Nid±nakath±vaººan±

Paricchedo sattappakaraºabh±vo. Sanniveso sattanna½ pakaraº±na½ tadavayav±nañca vavatth±na½. S±garehi tath± cint±ti “imassa abhidhammassa gambh²rabh±vavij±nanattha½ catt±ro s±gar± veditabb±”ti-±din± nayena jalas±gar±d²hi saha nayas±garavic±ro. “Satabh±gena sahassabh±gena dhammantar± dhammantara½ saªkamitv± saªkamitv± deses²”ti-±din± desan±bhedehi abhidhammassa gambh²rabh±vakath± desan±hi gambh²rat±.
“Eva½ tem±sa½ nirantara½ desentass±”ti-±din± desan±k±le bhagavato sar²rassa y±pit±k±ravic±ro desan±…pe… gahaºa½. Tath± therassa…pe…pi c±ti “abhidhamme v±can±maggo n±m±”ti-±din± abhidhamme v±can±maggassa s±riputtattherasambandhitat± tassa ca teneva upp±ditat±. Yo hi bhagavat± devat±na½ desit±k±ro, so aparicchinnav±ranayatantit±ya ananto aparim±ºo na bhikkh³na½ v±can±yoggo, yo ca therassa desit±k±ro, so atisa½khittat±ya. N±tisaªkhepan±tivitth±rabh³to pana p±µhanayo therappabh±vito v±can±maggoti.
Vacanatthavij±nanen±ti-±din± kusal± dhamm±ti-±dipad±naññeva atthavaººana½ akatv± abhidhamma-saddavic±rassa sambandham±ha. “Ye te may± dhamm± abhiññ± desit±. Seyyathida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n±…pe… sikkhita½ sikkhi½su dve bhikkh³ abhidhamme n±n±v±d±”ti-±disuttavasena kiñc±pi bodhipakkhiyadhamm± “abhidhammo”ti vuccanti, dhamma-saddo ca sam±dhi-±d²su diµµhappayogo, pariyattidhammo eva pana idha adhippetoti dassento “suttant±dhik± p±¼²ti attho”ti ±ha. Tattha dhammabyabhic±rabh±vena visesato abhidhammo viya suttantopi “dhammo”ti vuccati. “Yo vo, ±nanda, may± dhammo ca vinayo ca desito paññatto”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.216) aññattha ca sambhavato abhi-saddena nivattetabbattha½ d²petu½ “suttant±”ti vutta½. Nanu ca atirekavisesaµµh± bhinnasabh±v± yato te yath±kkama½ adhikavicittapariy±yehi bodhit±, tasm± “dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµheh²”ti bahuvacanena bhavitabba½, na ekavacanen±ti anuyoga½ manasi katv± ±ha “dvinnampi…pe… ekavacananiddeso kato”ti.
Payogameva n±rahati upasagga-sadd±na½ dh±tu-saddasseva purato payojan²yatt±. Ath±pi payujjeyya atim±l±d²su ati-sadd±dayo viya. Evampi yath± “atim±l±”ti ettha sam±savasena an±vibh³t±ya kamanakiriy±ya visesako ati-saddo, na m±l±ya, evamidh±pi abhi-saddo na dhammavisesako yuttoti adhipp±yo. Aññassapi hi upasaggass±ti ida½ ru¼h²vasena, atthe upasajjat²ti v± upasaggassa anvatthasaññata½ gahetv± vutta½. Atichatt±d²su hi ati-saddo idha upasaggoti adhippeto. Tattha yath± kaly±ºo p³jito v± puriso atipurisoti bhavati, eva½ atirekavisesaµµh±nampi kaly±ºap³jitatthabh±vasambhavato kaly±ºa½ v± p³jita½ v± chatta½ atichattanti saddanayo veditabbo. Kaly±ºap³jitabh±v± hi guºavisesayogena icchitabb±. Guºaviseso cesa yadida½ pam±º±tireko ca vicittar³pat± ca. Evañca pana katv± “akiriy±yap²”ti vacana½ samatthita½ bhavati. Yath± ca atichatt±d²su, eva½ abhidhamma-saddepi daµµhabba½. Anekatth± hi nip±t±ti. Tabbh±vad²pakatt±ti atirekavisesabh±vad²pakatt±.
Ekato an±gatatt±ti ida½ suttante ekato ±gat±na½ khandh±yatan±d²na½ suttantabh±jan²yassa diµµhatt± “cha im±ni, bhikkhave, indriy±n²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.495-496) cakkh±d²na½ channa½ itthindriy±d²na½ tiººa½ sukhindriy±d²na½ pañcanna½ saddhindriy±d²na½ pañcanna½ anaññ±taññass±m²tindriy±d²nañca tiººa½ vasena visu½ visu½ suttantabh±vena ±gatatt± ekasuttabh±vena an±gat±na½ b±v²satiy± indriy±na½ suttantabh±jan²yassa adiµµhatt± ca vutta½, na suttante ekato ±gamanassa suttantabh±jan²yassa k±raºatt±. Suttante ekato sabbena sabbañca an±gat± hi bh³mantaraparicchedapaµisambhid± suttantabh±jan²yavasena vibhatt± dissanti, ekato ±gat±ni ca sikkh±pad±ni tath± na vibhatt±ni. Veramaº²na½ viya pana sabh±vakicc±divibh±gavinimutto b±v²satiy± indriy±na½ sam±no vibhajanappak±ro natthi, yo suttantabh±jan²ya½ siy±ti indriyavibhaªge suttantabh±jan²ya½ natth²ti yutta½ siy±.
