2. Niddesavaŗŗan±

1. Ekakaniddesavaŗŗan±

1. Jh±naŖg±neva vimokkhoti imin± adhipp±yen±ha “vimokkhasahaj±tena n±mak±yen±”ti. Yena hi saddhinti-±din± paµhama½ samaŖgibh±vattha½ vivarati. Phassenapi phuµµh±yeva n±m±ti etena “apices±”ti-±din± vutta½ dutiya½ samphassena phusanattha½, itarehi itare k±raŗatthe. SamaŖgibh±vaphusanak±raŗabh±v± hi phusan±ti vutt±ti. Punapi paµhamatthameva dubbińńeyyatt± vivaranto “tatr±ss±”ti-±dim±ha. Żhapetv± t±ni aŖg±ni ses± atirekapaŗŗ±sadhamm±ti ettha vedan±somanassindriy±ni saŖgahit±n²ti ±ha “catt±ro khandh± hont²”ti. Eva½ sati vedan±somanassindriyehi sukhassa phusitabbatt± tiŗŗańca tesa½ anańńatt± teneva tassa phusan± ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, vedayit±dhipatiyaµµhehi upanijjh±yanabh±vapaµil±bhassa vuttatt±. Atha v± µhapetv± t±ni aŖg±n²ti aŖg±na½ bahutt± bahuvacana½. Tesu pana paccekampi yojan± k±tabb± “vitakka½ µhapetv±”ti-±din±. Tattha “sukha½ µhapetv±”ti imiss± yojan±ya ses± tayo khandh± honti, itar±su catt±roti. Sabbayojan±su ca tayo anto katv± “catt±ro khandh± hont²”ti vutta½.
2. Yo asamayavimokkhena ekaccehi ±savehi vimutto asamayavimokkh³panissayal±bhena ca s±tisayena samayavimokkhena, so eva samayavimutto. So hi tena vimutto jh±nal±bh² sekkho r³p±r³pabhavato apunar±vaµµako k±mar±g±d²hi tath±vimuttova hot²ti samayavimuttapańńatti½ laddhu½ arahati. Puthujjano pana jh±nal±bh² punar±vaµµakadhammo puna k±mar±g±disamud±c±rabh±vato vimutto n±ma na hot²ti samayavimuttapańńatti½ n±rahati, tena so “samayavimutto”ti na vutto. Arahato pana aparikkh²ŗ± ±sav± natthi, yato vimucceyya. Diµµhadhammasukhavih±ramatt± hi tassa aµµha vimokkh±ti. Tasm± tassa na aµµha vimokkh± samayavimuttapańńattibh±vassa asamayavimuttapańńattibh±vassa v± k±raŗa½. Tadak±raŗabh±vameva dassetu½ “na heva kho…pe… viharat²”ti vutta½, na sukkhavipassakasseva asamayavimuttabh±va½ dassetunti daµµhabba½. Sabbopi hi arah± asamayavimuttoti. B±hir±nanti lokuttarato bahibh³t±na½, lokiy±nanti attho.
3. Ar³pakkhandhanibb±namattav±cako ar³pasaddo na hot²ti dassanattha½ “r³pato ańńan”ti-±di vutta½. Cittamańj³santi sam±dhi½. Abhińń±d²nańhi dhamm±na½ p±dakabh±vena sam±dhi mańj³s±sadiso hoti. Addh±na½ pharitunti d²ghak±la½ by±petu½, pavattetunti attho. “Sammajjitabban”ti cintetv± tattha ±darassa akatatt± vattabhedoti veditabbo. Eva½ vattabhedamattena naµµh± pana sam±patti k±macchand±d²hi naµµh± viya na kińcena pacc±haritabb± hoti mandap±ripanthakatt±, tasm± vattasamitakaraŗamatteneva pacc±haritabbatt± “appentova nis²d²”ti ±ha.
4. Attano anur³pena pam±dena v²tin±ment±nampi sam±patti na kuppat²ti parih²no n±ma na hoti, tasmi½ tasmi½ by±saŖge paµisa½haµamatte sam±pajjitu½ samatthat±y±ti adhipp±yo. “Kissa pana, bhante, kh²ŗ±savassa bhikkhuno l±bhasakk±rasiloko antar±y±y±ti? Y± hissa s±, ±nanda, akupp± cetovimutti, n±ha½ tass± l±bhasakk±rasiloka½ antar±y±ya vad±mi. Ye ca khvassa, ±nanda, appamattassa ±t±pino pahitattassa viharato diµµhadhammasukhavih±r± adhigat±, tes±hamassa l±bhasakk±rasiloka½ antar±y±ya vad±m²”ti sutte (sa½. ni. 2.179) pana samayena samaya½ ±pajjanena pariharitabb±na½ sam±pattisukhavih±r±na½ tasmi½ tasmi½ by±saŖgak±le anipphattito l±bhasakk±rasiloko antar±yoti vuttoti adhipp±yenassa tena avirodho veditabbo.
