Vip±kuddh±rakath±vaººan±

Yato tihetuk±dikammato. Yasmiñca µh±neti paµisandhi-±diµµh±ne, sugatiduggatiya½ v±. Tihetukato duhetuka½ anicchanto paµisandhinti adhipp±yo. Pavattivip±ka½ pana tihetukato duhetukampi icchati eva. Tath± hi vakkhati aµµhakath±ya½ “ya½ purim±ya hetukittanaladdhiy± na yujjat²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 498).
Ye “tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesen±”ti, “ekapuppha½ yajitv±na, as²ti kappakoµiyo (therag±. 96). Duggati½ n±bhij±n±m²”ti (apa. thera 2.46.64) ca evam±divacanassa adhipp±ya½ aj±nant± “ki½ nu kho ekenapi kammena anek± paµisandhi hot²”ti, “disv± kum±ra½ satapuññalakkhaºan”ti-±divacanassa (d². ni. 3.205) attha½ asallakkhetv± “kinnu kho n±n±kammehi ek± paµisandhi hot²”ti sa½sayapakkhand±, tesa½ b²jaªkuropam±ya “ekasm± ek±, anekasm± ca anek± paµisandhi hot²”ti vinicchitatt± kammapaµisandhivavatth±nato s±ketapañhe vip±kuddh±rakath±ya ussadakittanagahaºassa sambandha½ ±ha “kammavasena…pe… dassetun”ti. Paµisandhijanakakammavasena paµisandhivip±ko eva alobhalobh±diguºados±tirekabh±vahet³ti attho daµµhabbo. Tath± hi vutta½ “so tena kammena dinnapaµisandhivasena nibbatto luddho hot²”ti-±di. Ettha ca lobhavasena, dosa, moha lobhadosa, lobhamoha, dosamoha, lobhadosamohavasen±ti tayo ekak±, tayo dvik±, eko tikoti lobh±didassanavasena akusalapakkheyeva satta v±r±. Tath± kusalapakkhe alobh±didassanavasen±ti cuddasa v±r± labbhanti.
Tattha “alobhados±moh±, alobh±dosamoh±, alobhados±moh± balavanto”ti ±gatehi kusalapakkhe tatiyadutiyapaµhamav±rehi dosussadamohussadadosamohussadav±r± gahit±. Tath± akusalapakkhe “lobh±dosamoh±, lobhados±moh±, lobh±dos±moh± balavanto”ti ±gatehi tatiyadutiyapaµhamav±rehi adosussada-amohussada-ados±mohussadav±r± gahit±yev±ti akusalakusalapakkhe tayo tayo v±re antogadhe katv± aµµheva v±r± dassit±. Ye pana ubhayesa½ vomissat±vaseneva lobh±lobhussadav±r±dayo apare ek³napaññ±sa v±r± dassetabb±, te asambhavato eva na dassit±. Na hi ekasmi½ sant±ne antarena avatthantara½ lobho balav± alobho c±ti yujjati. Paµipakkhatoyeva hi etesa½ balavadubbalabh±vo, sahaj±tadhammato v±. Tesu lobhassa t±va paµipakkhato alobhena anabhibh³tat±ya balavabh±vo, tath± dosamoh±na½ ados±mohehi. Alobh±d²na½ pana lobh±di-abhibhavanato sabbesañca sam±naj±tiya½ samabhibh³ya pavattivaseneva sahaj±tadhammato balavabh±vo. Tena vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “lobho balav±, alobho mando, ados±moh± balavanto, dosamoh± mand±”ti. So ca tesa½ mandabalavabh±vo purim³panissayato ±sayassa paribh±vitat±ya veditabbo. Ettha ca paµhamadutiyehi, sattamapaµhamehi v± v±rehi tihetukakammato paµisandhipavattivasena tihetukavip±ko, itarehi tihetukaduhetukakammato yath±sambhava½ paµisandhipavattivasena duhetuk±hetukavip±k± dassit±ti ayampi viseso veditabbo.
