6. Chaµµhanayo sampayogavippayogapadavaººan±

228. Sampayogavippayogapade ya½ labbhati, yañca na labbhati, ta½ sabba½ pucch±ya gahitanti ida½ na r³pakkhandh±d²ni pad±ni sandh±ya vutta½, atha kho sampayogapada½ vippayogapadañc±ti veditabba½. R³pakkhandh±d²su hi ya½ dhamm±yatan±dipada½ na labbhati, ta½ pucch±yapi na gahita½. Sampayogapada½ pana r³pakkhandh±d²su alabbham±nampi “r³pakkhandho katihi…pe… sampayutto”ti eva½ pucch±ya gahita½, vedan±kkhandh±d²su labbham±na½, vippayogapada½ pana sabbattha labbham±namev±ti. R³padhamm±na½ pana r³pena nibb±nena v±, nibb±nassa ca r³pena saddhi½ sampayogo n±ma natth²ti ekupp±d±disabh±gat±ya abh±vato sampayoga½ niv±rentena s± eva ekupp±d±dit± etesa½ visabh±gat±ti tadabh±vato vippayogopi niv±rito eva hot²ti daµµhabbo. Cat³su hi khandhesu vijjam±n± ekupp±d±dit± tesa½ aññamañña½ sabh±gat± hoti r³panibb±nehi tesa½ tehi ca r³panibb±n±na½ visabh±gat± ca, na ca r³pekadesassa nibb±nassa v± s± ekupp±d±dit± atthi, y± r³pekadesena r³pekadesanibb±n±na½ nibb±nena ca r³passa visabh±gat± siy±. Teneva “cat³hi vippayogo”ti vuttanti.
Sattasu viññ±ºadh±t³su ek±yapi avippayutteti yath± r³pabhavo t²hi viññ±ºadh±t³hi, nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhamm± pañcahi, avitakka-avic±r± ek±ya vippayutte an±rammaºamissake dhamme d²penti, eva½ ad²petv± ek±yapi vippayutte ahonte sattahipi sampayutte sattapi v± t± d²pent²ti adhipp±yo. Avippayutteti hi ye vippayutt± na honti, te dhammeti vutta½ hoti, na sampayutteti. Tena y±ni t±hi sampayutte d²penti dhamm±yatan±dipad±ni, y±ni ca sampayuttavippayuttabh±vehi navattabba½ d²penti acetasik±dipad±ni, y±ni ca sampayuttanavattabb±ni d²penti dukkhasacc±dipad±ni, tesa½ sabbesa½ an±rammaºamissakadhammad²pak±na½ aggahaºa½ vutta½ hoti. Na hi an±rammaºamissakasabbaviññ±ºadh±tuta½sampayuttatadubhayasamud±y±na½ khandh±yatanadh±t³su kenaci sampayogo vippayogo v± atth²ti.
Yadi eva½ vippayuttenavippayuttapadaniddese “kusalehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±, tehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±”ti na vattabba½. Akusal±by±kat± hi an±rammaºamissobhayadhamm±ti? Na, yath±vuttasamud±y±na½ khandh±d²heva sampayogavippayog±bh±vavacanato. Khandh±dayo hi tadekades± tadekadesaññasamud±y± ca, samud±yekades±nañca vibh±g±bh±vato na sabh±gavisabh±gat± atthi, tena tesa½ khandh±d²hi sampayogavippayog±bh±vo hoti. Kusal± pana dhamm± akusal±by±katehi vibhatt±, te ca kusalehi, na tesa½ samud±yekadesabh±vo tadekadesaññasamud±yabh±vo v±, tasm± khandh±d²ni an±masitv± vippayuttat±mattena yath±niddh±ritadhammadassane kusalehi itaresa½, itarehi ca kusal±na½ vippayogo na na hoti visabh±gat±sabbh±vatoti tesa½ aññamaññavippayuttat± vutt±. Esa nayo sabbesu evar³pesu.
Udd±ne pana aµµh±rasa tato pareti ida½ “so¼as±”ti vattabba½, tev²santi idañca “ekav²san”ti. Sabbattha ca k±lasant±nabhedarahit±rahitabahudhammasamodh±n±na½ saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±yatanadhammadh±t³na½ ekades± samudayasaccavedan±kkhandh±dayo ekadesasammiss± ca iddhip±d±dayo an±rammaºehi asammiss± r³pakkhandh±dayo ca s±rammaºehi asammiss± sampayog²vippayog²bh±vena sam±nak±lasant±nehi ca ekadesantarehi vibhatt± eva gahit±ti tehi te kehici ekadesantarehi vibhattehi yath±yoga½ sampayoga½ vippayogañca labhanti. Atthi hi tesa½ ekupp±d±dit± sabh±gat± visabh±gat± c±ti. Tena tattha tattha “ekena khandhena eken±yatanena ek±ya dh±tuy± kehici sampayuttan”ti ca, “eken±yatanena ek±ya dh±tuy± kehici vippayuttan”ti ca vutta½. Bhinnak±lasamud±y± eva pana vedan±saññ±viññ±ºakkhandh± vattam±n± ca ekekadhamm± eva, tasm± tesa½ sam±nak±lassa vibhajitabbassa abh±vato na sukhindriy±d²ni vedan±kkhandhassa vibh±ga½ karonti, cakkhuviññ±ºadh±t±dayo ca viññ±ºakkhandhassa man±yatanassa ca. Tena “sukhindriya½ ekena khandhena kehici vippayuttan”ti, “cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu ekena khandhena eken±yatanena kehici vippayutt±”ti ca evam±di na vutta½, khandh±yatanavibh±gavirahitampi pana viññ±ºa½ dh±tuvibh±gena vibhattameva vuttanti “cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu…pe… manoviññ±ºadh±tu so¼asahi dh±t³hi vippayutt±”ti vutta½, evameva½ indriyavibh±gena vibhatt±na½ sukhindriy±d²na½ “sukhindriyena ye dhamm± vippayutt±”ti-±d²su yath±yoga½ vippayogo daµµhabbo, n±vibhattassa vedan±kkhandhass±ti.
