Puggalo upalabbhat²ti paµij±nantassa pak±rantarassa asambhavato vuttesu pak±resu ekena pak±rena upalabbham±no upalabbhat²ti “±pannan”ti vutta½ “paµiññ±ya ekatt±pannan”ti. Ekatt±pannatt± eva appaµikkhipitabba½, puggale paµisiddhe tadabhinivesopi ay±th±vato puggalav±dino gahit±k±rasuññat±vibh±vanena sakaµµh±nato c±vito paµisedhito eva n±ma hot²ti vutta½ “puggaladiµµhi½ paµisedhento”ti. Puggaloyeva v± tath± passitabbatt± diµµhi. “S±m² niv±s² k±rako vedako nicco dhuvo”ti abhinivesavisayabh³to hi parikappamattasiddho puggalo idha paµikkhip²yati, “na catt±rome, bhikkhave, puggal±”ti-±din± vuttavoh±rapuggaloti ananuyogo ±k±sakusumassa rattan²l±dibh±vavic±raº± viy±ti attho. Pubbe “nupalabbhat²”ti paµij±nitv± visesacodan±ya an±pajjanato puna “na hev±”ti paµikkhepo paµiññ±ya ±pajjanaleso. Vañjh±puttakassa d²gharassat±nuyogassa viya sabbena sabba½ paramatthato anupalabbham±nassa puggalassa r³p±d²hi aññ±naññat±nuyogassa ananuyogabh±vo eva idha avipar²tattho.
Ya½k±raº±ti etena “yatonid±nan”ti ettha vibhatti-alopo daµµhabboti dasseti. Ajjh±carant²ti abhibhavanti. Abhinandan±dayo taºh±d²hi yath±saªkhya½ yojetabb±, taºh±diµµh²hi v± abhinandanajjhos±n±ni, t²hipi abhivadana½ avisesena v± t²hipi tayo yojetabb±. Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbanti-±din± abhinandan±d²na½ abh±vas³canena phal³pac±rato abhinandan±d²na½ samucchedapaµippassaddhibh³ta½ maggaphala½ vuccati, ta½ pacc±masanañca esev±ti idanti katv± vutta½ “abhi…pe… phala½ v±”ti.
“ѱyat²ti j±nan”ti ukka½sagativij±nanena niravasesa½ ñeyyaj±ta½ pariggayhat²ti tabbisay±ya j±n±tikiriy±ya sabbaññutaññ±ºameva karaºa½ bhavitumarahat²ti “sabbaññutaññ±ºena j±nitabba½ j±n±t²”ti vutta½. Atha v± pakaraºavasena, “bhagav±”ti saddantarasannidh±nena v± aya½ attho vibh±vetabbo. Passa½ passat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. J±nant±pi vipall±savasena j±nanti titthiy± paµhamajjh±na-ar³pajjh±nehi k±mar³papariññ±v±dino. J±nanto j±n±tiyeva bhagav± an±g±mi-arahattamaggehi ta½pariññ±v±dit±ya. Ayañca attho dukkhakkhandhasuttavasena (ma. ni. 1.163, 175 ±dayo) vibh±vetabbo. Paññ±cakkhun± uppannatt± v± cakkhubh³to. ѱºabh³toti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Atha v± dibbacakkhu-±dika½ pañcavidhampi cakkhu½ bh³to pattoti cakkhubh³to. Eva½ ñ±ºabh³toti-±d²supi daµµhabba½. S±mukka½sik±ya dhammadesan±ya s±tisayo bhagavato vattu-±dibh±voti vutta½ “catusaccadhamme vadat²ti vatt±”ti-±di. “Pavatt±”ti ettha pa-k±rassa pakaµµhatthata½ dassetu½ “cira½…pe… pavatt±”ti ±ha. Niddh±retv± net± ninnet±.