Idh±ti vip±kuddh±ram±tik±ya½. Tena hetukittana½ viseseti. Jaccandh±divipattinimitta½ moho, sabb±kusala½ v±. Ya½ pana vuttanti sambandho. Tena paµisambhid±maggavacanena. Gatisampattiy± sati ñ±ºasampayutte paµisandhimhi nipph±detabbe. Aññatth±ti nikantipaµisandhikkhaºesu. Kammasarikkhakoti idha s±tisayo sarikkhabh±vo adhippetoti daµµhabbo. Itarath± tihetukaduhetuk±pi aññamañña½ sarikkh±yev±ti dassitametanti. Cakkhuviññ±º±d²n²ti ettha pañcaviññ±º±ni viya apubbanissayapavattin² vij±nanavisesarahit± ca manodh±tu iµµh±dibh±gaggahaºe na samatth±ti “p±kaµ±yev±”ti na vutt±, ±di-saddena v± saªgahit±. Tad±rammaºapaccayasabbajavanavat±ti tad±rammaºassa paccayabh³tasakalajavanappavattisahitena. Ya½ sandh±ya “idha paripakkatt± ±yatan±nan”ti vutta½. Aññak±leti abuddhipavattik±le.
Anulometi dhamm±nulome. ¾sevanapaccay±ti ±sevanabh³t± paccay±. Na magge amaggapaccaye Sopi moghav±ro labbheyy±ti yadi voµµhabbanampi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, yath± “sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutta½ dhamma½ paµicca sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutto dhammo uppajjati ±sevanapaccay± na (paµµh±. 1.2.3) maggapaccay±”ti (paµµh±. 1.2.14) anulomapaccan²ye, paccan²y±nulome ca “sukh±…pe… na maggapaccay± ±sevanapaccay±”ti ca vutta½ hasitupp±dacittavasena, eva½ voµµhabbanavasena “adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutta½ dhamma½ paµicc±”ti-±din± pubbe vuttanayena p±µho siy±, tath± ca sati v±radvayavasena gaºan±ya½ “±sevanapaccay± na magge dve. Na maggapaccay± ±sevane dve”ti ca vattabba½ siy±, na pana vutta½, tasm± na labbheyy±ya½ moghav±roti adhipp±yo.
Voµµhabbanampi yadi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, dutiyamoghav±re attano viya tatiyacatutthav±resupi siy±, tath± sati attan±pi kusal±kusal±na½ siy±. Na hi…pe… avutto atthi “purim± purim± kusal± dhamm±”ti-±din± anavasesato vuttatt±. Voµµhabbanassa…pe… avutto “aby±kato dhammo kusalassa dhammassa ±sevanapaccayena paccayo. Akusalassa…pe… paccayo”ti vacan±bh±vato. Na kevala½ avutto, atha kho kusala½…pe… paµikkhittova. Ath±pi siy±ti-±di maggasodhanatthameva vuccati. Sam±navedan±na½ eva ±sevanapaccayabh±vassa dassanato “asam±navedan±na½ vasen±”ti vutta½. Eva½ “±sevana paccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±, sam±navedan±vasen±ti adhipp±yo. Abhinnaj±tikassa c±ti ca-saddo abhinnavedanassa c±ti sampiº¹anattho. Vedan±ttikepi voµµhabbanassa ±sevanapaccayattassa abh±v±ti yojan±. Kusalattik±d²su yath±dassitap±¼ippadesesup²ti sampiº¹anattho pi-saddo. Gaºan±ya k±raºabh³t±ya gaºan±ya niddh±riyam±n±ya sati gaºan±ya v± abbhantare. Dutiyo moghav±ro v²ma½sitabboti ±sevanapaccayatt±bh±v± javanaµµh±ne µh±tu½ na yujjati. Na hi vin± ±sevana½ javanappavatti atth²ti adhipp±yo.
