K±m±vacarakusalapadabh±jan²yavaººan±

1. Appetunti nigametu½. “Padabh±jan²ya½ na vuttan”ti padabh±jan²y±vacanena appan±varodha½ s±dhetv± padabh±jan²y±vacanassa k±raºa½ vadanto “sar³pen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “phasso hot²”ti-±d²su hoti-saddo atthi-saddena an±natthoti adhipp±yena vutta½ “dutiyena hoti-sadden±”ti. Pubbe aµµhakath±dhipp±yena vatv± yath±vuttassa p±¼ippadesassa appan±varodho samatthitoti attano adhipp±ya½ dassento “saªkhepen±”ti-±dim±ha.
ѱtu½ icchitoti lakkhaºassa pucch±visayata½ dassetu½ vutta½. Yena kenac²ti dassan±divisesayuttena, itarena v±. Avatth±viseso hi ñ±ºassa dassanatulanat²raº±ni. “Adiµµhatan”ti-±d²su ±h±ti yojetabba½, sabbattha ca lakkhaºass±ti. Tañhettha adhikatanti. Adiµµha½ jot²yati et±y±ti etena diµµha½ sa½sandati et±y±ti diµµhasa½sandan±. Vimati½ chindati et±y±ti vimaticchedan±ti et±sampi saddattho nayato dassito, atthato pana sabb±pi tath±pavatta½ vacana½, tadupp±dako v± cittupp±doti veditabba½.
Aññamaññato pabhijjat²ti pabhedo, viseso, tena pabhedena. Dhamm±na½ desananti kiñc±pi samayabh³mij±ti-±rammaºasabh±v±divasena anavasesappabhedapariggahato niddesadesan±va vattu½ yutt±, tath±pi kusal±dim±tik±padasaªgahitavisesoyeva idha pabhedoti adhippetoti vutta½ “pabheda…pe… desana½ ±h±”ti. Tenev±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “kusala…pe… d²petv±ti phasso hoti…pe… avikkhepo hot²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. dhammuddesav±ra phassapañcamakar±sivaººan±). “Phasso phusan±”ti-±din± ca pabhedavantova s±tisaya½ niddiµµh±, na pana m±tik±ya½ vuttappabhedoti pabhedavantadassana½ niddeso. Ida½ vutta½ hot²ti-±din± “pabhede…pe… dassanatthan”ti imassa v±kyassa piº¹attham±ha. Yadi dhamm± eva pucchitabb± vissajjetabb± ca, kasm± kusal±ti pabhedavacananti ±ha “te pan±”ti-±di. Na hi pabhedehi vin± pabhedavanto atth²ti. “Ime dhamm± kusal±”ti etena “phasso hot²”ti, “phasso phusan±”ti ca ±din± uddiµµhaniddiµµh±na½ dhamm±na½ kusalabh±vo vissajjito hot²ti imin± adhipp±yena “ime dhamm± kusal±ti vissajjanep²”ti ±ha. Imasmiñh²ti hi-saddo k±raºattho. Tena yasm± dhamm±va desetabb±, te ca kusal±…pe… bhed± desetabb± tasm±ti eva½ v± yojan±. Dhamm±namev±ti avadh±raºaphala½ dasseti “avoh±radesan±to”ti. Atth±nañc±ti ca-saddena “phasso phusan±”ti evam±disabh±vanirutti½ yath±vuttadhamm±diñ±ºañca saªgaºh±ti. “Iti eva½ aya½ pavattetabbo nivattetabbo c±”ti tath± tath± vidhetabbabh±vo itikattabbat±, t±ya yutto iti…pe… yutto tassa vidhetabbass±ti attho, visesanatt± pabhedass±ti adhipp±yo.
Itikattabbat±yuttassa visesitabbatt± uddeso dhammappadh±no, tasm± tattha dhammassa visesitabbatt± “kusal± dhamm±”ti aya½ pad±nukkamo kato. Pucch± sa½sayitappadh±n± anicchitanicchayan±ya pavattetabbatt±. Tena sabbadhammesu samuggh±µitavicikicch±nusay±nampi pucch± desetabbapuggalagatasa½say±patti½ attani ±ropetv± sa½say±pannehi viya pavatt²yat²ti dasseti. K±m±vacar±dibhedo viya kusal±dibh±vena kusal±dibhedo dhammabh±vena niyatoti dhamm±ti vutte nicchay±bh±vato “kusal± nu kho akusal± nu kho”ti-±din± sa½sayo hot²ti ±ha “kusal±dibhedo pana sa½sayito”ti. Dhammabh±vo pana kusal±d²su ekantikatt± nicchitoyev±ti vutta½ “na ca dhammabh±vo sa½sayito”ti. Tena sa½sayito nicchetabbabh±vena padh±no ettha kusalabh±vo, na tath± dhammabh±voti dhamm± kusal±ti vuttanti dasseti.