235. Yath± ta½sampayog²bh±va½ sandh±ya “samudayasacca½ t²hi khandhehi sampayuttan”ti vutta½, eva½ ta½vippayog²bh±va½ sandh±ya “t²hi khandhehi vippayuttan”ti kasm± na vuttanti ce? Avibh±gehi tehi vippayogavacanassa ayuttatt±. Vibh±ge hi sati samudayasacca½ sukhadukkhadomanassindriyehi manoviññ±ºadh±tuto aññaviññ±ºadh±t³hi vippayuttanti yutta½ vattu½ vibh±geneva visabh±gat±ya saªgahitatt±, vibh±garahitehi pana vedan±kkhandh±d²hi na yutta½, tehi vijjam±nehi vijjam±nassa samudayassa visabh±gabh±v±bh±vato. Yañhi anuppann± dhamm± viya ±maµµhak±labheda½ na hoti saªkhata½ uddharitabba½, ta½ paccuppannabh±va½ niss±ya sampayog²vippayog²bh±vena uddhar²yati, tañca vibh±garahitehi khandh±d²hi saªkhatehi paccuppannabh±vameva niss±ya an±maµµhak±labhede atthit±ya eva nissitabbatt±. Avijjam±nassa hi avijjam±nena, avijjam±nassa ca vijjam±nena, vijjam±nassa ca avijjam±nena sampayogo natthi, vippayogo pana avijjam±nat±d²pake bhede gahite teneva visabh±gat±pi gahit± ev±ti hoti Bhede pana aggahite tena tena gahaºena visabh±gat±ya aggahitatt± sati sabh±gatte vijjam±nat±ya eva dhamm±na½ sabh±gassa paricchindanato vijjam±nat± dassit±ti ekupp±d±dibh±vasaªkh±t± sabh±gat±pi gahit± eva hoti. Tass± ca gahitatt± sampayogova labbhati, na vippayogo, tasm± samudayasacca½ vedan±kkhandh±d²hi sampayuttattena vutta½, na vippayuttatten±ti. Esa nayo maggasacc±d²sup²ti.
262. “Dutiyajjh±navic±rañhi µhapetv± ses± avitakkavic±ramatt±”ti aµµhakath±vacana½ ye padh±n± vitakko viya koµµh±santaracittupp±desu al²n±, te eva idha avitakkavic±ramatt±ti adhippet±ti dasseti. Teneva hi anantaranaye samudayasaccena sam±nagatik± na savitakkasavic±reh²ti te na gahit±. Dasamos±nanayesu ca tehi vippayuttehi vippayutt±na½ tehi vippayutt±nañca so¼asahi dh±t³hi vippayogo aµµh±rasasaªgahito ca vutto. Vitakkasahitesupi pana tesu gahitesu sabbepi te vic±rena sampayutt±ti “ekena khandhena kehici sampayutt±”ti sakk± vattu½. So hi samud±yo vic±ra½ vajjetv± aññena kenaci sampayutto na hoti. Na hi tadekadesassa vitakkassa vic±rato aññena sampayogo samud±yassa hoti. Yath± n±n±cittupp±desu uppajjam±n±na½ iddhip±d±na½ samud±yassa iddhip±dassa ekades±na½ t²hi khandhehi sampayogo samud±yassa na hoti, evamidh±pi daµµhabba½. Yath± pana tesu ekopi vedan±saññ±kkhandhehi saªkh±rakkhandhekadesena ca asampayutto n±ma natth²ti samud±yassa tehi sampayuttat± vutt±, evamidh±pi vic±rena asampayuttassa avitakkavic±ramattassa kassaci abh±vato samud±yassa tena sampayuttat± na na sakk± vattu½. Na hi avitakkavic±ramatt±na½ dassanenapah±tabbahetuk±d²na½ viya sampayuttat± na vattabb±. Yath± hi dassanenapah±tabbahetukesu keci saªkh±rakkhandhekadesena mohena sampayutt±, keci asampayutt±ti na samud±yo tena sampayutto, n±pi añño koci dhammo atthi, yena so samud±yo sampayutto siy±ti “dassanenapah±tabbahetuk± dhamm± sampayutt±ti natth²”ti vutta½, eva½ bh±van±yapah±tabbahetukasahetuk±dayopi. Na paneva½ yena avitakkavic±ramattasamud±yo sampayutto siy±, ta½ natthi avitakkavic±ramattesu kassaci vic±rena asampayuttassa abh±v±, tasm± te “sampayutt±”ti na na vattabb±ti. Sabbattha ca ekadhammepi kehic²ti bahuvacananiddeso saªkh±ya aniyamitatt± katoti veditabbo.

Chaµµhanayasampayogavippayogapadavaººan± niµµhit±.