9. Upanissayapaccayaniddesavaººan±

9. Te tayopi r±sayoti upanissaye tayo anekasaªg±hakat±ya r±sayoti vadati. Etasmi½ pana upanissayaniddese ye purim± yesa½ pacchim±na½ anantar³panissay± honti, te tesa½ sabbesa½ ekanteneva honti, na kesañci kad±ci, tasm± yesu padesu anantar³panissayo saªgahito, tesu “kesañc²”ti na sakk± vattunti na vutta½. Ye pana purim± yesa½ pacchim±na½ ±rammaºapakat³panissay± honti, te tesa½ na sabbesa½ ekantena honti, yesa½ uppattipaµib±hik± paccay± balavanto honti, tesa½ na honti, itaresa½ honti. Tasm± yesu padesu anantar³panissayo na labbhati, tesu “kesañc²”ti vutta½. Siddh±na½ paccayadhamm±na½ yehi paccayuppannehi akusal±d²hi bhavitabba½, tesa½ kesañc²ti ayañcettha attho, na pana avisesena akusal±d²su kesañc²ti.
Purim± purim± kusal±…pe… aby±kat±na½ dhamm±nanti yesa½ upanissayapaccayena bhavitabba½, tesa½ aby±kat±na½ pacchim±nanti daµµhabba½. Na hi r³p±by±kata½ upanissaya½ labhat²ti. Katha½? ¾rammaº±nantar³panissaye t±va na labhati an±rammaºatt± pubb±paraniyamena appavattito ca, pakat³panissayañca na labhati acetanena r³pasant±nena pakatassa abh±vato. Yath± hi ar³pasant±nena saddh±dayo nipph±dit± utubhojan±dayo ca upasevit±, na eva½ r³pasant±nena. Yasmiñca utub²j±dike kamm±dike ca sati r³pa½ pavattati, na ta½ tena pakata½ hoti. Sacetanasseva hi upp±danupatthambhanupayog±divasena cetana½ pakappana½ pakaraºa½, r³pañca acetananti. Yath± ca nir²hakesu paccay±yattesu dhammesu kesañci s±rammaºasabh±vat± hoti, kesañci na, eva½ sappakaraºasabh±vat± nippakaraºasabh±vat± ca daµµhabb±. Utub²j±dayo pana aªkur±d²na½ tesu asantesu abh±vato eva paccay±, na pana upanissay±dibh±vatoti. Purimapurim±na½yeva panettha upanissayapaccayabh±vo b±hullavasena p±kaµavasena ca vutto. “An±gate khandhe patthayam±no d±na½ det²”ti-±divacanato (paµµh±. 2.18.8) pana an±gat±pi upanissayapaccay± honti, te purimehi ±rammaºapakat³panissayehi ta½sam±nalakkhaºat±ya idha saªgayhant²ti daµµhabb±.
Puggalopi sen±sanamp²ti puggalasen±sanaggahaºavasena upanissayabh±va½ bhajante dhamme dasseti, pi-saddena c²var±raññarukkhapabbat±diggahaºavasena upanissayabh±va½ bhajante sabbe saªgaºh±ti. “Aby±kato dhammo aby±katassa dhammassa upanissayapaccayena paccayo”ti-±d²su hi “sen±sana½ k±yikassa sukhass±”ti-±divacanena sen±sanaggahaºena upanissayabh±va½ bhajant±va dhamm± upanissayapaccayena paccayoti imamattha½ dassentena puggal±d²supi aya½ nayo dassito hot²ti. Paccuppann±pi ±rammaºapakat³panissay± paccuppannat±ya sen±sanasam±nalakkhaºatt± ettheva saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Vakkhati hi “paccuppanna½ utu½ bhojana½ sen±sana½ upaniss±ya jh±na½ upp±det²”ti-±din± sen±sanassa paccuppannabh±va½ viya paccuppann±na½ utu-±d²na½ pakat³panissayabh±va½, “paccuppanna½ cakkhu½…pe… vatthu½ paccuppanne khandhe garu½ katv± ass±det²”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 2.18.4) cakkh±d²na½ ±rammaº³panissayabh±vañc±ti. Paccuppann±nampi ca t±dis±na½ pubbe pakatatt± pakat³panissayat± daµµhabb±.
Kasiº±rammaº±d²ni ±rammaºameva honti, na upanissayoti imin± adhipp±yena “ekacc±y±”ti ±ha.
