Paccayaniddeso

1. Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan±

1. Yo hetupaccayoti uddiµµho, so eva½ veditabboti etena hetusaŖkh±tassa paccayadhammassa hetusampayuttakata½samuµµh±nar³pasaŖkh±t±na½ paccayuppann±na½ hetupaccayena paccayabh±vo hetupaccayoti uddiµµhoti. Yo pana hetubh±vena yath±vutto paccayadhammo yath±vutt±na½ paccayuppann±na½ paccayo hoti, so hetupaccayoti uddiµµhoti veditabboti dasseti. Ubhayath±pi hetubh±vena upak±rakat± hetupaccayoti uddiµµhoti dassita½ hoti. Esa nayo sesapaccayesupi. Upak±rakat± pana dhammasabh±vo eva, na dhammato ańń± atth²ti. Tath± tath± upak±raka½ ta½ ta½ dhamma½ dassento hi bhagav± ta½ ta½ upak±rakata½ dasset²ti.
Het³ hetusampayuttak±nanti ettha paµhamo hetu-saddo paccattaniddiµµho paccayaniddeso. Tena etassa hetubh±vena upak±rakat± hetupaccayat±ti dasseti. Dutiyo paccayuppannavisesana½. Tena na yesa½ kesańci sampayuttak±na½ hetupaccayabh±vena paccayo hoti, atha kho hetun± sampayutt±namev±ti dasseti. Nanu ca sampayuttasaddassa s±pekkhatt± dutiye hetusadde avijjam±nepi ańńassa apekkhitabbassa aniddiµµhatt± attan±va sampayuttak±na½ hetupaccayena paccayoti ayamattho vińń±yat²ti? N±ya½ ekanto. Hetusaddo hi paccattaniddiµµho “hetupaccayena paccayo”ti ettheva by±vaµo yad± gayhati tad± sampayuttavisesana½ na hot²ti sampayutt± avisiµµh± ye keci gahit± bhaveyyunti eva½ sampayuttasaddena attani eva by±vaµena hetusaddena visesanena vin± yesa½ kesańci sampayutt±na½ gahaŗa½ hot²ti ta½ sandh±ya “ath±pi…pe… attho bhaveyy±”ti ±ha. Nanu yath± “ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±nan”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.15), “ar³pino indriy± sampayuttak±nan”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.16) ca vutte dutiyena ±h±raggahaŗena indriyaggahaŗena ca vin±pi ±h±rindriyasampayuttak±va gayhanti, evamidh±pi siy±ti? Na, ±h±rindriy±sampayuttassa abh±vato. Vajjetabb±bh±vato hi tattha dutiya-±h±rindriyaggahaŗe asatipi ta½sampayuttak±va gayhant²ti ta½ na kata½, idha pana vajjetabba½ atth²ti vattabba½ dutiya½ hetuggahaŗanti.
Evampi het³ hetusampayuttak±nanti ettha hetusampayuttak±na½ so eva sampayuttakahet³ti visesanassa akatatt± yo koci hetu yassa kassaci hetusampayuttakassa hetupaccayena paccayoti ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, paccattaniddiµµhasseva hetussa puna sampayuttavisesanabh±vena vuttatt±, etadatthameva ca vin±pi dutiyena hetusaddena hetusampayuttabh±ve siddhepi tassa gahaŗa½ kata½. Atha v± asati dutiye hetusadde hetusampayuttak±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo, na pana het³nanti evampi gahaŗa½ siy±ti tanniv±raŗattha½ so vutto, tena hetusampayuttabh±va½ ye labhanti, tesa½ sabbesa½ het³na½ ańńesampi hetupaccayena paccayoti dassita½ hoti. Yasm± pana hetujh±namagg± patiµµh±matt±dibh±vena nirapekkh±, na ±h±rindriy± viya s±pekkh± eva, tasm± etesveva dutiya½ het±diggahaŗa½ kata½. ¾h±rindriy± pana ±haritabba-isitabb±pekkh± eva, tasm± te vin±pi dutiyena ±h±rindriyaggahaŗena attan± eva ±haritabbe ca isitabbe ca ±h±rindriyabh³te ańńe ca sampayuttake paricchindant²ti ta½ tattha na kata½, idha ca dutiyena hetuggahaŗena paccayuppann±na½ hetun± paccayabh³teneva sampayutt±na½ het³na½ ańńesańca paricchinnatt± puna visesanakicca½ natth²ti pańh±v±re “kusal± het³ sampayuttak±na½ khandh±nan”ti-±d²su (paµµh±. 1.1.401) dutiya½ hetuggahaŗa½ na katanti daµµhabba½.
Niddisitabbassa ap±kaµatt±ti ta½-saddo purimavacan±pekkho vuttasseva niddeso “r³p±yatana½ cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nan”ti-±d²su (paµµh±. 1.1.2) purimavacanena niddisitabbe p±kaµ²bh³te eva pavattati. Ettha ca paccattaniddiµµho hetusaddo “hetupaccayena paccayo”ti ettha by±vaµo sampayuttasaddena viya ta½-saddenapi anapekkhan²yo ańńo ca koci niddisitabbappak±sako vutto natthi, tasm± “ta½sampayuttak±nan”ti ca na vuttanti adhipp±yo.