“Ek³nanavuti citt±n²”ti vutt± cittasahacariy±ya yath± “kunt± pacarant²”ti. Tesañca p±¼ipades±na½ ekeka½ pada½ uddharitv±pi kiñc±pi kusalattikapad±niyeva uddharitv± cittupp±dakaº¹e citt±ni vibhatt±ni, kusalattikena pana sabh±vadhammasaªgahit±na½ sesattikadukapad±na½ asaªgahit±na½ abh±vato kusalattikapaduddh±rena nayadassanabh³tena itarattikadukapad±nipi uddhaµ±nev±ti vutta½. Evañca katv± m±tik±ggahaºa½ samatthita½ bhavati.
So ca dhammoti “tayo kusalahet³”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1060) purim±ya purim±ya p±¼iy± pacchim± pacchim± atthaniddesoti vutta½. “Sam±nent²”tisaddassa paµapaµ±yati-saddassa viya saddanayo daµµhabboti dassetu½ “sam±na½ karont²”ti vutta½. Sam±nakaraºañca ³napakkhipanena adhik±panayanena v± hoti, idha ³napakkhipanen±ti dassetu½ “p³rent²”ti vutta½. Sam±netabbanti etth±p²ti “paµµh±na½ sam±netabban”ti ettha.
Balavat± ñ±ºavegena abhidhammapaccavekkhaºavasappavattena. Balavato ñ±ºavegassa sabbakilesakkhepanavasappavattassa. Gambh²rameva gambh²ragata½ diµµhigatanti-±d²su viya. Niravasesen±ti na kañci avasesetv±. Pañcakh²larahiten±ti pañcacetokh²larahitena.
Ek±dhikesu aµµhasu kilesasates³ti “j±timado”ti-±din± ekakavasena ±gat± tesattati, “kodho ca upan±ho c±”ti-±din± dukavasena chatti½sa, “t²ºi akusalam³l±n²”ti-±din± tikavasena pañc±dhika½ sata½, “catt±ro ±sav±”ti-±din± catukkavasena chappaññ±sa, “pañcorambh±giy±ni sa½yojan±n²”ti-±din± pañcakavasena pañcasattati, “cha viv±dam³l±n²”ti-±din± chakkavasena catur±s²ti, “satta anusay±”ti-±din± sattakavasena ek³napaññ±sa, “aµµha kilesavatth³n²”ti-±din± aµµhakavasena catusaµµhi, “nava ±gh±tavatth³n²”ti-±din± navakavasena ek±s²ti, “dasa kilesavatth³n²”ti-±din± dasakavasena sattati, “ajjhattikassupp±d±ya aµµh±rasa taºh±vicarit±n²”ti-±din± aµµh±rasakavasena aµµhasatanti eva½ ek±dhikesu aµµhasu kilesasatesu. Ses± tenavut±dhika½ chasata½ kiles±. Te brahmaj±lasutt±gat±hi dv±saµµhiy± diµµh²hi saha pañcapaññ±s±dhika½ sattasata½ honti.
Atha v± cuddasekant±kusal±, pañcav²sati kusal±by±katas±dh±raº±, cuddasa kusalattikas±dh±raº±, upacay±didvaya½ eka½ katv± sattav²sati r³p±ni c±ti ime as²ti dhamm±, imesu bh±vadvaye eka½ µhapetv± ajjhattik± ek³n±s²ti, b±hir± ek³n±s²t²ti sabbepi aµµhapaññ±s±dhika½ sata½ honti. Imesu ekekasmi½ dasanna½ dasanna½ kiles±na½ uppajjanato as²ti-adhika½ diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ honti.
Atha v± tepaññ±sa ar³padhamm±, aµµh±rasa r³par³p±ni, ±k±sadh±tu, lakkhaºar³p±ni c±ti pañcasattati dhamm± ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato paññ±sasata½ honti. Tattha ekekasmi½ dasa dasa kiles±tipi diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½. Tath± ettha vedana½ sukhindriy±divasena pañcavidha½ katv± sattapaññ±sa ar³padhamm±, aµµh±rasa r³par³p±ni c±ti pañcasattati vipassan³pagadhamm± ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato paññ±sasata½ honti. Etesu ekekasmi½ dasa dasa kiles±tipi diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½.
