhed±masanena viseseti “uppanna½…pe… mev±”ti.
Vattam±nak±lika½ sabba½ r³pa½ diµµhasutamutaviññ±tasabh±va½, ta½ yath±saka½ chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyasabh±vameva, na tehi aviññeyya½. N±pi uppannameva chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyasabh±va½ ekantalakkhaºaniyam±bh±v±pattitoti eva½ avipar²te atthe vibh±vitepi codako adhipp±ya½ aj±nanto “nanu evan”ti-±din± sabbassa sabb±rammaºat±patti½ codeti. Itaro “r³pa½ sabba½ sampiº¹etv±”ti-±din± attano adhipp±ya½ vibh±veti. Ettha ek²bh±vena gahetv±ti ida½ “sampiº¹etv±”ti etassa atthavacana½. Ekantalakkhaºa½ chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyasabh±voyeva. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– kiñc±pi pañcanna½ viññ±º±na½ visayantare appavattanato na sabbassa sabb±rammaºat±, sabbassapi pana r³passa chaviññ±º±rammaºabh±vato yath±saka½ chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyat±ya chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyat±va atthi, ta½ ekato saªgahaºavasena gahetv± “uppanna½ sabba½ r³pa½ chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyan”ti vutta½ yath± “abhiññ±ppatta½ pañcamajjh±na½ cha¼±rammaºa½ hot²”ti. Yath± hi dibbacakkhudibbasot±di-abhiññ±ppattassa pañcamajjh±nassa visu½ asabb±rammaºattepi ekantalakkhaºavasena ek²bh±vena gahetv± ±rammaºavasena paµhamajjh±n±dito visesa½ dassetu½ “abhiññ±ppatta½ pañcamajjh±na½ cha¼±rammaºa½ hot²”ti vuccati, eva½ ar³pato r³passa visayavasena visesa½ dassetu½ “uppa …pe… viññeyyan”ti vuttanti. Chahi viññ±ºehi viññeyyabh±vo r³pe niyametabbo, na pana r³pa½ tasmi½ niyametabba½, aniyatadeso ca eva-saddoti aµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµa. 594) “paccuppannar³pameva cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi chahi veditabban”ti vutta½. “Paccuppannar³pamev±”ti-±din± tattha dosam±ha. Tasm±ti yasm± p±¼iya½ viññeyyamev±ti eva-saddo vutto, na ca tassa aµµh±nayojanena k±ci iµµhasiddhi, atha kho aniµµhasiddhiyeva sabbar³passa ekantalakkhaºaniyam±dassanato, tasm±. Yath±rutavaseneva niyame gayham±ne uppa…pe… patti natthi, tato ca sotapatitat±yapi payojana½ natth²ti. Vuttanayen±ti “ar³pato vidhuran”ti-±din± vuttanayena.
ѱºassa v± uttarassa purimañ±ºa½ vatthuk±raºanti ñ±ºavatthu. “Saj±t²”ti ettha sa-k±ro sam±nasaddatthoti dassetu½ “sam±naj±tik±nan”ti vutta½. Sam±naj±tit± ca samm±v±c±d²na½ s²lanattho eva. Etena sam±nasabh±vat± saj±tisaªgahoti veditabbo. ¾rammaºe cetaso avikkhepappavattiy± upaµµh±nuss±han±ni viya tesa½ avikkhepopi atisayena upak±rakoti “aññamaññopak±ravasen±”ti vutta½. Teneva vijjam±nesupi aññesu sahaj±tadhammesu etesa½yeva sam±dhikkhandhasaªgaho dassito. Ya½ pana saccavibhaªgavaººan±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 189) visuddhimagg±d²su (visuddhi. 2.568) ca “v±y±masatiyo kiriyato saªgahit±”ti vutta½, ta½ asam±dhisabh±vata½ tesa½ sam±dhissa upak±rakattañca sandh±ya vutta½. Teneva ca tattha “sam±dhiyevettha saj±tito sam±dhikkhandhena saªgahito”ti (visuddhi. 2.568; vibha. aµµha. 189) vutta½. Idha pana saj±tisaªgahoti sam±dhitadupak±rakadhamm±na½ uppattidesavasena saªgaho vuttoti. Avir±dhetv± visayasabh±v±vaggahaºa½ paµivedho, appan± ca ±rammaºe da¼hanip±to tadavag±hoyev±ti “paµivedhasadisa½ kiccan”ti vutta½. Atha v± ±rammaºapaµivedhassa tad±hananapariy±hananamanuguºat±ya sam±nanti paññ±vitakk±na½ kiccasarikkhat± vutt±.

Ekakaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.