2. Dutiyanayo saªgahitena-asaªgahitapadavaººan±

171. Saªgahitena-asaªgahitapadaniddese ya½ ta½ uddese asaªgahitat±ya pucchitabba½ vissajjitabbañca saªgahitat±visiµµha½ asaªgahita½ dhammaj±ta½ niddh±rita½, tadeva t±va dassento “cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit± ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti ±ha. Sabbattha khandh±disaªgahas±maññ±na½ nicca½ vises±pekkhatt± bhedanissitatt± ca pucch±vissajjan±na½ savises±va khandh±digaºan± suddh±. Tattha saªgahitena-asaªgahitavacanamattena dhammavisesassa niddh±ritatt± t²su saªgahesu ekena dv²hi v± ye saªgahit± hutv± aññehi asaªgahit±, teyeva dhamm± “khandhasaªgahena saªgahit± ±yatanadh±tusaªgahena asaªgahit±”ti ettakeneva dassetabb± siyu½, tesa½ pana eva½vidh±na½ asambhav± nayam±tik±ya ca abbhantarab±hiram±tik±pekkhatt± uddesepi ya½ ya½ r³pakkhandh±d²su araºantesu saªg±haka½, ta½ ta½ apekkhitv± saªgahitena-asaªgahita½ niddh±ritanti viññ±yat²ti tena tena saªg±hakena yath±niddh±rita½ dhamma½ niyametv± dassetu½ “cakkh±yatanen±”ti-±dim±ha. Yattha hi pucchitabbavissajjitabbadhammavisesaniddh±raºa½ natthi, tasmi½ paµhamanaye chaµµhanaye ca pucchitabbavissajjitabbabh±vena, itaresu ca ya½ ya½ pucchitabbavissajjitabba½ niddh±rita½, tassa tassa niy±makabh±vena r³pakkhandh±dayo araºant± uddiµµh±ti.
Tattha “cakkh±yatanena…pe… phoµµhabbadh±tuy±”ti kattu-atthe karaºaniddeso daµµhabbo, “khandhasaªgahena ±yatanasaªgahena dh±tusaªgahen±”ti karaºatthe. Ettha ca yena yena saªg±hakena khandh±disaªgahesu tena tena saªgahetabb±saªgahetabba½ añña½ atthi, ta½ tadeva saªg±hak±saªg±hakabh±vena uddhaµa½. R³pakkhandhena pana khandhasaªgahena saªgahetabbo añño dhammo natthi, tath± vedan±kkhandh±d²hi na ca so eva tassa saªg±hako asaªg±hako v± hoti. Yañca “r³pakkhandho ekena khandhena saªgahito”ti vutta½, tañca na tasseva tena saªgahitata½ sandh±ya vutta½, r³pakkhandhabh±vena pana r³pakkhandhavacanena v± gahitata½ sandh±ya vuttanti pak±sitoyamattho.
Yadi ca so eva tena saªgayheyya, saªgahitenasampayuttavippayuttapadaniddese– “vedan±kkhandhena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit± ±yatanasaªgahena saªgahit± dh±tusaªgahena saªgahit±, te dhamm± t²hi khandhehi eken±yatanena sattahi dh±t³hi sampayutt±”ti-±di vattabba½ siy±, na ca vutta½, tasm± yath± citta½ cittena sampayutta½ vippayuttañca na hoti, eva½ r³pakkhandho r³pakkhandhena saªgahito asaªgahito ca na hoti, tath± vedan±kkhandh±dayo vedan±kkhandh±d²hi. Na hi so eva tassa sabh±go visabh±go c±ti. Teneva na ekades± viya samud±yassa, samud±yo ekades±na½ saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca. Yath± r³pakkhandho cakkh±yatan±d²na½, dhamm±yatana½ vedan±kkhandh±d²na½, saraº± dhamm± catunna½ khandh±na½. Samud±yantogadh±nañhi ekades±na½ na vibh±go atthi, yena te samud±yassa samud±yo ca tesa½ sabh±go visabh±go ca siy±ti, tath± na samud±yo ekadesasabh±gavisabh±g±na½ saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca. Yath± dhamm±yatana½ sukhumar³pasabh±gassa vedan±divisabh±gassa ca r³pakkhandhekadesassa khandhasaªgahena, j²vitindriya½ r³p±r³paj²vitasabh±gavisabh±gassa r³pakkhandhekadesassa saªkh±rakkhandhekadesassa ca j²vitavajjassa khandhasaªgaheneva. Na hi ekadesasabh±ga½ samud±yasabh±ga½, n±pi ekadesavisabh±ga½ samud±yavisabh±ganti, tasm± satipi attato attani antogadhato attekadesasabh±gato ca aññassa asaªg±hakatte saªg±hakattameva etesa½ natthi, yena saªgahitassa asaªg±hak± siyunti saªg±hakatt±bh±vato eva evar³p±na½ aggahaºa½ veditabba½.