5. Dhamm±na½…pe… p²ti ettha “dhammeh²”ti vattabba½. Idha hi t±hi sam±patt²hi parih±yeyy±ti dhammehi puggalassa parih±nampi aparih±nampi vutta½. Tattha ca puggalassa pam±dam±gamma t± sam±pattiyo kuppeyyunti dhamm±na½ kuppana½ akuppanańca vutta½, puggalassa pana parih±nadhamm±nameva vin±soti vacanan±nattamattena vacanatthan±nattamattena v± pariy±yantarat± vutt±ti daµµhabb±.
7-8. Cetan± sam±patticetan± tad±y³han± ca. Anurakkhaŗ± sam±patti-upak±r±nupak±raparigg±hik± pańń±sahit± sati. T±hi cetiyam±na-anurakkhiyam±nasam±patt²na½ bhabb± cetan±bhabb± anurakkhaŗ±bhabb±.
10. Puthujjanagottanti puthujjanasikkha½, puthujjanagat± tisso sikkh± atikkant±ti attho. T± hi sa½yojanattay±nupacchedena “puthujjanasikkh±”ti vuccant²ti.
11. Arahattamaggaµµho ca vaµµabhayato pańńubbegena ubbijjanto uddhambh±giyasa½yojanehi uparatoti bhay³parato n±m±ti ±ha “satta sekkh± bhay³parat±”ti.
12. BhavaŖgapańń±virahit± “vip±k±varaŗena samann±gat±”ti imin± gahit±ti tihetukapaµisandhik± keci “duppańń±”ti imin± gayhant²ti dassento ±ha “appaµiladdhamaggaphal³panissay±”ti. Pańń±ya hi vin± na tadupanissayo atth²ti.
14. Yattha niyat±niyatavomiss± pavatti atthi, tattheva niyatadhamm± hont²ti uttarakur³su tadabh±v± niyato n±ma natth²ti dassento “y± pana uttarakuruk±nan”ti-±dim±ha.
16. Terasasu s²sesu palibodhas²s±d²ni pavattas²sańca pariy±diyitabb±ni, adhimokkhas²s±d²ni pariy±dak±ni, pariy±dakaphala½ gocaras²sa½. Tańhi visayajjhattaphalavimokkhoti. Pariy±dakassa maggassa phalassa ca ±rammaŗa½ saŖkh±ras²sa½ saŖkh±ravivekabh³to nirodhoti pariy±diyitabb±na½ pariy±dakaphal±rammaŗ±na½ saha viya sa½siddhidassanena samas²sibh±va½ dassetu½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.87) terasa s²s±ni vutt±ni. Idha pana “apubba½ acarima½ ±savapariy±d±nańca hoti j²vitapariy±d±nańc±”ti vacanato tesu kilesapavattas²s±nameva vasena yojana½ karonto “tattha kilesas²san”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pavattas²sampi vaµµato vuµµhahanto maggo cutito uddha½ appavattikaraŗavasena yadipi pariy±diyati y±va pana cuti, t±va pavattisabbh±vato “pavattas²sa½ j²vitindriya½ cuticitta½ pariy±diyat²”ti ±ha. Kilesapariy±d±nena pana attano anantara½ viya nipph±detabb± paccavekkhaŗav±r± ca kilesapariy±d±nasseva v±r±ti vattabbata½ arahanti. “Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ń±ŗa½ hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.78; sa½. ni. 3.12, 14) vacanato hi paccavekkhaŗaparisam±panena kilesapariy±d±na½ sam±pita½ n±ma hoti. Ta½ pana parisam±pana½ yadi cuticittena hoti, teneva j²vitaparisam±panańca hot²ti im±ya v±racutisamat±ya kilesapariy±d±naj²vitapariy±d±n±na½ apubb±carimat± hot²ti ±ha “v±rasamat±y±”ti. BhavaŖga½ otaritv± parinibb±yat²ti ettha parinibb±nacittameva bhavaŖgotaraŗabh±vena vuttanti daµµhabba½.
