2. Pavattiv±ro

1. Upp±dav±ravaººan±

18-21. Pavattiv±re cakkh±yatanam³lak±ni ek±das±ti paµisandhicutivasena up±dinnapavattassa upp±danirodhavacane etasmi½ alabbham±navissajjanampi sadd±yatanena saddhi½ yamaka½ pucch±mattal±bhena saªgaºhitv± vadat²ti daµµhabba½. Chasaµµhi yamak±n²ti ettha cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yar³p±yatanam³lakesu ekeka½ sadd±yatanam³lak±ni pañc±ti ek±dasa yamak±ni vissajjanavasena h±petabb±ni. Vakkhati hi “sadd±yatanassa paµisandhikkhaºe anuppattito tena saddhi½ yamakassa vissajjanameva natth²”ti (yama. aµµha. ±yatanayamaka 18-21).
Dutiya½ kiñc±pi paµhamena sadisavissajjananti-±di puggalav±rameva sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½. Ok±sav±re pana asadisavissajjanatt± vutta½, na ta½ sabbattha sadisavissajjananti ñ±petu½ puggalav±repi vissajjitanti. Gandharasaphoµµhabb±yatanehi saddhi½ t²ºi yamak±ni sadisavissajjan±n²ti r³p±vacarasatte sandh±ya “sacakkhuk±na½ agandhak±nan”ti-±din± vissajjitabbatt± vutta½. Tesañhi virattak±makammanibbattassa paµisandhib²jassa eva½sabh±vatt± gh±n±d²ni gandh±dayo ca na sant²ti. Gh±n±yatanayamakena sadisavissajjanatt±ti cakkh±yatanam³lakesu gh±n±yatanayamakena saddhi½ sadisavissajjanatt±ti attho. Nanu tattha “sacakkhuk±na½ agh±nak±na½ upapajjant±nan”ti-±din± vissajjana½ pavatta½, idha pana gh±n±yatanam³lakesu “yassa gh±n±yatana½ uppajjati, tassa jivh±yatana½ uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±”ti vissajjanena bhavitabbanti natthi sadisavissajjanat±ti? Sacca½, yath± pana tattha gh±n±yatanayamakena jivh±k±y±yatanayamak±ni sadisavissajjan±ni, evamidh±pi jivh±ka-±y±yatanayamak±ni sadisavissajjan±ni, tasm± tattha tattheva sadisavissajjanat± p±¼iya½ an±ru¼hat±ya k±raºanti. Nidassanabh±vena pana gahita½ cakkh±yatanam³lak±na½ sadisavissajjanak±na½ sadisavissajjana½ nidassanabh±veneva k±raºanti dassento “gh±n±yatanayamakena sadisavissajjanatt±”ti ±ha. Sadisavissajjanat± cettha gh±n±yatanam³lakesu yebhuyyat±ya daµµhabb±. Tesu hi jivh±k±y±yatanayamakesu tiººa½ pucch±na½ “±mant±”ti vissajjanena bhavitabba½ pacchimapucch±ya “sak±yak±na½ agh±nak±na½ upapajjant±nan”ti-±din±ti.
Atha v± yath± vedan±kkhandh±dim³lak±na½ saññ±kkhandh±diyamak±na½ amissakak±labhedesu t²su “±mant±”ti paµivacanavissajjanena yath±vuttavacanassa vissajjanabh±v±nuj±nana½ kattabbanti apubbassa vattabbassa abh±v± vissajjana½ na kata½, evamidh±pi gh±n±yatanam³laka½ jivh±yatanayamaka½ apubbassa vattabbassa abh±v± p±¼i½ an±ru¼hanti p±kaµoyamattho. K±y±yatanayamaka½ pana dutiyapucch±ya vasena vissajjitabba½ siy±, s± ca cakkh±yatanam³lakesu gh±n±yatanayamakena sadisavissajjan±, tasm± yass± pucch±ya vissajjan± k±tabb±, tass± gh±n±yatanayamakena sadisavissajjanatt± ta½ses±ni p±¼i½ an±ru¼h±n²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Tath±ti ida½ p±¼i-an±ru¼hat±s±maññeneva vutta½, na k±raºas±maññena. Gh±najivh±k±y±yatan±na½ pana agabbhaseyyakesu pavattam±n±na½ gabbhaseyyakesu ca ±yatanap±rip³rik±le sahac±rit±ya avisesatt± ca appavisesatt± ca ekasmi½ gh±n±yatanayamake vissajjite itar±ni dve, gh±n±yatanam³lakesu ca vissajjitesu itaradvayam³lak±ni na vissajj²yant²ti veditabb±ni. R³p±yatanaman±yatanehi saddhinti “yassa r³p±yatana½ uppajjati, tassa man±yatana½ uppajjat²”ti etiss± pucch±ya vuttehi r³p±yatanaman±yatanehi saddhinti adhipp±yo. R³p±yatanam³lakesu hi man±yatanayamake ±dipucch±ya gandharasaphoµµhabbayamakesu ±dipucch±na½ sadisavissajjanat± yamak±na½ avissajjane k±raºabh±vena vutt±. Dutiyapucch±nañhi paµivacanavissajjanena bhavitabbanti pubbe vuttanayena vissajjana½ na k±tabba½, ±dipucch±nañca na k±tabbanti.