Aparo nayo– dv±dasa-akusalacittupp±desu paµhame cha kiles±, dutiye satta, tatiye cha, catutthe satta, pañcame cha, chaµµhe satta, sattame cha, aµµhame satta, navame pañca, dasame cha, ek±dasame pañca, dv±dasame catt±roti sabbe dv±sattati, ime pañcadv±rik± pañcasu r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu ekekasmi½ dv±sattat²ti saµµhi-adhik±ni t²ºi sat±ni, manodv±rik± pana chasu ±rammaºesu ekekasmi½ dv±sattati dv±sattat²ti katv± dvatti½s±dhik±ni catt±ri sat±ni, sabb±nipi dv±navuti-adhik±ni sattasat±ni, t±ni ajjhattabahiddh±visayat±ya catur±s²ti-adhika½ diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ hont²ti veditabba½.
Atha v± r³p±rammaº±d²ni pañca, avasesar³pavedan±saññ±saªkh±raviññ±ºavasena pañca dhamm±rammaºak± ses± c±ti dasa, te ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato v²sati, paññatti c±ti ekav²satiy± ±rammaºesu dv±sattati dv±sattati kiles±ti dv±das±dhika½ diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ honti.
Atha v± dv±dasasu akusalacittupp±desu paµhame v²sati dhamm±, dutiye dv±v²sati, tatiye v²sati, catutthe dv±v²sati, pañcame ek³nav²sati, chaµµhe ek³nav²sati, sattame ek³nav²sati, aµµhame ekav²sati, navame ek³nav²sati, dasame ekav²sati, ek±dasame so¼asa, dv±dasame so¼as±ti sabbe akusaladhamm± chatti½s±dhik±ni dve sat±ni, ime chasu ±rammaºesu pacceka½ chatti½ s±dhik±ni dve sat±ni, sabbe so¼as±dhik±ni catt±ri sat±ni ca sahassa½ hont²ti evampi diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ veditabba½.
Itaresanti taºh±vicarit±na½ “at²t±ni chatti½s±”ti-±din± at²t±dibh±v±masanato. Khepaneti ariyamaggena samucchindane. “Diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ khepetv±”ti hi vutta½. Paramatthato at²t±d²na½ maggena appah±tabbatt± “at²t±dibh±v±masan± aggahaºa½ khepane”ti vutta½. Ya½ pana paµµh±ne “dassanena pah±tabbo dhammo dassanena pah±tabbassa dhammassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-±din± tike, tath± dassanena pah±tabb±t²tatikatike “at²t± dassanena pah±tabb±”ti-±din± ca t²su k±lesu dassan±dipah±tabbavacana½ kata½, ta½ at²t±d²na½ sa½kiliµµhat±ya ap±yagaman²yat±ya ca dassanapah±tabbehi niratisayatt± vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Na bh±sitatthavacananti ida½ “hitapariy±yavacanan”ti etena nivattitassa ekadesakathana½. Yath± hi aya½ attha-saddo na bh±sitatthavacana½, eva½ visayappayojan±divacanampi na hot²ti. Yath±vuttass±ti hitapariy±yassa. “Na haññadatthatthipasa½sal±bh±”ti padassa niddese “attattho v± parattho v±”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 69) kiñc±pi suttanirapekkha½ attatth±dayo vutt± suttatthabh±vena aniddiµµhatt±, tesu pana ekopi atthappabhedo suttena d²petabbata½ n±tikkamat²ti ±ha “te sutta½ s³cet²”ti. Imasmi½ vikappe attha-saddo bh±sitatthavacanampi hoti. Purimak± hi pañca atthappabhed± hitapariy±y±, tato pare cha bh±sitatthappabhed±, pacchimak± pana ubhayasabh±v±. Tattha duradhigamat±ya vibh±vane aladdhag±dho gambh²ro, na vivaµo gu¼ho, m³ludak±dayo viya pa½sun± akkharasannives±din± tirohito paµicchanno, niddh±retv± ñ±petabbo neyyo, yath±rutavaseneva veditabbo n²to. Anavajjanikkilesavod±n± pariy±yavasena vutt±, kusalavip±kakiriyadhammavasena v± Paramattho nibb±na½, avipar²tasabh±vo eva v±. S±tisaya½ pak±sit±ni tapparabh±vena pak±sitatt±. “Ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±pannan”ti (p±ci. 1242), “sakav±de pañcasuttasat±n²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±; kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±) ca evam±d²su sutta-saddo upacaritoti adhipp±yen±ha “idameva atth±na½ s³canato suttanti vuttan”ti. Ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik± suttantadesan±ti idampi vineyy±na½ hitasamp±pane suttantadesan±ya tapparabh±va½yeva sandh±ya vutta½. Tapparabh±vo ca vineyyajjh±say±nulomato daµµhabbo, tath± attatth±dippak±sanapadh±nat±pi. Itareh²ti vinay±bhidhammehi.
