Kammakath±vaººan±

Sam±nak±l±pi k±raºaphalakiriy± pubb±parak±l± viya vattu½ yutt±yeva. Seyyath±pi paµiccasamupp±de “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Copanakiriyanti viññattidvaya½ ±ha. Tass± hi cittasamuµµh±nak±yasaddav±c±hi k±yavac²viññatt²hi eva v± purimapurim±hi pavattetabbatt± “k±yav±c±hi copanakiriya½ karot²”ti vutta½ tabbik±r±na½ bh³t±na½ tath±pavattanato. Atha v± k±yav±c±h²ti k±yavac²viññatt²hi Copanakiriyanti r³pak±yassa thambhanacalanakiriya½ up±dinnakaghaµµanakiriyañca. Es± hi kiriy± “r³pak±ya½ thambhetu½ c±letu½ paccayo bhavitu½ samattho”ti, “up±dinnakaghaµµanassa paccayabh³to”ti ca vuttatt± k±yavac²viññatt²hi nipphajjat²ti. Evañca katv± “copanakiriy±nissayabh³t± k±yav±c±”ti, “k±y±d²hi karaºabh³tehi copan±bhijjh±dikiriya½ karonti v±si-±d²hi viya chedan±din”ti ca idampi vacana½ samatthita½ bhavati. Na kevala½ dharam±nat±va sabbh±vo, atha kho maggena asamucchinnat±p²ti dassento “anirodhitev±”ti ±ha. Asamucchinnat± ca k±y±d²na½ tadupanissayakiles±samucchedenev±ti daµµhabba½. “K±y±d²hi karaºabh³tehi copan±bhijjh±dikiriya½ karont²”ti etena copan±bhijjh±dikiriy±nibbattidv±rena cetan±nibbattiyeva vutt±ti imin± adhipp±yena “evañca…pe… yujjant²”ti ±ha. Evañca katv± k±ye sati v±c±ya sat²ti-±divacana½ anulomita½ hoti. Y±ya cetan±y±ti karaºaniddeso pana k±y±d²na½ copan±bhijjh±dikiriy±ya ca cetan±hetukattadassanattha½ vuttoti.
Sabh±vato upak±rakato magge sati sabbh±vato ca bojjhaªg± magge antogadh±ti ±ha “na ca na sakk±”ti-±di.
Kammapatha½ appatt±nampi ta½ta½dv±re sa½sandananti yath± kammapatha½ patt±na½, eva½ kammapatha½ appatt±nampi satipi dv±rantaruppattiya½ yath±saka½ dv±reheva n±maggahaºanti vadanti, eva½ sati aµµhakath±ya virodho. Dutiyatthassa ca abh±vo siy±, tasm± ta½ta½dv±re sa½sandananti yasmi½ yasmi½ dv±re kammapatha½ appatt± akusalacetan±dayo pavatt±, t±sa½ tena teneva dv±rena n±maggahaºa½. Ta½ pana ta½ta½dv±rapakkhikabh±vakaraºato tattha avarodhananti vutta½. Yath± hi kammapatha½ patt± k±yakamm±disaªkh±t± cetan± dv±rantare uppann±pi k±yakamm±din±mameva labhanti, na eva½ kammapatha½ appatt±. T± pana yattha yattha dv±re uppajjanti, tena teneva dv±rena k±yaduccarita½ vac²duccaritanti-±din±ma½ labhanti. Eva½ n±maggahaºameva hi tesa½ ta½ta½dv±rapakkhikakaraºa½ vutta½. Teneva hi aµµhakath±ya½ “kiñc±pi vac²dv±re copanappatta½ kammapatha½, appattat±ya pana k±yakamma½ na hoti, kevala½ vac²duccarita½ n±ma hot²”ti vutta½.