Yadipi paccayadhammavinimutto paccayabh±vo n±ma natthi, yath± pana pavatto paccayadhammo paccayuppannadhamm±na½ paccayo hoti, so tassa pavatti-±k±raviseso hetu-±dibh±vo tato añño viya paccayadhammassa paccayabh±voti vutto, so ca “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± sambhavant²”ti-±d²su padh±nabh±vena vutto. Tattha ca guº²bh³t± hetuhetuphalabh³t± avijj±saªkh±r±dayoti vutta½ “paccayabh±vo uddiµµho”ti. Uddiµµhadhamm±nanti-±di uddesena paricchinn±na½yeva khandh±d²na½ khandhavibhaªg±d²su pañhapucchakanayo dassito, na ito aññath±ti katv± vutta½.
Suttante saªg²tisuttant±dike. Pañca sikkh±pad±ni p±º±tip±t±…pe… pam±daµµh±n± veramaº²ti eva½ uddiµµh±ni. Añño pana veramaº²na½ vibhajitabbappak±ro natth²ti ida½ at²t±nicc±divibh±go veramaº²na½ khandh±yatan±d²su antogadhatt± tabbaseneva vij±nitabbo, tato pana añño abhidhammanayavidhuro veramaº²na½ vibhajitabbappak±ro natth²ti adhipp±yena vutta½. Tath± ca paµisambhid±magge “cakkhu½ anicca½…pe… jar±maraºa½ aniccan”ti anupadadhammasammasanakath±ya½ na veramaºiyo uddhaµ±.
Nanu dhammasaªgaº²dh±tukath±d²nampi vasena abhidhammap±¼iy± atirekavisesabh±vo dassetabboti? Saccameta½, so pana ekanta-abhidhammanayanissito avuttopi siddhoti katv± na dassito. Etena v± nidassanena sopi sabbo netabbo. Abhidhammanayas±maññena v± abhidhammabh±jan²yapañhapucchakehi so vutto ev±ti na vuttoti daµµhabbo.
Pañhav±r±ti pucchanavissajjanavasena pavatt± p±¼inay±. Etthev±ti dhammahadayavibhaªge eva. Apekkh±vasikatt± appamahantabh±vassa yato appamattik± mah±dh±tukath±tanti dhammahadayavibhaªgavacanavasena avases±, ta½ dassanattha½ “dhammahadayavibhaªge an±gantv± mah±dhammahadaye ±gatatantito”ti vutta½. Dhammahadaya…pe… ±gatatantito r³pakaº¹adh±tuvibhaªg±d²su an±gantv± mah±dh±tukath±ya½ ±gatatanti appamattik±v±ti sambandho Atha dh±tukath±ya vitth±rakath± mah±dh±tukath± dhammahadayavibhaªge an±gantv± mah±dhammahadaye ±gatatantito dh±tukath±ya½ an±gantv± mah±dh±tukath±ya ±gatatanti appamattik±v±ti yojetabba½.
Upalabbhat²ti anulomapaccan²yapañcakassa, nupalabbhat²ti paccan²y±nulomapañcakassa upalakkhaºavasena vutta½. Saccikaµµha½ nissayanti “sabbatth±”ti-±din± des±di-an±masanena r³p±disattapaññ±sadhammappabheda½ saccikaµµhameva nissayabh³ta½. Sabbatth±ti etth±pi “upalabbhati nupalabbhat²ti paµiññ±ya gahit±ya paµikkhepaggahaºatthan”ti ±netv± sambandhan²ya½, tath± sabbad± sabbes³ti etth±pi. Yadi khandh±yatan±dayo gahit± aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayena, atha pana vuttanti sambandho. Yo saccikaµµhoti saccikaµµhanissaya½ upalakkheti. Eteh²ti etehi vacanehi. Saccikaµµhadesak±lappadesehi katha½ saccikaµµh±d²na½ padeso ekadesabh³to sabboti vuccati? Pades±na½ puthutt±. “Sabbesu padeses³”ti pacceka½ bhed±masanavasena c±ya½ pañho pavattoti na purimehi avaseso.