Heµµhimehi sadisavissajjanatt±ti ettha gandh±yatanam³lak±na½ rasaphoµµhabbayamak±na½ ras±yatanam³lakassa ca phoµµhabbayamakassa paµivacanavissajjaneneva bhavitabbanti pubbe vuttanayeneva vissajjana½ na k±tabbanti yesa½ k±tabba½, tesa½ gandharasaphoµµhabbam³lak±na½ man±yatanadhamm±yatanayamak±na½ cakkh±dipañc±yatanam³lakehi man±yatanadhamm±yatanayamakehi sadisavissajjanatt±ti attho. Cakkh±yatan±dim³lak±ni sadd±yatanayamak±ni sadd±yatanam³lak±ni sabb±ni avissajjaneneva alabbham±navissajjanat±dassanena vissajjit±ni n±ma hont²ti ±ha “chasaµµhi yamak±ni vissajjit±ni n±ma hont²”ti.
Jaccandhampi jaccabadhiramp²ti ettha ca jaccabadhiraggahaºena jaccandhabadhiro gahitoti veditabbo. Sagh±nak±na½ sacakkhuk±nanti paripuºº±yatanameva opap±tika½ sandh±ya vuttanti ettha eva-sadda½ vuttanti-etassa parato yojetv± yath± “sagh±nak±na½ acakkhuk±nan”ti ida½ aparipuºº±yatana½ sandh±ya vutta½, na eva½ “sagh±nak±na½ sacakkhuk±nan”ti eta½. Eta½ pana paripuºº±yatana½ sandh±ya vuttamev±ti attho daµµhabbo. Tena jaccabadhirampi sandh±ya vuttat± na v±rit± hot²ti.
22-254. Yattha cakkh±yatananti r³p²brahmaloka½ pucchat²ti niyamato tattha cakkhusot±na½ sahuppattimatta½ passanto vadati, ok±sav±re pana tasmi½ puggalassa an±maµµhatt± yattha k±madh±tuya½ r³padh±tuyañca cakkh±yatana½ uppajjati, tattha sot±yatanampi ekantena uppajjat²ti “±mant±”ti (yama. 1.±yatanayamaka.22) vutta½.