Ya½ pana “dhamm±yatana½ asaªkhata½ khandhato µhapetv± cat³hi khandhehi saªgahitan”ti (dh±tu. 25), “cakkh±yatanañca sot±yatanañca ekena khandhena saªgahitan”ti (dh±tu. 26) ca vutta½, na tena ekades±na½ samud±yasaªg±hakatta½, samud±yassa ca ekadesasaªg±hakatta½ dasseti, catukkhandhagaºanabhedehi pana dhamm±yatanassa gaºetabb±gaºetabbabh±vena pañcadh± bhinnata½, cakkh±yatan±d²na½ ekakkhandhagaºanena gaºetabbat±ya ekavidhatañca dasseti. Saªg±hak±saªg±hakanirapekkh±na½ gaºetabb±gaºetabb±na½ ta½ta½gaºanehi gaºanadassanamattameva hi paµhamanayo kammakaraºamattasabbh±v±, dutiy±dayo pana saªg±hak±saªg±hakehi saªgahit±saªgahit±na½ agaºan±didassan±ni kattukaraºakammattayasabbh±v± Tath± paµhamanaye tath± tath± gaºetabb±gaºetabbabh±vasaªkh±to ta½ta½khandh±dibh±v±bh±vo sabh±gavisabh±gat± dutiy±d²su yath±niddh±ritadhammadassane saªg±hakasaªgahetabb±na½ sam±nakkhandh±dibh±vo sabh±gat±, tadabh±vo ca visabh±gat±. Pucch±vissajjanesu ta½ta½khandh±dibh±v±bh±vo ev±ti ayametesa½ visesoti.
Samudayasaccasukhindriyasadis±ni pana tehi saªgahetabbameva atthi, na saªgahita½ asaªgahetabbanti asaªg±hakatt±bh±vato na uddhaµ±ni. Dukkhasaccasadis±ni tehi visabh±gasamud±yabh³tehi anekakkhandhehi khandhasaªgahena saªgahetabba½, itarehi asaªgahetabbañca natth²ti saªg±hakatt±saªg±hakatt±bh±vato. Eva½ saªg±hakatt±bh±vato asaªg±hakatt±bh±vato ubhay±bh±vato ca yath±vuttasadis±ni anuddharitv± saªg±hakatt±saªg±hakattabh±vato cakkh±yatan±d²neva uddhaµ±n²ti veditabb±ni. Tattha “cakkh±yatanena ye dhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±”ti cakkh±yatanavajj± r³padhamm± khandhasaªgahena saªgahit±ti veditabb±, na r³pakkhandhoti. Na hi ekadeso samud±yasaªg±hakoti dassitametanti.
