Pucch±v±ro

1. Paccay±nulomavaŗŗan±

Ekeka½ tikadukanti ekeka½ tika½ dukańc±ti attho, na tikadukanti.
Paccay± cev±ti ye kusal±didhamme paµicc±ti vutt±, te paµiccattha½ pharant± kusal±dipaccay± cev±ti attho. Tenev±ha “te ca kho sahaj±t±v±”ti. Yehi pana het±dipaccayehi uppatti vutt±, te sahaj±t±pi honti asahaj±t±p²ti. Ettha paµiccasahaj±tav±rehi sam±natthehi paµiccasahaj±t±bhidh±nehi sam±nattha½ bodhentena bhagavat± pacchimav±rena purimav±ro, purimav±rena ca pacchimav±ro ca bodhitoti veditabbo. Esa nayo paccayanissayav±resu sa½saµµhasampayuttav±resu ca, evańca niruttikosalla½ janita½ hot²ti.
“Te te pana pańhe uddharitv± puna kusalo hetu hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±nan”ti likhita½. “Kusal± het³ sampayuttak±na½ khandh±nan”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.401) pańh±v±rap±µhoti pam±dalekh± es±ti p±¼iya½ ±gatap±µhameva paµhanti. Purimav±resu sahaj±tanissayasampayuttapaccayabh±vehi kusal±didhamme niyametv± tasmi½ niyame kusal±d²na½ hetupaccay±d²hi uppatti½ pucchitv± vissajjana½ kata½, na tattha “ime n±ma te dhamm± het±dipaccayabh³t±”ti vińń±yanti, tasm± tattha “siy± kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.25) evam±d²hi saŖgahite paµiccatth±dipharaŗakabh±ve het±dipaccayapaccayuppannesu het±dipaccay±na½ nicchay±bh±vato pańh± nijjaµ± niggumb± ca katv± na vibhatt±, idha pana “siy± kusalo dhammo kusalassa dhammassa hetupaccayena paccayo”ti evam±d²hi saŖgahit± het±dipaccayabh³t± kusal±dayo paccayuppann± ca nicchit±, na koci pucch±saŖgahito attho anicchito n±ma atth²ti ±ha “sabbepi te pańh± nijjaµ± niggumb± ca katv± vibhatt±”ti. Pańh± pana uddharitv± vissajjana½ sabbattha sam±nanti na ta½ sandh±ya nijjaµat± vutt±ti daµµhabb±.
Uppattiy± pańń±pitatt±ti pucch±matteneva uppattiy± µhapitatt± pak±sitatt±, n±nappak±rehi v± ń±pitatt±ti attho.
25-34. Parikappapucch±ti vidhipucch±. Ki½ siy±ti eso vidhi ki½ atth²ti attho. Ki½ siy±, atha na siy±ti sampucchana½ v± parikappapucch±ti vadati. Kimida½ sampucchana½ n±ma? Samecca pucchana½, “ki½ suttanta½ pariy±puŗeyya, atha abhidhamman”ti ańńena saha sampadh±raŗanti attho. Yo kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±, so kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca siy±ti etasmi½ atthe sati pacch±j±tavip±kapaccayesupi sabbapucch±na½ pavattito “yo kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya pacch±j±tapaccay± vip±kapaccay±, so kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca siy±”ti ayamattho vińń±yeyya, tath± ca sati pacch±j±tapaccay± vip±kapaccay±ti uppajjam±na½ niddh±retv± tassa kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca bhavanassa pucchanato kusal±na½ tehi paccayehi uppatti anuńń±t±ti ±pajjati, na ca ta½ta½paccay± uppajjam±n±na½ kusal±d²na½ kusal±didhamme paµicca bhavanamatthit± ettha pucchit±, atha kho uppatti, evańca katv± vissajjane “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjat²”ti uppattiyeva vissajjit±ti, tasm± ayamattho sadosoti “atha v±”ti atthantaravacana½ vutta½.