Apicettha “ya½ javanabh±vappatta½, ta½ chinnam³lakarukkhapuppha½ viy±”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 566) vakkham±natt± anupacchinnabhavam³l±na½ pavattam±nassa voµµhabbanassa kiriyabh±vo na siy±, vutto ca “yasmi½ samaye manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti kiriy± neva kusal± n±kusal± na ca kammavip±k± upekkh±sahagat±”ti, tasm± “javanaµµh±ne µhatv±ti javanassa uppajjanaµµh±ne dvikkhattu½ pavattitv±, na javanabh±ven±”ti, “±sevana½ labhitv±ti ca ±sevana½ viya ±sevanan”ti vuccam±ne na koci virodho, vipph±rikassa pana sato dvikkhattu½ pavattiyevettha ±sevanasadisat±. Vipph±rikat±ya hi viññattisamuµµh±pakattañcassa vuccati. Vipph±rikampi javana½ viya anekakkhattu½ appavattiy± dubbalatt± na nippariy±yato ±sevanapaccayabh±vena pavatteyy±ti na imassa p±µhe ±sevanattha½ vutta½, aµµhakath±ya½ pana pariy±yato vutta½ yath± “phalacittesu maggaªga½ maggapariy±pannan”ti. Ayamettha attanomati. Ayampi por±ºakehi asa½vaººitatt± s±dhuka½ upaparikkhitabbo.
Evañca katv±ti voµµhabban±vajjan±na½ anatthantarabh±vato “±vajjan±”icceva vutta½, voµµhabbanaµµh±nep²ti adhipp±yo. Tasm±ti yasm± voµµhabbana½ ±vajjan±yeva atthato upekkh±sahagat±hetukakiriyamanoviññ±ºadh±tubh±vato, tasm±. Ta½ ±vajjan± viya sati uppattiya½ k±m±vacarakusal±kusalakiriyajavan±na½ ekantato anantarapaccayabh±veneva vatteyya, no aññath±ti adhipp±yena “voµµhabbanato”ti-±dim±ha. Catunnanti muñch±maraº±sannavel±d²su mand²bh³tavegat±ya catt±ripi javan±ni uppajjeyyunti adhipp±yena vutta½. Ayametassa sabh±voti ±rammaºamukhenapi cittaniy±ma½yeva dasseti. Yadipi “javan±p±rip³riy±…pe… yutto”ti vutta½, “±vajjan±d²na½ paccayo bhavitu½ na sakkot²”ti pana vuttatt± cittappavattivasena paµhamamoghav±rato etassa na koci viseso. Tenev±ha “ayampi…pe… retabbo”ti. Paµisandhicitteyeva pavattiya½ “bhavaªgan”ti vuccam±ne na tassa hetuvasena bhedoti “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.102) na sakk± vattu½, vuttañca, tasm± sahetuka½ bhavaªganti tad±rammaºa½ vuttanti viññ±yati.
Sabh±vakiccehi attano phalassa paccayabh±vo, sabh±vakicc±na½ v± phalabh³t±na½ paccayabh±vo sabh±vakiccapaccayabh±vo. Appaµisiddha½ daµµhabbanti “duhetukasomanassasahagata-asaªkh±rikajavan±vas±ne ev±”ti imassa atthassa anadhippetatt±. Yath± ca ahetukaduhetukapaµisandhik±na½ tihetukajavan±vas±ne ahetukaduhetukatad±rammaºa½ appaµisiddha½, eva½ tihetukapaµisandhikassa tihetukajavan±nantara½ duhetukatad±rammaºa½, duhetukapaµisandhikassa ca duhetuk±nantara½ ahetukatad±rammaºa½ appaµisiddha½ daµµhabba½. “Tihetukakamma½ tihetukampi duhetukampi ahetukampi vip±ka½ det²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 498) hi vutta½. Paripuººavip±kass±ti imin±pi tihetukajavanato yath±vuttatad±rammaºassa appaµisiddha½yeva s±dheti. Na hi paccayantaras±maggiy± asati tad±rammaºa½ sabba½ avipaccanta½ kamma½ paripuººavip±ka½ hot²ti. Mukhanidassanamattameva yath±vuttatad±rammaºappavattiy± avibh±vitatt±. Tihetuk±dikammassa hi ukkaµµhassa tihetukakammassa so¼asa, itarassa dv±dasa, ukkaµµhasseva duhetukakammassa dv±dasa, itarassa aµµh±ti eva½ so¼asavip±kacitt±d²ni yojetabb±ni. Tasm±ti yasm± paripuººavip±kassa paµisandhijanakakammassa vasena vip±kavibh±van±ya mukhanidassanamattameveta½, tasm±.
