Mah±vaggo

1. Puggalakath±

1. Suddhasaccikaµµho

1. Anulomapaccan²kavaŗŗan±

1. M±y±ya amaŗi-±dayo maŗi-±di-±k±rena dissam±n± “m±y±”ti vutt±. Abh³tena maŗi-udak±di-±k±rena gayham±n± m±y±mar²ci-±dayo abh³tańńeyy±k±ratt± asaccikaµµh±. Yo tath± na hoti, so saccikaµµhoti dassento ±ha “m±y±…pe… bh³tattho”ti. Anussav±divasena gayham±no tath±pi hoti ańńath±p²ti t±diso ńeyyo na paramattho, attapaccakkho pana paramatthoti dassento ±ha “anussav±…pe… uttamattho”ti.
Chalav±dass±ti atth²ti vacanas±mańńena atth²ti vuttehi r³p±d²hi s±mańńavacanass±ti adhipp±yo. “So sacci…pe… laddhi½ gahetv± ±mant±ti paµij±n±t²”ti vacanato pana “chalav±dass±”ti na sakk± vattu½. Na hi laddhi chalanti. Ok±sa½ adadam±noti patiµµha½ pacchindanto. Yadi saccikaµµhena upalabbhati, r³p±dayo viya upalabbheyya, tath± anupalabbhan²yato na tava v±do tiµµhat²ti nivattentoti adhipp±yo. Ta½ sandh±y±ti “yo saccikaµµho”ti ettha vutto yo saccikaµµho, so sappaccay±dibh±vena d²pito “r³pańca upalabbhat²”ti-±d²su ±gato dhammappabhedoti dasseti.
“Tena saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti vatv± “ten±k±ren±”ti vadato ayamadhipp±yo– saccikaµµhaparamatth±k±rena upalabbham±na½ saccikaµµhaparamatthena upalabbham±na½ n±ma hot²ti. Ańńath± tatoti tassa ten±k±ren±ti vattabba½ siy±. Ko panetiss± purimapucch±ya ca visesoti? Purimapucch±ya sattapańń±savidho dhammappabhedo yath± bh³tena sabh±vatthena upalabbhati, eva½ puggalo upalabbhat²ti vutta½. Idha pana bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbham±no so dhammappabhedo yena ruppan±disappaccay±di-±k±rena upalabbhati, ki½ ten±k±rena puggalopi upalabbhat²ti esa viseso. Yath± pana r³pa½ viya bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbham±n± vedan± na ruppan±k±rena upalabbhati, eva½ dhammappabhedo viya bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbham±no puggalo na ruppan±disappaccay±di-±k±rena upalabbhat²ti sakk± parav±din± vattunti acodan²ya½ eta½ siy±. Avaj±nanańca tassa yuttanti niggaho ca na k±tabbo. Dhammappabhedato pana ańńassa saccikaµµhassa asiddhatt± dhammappabhed±k±reneva codeti. Avaj±naneneva niggaha½ dasseti. Anuj±nan±vaj±nanapakkh± s±mańńavisesehi paµińń±paµikkhepapakkh± anulomapaµilomapakkh± paµhamadutiyanay±ti ayametesa½ viseso veditabbo.
“Tena vata re vattabbe”ti vadanto vattabbassa avacane dosa½ p±pet²ti imin± adhipp±yena “niggahassa p±pitatt±”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. “Evameta½ niggahassa ca anulomapaµilomato catunna½ p±pan±ropanańca vuttatt± upalabbhat²ti-±dika½ anulomapańcaka½ n±m±”ti vutta½, anulomapaµilomato pana dv²hi µhapan±hi saha sattakena bhavitabba½, ta½vajjane v± k±raŗa½ vattabba½. Ya½ pana vakkhati “µhapan± n±ma parav±d²pakkhassa µhapanato ‘aya½ tava doso’ti dassetu½ µhapanamattameva hoti, na niggahassa v± paµikammassa v± p±kaµabh±vakaraŗan”ti (kath±. aµµha. 2). Ten±dhipp±yena idh±pi µhapan±dvaya½ vajjeti. Yath± pana tattha paµikammapańcakabh±va½ avatv± paµikammacatukkabh±va½ vakkhati, evamidh±pi niggahacatukkabh±vo vattabbo siy±. Suddhikaniggahassa pana niggahappadh±natt± uddesabh±vena vutto niggahova visu½ vuttoti daµµhabbo. Ye pana “ayath±bh³taniggahatt± tattha paµikamma½ visu½ na vuttan”ti vadanti, tesa½ dutiye v±damukhe niggahacatukkabh±vo paµikammapańcakabh±vo ca ±pajjati.