Ar³p±vacarakusalampi yasmi½ kasiº±dimhi jh±na½ anupp±dita½, tasmi½ anuppannajh±nupp±dane sabbassa ca uppannajh±nassa sam±pajjane iddhividh±d²na½ abhiññ±nañca upanissayoti imamattha½ sandh±y±ha “tebh³makakusalo catubh³makassapi kusalass±”ti. Vuttampi ceta½ “ar³p±vacara½ saddha½ upaniss±ya r³p±vacara½ jh±na½ vipassana½ magga½ abhiñña½ sam±patti½ upp±det²”ti (paµµh±. 4.13.285). K±m±vacarakusala½ r³p±vacar±r³p±vacaravip±k±nampi tadupp±dakakusal±na½ upanissayabh±vavasena paµisandhiniy±makassa cutito purimajavanassa ca vasena upanissayo, r³p±vacarakusala½ ar³p±vacaravip±kassa, ar³p±vacarakusalañca r³p±vacaravip±kassa tadupp±dakakusal³panissayabh±ven±ti eva½ pacceka½ tebh³makakusal±na½ catubh³makavip±kassa tebh³makakiriyassa ca yath±yoga½ paccayabh±vo veditabbo. P±¼iyampi hi pakat³panissayo nayadassanamatteneva pañh±v±resu vissajjitoti.
Imin± pana nayen±ti lokuttaranibbattana½ upaniss±ya sinehupp±danalesen±ti attho. Lokuttar± pana dhamm± akusal±na½ na kenaci paccayena paccayo hont²ti na ida½ s±rato daµµhabbanti adhipp±yo. K±m±vacar±ditihetukabhavaªga½ k±yikasukh±di ca r³p±vacar±dikusal±na½ upanissayo, ar³p±vacaravip±ko r³p±vacarakusalassa ta½ patthetv± tannibbattakakusalupp±danattha½ upp±diyam±nassa, r³p±vacarakiriyassa ca pubbe nivuµµh±d²su ar³p±vacaravip±kaj±nanattha½ jh±n±bhiññ±yo upp±dentassa arahato, catubh³makavip±k±na½ pana tadupp±dakakusal³panissayabh±vavasena so so vip±ko upanissayo. Ten±ha “tath± tebh³makavip±ko”ti. Yadipi arahattaphalatta½ jh±navipassan± upp±deti an±g±m², na pana tena ta½ kad±ci diµµhapubba½ puthujjan±d²hi sot±pattiphal±d²ni viya, tasm± t±ni viya tesa½ jh±n±d²na½ imassa ca aggaphala½ na jh±n±d²na½ upanissayo. Upaladdhapubbasadisameva hi an±gatampi upanissayoti. Ten±ha “upariµµhima½ kusalassap²”ti.
Kiriya-atthapaµisambhid±dimpi patthetv± d±n±dikusala½ karontassa tebh³makakiriy±pi catubh³makassapi kusalassa upanissayapaccayena paccayo. Yonisomanasik±re vattabbameva natthi, ta½ upaniss±ya r±g±di-upp±dane akusalassa, kusal±kusal³panissayabh±vamukhena catubh³makavip±kassa. Eva½ kiriyassapi yojetabba½. Ten±ha “kiriyasaªkh±topi pakat³panissayo catubh³mak±na½ kusal±dikhandh±na½ hotiyev±”ti. Nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhammesu pana utubhojanasen±san±nameva tiººa½ r±s²na½ pakat³panissayabh±vadassana½ nayadassanamev±ti. Imasmi½ paµµh±namah±pakaraºe ±gatanayen±ti ida½ “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca aby±kato dhammo uppajjati na upanissayapaccay±, kusale khandhe paµicca cittasamuµµh±na½ r³pan”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.91) evam±dika½ upanissayapaµikkhepa½, anulome ca an±gamana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Suttantikapariy±yen±ti “viññ±º³panisa½ n±mar³pa½, n±mar³panisa½ sa¼±yatanan”ti-±dikena (sa½. ni. 2.23),
“Yath±pi pabbato selo, araññasmi½ brah±vane;
ta½ rukkh± upaniss±ya, va¹¹hante te vanappat²”ti (a. ni. 3.49).–
¾dikena ca.

Upanissayapaccayaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.