17. Mah±payogoti mah±kiriyo vipattikaraŗamah±meghuµµh±n±k±ravin±so. Tiµµheyy±ti vin±so nappavatteyy±ti attho.
18. Araŗ²yatt±ti payirup±sitabbatt±.
20. Y±ya katakiccat± hoti, t±ya aggavijj±ya adhigat±ya tevijjat±bh±vo nippariy±yat±, s± ca ±gamanavasena siddh± s±tisay± tevijjat±ti ±ha “±gaman²yameva dhuran”ti.
22. Tattha c±ti nimittatthe bhumma½, sabbańńutańń±ŗappattiy± ±dh±rabh±ve v±. Tattheva hi sabbańńuta½ patto n±ma hot²ti.
23. Ananussutesu dhammes³ti ca ananussutesu sacces³ti attho.
24. “R³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±dike (ma. ni. 2.248; 3.312; paµi. ma. 1.209; dha. sa. 248) nirodhasam±patti-ante aµµha vimokkhe vatv± “yato kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu ime aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccati, ±nanda, bhikkhu ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti yadipi mah±nid±nasutte vutta½, ta½ pana ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµhavasena vuttanti idha k²µ±girisuttavasena sabba-ubhatobh±gavimuttasaŖgahattha½ “aµµha sam±pattiyo sahaj±tan±mak±yena paµilabhitv± viharat²”ti ±ha. K²µ±girisutte hi “idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±, te k±yena phusitv± viharati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti (ma. ni. 2.182) ar³pasam±pattivasena catt±ro ubhatobh±gavimutt± vutt±, ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµho ca vuttalakkhaŗopapattitoti. K±yasakkhimhipi eseva nayo.
Pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti na ±sav± pańń±ya passanti, dassanak±raŗ± pana parikkh²ŗ± disv± parikkh²ŗ±ti vutt±. Dassan±yattaparikkhayatt± eva hi dassana½ purimakiriy± hot²ti. N±manissitako esoti eso ubhatobh±gavimutto r³pato muccitv± n±ma½ niss±ya µhito puna tato muccanato “n±manissitako”ti vatv± tassa ca s±dhaka½ sutta½ vatv± “k±yadvayato suvimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti ±h±ti attho. Sutte hi ±kińcańń±yatanal±bhino upas²vabr±hmaŗassa bhagavat± n±mak±y± vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimuttoti muni akkh±toti.
Paµhamattherav±de dv²hi bh±gehi vimutto ubhatobh±gavimutto, dutiyattherav±de ubhato bh±gato vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimuttoti, tatiyattherav±de dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ayametesa½ viseso. Tattha vimuttoti kilesehi vimutto, kilesavikkhambhanasamucchedanehi v± k±yadvayato vimuttoti attho daµµhabbo. Ar³p±vacara½ pana n±mak±yato ca vimuttanti n²varaŗasaŖkh±tan±mak±yato vimuttanti vutta½ hoti. Tańhi n²varaŗad³r²bh±vena n±mak±yato r³pataŗh±vikkhambhanena r³pak±yato ca vimuttatt± ekadesena ubhatobh±gavimutta½ n±ma hot²ti arahattamaggassa p±dakabh³ta½ ubhatobh±gavimuttan±mal±bhassa k±raŗa½ bhavitu½ yuttanti adhipp±yo.
25. Etesu hi ekopi aµµhavimokkhal±bh² na hot²ti ubhatobh±gavimuttabh±vassa k±raŗabh³ta½ r³pak±yato vimutta½ ekampi vimokkha½ anadhigatoti adhipp±yo. Ar³p±vacaresu hi ekampi adhigato ubhatobh±gavimuttabh±vak±raŗapaµil±bhato aµµhavimokkhekadesena tena ta½n±mad±ne samatthena “aµµhavimokkhal±bh²”tveva vuccati. Ten±ha “ar³p±vacarajjh±nesu pan±”ti-±di.
26. Phuµµhanta½ sacchikarot²ti phuµµh±na½ anto phuµµhanto, phuµµh±na½ ar³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ anantaro k±loti adhipp±yo. Accantasa½yoge cettha upayogavacana½ daµµhabba½. Phuµµh±nantarak±lameva sacchikaroti sacchik±tabbop±yen±ti vutta½ hoti. “Ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.165) viya bh±vanapu½saka½ v± eta½. Yo hi ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato n±mak±yekadesato ca vikkhambhanavimokkhena vimutto, tena nirodhasaŖkh±to vimokkho ±locito pak±sito viya hoti, na pana k±yena sacchikato. Nirodha½ pana ±rammaŗa½ katv± ekaccesu ±savesu khepitesu tena so sacchikato hoti, tasm± so sacchik±tabba½ nirodha½ yath±-±locita½ n±mak±yena sacchikarot²ti k±yasakkh²ti vuccati, na tu vimuttoti ekacc±na½ ±sav±na½ aparikkh²ŗatt±.