Tattha “kusalo dhammo uppajjeyy±”ti uppatti½ anuj±nitv± “hetupaccay± siy± etan”ti tass± hetupaccay± bhavanapucchana½, “uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti hetupaccay± uppatti½ anuj±nitv± tass± “siy± etan”ti bhavanapucchanańca na yutta½. Anuńń±tańhi nicchitamev±ti. Tasm± ananuj±nitv± “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti eva½ yath±vutta½ uppajjana½ ki½ siy±ti pucchat²ti daµµhabba½. Uppajjeyy±ti v± idampi sampucchanameva, kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo ki½ uppajjeyya hetupaccay±ti attho. Siy±ti yath±pucchitasseva uppajjanassa sambhava½ pucchati “ki½ eva½ uppajjana½ siy± sambhaveyy±”ti, aya½ nayo siy±saddassa pacch±yojane. Yath±µh±neyeva pana µhit± “siy±”ti es± s±mańńapucch±, t±ya pana pucch±ya “ida½ n±ma pucchitan”ti na vińń±yat²ti tass±yeva pucch±ya visesanattha½ “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjeyya hetupaccay±”ti pucchati, eva½ visesitabbavisesanabh±vena dvepi pucch± ek±yeva pucch±ti daµµhabb±.
Gamanussukkavacananti gamanassa sam±nakattukapacchimak±lakiriy±pekkhavacananti attho. Yadipi paµigamanuppatt²na½ purimapacchimak±lat± natthi, paccayapaccayuppann±na½ pana sahaj±t±nampi paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena gahaŗa½ purimapacchimabh±veneva hot²ti gahaŗappavatti-±k±ravasena paccay±yattat±-attapaµil±bhasaŖkh±t±na½ paµigamanuppattikiriy±nampi purimapacchimak±lavoh±ro hot²ti daµµhabbo. Gamana½ v± uppatti ev±ti gacchantassa paµigamana½ uppajjantassa paµi-uppajjana½ sam±nakiriy±. Paµikaraŗańhi paµisaddatthoti. Tasm± “kusala½ dhamman”ti upayoganiddiµµha½ paccaya½ uppajjam±na½ paµicca tad±yattuppattiy± paµigantv±ti ayamettha attho, tena paµicc±ti sahaj±tapaccaya½ katv±ti vutta½ hoti. Sahaj±tapaccayakaraŗańhi uppajjam±n±bhimukha-uppajjam±na½ paµigamana½, ta½ katv±ti paµiccasaddassa atthoti.
35-38. T±su p±¼iya½ dveyeva dassit±ti het±rammaŗaduke dvinna½ pucch±na½ dassitatt± vutta½. Ettha ca ekam³lak±dibh±vo pucch±na½ vuttoti veditabbo, paccay±na½ pana vasena sabbapaµhamo paccayantarena avomissakatt± suddhikanayo, dutiyo ±rammaŗ±d²su ekekassa hetu eva ekam³lakanti katv± ekam³lakanayo. Eva½ het±rammaŗaduk±d²na½ adhipati-±d²na½ m³labh±vato dukam³lak±dayo nay± veditabb±. Tev²satim³lakanayo ca tato para½ m³lassa abh±vato “sabbam³lakan”ti p±¼iya½ vutto. Tattha napu½sakaniddesena eka…pe… sabbam³laka½ paccayagamana½ p±¼igamana½ v±ti vińń±yati, eka…pe… sabbam³laka½ naya½ asammuyhanten±ti upayogo v± idha ca sabbam³lakanti ca tev²satim³lakasseva vuttatt± paccan²ye vakkhati “yath± anulome ekekassa padassa ekam³laka½…pe… y±va tev²satim³laka½, eva½ paccan²yepi vitth±retabban”ti (paµµh±. aµµha. 1.42-44).