Cittupp±dasamayeti cittassa uppajjanasamaye. “Atha vijjam±ne”ti ettha atha-saddassa attham±ha “pacch±”ti. Bhojanagaman±d²hi samayekadesan±natta½ dassetv± avasesan±natta½ dassetu½ “samav±y±d²”ti vutta½. Visesit±ti etena “niyamit±”ti padassa attha½ vivarati, tasm± yath±vuttacittavisesitabbato samayatoti attho. Yath±dhippet±nanti k±m±vacar±divisesayutt±na½. “Tasmi½ samaye”ti cittuppattiy± visesitabbopi samayo yena cittena uppajjam±nena vises²yati, tasseva cittassa “yasmi½ samaye”ti ettha saya½ visesanabh±va½ ±pajjati. Tath± “tasmi½ samaye”ti ettha visesanabh³ta½ citta½ attan± visesitabbasamayassa upak±rattha½ “yasmi½ samaye…pe… cittan”ti visesitabbabh±va½ ±pajjati. Upak±roti ca aññamañña½ avacchedak±vacchinditabbabh±voti daµµhabba½. Purimadhamm±na½ bhaªgasamak±la½, bhaªg±nantarameva v± pacchimadhamm±na½ uppatti purimapacchim±na½ nirantarat± kenaci anantaritat±. Y±ya bh±vapakkhassa balavabh±vena paµicch±dito viya hutv± abh±vapakkho na paññ±yat²ti tadevetanti gahaºavasena pacurajano vipariyesito, soyamattho al±tacakkena sup±kaµo hoti. Tenev±ha “ek²bh³t±namiv±”ti Ekasam³havasena ek²bh³t±namiva pavatti sam³haghanat±, dubbiññeyyakiccabhedavasena ek²bh³t±namiva pavatti kiccaghanat±ti yojan±. Ettha ca paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena pavattam±n±na½ anekesa½ dhamm±na½ k±lasabh±vaby±p±r±rammaºehi dubbiññeyyabhedat±ya ek²bh³t±namiva gahetabbat± yath±kkama½ santatighanat±dayoti daµµhabba½.
Sahak±r²k±raºasannijjha½ samet²ti samayo, samavet²ti atthoti samaya-saddassa samav±yatthata½ dassento “paccayas±maggin”ti ±ha. Sameti sam±gacchati ettha maggabrahmacariya½ tad±dh±rapuggaleh²ti samayo, khaºo. Samenti ettha, etena v±, sam±gacchanti dhamm± sahaj±tadhammehi upp±d±d²hi v±ti samayo, k±lo. Dhammappavattimattat±ya atthato abh³topi hi k±lo dhammappavattiy± adhikaraºa½ karaºa½ viya ca parikappan±mattasiddhena r³pena vohar²yat²ti. Sama½, saha v± avayav±na½ ayana½ pavatti avaµµh±nanti samayo, sam³ho yath± “samud±yo”ti. Avayavasah±vaµµh±nameva hi sam³ho. Paccayantarasam±game eti phala½ etasm± uppajjati pavattati c±ti samayo, hetu yath± “samudayo”ti. Sameti sambandho eti savisaye pavattati, sambandh± v± ayanti eten±ti samayo, diµµhi. Diµµhisa½yojanena hi satt± ativiya bajjhant²ti. Samayana½ saªgati samodh±nanti samayo, paµil±bho. Samassa nirodhassa y±na½, samm± v± y±na½ apagamo appavatt²ti samayo, pah±na½. Abhimukhabh±vena samm± etabbo abhisametabbo adhigantabboti avipar²to sabh±vo abhisamayo. Abhimukhabh±vena samm± v± eti gacchati bujjhat²ti abhisamayo, avir±dhetv± dhamm±na½ avipar²tasabh±v±vabodho. Ettha ca upasagg±na½ jotakamattatt± tassa tassa atthassa v±cako samaya-saddo ev±ti sa-upasaggopi vutto. T±nev±ti p²¼an±d²neva. Vipph±rikat± seribh±vena kiriy±su uss±hanaparinipphanno.
Kesuc²ti akusalavip±k±d²su. Khaºassa asambhavo tena vin±bh±voti ±ha “nan³”ti-±di. Dhammenev±ti visesantararahitena. Ta½yeva hi avadh±raºena nivattita½ visesa½ dasseti “na tassa pavattitth±”ti-±din±. Yath± v± tath± v±ti k±lena loko pavattati nivattat²ti v± k±lo n±ma bh±vo vattanalakkhaºo bh±v±na½ pavatti-ok±sad±yakoti v± yena tena pak±rena. Idha uttamahetuno sambhavo eva natth²ti hetuhetus±dh±raºahet³yeva paµisedheti. Tappaccayata½ anekapaccayata½.