“Hetusampayuttak±nan”ti imin± pana paccayuppannavacanena asamattena paccayuppannavacanantar±pekkhena pubbe vuttena ta½-saddena niddisitabba½ p±kaµ²kata½, tena “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti ettha ta½gahaŗa½ katanti. Ki½ pana tasmi½ hetusampayuttakasadde ta½-saddena niddisitabba½ p±kaµ²bh³tanti? Yehi het³hi sampayutt± “hetusampayuttak±”ti vutt±, te het³ ceva sampayuttakavisesanabh³t± tabbisesit± ca hetusampayuttak±. Ten±ha “te het³ cev±”ti-±di. Ańńath± “te het³ cev±”ti etassa paccattaniddiµµhena hetusaddena sambandhe sati yath± idha teneva ta½-saddena niddisitabb± p±kaµ±, eva½ pubbepi bhavitu½ arahant²ti “niddisitabbassa ap±kaµatt± ‘ta½sampayuttak±nan’ti na vuttan”ti ida½ na yujjeyy±ti. Duvidhampi v± hetuggahaŗa½ apanetv± ta½saddavacan²yata½ codeti pariharati ca. Ta½samuµµh±n±nanti ca hetusamuµµh±n±nanti yutta½. Het³ hi paccay±ti.
Cittajar³pa½ ajanayam±n±p²ti pi-saddena janayam±n±pi. Yadi “cittasamuµµh±n±nan”ti vacanena paµisandhikkhaŗe kaµatt±r³passa aggahaŗato ta½ na vutta½, sahaj±tapaccayavibhaŖge cittacetasik±na½ tassa kaµatt±r³passa paccayabh±vo na vutto bhaveyya. Yadi ca tattha cittasamuµµh±n±na½ paccayabh±vena ta½sam±nalakkhaŗ±na½ kaµatt±r³p±nampi paccayabh±vo nidassito, evamidh±pi bhavitabba½. “Cittasamuµµh±n±nan”ti pana avatv± “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti vacana½ cittasamuµµh±n±na½ sabbacittacetasikasamuµµh±nat±dassanattha½. Eva½pak±rena hi ta½samuµµh±navacanena tattha tattha vutta½ samuµµh±navacana½ visesita½ hoti. Nanu “cittacetasik± dhamm± cittasamuµµh±n±nan”ti vacanena cittasamuµµh±n±na½ cittacetasikasamuµµh±nat± vutt±ti? Na vutt±. Cittacetasik±na½ paccayabh±vo eva hi tattha vuttoti.
Cittapaµibaddhavuttit±y±ti eteneva hetu-±dipaµibaddhatańca dasseti. “Yańca, bhikkhave, ceteti, yańca pakappeti, yańca anuseti, ±rammaŗameta½ hoti, vińń±ŗassa µhitiy± ±rammaŗe sati patiµµh± vińń±ŗassa hoti, tasmi½ patiµµhite vińń±ŗe viru¼he n±mar³passa avakkanti hoti, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatanan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.39) imasmimpi sutte paµisandhin±mar³passa vińń±ŗapaccayat± vutt±ti ±ha “tasmi½ patiµµhite”ti-±di.
Purimatarasiddh±ya pathaviy± b²japatiµµh±na½ viya purimatarasiddhe kamme tannibbattasseva vińń±ŗab²jassa patiµµh±na½ kammassa kaµatt± uppatt²ti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha– “kamma½ khetta½, vińń±ŗa½ b²jan”ti. Kassa pana ta½ khetta½ b²jańc±ti? N±mar³paŖkurassa.
Ayańca panatthoti paµisandhiya½ kammajar³p±na½ cittapaµibaddhavuttit±. Ok±savasenev±ti n±mar³pok±savaseneva. So hi tassa atthassa ok±soti. Vatthur³pamattamp²ti vadanto vatthur³passa upatthambhak±na½ sesar³p±nampi tadupatthambhakabh±veneva ar³padhamm±na½ paccayabh±va½ dasseti, sahabhavanamatta½ v±. Tattha k±yabh±v±dikal±p±na½ katthaci abh±vato katthaci abh±v±bh±vato “vatthur³pamattampi vin±”ti ±ha. Sass±miketi etasseva visesanattha½ “sar±jake”ti vutta½.
Pavattiya½ kaµatt±r³p±d²na½ paccayabh±vapaµib±hanatoti ida½ kasm± vutta½, nanu tesa½ paccayabh±vappasaŖgoyeva natthi “het³ sahaj±t±nan”ti (paµµh±. aµµha. 1.1) vacanato. Na hi yesa½ het³ sahaj±tapaccayo na honti, t±ni hetusahaj±t±ni n±ma honti. Yadi siyu½, “kusala½ dhamma½ sahaj±to aby±kato dhammo uppajjati na hetupaccay±”ti-±di ca labbheyya, na pana labbhati, tasm± na t±ni hetusahaj±t±n²ti? Saccameta½, yo pana het³hi sam±nak±luppattimatta½ gahetv± hetusahaj±tabh±va½ mańńeyya, tass±ya½ pasaŖgo atth²ti ida½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Bhagav± pana vacan±na½ lahugarubh±va½ na gaŗeti, bodhaneyy±na½ pana ajjh±say±nur³pato dhammasabh±va½ avilomento tath± tath± desana½ niy±met²ti na katthaci akkhar±na½ bahut± v± appat± v± codetabb±ti.

Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.