27. Diµµhatt± pattoti etena catusaccadassanasaŖkh±t±ya diµµhiy± nirodhassa pattata½ d²peti. “Diµµhanta½ patto”ti v± p±µho, dassanasaŖkh±tassa sot±pattimaggań±ŗassa anantara½ pattoti vutta½ hoti. Paµhamaphalato paµµh±ya hi y±va aggamagg± diµµhippattoti.
28. Ima½ pana naya½ “no”ti paµikkhipitv±ti ettha diµµhippattasaddh±vimuttabh±vappatt±na½ pańń±n±natta½ vutta½, na pana yena visesena so viseso patto, so vuttoti ima½ dosa½ disv± paµikkhepo katoti daµµhabbo. ¾gamaµµhakath±s³ti ca vacanena ±gaman²yan±nattasanniµµh±nameva thira½ karot²ti veditabba½. Saddahanto vimuttoti etena sabbath± avimuttassapi saddh±mattena vimuttabh±va½ dasseti. Saddh±vimuttoti v± saddh±ya adhimuttoti attho.
29. Pańńa½ v±het²ti pańńa½ s±tisaya½ pavattet²ti attho. Pańń± ima½ puggala½ vahat²ti nibb±n±bhimukha½ gamet²ti attho.
31. Eva½ maggakkhaŗep²ti aya½ api-saddo kasm± vutto, nanu ariyena aµµhaŖgikena maggena samann±gato maggakkhaŗe eva hot²ti tad± eva sot±panno n±m±ti ±pannanti? N±panna½ Maggena hi attan± sadisassa aµµhaŖgikassa v± sattaŖgikassa v± phalassa sototi n±ma½ dinnanti tenapi samann±gatassa sot±pannabh±vato, sotena v± maggena pavattetu½ aparih²nena phalaµµhopi samann±gato eva n±ma, na ca tena paµhamamaggakkhaŗe viya soto sam±pajjiyam±no, tasm± sam±pannasotatt± paµhamaphalato paµµh±ya “sot±panno”ti vattu½ yutto. Vuttańhi “ye keci, bhikkhave, mayi aveccappasann±, sabbe te sot±pann±. Tesa½ sot±pann±na½ pańcanna½ idha niµµh±, pańcanna½ idha vih±ya niµµh±”ti (a. ni. 10.64). Tattha dutiyaphalaµµh±d²na½ visu½ n±ma½ atth²ti paµhamaphalaµµho eva itarehi visesiyam±no “sot±panno”ti vattu½ yuttoti so eva idh±dhippeto. Paµiladdhamaggena bujjhat²ti etena paµiladdhamaggassa catusaccapaccavekkhaŗ±d²na½ upanissayabh±va½ dasseti. Sambodhi para½ ayana½ nissayo etass±ti hi sambodhipar±yaŗoti. Dutiyenatthena sambodhi para½ ayana½ gati etass±ti sambodhipar±yaŗo.
32. Kevalena kulasaddena mah±kulameva vuccat²ti ±ha “mah±bhogakulesuyeva nibbattat²ti attho”ti.
33. Khandhab²ja½ n±ma paµisandhivińń±ŗa½. Ihaµµhakanijjh±nikavaseneva imasmi½ µh±ne kathit±ti sajjh±nako ajjhattasa½yojanasamucchede akatepi an±g±misabh±go an±vattidhammo idha gaŗan³pago na hoti, heµµh± upari ca sa½saraŗako k±mabhavagato h²najjh±nako idha gaŗan³pagoti adhipp±yo.
34. Ya½ vattabbanti “dv²hi k±raŗehi tanubh±vo veditabbo”ti-±di ya½ vattabba½ siy±ti attho.
36. Upapanna½ v± samanantar±ti upapanna½ v± etena puggalena hoti, atha samanantar± ariyamagga½ sańjaneti. Appatta½ v± vemajjha½ ±yuppam±ŗanti ±yuppam±ŗa½ tassa puggalassa vemajjha½ appatta½ hoti, etthantare ariyamagga½ sańjanet²ti ayamettha p±¼i-attho. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “appatv± pabbata½ nad²”ti viya ±yuppam±ŗa½ vemajjha½ appatta½ v± hutv±ti parasaddayoge parato bh³to hutv± saddo vacanasesabh³to payuttoti veditabbo.