Ratti-±d²s³ti rattir±javinayesu visayabh³tesu. Nanu ca “abhiratt²”ti avuttatt± rattiggahaºa½ na kattabba½, “abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti ca ñ±ºalakkhaºakiriy±visesako abhi-saddoti? Na, “abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti abhi-saddavisiµµh±na½ ñ±talakkhitasadd±na½ rattisaddena sam±n±dhikaraºat±ya rattivisayatt±. Ettha ca v±cakasaddasannidh±ne nip±t±na½ tadatthajotakamattatt± lakkhitasaddatthajotako abhi-saddo lakkhaºe vattat²ti vutto. Abhilakkhitasaddapariy±yo ca abhiññ±tasaddoti daµµhabbo, abhivinayasaddassa pana abhipurisassa viya sam±sasiddhi daµµhabb±. Anekatth± hi nip±t±, anekatthabhedo ca sadd±na½ payogavisayoti.
Kiñc±pi desan±dayo desetabb±dinirapekkh± na santi, ±º±dayo pana visesato desak±di-adh²n±ti ta½ta½visesayogavasena tesa½ bhedo vutto. Yath± hi ±º±vidh±na½ visesato ±º±rah±dh²na½ tattha kosallayogato, eva½ voh±raparamatthavidh±n±ni ca vidh±yak±dh²n±n²ti ±º±dividhino desak±yattat± vutt±. Apar±dhajjh±say±nur³pa½ viya dhamm±nur³pampi s±sana½ visesato tath±vinetabbapuggal±pekkhanti vutta½ “s±sitabba…pe… tabbabh±ven±”ti. Sa½var±sa½varan±mar³p±na½ viya viniveµhetabb±ya diµµhiy±pi kathana½ sati v±c±vatthusmi½, n±sat²ti visesato tadadh²nanti ±ha “kathetabbassa…pe… kath±”ti. Up±rambh±d²ti up±rambhanissaraºadhammakosarakkhaº±ni. Pariy±puºan±d²ti pariy±puºanasuppaµipattiduppaµipattiyo.
Tantisamud±yo avayavatantiy± ±dh±ro yath± “rukkhe s±kh±”ti. Na codetabbameta½ samukhena, visayavisayimukhena v± vinay±d²na½yeva gambh²rabh±vassa vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. Dhammo hi vinay±dayo, tesañca visayo attho, dhammatthavisay± ca desan±paµivedh±ti. “Paµivedhass±”ti-±din± dhammatth±na½ duppaµividdhatt± desan±ya upp±detu½ asakkuºeyyatt± paµivedhassa upp±detuñca paµivijjhituñca asakkuºeyyatt± dukkhog±hata½ dasseti.