39-40. “¾rammaŗapaccay± hetupaccay±ti ett±vat± ±rammaŗapaccaya½ ±di½ katv± hetupaccayapariyos±no ekam³lakanayo dassito”ti vutta½, eva½ sati vinaye viya cakkabandhanavasena p±¼igati ±pajjati, na heµµhimasodhanavasena. Heµµhimasodhanavasena ca idha abhidhamme p±¼i gat±, evańca katv± vissajjane “±rammaŗapaccay± hetuy± t²ŗi, adhipatipaccay± t²ŗi, adhipatipaccay± hetuy± nava, ±rammaŗe t²ŗ²”ti-±din± heµµhima½ sodhetv±va p±¼i pavatt±. Yo cettha “ekam³lakanayo”ti vutto, so suddhikanayova. So ca vises±bh±vato ±rammaŗam³lak±d²su na labbhati. Na hi ±rammaŗ±d²su tasmi½ tasmi½ ±dimhi µhapitepi paccayantarena sambandh±bh±vena ±dimhi vuttasuddhikato visesattho labbhati, teneva vissajjanepi ±rammaŗam³lak±d²su suddhikanayo na dassitoti, tasm± “±rammaŗapaccay± hetupaccay± ±rammaŗapaccay± adhipatipaccay±…pe… ±rammaŗapaccay± avigatapaccay±”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.39) aya½ heµµhimasodhanavasena ekasmi½ ±rammaŗapaccaye hetupaccay±dike yojetv± vutto ekam³lakanayo daµµhabbo. “¾rammaŗapaccay±…pe… avigatapaccay±”ti v± ekam³lakesu anantarapaccayassa m³laka½ ±rammaŗa½ dassetv± ekam³lak±d²ni sa½khipitv± sabbam³lakass±vas±nena avigatapaccayena niµµh±pitanti daµµhabba½. Adhipatipaccay± anantarapaccay± samanantarapaccay± sahaj±tapaccay± ańńamańńapaccay±ti ida½ m³lameva dassetv± ekam³lak±d²na½ sa½khipana½ daµµhabba½, na suddhikadassana½, n±pi sabbam³lake katipayapaccayadassana½.
41. Tato nissay±d²ni m³l±nipi sa½khipitv± avigatam³lakanaya½ dassetu½ “avigatapaccay± hetupaccay±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Etasmińca suddhikassa adassanena ±rammaŗam³lak±d²su visu½ visu½ suddhikanayo na labbhat²ti ń±pito hoti. Na hi ±di katthaci sa½khepantaragato hoti. ¾di-antehi majjhim±na½ dassanańhi saŖkhepo, ±dito pabhuti katici vatv± gatidassana½ v±ti. Dutiyacatukka½ vatv± “vigatapaccay±”ti pada½ uddharitv± µhapita½ Tena os±nacatukka½ dasseti. Tatiyacatukkato pabhuti v± pańcakam³l±ni sa½khipitv± sabbam³lakassa avas±nena niµµhapeti.
Ettha ca dukam³lak±d²su yath± hetu-±rammaŗadukena saddhi½ avases± paccay± yojit±, het±rammaŗ±dhipatitik±d²hi ca avases±vases±, eva½ hetu-adhipatiduk±d²hi hetu-adhipati-anantaratik±d²hi ca avases±vases± yojetabb± siyu½. Yadi ca sabbesa½ paccay±na½ m³labh±vena yojitatt± hetum³lake hetu-adhipati-±diduk±na½ adhipatim³lak±d²su adhipatihetu-±didukehi viseso natthi. Te eva hi paccay± uppaµip±µiy± vutt±, tath±pi ±rammaŗam³lak±d²su ±rammaŗ±dhipatiduk±d²na½ avases±vasesehi, hetum³lake ca hetu-adhipati-anantaratik±d²na½ avases±vasesehi yojane atthi visesoti. Yasm± pana eva½ yojiyam±nesupi sukhaggahaŗa½ na hoti, na ca yath±vutt±ya yojan±ya sabb± s± yojan± pańńavat± na sakk± vińń±tu½, tasm± tath± ayojetv± anupubbeneva yojan± kat±ti daµµhabb±. Dhamm±na½ desan±vidh±ne hi bhagav±va pam±ŗanti. Gaŗan±g±th± ±dimap±µhe k±ci viruddh±, tasm± suµµhu gaŗetv± gahetabb±.