Upalabbhati…pe… micch±ti ekanti upalabbhat²ti paµiññ±ggahaºapaµikkhepaggahaºaniggaºhan±na½ anulomapaµilomato paµiññ±µhapananiggahap±pan±ropan±nañca vasena pavatt± tanti paµhamapañcakassa eka½ aªga½ eko avayavoti attho. Eva½ sesesupi netabba½. Niggahassa suniggahabh±va½ icchato sakav±dino “tva½ ce pana maññasi vattabbe kho puggalo nupalabbhat²”ti-±din± (kath±. 3) paµiññ±µhapanena, tena “tava tattha het±ya paµiññ±ya heva½ paµij±nanto heva½ niggahetabbe atha ta½ niggaºh±ma suniggahito ca hot²”ti vatv± “hañci puggalo nupalabbhat²”ti-±din± (kath±. 2) parav±dino attano paµikamma½ yath± sakav±d² na nibbeµheti, eva½ karaºa½ paµikammaveµhana½. Parav±dino paµikammassa duppaµikammabh±va½ icchato sakav±dino ta½nidassanena “eso ce dunniggahito hevan”ti paµikammanidassanena, “vattabbe kho puggalo upalabbhati…pe… paramatthen±ti (kath±. 1). No ca maya½ tay± tattha het±ya paµiññ±ya heva½ paµij±nanto heva½ niggahetabb±. Atha amhe niggaºh±si dunniggahit± ca hom±”ti vatv± “hañci puggalo upalabbhat²”ti-±din± (kath±. 5) niggahassa dunniggahitabh±vadassanena aniggahitabh±vakaraºa½ niggahanibbeµhana½. “Tena hi ya½ niggaºh±si hañci puggalo upalabbhat²”ti-±di½ vatv± “tena hi ye kate niggahe se niggahe dukkaµe sukate paµikamme sukat± paµip±dan±”ti sakav±dino niggahassa, aniggahabh±v±ropanena attano paµikammassa supaµikammabh±vakaraºena ca sakav±dino niggahassa chedo vin±sana½ puggalav±danisedhanavasena samuµµhitatt±. Dhammat±ya anulomanavasena uµµhahitv± tabbilomanavasena pavatto anulomapaccan²kapañcako vuttavipariy±yena dutiyapañcako veditabbo.
Tad±dh±roti te saccikaµµhaparamatth± r³p±dayo ±dh±r± etass±ti tad±dh±ro. Etena “r³pasmi½ att±”ti eva½pak±ro puggalav±do dassito hoti. Tesa½ v± ±dh±rabh³toti etena “attani r³pan”ti eva½pak±ro. Aññatra v± teh²ti tehi r³p±d²hi vin±. ¾dh±r±dheyy±dibh±vena asa½saµµho visu½yeva vin±. Tena satt±diguºehi avokiººo purisoti evam±diko. Ta½s±mibh³tat±ya v± tadadh²nabh±vena “aññatra v± teh²”ti vuttanti “r³pav± att±”ti eva½pak±ro puggalav±do dassitoti veditabbo. Anaññoti etena “r³pa½ att±”ti eva½pak±ro. Ruppan±disabh±vo r³pakkhandh±d²na½ visesalakkhaºa½, sappaccay±disabh±vo s±maññalakkhaºa½. R³p±dito añño anañño v± aññatte ca tad±dh±r±dibh³to upalabbham±no ±pajjat²ti anuyuñjati sakav±d² pak±rantarassa asambhavato. Puggalav±d² puggalassa r³p±d²hi na aññatta½ icchati r³p±di viya paccakkhato anum±nato v± g±hayitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± tassa ca k±rakavedakabh±vassa ayujjam±nakatt±. N±pi anaññatta½ ruppanasappaccay±disabh±vappasaªgato puggalasseva abh±vappasaªgato ca. Yatheva hi na vin± indhanena aggi paññ±piyati, na ca añña½ indhanato aggi½ sakk± paµij±nitu½, n±pi anañña½. Yadi hi añño siy±, na uºha½ indhana½ siy±. Atha anañño, niddahitabba½yeva d±haka½ siy±. Evameva na vin± r³p±d²hi puggalo paññ±piyati, na ca tehi añño, n±pi anañño sassatucchedabh±vappasaªgatoti laddhiya½ µhatv± puggalav±d² “na hev±”ti paµikkhipati. Tattha aggindhanopam± t±va yadi lokavoh±rena vutt±, apa¼itta½ kaµµh±di-indhana½ niddahitabbañca, pa¼itta½ bh±suruºha½ aggi d±hakañca, tañca ojaµµhamakar³pa½ purimapacchimak±lika½ anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½, yadi eva½ puggalo r³p±d²hi añño anicco ca ±panno. Atha paramatthato, tasmi½yeva kaµµh±dike pa¼itte ya½ usuma½ so aggi, ta½sahaj±t±ni t²ºi bh³t±ni indhana½, evampi siddha½ lakkhaºabhedato aggindhan±na½ aññattanti aggi viya indhanato r³p±d²hi añño puggalo anicco ca ±pannoti by±hat±ti veditabba½.