Dhamm±nur³pa½ yath±dhammanti ca attho yujjati. Desan±pi hi paµivedho viya avipar²ta½ savisayavibh±vanato dhamm±nur³pa½ pavattati yato “avipar²t±bhil±po”ti vuccati. Dhammanirutti½ dasset²ti etena desan±saddasabh±v±ti d²peti. Tath± hi niruttipaµisambhid±ya paritt±rammaº±dibh±vo p±¼iya½ vutto, aµµhakath±yañca “ta½ta½sabh±vaniruttisadda½ ±rammaºa½ katv±”ti-±din± sadd±rammaºat±. Imassa atthassa aya½ saddo v±cakoti vacanavacan²ya½ vavatthapetv± ta½ta½vacan²yavibh±vanavasena pavattito hi saddo desan±ti. Nanu ca “dhammo tant²”ti imasmi½ pakkhe dhammassapi saddasabh±vatt± dhammadesan±na½ viseso na siy±ti? Na, tesa½ tesa½ atth±na½ bodhakabh±vena ñ±to uggahit±divasena ca pubbe pavattito saddappabandho dhammo, pacch± paresa½ avabodhanattha½ pavattito tadatthappak±sanako saddo desan±ti. Atha v± yath±vuttasaddasamuµµh±pako cittupp±do desan± mus±v±d±dayo viya. Vacanassa pavattananti ca yath±vuttacittupp±dam±ha. So hi vacana½ pavatteti, ta½ v± etena pavatt²yat²ti pavattana½. Des²yati attho eten±ti desan±. Pak±rehi ñ±p²yati etena, pak±rato ñ±pet²ti v± paññatt²ti vuccat²ti. Tenev±ha “adhipp±yo”ti-±di. Abhisameti, abhisam²yati v± eten±ti abhisamayoti evampi abhisamayattho sambhavati. Abhisametabbato pana abhisamayoti dutiyavikappe paµivedhoyev±ti.
Vuttanayena veditabb±ti avijj±saªkh±r±d²na½ dhammatth±na½ duppaµivijjhat±ya dukkhog±hat±, tesa½ paññ±panassa dukkarabh±vato ta½desan±ya paµivedhanasaªkh±tassa paµivedhassa upp±danavisayikaraº±na½ asakkuºeyyat±ya dukkhog±hat± veditabb±.
K±raºe phalavoh±rena te dhamm± dukkh±ya sa½vattant²ti vuttanti ±ha “up±rambha…pe… hetubh±ven±”ti. Añña½ atthanti up±rambha½ nissaraºañca. Niµµh±petv±ti kathanavasena pariyos±petv±. Tassa “±raddhan”ti etena sambandho. Udd±nasaªgah±dibhedo saªg²toti p±µho yutto, “saªg²tiy±”ti pana likhanti. Purima½ v± saªg²tiy±ti bh±vena bh±valakkhaºe bhumma½, pacchima½ adhikaraºe. Piµak±d²ti piµakanik±yaªgadhammakkhandh±ni.
Tattha aªgesu suttaªgameva na sambhavati “sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) vuttatt±, maªgalasutt±d²nañca suttaªgasaªgaho na siy± g±th±bh±vato dhammapad±d²na½ viya, geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy± sag±thakatt± sag±th±vaggassa viya, tath± ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakapades±nanti? Vuccate–
Suttanti s±maññavidhi, visesavidhayo pare;
sanimitt± niru¼hatt±, sahat±ññena n±ññato. (Netti. aµµha. saªgahav±ravaººan±).
Sabbassapi hi buddhavacanassa suttanti aya½ s±maññavidhi. Tenev±ha ±yasm± mah±kacc±yano nettiya½ “navavidhasuttantapariyeµµh²”ti (netti. saªgahav±ra). “Ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±panna½ (p±ci. 1242) sakav±de pañca suttasat±n²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±; kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±) evam±di ca etassa atthassa s±dhaka½, tadekadesesu pana geyy±dayo visesavidhayo tena tena nimittena patiµµhitatt±. Tath± hi geyyassa sag±thakatta½ tabbh±vanimitta½. Lokepi hi sasiloka½ sag±thaka½ v± cuººiyagantha½ “geyyan”ti vadanti. G±th±virahe pana sati puccha½ katv± vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºassa. Pucch±vissajjanañhi by±karaºanti vuccati. By±karaºameva veyy±karaºanti.