37. Upahacc±ti etassa upagantv±ti attho, tena vemajjh±tikkamo k±lakiriyopagamanańca saŖgahita½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “atikkamitv± vemajjhan”ti-±di.
40. Uddha½v±hibh±ven±ti uddha½ vahat²ti uddha½v±h², taŗh±sota½ vaµµasota½ v±, tassa bh±vo, tena uddha½v±hibh±ven±ti vutta½ hoti. Avihesu uddha½soto yadipi tattha parinibb±y² na hoti, yattha v± tattha v± gantv± parinibb±yatu, parinibb±yino pana tassa asaŖkh±raparinibb±yit± sasaŖkh±raparinibb±yit± ca atth²ti tattha dasa an±g±mino vutt±, eva½ atapp±d²supi. Anupahaccatal±ti appattatal±. AsaŖkh±rasasaŖkh±raparinibb±y²na½ lahus±lahusagatik± eva parittavipulatiŗakaµµhajh±pakapappaµik±sadisat± veditabb±, na uppajjitv±va nibb±yanak±d²hi adhimattat± viya samudda½ patv± nibb±yanakato anadhimattat± viya ca antar± upahaccaparinibb±y²hi uddha½sotato ca adhimatt±nadhimattat±. Te eva hi asaŖkh±rasasaŖkh±raparinibb±yinoti. Tato mahantatareti vacana½ tiŗakaµµhajh±panasamatthapappaµik±dassanattha½, na adhimatta n±dhimattadassanatthanti.
No cassa no ca me siy±ti avijj±saŖkh±r±dika½ hetupańcaka½ no ca assa, vińń±ŗ±dika½ ida½ phalapańcaka½ vattam±na½ no ca me siy±ti attho. Tena at²tabhavasa½siddhito dukkhasamudayato imassa dukkhassa pavattidassanato paccayasamudayaµµhena khandh±na½ udayadassanapaµipatti vutt± hoti. Na bhavissati, na me bhavissat²ti yadi etarahi hetupańcaka½ na bhavissati, an±gate phalapańcaka½ na me bhavissat²ti attho. Etena paccayanirodhaµµhena vayadassanapaµipatti vutt± hoti, etarahi an±gate ca attattaniyaniv±raŗavasena suńńat±paµipatti v± cat³hipi vutt±. Yadatth²ti ya½ atthi. Bh³tanti sasabh±va½ nibbatta½ v± yath±diµµha-udayabbaya½ yath±diµµhasuńńata½ v± khandhapańcaka½ parikappita-itthipurisasatt±dibh±varahita½ n±mar³pamattanti attho. Vivaµµ±nupassan±ya vivaµµam±naso ta½ bh³ta½ pajah±m²ti upekkha½ paµilabhati, saŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗena upekkhako hot²ti vutta½ hoti.
Bhave na rajjati, sambhave na rajjat²ti avisiµµhe visiµµhe ca bhave na rajjat²ti keci vadanti. Paccuppanno pana bhavo bhavo, an±gato j±tiy± gahaŗena gahito sambhavoti veditabbo. Atha v± bhavoti bh³tameva vuccati, sambhavo tad±h±ro, tasmi½ dvaye na rajjat²ti sekkhapaµipatti½ dasseti Bh³te hi sasambhave ca vir±go sekkhapaµipatti. Yath±ha “bh³tamidanti, bhante, yath±bh³ta½ sammappańń±ya passati, bh³tamidanti yath±bh³ta½ sammappańń±ya disv± bh³tassa nibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti. Tad±h±rasambhavanti yath±bh³ta½…pe… disv± tad±h±rasambhavassa nibbid±ya…pe… paµipanno hoti. Tad±h±ranirodh±ya ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ nirodhadhammanti yath±bh³ta½…pe… disv± nirodhadhammassa nibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti. Eva½ kho, bhante, sekkho hot²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.31). Athuttar²ti atha eva½ arajjam±no uttari santa½ pada½ nibb±na½ anukkamena maggapańń±ya samm± passati, tańca khvassa pada½ na sabbena sabba½ sacchikata½ catutthamaggeneva sacchik±tabbassa tassa tena asacchikatatt±.

Ekakaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.