Satipi p±º±tip±t±dicetan±ya vac²dv±r±d²su pavattiya½ yath±vuttayebhuyyatabbahulavuttiy± k±yakamm±dibh±vavavatth±pana½ k±y±dikassa ta½ta½dv±rabh±vavavatth±panañca kammadv±r±bhedana½. Tañhi kammadv±r±na½ asa½kiººabh±vena patiµµh±pana½. Ya½ sandh±ya “±ºattisamuµµhites³”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vakkhati. Keci pana “ekekasmi½ dv±re anekesa½ kamm±na½ pavattidassanampi dv±rasa½sandanan”ti vadanti. Yath± pavatto by±p±do kammapatho hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “ime satt± haññant³”ti pavatti by±p±dassa dassit±. K±yadv±rikacetan±ya sahak±r²k±raºabh±vato k±yakammavoh±ral±bh±, abhijjh±d²na½ parasantakassa attano pariº±manavasena “ime satt± haññant³”ti-±din± ca appavattatt± manokammavoh±ravirah±, acetan±sabh±vato v± p±º±tip±t±divasena abboh±rik±, p±º±tip±t±dibh±vena na vattabb±ti attho. Etth±ti abboh±rikabh±ve.
Dasavidh± iddhi…pe… tabb± vitth±ren±ti adhipp±yo.
Ten±dhippetanti “akusala½ vac²kamma½ manodv±re samuµµh±t²”ti vadantena adhippeta½. “Na uposathakkhandhake vuttan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu tena uposathakkhandhakato sutta½ ±haµanti? Kiñc±pi ±haµa½, tattha avuttoyeva pana so tena vuttoti gahitoti dassento “tattha avuttamev±”ti-±dim±ha.
“Sugatiduggat²su upapajjana½ sukatadukkaµakammato na hoti, khandhasiv±d²hi pana hot²ti gahetv± ‘natthi dinnan’ti-±din± par±masantassa vasena ‘micch±diµµhi…pe… paribhaº¹±d²ni karot²’ti vuttan”ti vadanti. Abhijjh±dipadh±natt±ti etena vijjam±nesupi by±p±d±d²su yad± k±yavac²dv±resu cetan± balavat² hoti, na tath± itare, tad± padh±nabh±vato cetan± k±yakamma½ vac²kammanti ca voh±ra½ labhati. So kho panass± padh±nabh±vo p±º±tip±t±disiddhiy± viññ±yati. Yad± pana tesuyeva dv±resu abhijjh±dayo balavanto honti, na tath± cetan±, tad± tattha vijjam±n±pi cetan± apadh±nabh±vato k±yakamma½ vac²kammanti ca voh±ra½ na labhati. Abhijjh±dayo pana padh±nabh±vato satipi k±yaªgav±caªgacopane sakena vavatth±nena manokammantveva vuccant²ti dasseti. Ye pana “t²supi dv±resu kammapathabh±vena appattiy± dv±rattayepi kammapathappattamanokammena saha pavattiy± ca cetan± ettha kammanti na vuccat²”ti vadanti, tehi abhijjh±d²na½ padh±nasabh±va½yeva sandh±ya vutta½ siy±. Atha v± cetan±ya nippariy±yakammabh±vato pariy±yakamme anavarodhetabbatt± “abboh±rik±”ti vutta½. Attano sabh±veneva pana s± etth±pi kammanti vuccati. Yath±ha “cetan±ha½, bhikkhave, kamma½ vad±m²”ti-±di (kath±. 539). Aµµhakath±yañca “tasmi½ dv±re siddh± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan±yeva padh±na½ katv± vutta½. Tenev±ha “sabh±veneva s± manokamman”ti-±di. Atha v± kammapathappatta-abhijjh±d²hi k±yavac²dv±re sahaj±t± cetan± k±yavac²kammavasena abboh±rik± cetan±saªkh±tamanokammatt±ti. Yadi abhijjh±dayo padh±n±, na cetan±, eva½ sati abhijjh±dayo cettha kamma½, na cetan±, abhijjh±dipakkhik± v± s± siy±ti anuyoga½ manasi katv± ±ha “tividh±, bhikkhave”ti-±di. “Cetan±pi…pe… manodv±re eva samuµµhahant²”ti ida½ manodv±re cetan±ya abhijjh±d²hi manokammabh±ve nibbisesabh±vadassananti katv± “cetan±…pe… adhipp±yo”ti ±ha. Cetan± cetan±kamma½, abhijjh±dayo cetan±sampayuttakammanti ettakameva hi ettha visesoti. Ettha ca cetan±ya k±yavac²kammabh±vo siy±ti ±saªk±ya abh±vato manodv±re akusalak±yavac²kamm±na½ anuppattito ca abboh±rik±ti na vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Virativisiµµh±ti viratito cetan±ya padh±nabh±vam±ha. Tattha “tividh±, bhikkhave, k±yasañcetan±”ti-±din± (kath±. 539) ±gamamhi “p±º±tip±t±dipaµipakkhabh³t±”ti yutti½ dasseti. Yasm± ca paµµh±ne cetan±va “kammapaccayo”ti vutt±, na virati, abhijjh±dayo v±, tasm± nippariy±yena kamma½ “cetan±”ti anabhijjh±dayo “cetan±pakkhik± v±”ti vutt±ti veditabba½. Asaªkarato kammadv±r±ni vavatthapento “rakkhat²”ti, vipariy±yena “bhindat²”ti vuttoti rakkhaºabhindan±ni an±setv± n±setv± ca kathananti vutt±n²ti.

Kammakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Tatiyo vikappo paµhamacatutthaviññ±ºadv±resuyeva labbhati, na itarattha “sota½ gh±nan”ti-±din± avuttatt±, itarath±pi v± avibhattike niddese labbhati. Yato sa½varavasena p±timokkhas²la½ pavattati, ta½ duss²lyanti ±ha “duss²lya½ p±º±tip±t±dicetan±”ti. Itar± sa½varavinimutt± abhijjh±domanassayutt± tappadh±n± v± akusaladhamm± satipaµipakkh± akusal± dhamm± ¾rammaºe cittavossaggavasena pavatto akusalacittupp±do pam±do. V²riyapanodanabh±vato thinamiddha½ “kosajjan”ti vutta½, thinamiddhappadh±no v± cittupp±do.
Asuddhat±ti akevalat± aññena sammissat±. Dv±rañhi dv±rantarikakammassa dv±ra½ honta½ tena missita½ viya hoti. Tenev±ha “mus±v±d±dinopi k±yadv±re pavattisabbh±v±”ti. Keci pana “aviññeyyam±nantar±na½ dv±rantaracitt±na½ antarantar± appavattito suddhanti vuttan”ti vadanti, ta½ anekassapi javanav±rassa k±yakamm±dibh±vena pabandhanavasena pavatti atth²ti katv± vutta½. Aviruddha½ hot²ti akusalak±yakamm±dibh±vena avadh±retv± asa½vara½ vatv± puna tasseva v±c±-asa½varadv±r±d²su uppattivacana½ k±yadv±r³palakkhito asa½varo dv±rantare pavattopi k±yadv±riko ev±ti eva½ sa½vaººan±ya sati na virujjhat²ti attho. Id±ni ta½ avirujjhan±k±ra½ “asa½varo h²”ti-±din± vibh±veti. Sadv±reti attano dv±re. Asa½varo dv±rantare uppajjam±nopi sadv±ravasena uppannoti vuccat²ti etena v±c±-asa½varadv±re uppannopi k±yiko asa½varo copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena uppannotveva vuttoti daµµhabba½. Esa nayo itaratth±pi. Kamma½ aññadv±reti kammassa dv±rantaracaraºa½ p±kaµanti katv± vutta½.
Eva½ sat²ti copanasaªkh±te k±ya-asa½varadv±re asa½varoti ettake eva gahite. Kammapathabh±vappattasseva kammabh±vo aµµhakath±ya½ vuttoti ±ha “kammapathabh±vappattat±ya vac²manokamman”ti. Sesanti dv±rantar±nupalakkhita½. Tath± na vuccat²ti k±yakammanti na vuccat²ti attho. Tattheva vakkh±m±ti kammapathasa½sandane vakkh±ma. “So hi k±yadv±re copanappatto akusala½ k±yakamma½ hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. aµµha. kammapathasa½sandanakath±) “copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena uppanno akusala½ k±yakammameva hot²”ti-±din± ca vac²kamm±d²nañca kammapathappatt±na½ asa½varabh³t±na½ k±yakamm±dibh±ve ±panne “catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½ akusala½ vac²kammameva hot²”ti-±din± apav±dena nivatti daµµhabb±ti eva½ vakkham±nata½ sandh±y±ha. Antogadhat± daµµhabb± paccayasannissita-±j²vap±risuddhis²l±na½ ñ±ºav²riyehi s±dhetabbatt±ti adhipp±yo.