Eva½ sante sag±thak±nampi pañhavissajjanavasena pavatt±na½ veyy±karaºabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati veyy±karaº±disaññ±na½ anok±sabh±vato “g±th±virahe pana sat²”ti visesitatt± ca. Tath± hi dhammapad±d²su kevala½ g±th±bandhesu sag±thakattepi somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±paµisa½yuttesu “vuttañhetan”ti-±divacanasambandhesu abbhutadhammapaµisa½yuttesu ca suttavisesesu yath±kkama½ g±th±-ud±na-itivuttaka-abbhutadhammasaññ± patiµµhit±, tath± satipi g±th±bandhabh±ve bhagavato at²t±su j±t²su cariy±nubh±vappak±sakesu j±takasaññ±. Satipi pañhavissajjanabh±ve sag±thakatte ca kesuci suttantesu vedassa labh±panato vedallasaññ± patiµµhit±ti eva½ tena tena sag±thakatt±din± nimittena tesu tesu suttavisesesu geyy±disaññ± patiµµhit±ti visesavidhayo suttaªgato pare geyyaªg±dayo. Ya½ panettha geyyaªg±dinimittarahita½, ta½ suttaªga½ visesasaññ±parih±rena s±maññasaññ±ya pavattanatoti.
Nanu ca sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºanti suttaªga½ na sambhavat²ti codan± tadavatth±ti? Na, sodhitatt±. Sodhitañhi pubbe g±th±virahe sati pucch±vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºabh±vassa nimittanti. Yañca vutta½ “g±th±bh±vato maªgalasutt±d²na½ suttaªgasaªgaho na siy±”ti, ta½ na, niru¼hatt±. Niru¼ho hi maªgalasutt±d²su suttabh±vo. Na hi t±ni dhammapadabuddhava½s±dayo viya g±th±bh±vena paññ±t±ni, kintu suttabh±veneva. Teneva hi aµµhakath±ya½ suttan±makanti n±maggahaºa½ kata½. Ya½ pana vutta½ “sag±thakatt± geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy±”ti, tadapi natthi. Yasm± sahat±ññena. Saha g±th±h²ti sag±thaka½, sahabh±vo ca n±ma attato aññena hoti, na ca maªgalasutt±d²su g±th±vinimutto koci suttappadeso atthi, yo “saha g±th±h²”ti vucceyya, na ca samud±yo n±ma koci atthi. Yadapi vutta½ “ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakappades±na½ geyyaªgasaªgaho siy±”ti, tadapi na, aññato. Aññ± eva hi t± g±th± j±tak±dipariy±pannatt±. Ato na t±hi ubhatovibhaªg±d²na½ geyyaªgabh±voti eva½ sutt±d²na½ aªg±na½ aññamaññasaªkar±bh±vo veditabbo.
Jinas±sana½ abhidhammo. Paµividdhaµµh±na½ paµivedhabh³mi paµivedh±vatth±, paµivedhahetu v±. “So eva½ paj±n±mi samm±diµµhipaccay±pi vedayitan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.11-12) vutta½. P±¼iya½ pana “so eva½ paj±n±mi micch±diµµhipaccay±pi vedayita½. Samm±diµµhipaccay±pi vedayitan”ti ±gata½ (sa½. ni. 5.11-12). Paccay±d²h²ti paccayasabh±vav³pasamatadup±y±d²hi. Parav±dicodana½ patv±ti aµµhakath±ya½ ±gata½ parav±dicodana½ patv±. Adhiga…pe… r³pen±ti adhigantabbo ca so desetabbo c±ti adhigantabbadesetabbo, so eva dhammo, tadanur³pena. Ettha ca yath±dhammas±sanatt± yath±dhigatadhammadesan±bh±vato abhidhammassa abhisambodhi adhigamanid±na½. Desak±l±diyeva desan±nid±na½. Ya½ pana aµµhakath±ya½ “desan±nid±na½ y±va dhammacakkappavattan±”ti vutta½, ta½ abhidhammadesan±visesena dhammacakkappavattananti katv± vutta½. Dhammacakkappavattanasutte v± desitehi ariyasaccehi sakal±bhidhammapadatthasaªgahato, paramatthato abhidhammabh³t±na½ v± samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ tattha desitatt± vutta½. Tattak±na½yeva desan±ru¼hat±ya a¹¹hachakkesu j±takasatesu parip±cana½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Na hi ettak±su eva j±t²su puññ±disambh±rasambharaºa½ ki½ pana k±raºa½ ettak± eva j±tiyo desit±ti? Tadaññesa½ aµµhuppattiy± abh±vato.