“Dv±v²satiy± tikesu ekeka½ tika½ duk±na½ satena satena saddhi½ yojetv±”ti vutta½, ta½ dukatikapaµµh±ne kesańci potthak±na½ vasena vutta½. Kesuci pana ekeko duko dv±v²satiy± dv±v²satiy± tikehi yojito, tańca gamana½ yutta½. Na hi tattha tikassa yojan± atthi, atha kho tik±na½ ekekena padena dukass±ti. Tattha chasaµµhiy± tikapadesu ekekena sa½sanditv± chasaµµhi hetuduk±, tath± sahetukaduk±dayo c±ti duk±na½ chasat±dhik±ni chasahass±ni honti. Tesu ekekasmi½ paµiccav±r±dayo satta v±r± nay± pucch± ca sabb± dukapaµµh±ne hetudukena sam±n±.
“Dukasate ekeka½ duka½ dv±v²satiy± tikehi saddhi½ yojetv±”ti ca vutta½, tampi tikadukapaµµh±ne kesańci potthak±na½ vasena vutta½. Vuttanayena pana yuttagamanesu ekeko tiko dukasatena yojito. Tattha hetupada½ pakkhipitv± vutto eko kusalattiko, tath± nahetupada½…pe… araŗapadanti kusalattik±na½ dve sat±ni honti, tath± vedan±ttik±d²namp²ti sabbesa½ catusat±dhik±ni catt±ri sahass±ni honti. Tesu ekekasmi½ v±ranayapucch± tikapaµµh±ne kusalattikena sam±n±.
“Cha anulomamhi nay± sugambh²r±”ti vacanato pan±ti etena ida½ dasseti– “anulomamh²”ti “tik±dayo chanay±”ti ca avisesena vuttatt± paµiccav±r±divasena sattavidhampi anuloma½ saha gahetv± “cha anulomamh²”ti vutta½, anulom±divasena catubbidha½ tikapaµµh±na½ saha gahetv± “tikańca paµµh±navaran”ti, tath± catubbidh±ni dukapaµµh±n±d²ni saha gahetv± “dukuttaman”ti-±di½ vatv± “cha nay± sugambh²r±”ti vuttanti imamattha½ gahetv± imasmi½ paccay±nulome sattappabhede chapi ete paµµh±n± paµµh±nanay± catuppabhed± pucch±vasena uddharitabb±ti. Evańhi sabbasmi½ paµµh±ne sabbo paccay±nulomo dassito hot²ti. Paccan²yag±th±d²supi eseva nayo. Ettha ca dukatikapaµµh±n±d²su visesitabbehi tikehi paµµh±na½ tikapaµµh±na½. Duk±na½ tikapaµµh±na½ dukatikapaµµh±na½. Dukavisesit± v± tik± dukatik±, dukatik±na½ paµµh±na½ dukatikapaµµh±nanti imin± nayena vacanattho veditabbo. Duk±divisesitassa cettha tik±dipadassa duk±dibh±vo daµµhabbo. Dukapaµµh±nameva hi tikapadasa½sandanavasena dukapadasa½sandanavasena ca pavatta½ dukatikapaµµh±na½ dukadukapaµµh±nańca, tath± tikapaµµh±nameva dukapadasa½sandanavasena tikapadasa½sandanavasena ca pavatta½ tikadukapaµµh±na½ tikatikapaµµh±nańc±ti.

Paccay±nulomavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.