“Yassa v± pana r³p±yatana½ uppajjissati, tassa cakkh±yatana½ uppajjissat²ti? ¾mant±”ti kasm± paµiññ±ta½, nanu yo gabbhaseyyakabh±va½ gantv± parinibb±yissati, tassa r³p±yatana½ paµisandhiya½ uppajjissati, na pana cakkh±yatananti? Yassa r³p±yatana½ uppajjissati, tassa tadavatthassa puggalassa r³p±yatanupp±dato uddha½ cakkh±yatanasant±nupp±dassa pavattiyampi bhavissantassa paµiññ±tabbatt±. Atha kasm± “yassa v± pana r³p±yatana½ nuppajjissati, tassa cakkh±yatana½ nuppajjissat²ti? ¾mant±”ti paµiññ±ta½, nanu gabbhaseyyakassa pacchimabhavikassa upapajjantassa ek±dasamasatt±h± orato µhitassa r³p±yatana½ nuppajjissati no ca cakkh±yatana½ nuppajjissat²ti? Tasmi½ bhave bhavissantassa upp±dassa an±gatabh±vena avacanato. Bhavantare hi tassa tassa ±yatanasant±nassa yo ±di-upp±do paµisandhiya½ pavatte ca bhavissati, so an±gatupp±do tabbh±vena vuccati addh±paccuppann±nantogadhatt±. Na pana yo tasmi½yeva bhave pavatte bhavissati, so an±gatupp±dabh±vena vuccati addh±paccuppannantogadhatt±. Addh±vasena hettha kammajapavattassa paccuppann±dik±labhedo adhippeto. Evañca katv± indriyayamake (yama. 3.indriyayamaka.368) “yassa itthindriya½ uppajjati tassa purisindriya½ uppajjissat²ti? Pacchimabhavik±na½ itth²na½ upapajjant²na½, y± ca itthiyo r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacara½ upapajjitv± parinibb±yissanti, y± ca itthiyo eteneva bh±vena katici bhave dassetv± parinibb±yissanti, t±sa½ upapajjant²na½ t±sa½ itthindriya½ uppajjati, no ca t±sa½ purisindriya½ uppajjissat²”ti vutta½. Na hi t±sa½ sabb±sa½ tasmi½ bhave pavatte purisindriya½ na uppajjissati liªgaparivattanasabbh±v±, bhavantare pana ±di-upp±dassa abh±va½ sandh±ya “no ca t±sa½ purisindriya½ uppajjissat²”ti vutta½. Bhavantare hi ±di-upp±dassa an±gatatta½ adhippetanti. Evañca katv± “katici bhave dassetv±”ti bhavaggahaºa½ katanti.
“¾yatan±na½ paµil±bho j±t²”ti (d². ni. 2.388; vibha. 235) vacanato ta½ta½±yatananibbattakakammena gahitapaµisandhikassa avassa½bh±v²-±yatanassa y±va ±yatanap±rip³ri, t±va uppajjat²ti pana atthe gayham±ne pucch±dvayavissajjana½ s³papanna½ hoti. Evañca sati “yassa v± pana sot±yatana½ nuppajjissati, tassa cakkh±yatana½ nuppajjat²ti? Pacchimabhavik±na½ pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±na½, ye ca ar³pa½ upapajjitv± parinibb±yissanti, tesa½ upapajjant±na½ tesa½ sot±yatana½ nuppajjissati, no ca tesa½ cakkh±yatana½ nuppajjat²”ti evam±d²su (yama. 1.±yatanayamaka.95) gabbhaseyyak±pi pacchimabhavik±dayo upapajjant± gahit± honti. Evañca katv± indriyayamake (yama. 3.indriyayamaka.186) “yassa v± pana somanassindriya½ uppajjati, tassa cakkhundriya½ uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±”ti idampi upapanna½ hoti. Somanassindriyupp±dakassa kammassa ekantena cakkhundriyupp±danato gabbhepi y±va cakkhundriyuppatti, t±va uppajjam±nat±ya tass± abhinanditabbatt±.