2. Attan± adhippeta½ saccikaµµhamev±ti sammutisacca½ sandh±y±ti adhipp±yo. Vakkhati hi “suddhasammutisacca½ v± paramatthamissaka½ v± sammutisacca½ sandh±ya ‘yo saccikaµµho’ti puna anuyogo parav±diss±”ti (kath±. aµµha. 6). Tattha yadi parav±din± attan± adhippetasaccikaµµho sammutisacca½, sammutisacc±k±rena puggalo upalabbhat²ti vadantena sam±naladdhiko nappaµisedhitabbo, kath± ev±ya½ n±rabhitabb±. Atha sakav±din± attan± ca adhippetasaccikaµµha½yeva sandh±ya parav±d² “yo saccikaµµho”ti-±dim±h±ti ayamattho. Sakav±din± sammutisacca½yeva saccikaµµhoti adhippetanti ±pajjati. Yadi ubhaya½ adhippeta½, puna “sammutisaccaparamatthasacc±ni v± ekato katv±pi evam±h±”ti na vattabba½ siy±ti. Yadi ca dvepi sacc±ni saccikaµµhaparamatth±, saccikaµµhekadesena upaladdhi½ icchantena “puggalo upalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±”ti-±di anuyogo na k±tabbo, na ca saccikaµµhekadesena anuyogo yutto. Na hi vedayit±k±rena upalabbham±n± vedan± ruppan±k±rena upalabbhat²ti anuyuńjitabb±, na ca parav±d² ruppan±disabh±va½ puggala½ icchati, atha kho saccikaµµhaparamatthamev±ti. Paramatthasaccato ańńasmi½ saccikaµµhe vijjam±ne n±ssa paramatthasaccat± anuyuńjitabb±. Asaccikaµµhe saccikaµµhavoh±ra½ ±ropetv± ta½ sandh±ya pucchat²ti vadant±na½ voharitasaccikaµµhassa attan± adhippetasaccikaµµhat± na yutt±. Voharitaparamatthasaccikaµµh±nańca dvinna½ saccikaµµhabh±ve vuttanayova doso. Sammutisacc±k±rena upalabbham±nańca bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbheyya v± na v±. Yadi bh³tasabh±vatthena upalabbhati, puggalopi upalabbhati saccikaµµhaparamatthen±ti anuj±nanto n±nuyuńjitabbo. Atha na bh³tasabh±vatthena, ta½vinimutto sammutisaccassa saccikaµµhaparamatth±k±ro na vattabbo asiddhatt±. Vakkhati ca “yath± r³p±dayo paccattalakkhaŗas±mańńalakkhaŗavasena atthi, na eva½ puggalo”ti. Tasm± maggitabbo ettha adhipp±yo.
Dvinna½ sacc±nanti ettha saccadvay±k±rena anupalabbhan²yato anuńńeyyameta½ siy±, na v± kińci vattabba½. Yath± hi ekadesena paramatth±k±rena anupalabbhan²yat± anuj±nanassa na k±raŗa½, eva½ ekadesena sammutiy±k±rena upalabbhan²yat± paµikkhepassa c±ti maggitabbo etth±pi adhipp±yo. Nupalabbhat²ti vacanas±mańńamattanti nupalabbhat²ti idameva vacana½ anuńń±ta½ paµikkhittańc±ti eta½ chalav±da½ niss±y±ti adhipp±yo. Yath± upalabbhat²ti etasseva anuj±nanapaµikkhepehi aha½ niggahetabbo, eva½ nupalabbhat²ti etasseva anuj±nanapaµikkhepehi tvanti eva½ sambhavantassa s±mańńena asambhavantassa kappana½ panettha chalav±do bhavitu½ arahati. Tena nupalabbhat²ti vacanas±mańńamatta½ chalav±dassa k±raŗatt± “chalav±do”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. Vacanas±mańńamattańca chalav±dańca niss±y±ti v± attho. Żhapan± niggahappaµikamm±na½ p±kaµabh±vakaraŗa½ na hot²ti ida½ vic±retabba½. Na hi pakkhaµµhapanena vin± purima½ anuj±nitv± pacchimassa avaj±nana½, pacchima½ v± avaj±nantassa purim±nuj±nana½ micch±ti sakk± ±ropetunti.
3. Tav±ti, paµij±nantanti ca paccatte s±mi-upayogavacan±n²ti adhipp±yena “tva½yeva paµij±nanto”ti ±ha.
4-5. Cat³hi p±pan±ropan±hi niggahassa upan²tatt±ti “dunniggahit± ca homa, hańc²”ti-±din± tay± mama kato niggaho, may± tava kato niggaho viya micch±ti eva½ tena anulomapańcake cat³hi p±pan±ropan±hi katassa niggahassa tena niy±mena dukkaµabh±vassa attan± kataniggahena saha upan²tatt± aniggahabh±vassa v± upagamitatt±ti attho daµµhabbo. Evameva tena hi ya½ niggaŗh±si hańci…pe… ida½ te micch±ti etassa aniggahabh±vanigamanasseva niggamanacatukkat± veditabb±.

Anulomapaccan²kavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.