Kath±vatthupakaraºa-m³laµ²k±

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

Kath±na½ vatthubh±vatoti kath±samud±yassa pakaraºassa attano ekades±na½ ok±sabh±va½ vadati. Samud±ye hi ekades± antogadh±ti. Yena pak±rena saªkhepena adesayi, ta½ dassento “m±tik±µhapaneneva µhapitass±”ti ±ha.

Nid±nakath±vaººan±

Anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±y²ti parinibb±nameva parinibb±nassa parinibb±nantarato visesanattha½ karaºabh±vena vutta½. Y±ya v± nibb±nadh±tuy± adhigat±ya pacchimacitta½ appaµisandhika½ j±ta½, s± tassa appaµisandhiv³pasamassa karaºabh±vena vutt±ti. Dubbalapakkhanti na k±¼±soka½ viya balavanta½, atha kho ekamaº¹alikanti vadanti. Dhammav±d²-adhammav±d²visesajananasamatth±ya pana paññ±ya abh±vato dubbalat± vutt±. Tesa½yev±ti b±huliy±nameva bahussutik±tipi n±ma½. Bhinnak±ti m³lasaªg²tito m³lanik±yato v± bhinn±, laddhiy± suttantehi liªg±kappehi ca visadisabh±va½ gat±ti attho.
M³lasaªgahanti pañcasatikasaªg²ti½. Aññatra saªgahit±ti-±d²su d²gh±d²su aññatra saªgahitato suttantar±sito ta½ ta½ sutta½ nikka¹¹hitv± aññatra akari½s³ti vutta½ hoti. Saªgahitato v± aññatra asaªgahita½ sutta½ aññatra katthaci akari½su, añña½ v± akari½s³ti attho. Attha½ dhammañc±ti p±¼iy± attha½ p±¼iñca. Vinaye nik±yesu ca pañcas³ti vinaye ca avasesapañcanik±yesu ca.
“Dvep±nanda vedan± vutt± may± pariy±yen±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.89) pariy±yadesita½. Upekkh±vedan± hi santasmi½ paº²te sukhe vutt± bhagavat±ti ayañhettha pariy±yo. “Tisso im±, bhikkhave, vedan± sukh± dukkh± upekkh± vedan±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 4.249-251) nippariy±yadesita½. Vedan±sabh±vo hi tividhoti ayamettha nippariy±yat±. “Sukh±pi vedan± anicc± saªkhat±”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.123) n²tattha½. “Ya½ kiñci vedayita½, sabba½ ta½ dukkhan”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.32) neyyattha½. “T²hi, bhikkhave, µh±nehi jambud²pak± manuss± uttarakuruke ca manusse adhiggaºhanti deve ca t±vati½se”ti-±dika½ (a. ni. 9.21) añña½ sandh±ya bhaºita½ gahetv± añña½ attha½ µhapayi½su. “Natthi devesu brahmacariyav±so”ti-±dika½ (kath±. 270) suttañca añña½ sandh±ya bhaºita½ atthañca añña½ µhapayi½s³ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. “Atthekacco puggalo attahit±ya paµipanno”ti-±di (pu. pa. m±tik± 4.24) byañjanacch±y±ya saºhasukhuma½ suññat±diattha½ bahu½ vin±sayu½.
Vinayagambh²ranti vinaye gambh²rañca ekadesa½ cha¹¹etv±ti attho. Kilesavinayena v± gambh²ra½ ekadesa½ sutta½ cha¹¹etv±ti attho. Patir³panti attano adhipp±y±nur³pa½ sutta½, suttapatir³paka½ v± asutta½. Ekacce aµµhakath±kaº¹ameva vissajji½su, ekacce sakala½ abhidhammapiµakanti ±ha “atthuddh±ra½ abhidhamma½ chappakaraºan”ti. Kath±vatthussa saviv±dattepi aviv±d±ni chappakaraº±ni paµhitabb±ni siyu½, t±ni nappavattant²ti hi dassanattha½ “chappakaraºan”ti vuttanti. Tatiyasaªg²tito v± pubbe pavattam±n±na½ vasena “chappakaraºan”ti vutta½ Aññ±n²ti aññ±ni abhidhammapakaraº±d²ni. N±manti ya½ buddh±dipaµisa½yutta½ na hoti mañjusir²ti-±dika½, ta½ nik±yan±ma½. Liªganti niv±sanap±rupan±divisesakata½ saºµh±navisesa½. Sikk±dika½ parikkh±ra½. ¾kappo µh±n±d²su aªgaµµhapanaviseso daµµhabbo. Karaºanti c²varasibban±dikiccaviseso.
Saªkantikassapikena nik±yena v±dena v± bhinn± saªkantik±ti attho. Saªkantik±na½ bhed± suttav±d² anupubbena bhijjatha bhijji½s³ti attho. Bhinnav±den±ti bhinn± v±d± etasminti bhinnav±do, tena abhinnena therav±dena saha aµµh±rasa hont²ti vutta½ hoti. Bhinnav±den±ti v± bhinn±ya laddhiy± aµµh±rasa honti, te sabbepi sah±ti attho. Therav±d±namuttamoti ettha thera-iti avibhattiko niddeso. Ther±na½ ayanti thero. Ko so? V±do. Thero v±d±namuttamoti ayamettha attho.
Uppanne v±de sandh±ya “parappav±damathanan”ti ±ha. ¾yati½ uppajjanakav±d±na½ paµisedhanalakkhaºabh±vato “±yatilakkhaºan”ti vutta½.

Nid±nakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.