Ya½ pana “yassa v± pana yattha r³p±yatana½ uppajjittha, tassa tattha gh±n±yatana½ uppajjat²ti? K±m±vacar± cavant±na½, agh±nak±na½ k±m±vacara½ upapajjant±na½, r³p±vacar±na½ tesa½ tattha r³p±yatana½ uppajjittha, no ca tesa½ tattha gh±n±yatana½ uppajjat²”ti ettha “agh±nak±na½ k±m±vacara½ upapajjant±nan”ti (yama. 1.±yatanayamaka.76) vutta½, ta½ ye ek±dasamasatt±h± orato k±la½ karissanti, tesa½ gh±n±yatan±nibbattakakammena gahitapaµisandhik±na½ vasena vuttanti veditabba½. “Yassa yattha gh±n±yatana½ na nirujjhati, tassa tattha r³p±yatana½ na nirujjhissat²ti? K±m±vacara½ upapajjant±na½, agh±nak±na½ k±m±vacar± cavant±na½, r³p±vacar±na½ tesa½ tattha gh±n±yatana½ na nirujjhati, no ca tesa½ tattha r³p±yatana½ na nirujjhissat²”ti hi ettha “agh±nak±na½ k±m±vacar± cavant±nan”ti (yama. 1.±yatanayamaka.181) vacana½ anuppanneyeva gh±n±yatane gabbhaseyyak±na½ cuti atth²ti d²peti. Na hi k±m±vacare gabbhaseyyakato añño agh±nako atthi dhammahadayavibhaªge (vibha. 978 ±dayo) “k±madh±tuy± upapattikkhaºe kassaci aµµh±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti avuttatt±ti. Atha kasm± opap±tike eva sandh±ya idha, indriyayamake ca yath±dassit±su pucch±su “±mant±”ti vuttanti na viññ±yat²ti? Yamake sanniµµh±nena gahitatthassa ekadese sa½sayatthasambhavena paµivacanassa akaraºato. Bhinditabbe hi na paµivacanavissajjana½ hoti. Yadi siy±, paripuººavissajjanameva na siy±ti. Atha kasm± “yassa v± pana somanassindriya½ uppajjati, tassa cakkhundriya½ uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±”ti (yama. 3.indriyayamaka.186) imin± “gabbhaseyyak±na½ somanassapaµisandhi natth²”ti na viññ±yat²ti? “K±madh±tuy± upapattikkhaºe kassa dasindriy±ni p±tubhavanti? Gabbhaseyyak±na½ satt±na½ sahetuk±na½ ñ±ºasampayutt±na½ upapattikkhaºe dasindriy±ni p±tubhavanti k±yindriya½ manindriya½ itthindriya½ v± purisindriya½ v± j²vitindriya½ somanassindriya½ v± upekkhindriya½ v± saddhindriyan”ti-±divacanato (vibha. 1012).
Nirodhav±re an±gatak±labhede yath± tasseva cittassa nirodho an±gatabh±vena tassa uppattikkhaºe vutto, eva½ tasseva kammajasant±nassa nirodho an±gatabh±vena tassa upp±de vattabboti sabbattha upapajjant±na½ eva so tath± vutto, na uppann±na½. Uppann±na½ pana aññassa an±gatassa sant±nassa nirodho an±gatabh±vena vattabbo, na tasseva. Tassa hi upp±d±nantara½ nirodho ±raddho n±ma hot²ti. Tasm± arahata½ pavatte sotassa cakkhussa ca bhede satipi an±gatak±l±masanavaseneva “yassa cakkh±yatana½ nirujjhissati, tassa sot±yatana½ nirujjhissat²ti? ¾mant±. Yassa v± pana sot±yatana½ nirujjhissati, tassa cakkh±yatana½ nirujjhissat²ti? ¾mant±”ti vissajjanadvaya½ upapannameva hot²ti. Yasm± ca upapatti-anantara½ nirodho ±raddho n±ma hoti, ta½niµµh±nabh±vato pana cutiy± nirodhavacana½, tasm± pavatte niruddhepi sant±nekadese aniruddha½ up±d±ya aniµµhitanirodhoti cutiy±va tassa nirodhoti vuccati. Vakkhati hi “yassa v± pana somanassindriya½ nirujjhati, tassa cakkhundriya½ nirujjhat²ti? ¾mant±”ti, tenetth±pi cutinirodhe eva ca adhippete yañca pavatte nirujjhissati, tañca niµµh±navasena cutiy± eva nirujjhissat²ti vuttanti “±mant±”ti yutta½ paµivacana½. “Sacakkhuk±nan”ti-±d²su ca “paµiladdhacakkhuk±nan”ti-±din± attho viññ±yat²ti.
“Yassa cakkh±yatana½ na nirujjhati, tassa sot±yatana½ na nirujjhissat²ti? Sabbesa½ upapajjant±na½, acakkhuk±na½ cavant±na½ tesa½ cakkh±yatana½ na nirujjhati, no ca tesa½ sot±yatana½ na nirujjhissat²”ti ettha ±ruppe pacchimabhavike µhapetv± sabbe upapajjant±, acakkhuk± cavant± ca gahit±ti daµµhabb±. Te hi dutiyakoµµh±sena saªgayhant²ti tadapekkhatt± s±vasesamida½ sabbavacana½ acakkhukavacanañc±ti. “¾ruppe pacchimabhavik±nan”ti ettha ca ar³pato pañcavok±ra½ agacchant± anaññ³papattik±pi “ar³pe pacchimabhavik±”icceva saªgayhant²ti veditabb±. Esa nayo aññesupi evar³pes³ti.

Pavattiv±ravaººan± niµµhit±.

¾yatanayamakavaººan± niµµhit±.