Evañca katv±ti n±n±kammato tad±rammaºuppattiya½ ito aññath±pi sambhavatoti attho. “Upekkh±…pe… uppajjat²”ti ettha kena kiccena uppajjat²ti? Tad±rammaºakicca½ t±va na hoti javan±rammaºassa an±lambaºato, n±pi sant²raºakicca½ tath± appavattanato, paµisandhicut²su vattabbameva natthi, p±risesato bhavaªgakiccanti yutta½ siy±. Na hi paµisandhibh³ta½yeva citta½ “bhavaªgan”ti vuccat²ti.
Tanninnanti ±p±thagatavisayaninna½ ±vajjananti sambandho. Aññassa viya paµhamajjh±n±dikassa viya. Etassapi s±vajjanat±ya bhavitabbanti adhipp±yo. Atadatth±ti ettha ta½-saddena nirodha½ pacc±masati. Uppattiy±ti uppattito. Tanti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½. Tassa nirodhassa. Tath± ca uppajjat²ti “anantarapaccayo hot²”ti padassa attha½ vivarati. Yath±vutt± vuttappak±r±. Vod±na½ dutiyamagg±d²na½ purec±rikañ±ºa½. Etesanti ariyamaggacittamagg±nantaraphalacitt±na½. Etass±ti yath±vuttavip±kacittassa.
Upanissayato tasseva cakkhuviññ±º±divip±kassa dassanattha½ cakkh±d²na½ dassan±di-atthato dassan±diphalato, dassan±dippayojanato v±. Purimacitt±ni ±vajjan±d²ni. Vatthantararahitatte dassetabbe vatthantare viya ±rammaºantarepi na vattat²ti “vatth±rammaºantararahitan”ti vutta½.
Yadi vip±kena kammasarikkheneva bhavitabba½, eva½ sati imasmi½ v±re ahetukavip±k±na½ asambhavo eva siy± tesa½ akammasarikkhakatt±ti imamattha½ manasi katv± ±ha “ahetuk±na½ pan±”ti. Abhinip±tamattanti pañcanna½ viññ±º±na½ kiccam±ha. Te hi ±p±thagatesu r³p±d²su abhinip±tanamatteneva vattanti. ¾di-saddena sampaµicchan±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Kusalesu kusal±kusalakiriyesupi v± vijjam±n± sasaªkh±rik±saªkh±rikat± aññamañña½ asarikkhatt± pah±n±vaµµh±nato ca viruddh± viy±ti vip±kesu s± tadanuk³l± siy±, s± pana m³l±bh±vena na suppatiµµhit±na½ savisay±bhinipatanamatt±divutt²na½ natth²ti vutta½ “na sasaªkh±rikaviruddho”ti-±di. Ubhayenapi tesa½ nibbatti½ anuj±n±ti yath± “kaµatt±r³p±nan”ti adhipp±yo. “Vip±kadhammadhammo vip±kassa dhammassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo. Vip±kadhammadhamme khandhe aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati, ass±deti abhinandati, ta½ ±rabbha r±go uppajjati, domanassa½ uppajjati, kusal±kusale niruddhe”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.3.93) vip±kattike viya siy± kusalattikepi p±¼²ti katv± “kusalattike c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha hi “kusalo dhammo aby±katassa dhammassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”ti uddisitv± “sekkh± v± puthujjan± v± kusala½ aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassanti, kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjati, kusala½ ass±deti abhinandati, ta½ ±rabbha r±go uppajjati, diµµhi, vicikicch±, uddhacca½, domanassa½ uppajjati, akusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Avijjam±natt± eva avacananti adhipp±yena tattha yutti½ dasseti “vipph±rikañh²”ti-±din±.