Aµµhakath±ya½ pana khandhapaden±ti khandhapadasaªgahen±ti attho, na saªg±haken±ti. “Kenaci saªg±haken±”ti ida½ pana ±netv± vattabba½. Ta½ pana r³pakkhandh±d²su na yujjat²ti ta½ vissajjana½ r³pakkhandh±d²su saªg±hakesu na yujjat²ti attho. R³pakkhandhena hi…pe… saªgahitoti etena nayena cakkh±yatanena r³pakkhandhova saªgahito, so ca a¹¹hek±dasahi ±yatanadh±t³hi asaªgahito n±ma natth²ti eva½ cakkh±yatan±d²nipi na gahetabb±n²ti ±pajjat²ti ce? N±pajjati. Na hi aññamattaniv±raºa½ evasaddassa attho, atha kho saªg±hakato aññaniv±raºa½. So c±ti-±di ca na nirapekkhavacana½, atha kho saªg±hak±pekkhanti. Katha½? R³pakkhandhena hi r³pakkhandhova saªgahitoti yath± cakkh±yatanena cakkh±yatanato aññampi khandhasaªgahena saªgahita½ atthi, ya½ ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi asaªgahita½ hoti, na eva½ r³pakkhandhena r³pakkhandhato añña½ khandhasaªgahena saªgahita½ atthi, ya½ ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi asaªgahita½ siy±, r³pakkhandhena pana r³pakkhandhova khandhasaªgahena saªgahitoti ayañhettha adhipp±yo yutto. Siy± paneta½ “so eva r³pakkhandho r³pakkhandhena ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi asaªgahito hot³”ti, ta½ niv±rento ±ha “so ca a¹¹hek±dasahi ±yatanadh±t³hi asaªgahito n±ma natth²”ti Ettha ca “r³pakkhandhen±”ti ±netv± vattabba½. Tattha r³pakkhandho r³pakkhandhassa v± tadekades±na½ v± cakkh±d²na½ ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi saªg±hako asaªg±hako ca na hot²ti imin± pariy±yena asaªgahitat±ya abh±vo vuttoti yujjati, na r³pakkhandhena r³pakkhandhassa tadekades±na½ v± a¹¹hek±dasahi ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi saªgahitat±ya. Na hi s± saªgahitat± atthi. Yadi siy±, saªgahitenasampayuttavippayuttapadaniddese r³pakkhandhopi uddharitabbo siy±. Tena hi t²hipi saªgahehi r³pakkhandho tadekadeso v± saªgahit± siyu½, atthi ca tesa½ vippayuttat±ti.
Eva½ asaªgahitat±ya abh±vato et±ni, aññ±ni c±ti etth±pi cakkh±yatan±d²hi viya etehi aññehi ca saªgahit±na½ asaªgahitat±ya abh±vato et±ni aññ±ni ca yath± v± tath± v± et±ni viya ayujjam±navissajjanatt± evar³p±ni pad±ni saªg±hakabh±vena na gahit±n²ti adhipp±yo.
Tattha ya½ vutta½ “r³pakkhandhena hi r³pakkhandhova saªgahito”ti, ta½ teneva tassa saªgahitatt±saªgahitatt±bh±vadassanena niv±rita½. Yañhettha aggahaºe k±raºa½ vutta½, tañca satipi saªgahitatte asaªgahitat±ya abh±vatoti viññ±yam±na½ samudayasacc±d²su yujjeyya sati tehi saªgahite tadasaªgahitatt±bh±vato. R³pakkhandh±d²hi pana saªgahitameva natthi, kuto tassa asaªgahitat± bhavissati, tasm± saªg±hakatt±bh±vo evettha aggahaºe k±raºanti yutta½. Saªgahitatt±bh±vena asaªgahitatta½ yadipi r³pakkhandh±din± attano attani antogadhassa attekadesasabh±gassa ca natthi, aññassa pana atth²ti na dukkhasacc±d²su viya ubhay±bh±vo cettha aggahaºe k±raºa½ bhavitu½ yuttoti. Dhamm±yatanaj²vitindriy±d²nañca khandhacatukkaduk±disaªg±hakatte sati na tesa½ saªgahit±na½ tehi dhamm±yatanaj²vitindriy±d²hi ±yatanadh±tusaªgahehi asaªgahitat± natth²ti asaªgahitat±ya abh±vo anekantiko, tasm± pubbe vuttanayeneva aggahit±na½ aggahaºe, gahit±nañca gahaºe k±raºa½ veditabbanti.
Anidassana½ punadeva sappaµighanti ettha anidassananti etena “sanidassanasappaµighan”ti ettha vuttena sappaµighasaddena saddhi½ yojetv± anidassanasappaµigh± dassit±. Punadev±ti etena tattheva avisiµµha½ sanidassanapada½ nivattetv± gaºhanto sanidassanadukapada½ dasseti. “Cakkh±yatanena cakkh±yatanameveka½ saªgahitan”ti ida½ na sakk± vattu½. Na hi “cakkh±yatanena cakkh±yatana½ ±yatanasaªgahena saªgahitan”ti ca “asaªgahitan”ti ca vattabbanti dassitoya½ nayoti. Eva½ sabbattha tasseva samud±yekades±nañca saªg±hakasaªgahitanti vacanesu asaªg±haka-asaªgahitanti vacanesu ca tadavattabbat± yojetabb±. Asaªg±hakatt±bh±vato eva hi cakkh±yatan±d²ni cakkh±yatan±d²hi asaªgahit±n²ti na vuccanti, na saªg±hakatt±bh±vatoti.

Dutiyanayasaªgahitena-asaªgahitapadavaººan± niµµhit±.