Pakatissarav±daggahaºa½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Paj±patipurisak±lav±d±dayopi “ekak±raºav±do”ti. -saddena v± tesampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Avayava…pe… d±yo vutto avayavadhammena samud±yassa apadisitabbatt±, yath± “sama½ cuººa½, alaªkato devadatto”ti ca. Anipph±dana½ nipph±dan±bh±vo ahetubh±vo. Nipph±detu½ asamatthassa pana paccayantar±na½ sahassepi sam±gate nattheva samatthat±ti ±ha “nipph±danasamatthass±”ti. Ettha ca sahak±r²k±raº±yatt± phalupp±dan± paccayadhamm±na½ aññamaññ±pekkh±ti vutt±ti apekkh± viy±ti apekkh± daµµhabb±.
Niby±p±resu aby±vaµesu. Ekekasminti aµµhakath±ya½ ±me¹itavacanassa luttaniddiµµhata½ dasseti. Sati ca ±me¹ite siddho bahubh±voti. Andhasata½ passat²ti ca paccattavacana½ niddh±raºe bhummavasena pariº±metv± “andhasate”ti ±ha. Tath± ekekasminti imin± visu½ asamatthat± jotit±ti andhasata½ passat²ti samudita½ passat²ti atthato ayamattho ±pannoti ±ha “andhasata½ sahita½ passat²ti adhipp±yo”ti. Aññath±ti yath±rutavasena atthe gayham±ne. Yasm± as±…pe… siddho sivikubbahan±d²su, tasm± n±yamattho s±dhetabbo. Id±ni tassatthassa sup±kaµabh±vena as±dhetabbata½ dassento “visun”ti-±dim±ha.
Etenup±yen±ti yoya½ khaºasaªkh±to samayo kusaluppattiy± dullabhabh±va½ d²peti. Attano dullabhat±y±ti ettha khaºattho v± samaya-saddo khaºasaªkh±to samayoti attho vutto. Etena up±yabh³tena nayabh³tena. Yojan± k±tabb±ti etth±ya½ yojan±– samav±ya…pe… vutti½ d²peti saya½ paccayas±maggibh±vato, samav±yattho v± samaya-saddo samav±yasaªkh±to samayo. So y±ya paccayas±maggiy± sat²ti imassa atthassa pak±sanavasena dhamm±na½ anekahetuto vutti½ d²peti. K±la…pe… parittata½ d²peti attano atiparittat±ya. Sam³ha…pe… sahuppatti½ d²peti saya½ dhamm±na½ samud±yabh±vato. Hetu…pe… vuttita½ d²peti sati eva attani attano phal±na½ sambhavatoti. Atthapakkhe ca saddapakkhe ca yasmi½ atiparitte k±le yasmi½ dhammasamud±ye yamhi hetumhi sat²ti etassa atthassa ñ±panavasena tad±dh±r±ya tadadh²n±ya ca kusaladhammappavattiy± duppaµivijjhata½ anekesa½ sahuppatti½ par±dh²nappattiñca d²pet²ti.
Da¼hadhamm± dhanuggah±ti da¼hadhanuno iss±s±. Da¼hadhanu n±ma dvisahassath±ma½ vuccati. Dvisahassath±manti ca yassa ±ropitassa jiy±baddho lohas²s±d²na½ bh±ro daº¹e gahetv± y±va kaº¹appam±º± ukkhittassa pathavito muccati. Sikkhit±ti dasadv±dasavass±ni ±cariyakule uggahitasipp±. Katahatth±ti dhanusmi½ ciººavas²bh±v±. Koci sippameva uggaºh±ti, katahattho na hoti, ime pana na tath±ti dasseti. Katup±san±ti r±jakul±d²su dassitasipp±. Catuddis± µhit± ass³ti ekasmi½yeva padese thambha½ v± rukkha½ v± ya½ kiñci eka½yeva niss±ya catuddis±bhimukh± µhit± siyunti attho. Eva½ vuttajavanapurisass±ti na evar³po puriso koci bh³tapubbo aññatra bodhisattena. So hi javanaha½sak±le evar³pamak±si. Sutte pana abh³taparikappanavasena upam±matta½ ±haµa½. Tapparabh±v±ti tapparabh±vato hetusaªkh±tassa samayassa par±yattavuttid²pane ekantaby±vaµasabh±vatoti attho. Ye pana “tapparabh±vo”ti paµhanti, tesa½ paccay±yattavuttid²panato tapparabh±vo hetusaªkh±tassa samayassa, tasm± tassa par±yattavuttid²panat± vutt±ti yojan±. Samud±y±yattat±d²pane tapparo, tadekades±yattat±d²pane tapparo na hot²ti ±ha “atapparabh±vato”ti.
Nanu ca ta½ ta½ up±d±ya paññatto k±lo voh±ramattako, so katha½ ±dh±ro tattha vuttadhamm±nanti ±ha “k±lopi h²”ti-±di. Yadi kiriy±ya kiriyantaralakkhaºa½ bh±venabh±valakkhaºa½, k± panettha lakkhaºakiriy±ti ±ha “ih±p²”ti-±di. Lakkhaºabh³tabh±vayuttoti iti-saddo hetu-attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yasm± satt±saªkh±t±ya lakkhaºakiriy±ya yutto samayo, tasm± tattha bh³miniddesoti.