Ettha keci “cha¼aªgupekkh±vatopi kiriyamayacittat±ya kiriyajavanassa vipph±rikakiriyabh±vo na sakk± nisedhetunti nidassanabh±vena paººapuµamupan²ta½ asam±na½. Kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaº±bh±vassa p±¼iya½ avacanampi ak±raºa½ labbham±nassapi katthaci kenaci adhipp±yena avacanato. Tath± hi dhammasaªgahe akusalaniddese labbham±nopi adhipati na vutto, tasm± kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaº±bh±vo v²ma½sitabbo”ti vadanti. Satipi kiriyamayatte sabbattha t±dibh±vappatt±na½ kh²º±sav±na½ javanacitta½ na itaresa½ viya vipph±rika½, santasabh±vat±ya pana sannisinnarasa½ siy±ti tassa paººapuµa½ dassita½. Dhammasaªgahe akusalaniddese adhipatino viya paµµh±ne kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaºassa labbham±nassa avacane na kiñci k±raºa½ dissati. Tath± hi vutta½ tattha aµµhakath±ya½ “heµµh± dassitanayatt±”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 429). Na cettha dassitanayatt±ti sakk± vattu½ vip±kadhammadhammehi kusal±kusalehi ata½sabh±v±na½ nayadassanassa ayujjam±nakatt±. Apica tattha v²ma½s±ya kesuci sabbesañca adhipat²na½ abh±vato ekarasa½ desana½ dassetu½ “uddhaµo”ti ca sakk± vattu½, idha pana na t±disa½ avacane k±raºa½ labbhat²ti “avacane k±raºa½ natth²”ti vutta½.
Adhipp±yen±ti akusal±nantara½ sahetukatad±rammaºa½ natth²ti tassa therassa matimattanti dasseti. “Kusal±kusale niruddhe sahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.98) vacanato pana akusal±nantara½ sahetukatad±rammaºampi vijjatiyev±ti uppatti½ vadantassa yuttaggahaºavasen±ti adhipp±yo.
Na ettha k±raºa½ dissat²ti etena tihetukajavan±nantara½ tividhampi tad±rammaºa½ yuttanti dasseti. Yena adhipp±yen±ti paµhamatherena t±va ekena kammun± anekatad±rammaºa½ nibbattam±na½ kammavises±bh±v± ta½ta½javanasaªkh±tapaccayavisesena visiµµha½ hot²ti imin± adhipp±yena javanavasena tad±rammaºassa sasaªkh±r±dividh±na½ vutta½, vip±kena n±ma kammasarikkhena bhavitabba½, na kammaviruddhasabh±vena. Aññath± aniµµhappasaªgo siy±ti evamadhipp±yena dutiyatthero kammavaseneva tad±rammaºavisesa½ ±ha. ѱºassa jaccandh±diduggativipattinimittapaµipakkhat± viya sugativipattinimittapaµipakkhat±pi siy±ti maññam±no tatiyatthero “tihetukakammato duhetukapaµisandhimpi n±nuj±n±t²”ti imin± nayena tesu v±desu adhipp±y±virodhavasena yutta½ gahetabba½. Mah±pakaraºe ±gatap±¼iy±ti “sahetuko dhammo ahetukassa dhammassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.102) imassa vibhaªge “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo, sahetuk± khandh± vuµµh±nassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti evam±din± paµµh±ne sahetukaduk±d²su ±gatap±¼iy±ti attho.

K±m±vacarakusalavip±kavaººan± niµµhit±.