23. Paccekabuddhaniddesepi pubbe ananussutes³ti pade pubbe vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Paccekabuddhopi hi pacchimabhave an±cariyako attukka½sikań±ŗeneva paµividdhasacco sabbańńutańń±ŗańceva balesu ca ciŗŗavas²bh±va½ na p±puŗ±ti.
24. Ubhatobh±gavimuttaniddese– aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharat²ti aµµha sam±pattiyo sahaj±tan±mak±yena paµilabhitv± viharati. Pańń±ya cassa disv±ti vipassan±pańń±ya saŖkh±ragata½, maggapańń±ya catt±ri sacc±ni passitv± catt±ropi ±sav± kh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo ubhatobh±gavimutto n±m±ti vuccati. Ayańhi dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto. Tatr±ya½ therav±do– tipiµakac³¼an±gatthero t±va ±ha– “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena, maggena samucchedavimokkhena vimuttoti ubhatobh±gehi dve v±re vimutto”ti. Tipiµakamah±dhammarakkhitatthero “n±manissitako eso”ti vatv±–
“Acc² yath± v±tavegena khitt±, (upas²v±ti bhagav±;)
attha½ paleti na upeti saŖkha½;
eva½ mun² n±mak±y± vimutto,
attha½ paleti na upeti saŖkhan”ti. (Su. ni. 1080).
Vatv± sutta½ ±haritv± “n±mak±yato ca r³pak±yato ca suvimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti ±ha. Tipiµakac³¼±bhayatthero pan±ha– “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena ekav±ra½ vimutto maggena samucchedavimokkhena ekav±ra½ vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti. Ime pana tayopi ther± paŗ¹it±, ‘tiŗŗampi v±de k±raŗa½ dissat²’ti tiŗŗampi v±da½ tanti½ katv± µhapayi½su.
SaŖkhepato pana ar³pasam±pattiy± r³pak±yato vimutto, maggena n±mak±yato vimuttoti ubhohi bh±gehi vimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto. So catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ ekekato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasitv± arahatta½ patt±na½ catunna½, nirodh± vuµµh±ya arahatta½ pattassa an±g±mino ca vasena pańcavidho hoti. Tattha purim± catt±ro sam±pattis²sa½ nirodha½ na sam±pajjant²ti pariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimutt± n±ma. Aµµhasam±pattil±bh² an±g±m² ta½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ pattoti nippariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµho n±ma. Nanu ca ar³p±vacarajjh±nampi upekkh±cittekaggat±hi duvaŖgika½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nampi, tasm± tampi padaµµh±na½ katv± arahatta½ pattena ubhatobh±gavimuttena bhavitabbanti? Na bhavitabba½. Kasm±? R³pak±yato avimuttatt±. Tańhi kilesak±yatova vimutta½, na r³pak±yato; tasm± tato vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma na hoti Ar³p±vacara½ pana n±mak±yato ca vimutta½ r³pak±yato c±ti tadeva p±daka½ katv± arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto hot²ti veditabbo.
25. Pańń±vimuttaniddese– pańń±ya vimuttoti pańń±vimutto. So sukkhavipassako cat³hi jh±nehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patt± catt±ro c±ti pańcavidho hoti. Etesu hi ekopi aµµhavimokkhal±bh² na hoti. Teneva na heva kho aµµha vimokkheti-±dim±ha. Ar³p±vacarajjh±nesu pana ekasmi½ sati ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma hot²ti.
26. K±yasakkhiniddese– ekacce ±sav±ti heµµhimamaggattayavajjh±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo k±yasakkh²ti vuccati. So hi phuµµhanta½ sacchikarot²ti k±yasakkh². Jh±naphassa½ paµhama½ phusati, pacch± nirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikarot²tipi k±yasakkh². So sot±pattiphalaµµha½ ±di½ katv± y±va arahattamaggaµµh± chabbidho hoti.
27. Diµµhippattaniddese ida½ dukkhanti ida½ dukkha½, ettaka½ dukkha½, na ito uddha½ dukkha½. Dukkhasamuday±d²supi eseva nayo. Yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²ti µhapetv± taŗha½ pańcup±d±nakkhandhe ‘dukkhasaccan’ti y±th±vasarasato paj±n±ti. Taŗh± pana dukkha½ janeti nibbatteti, pabh±veti, tato ta½ dukkha½ samudeti; tasm± na½ aya½ ‘dukkhasamudayo’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Yasm± pana ida½ dukkhańca samudayo ca nibb±na½ patv± nirujjhanti v³pasammanti appavatti½ gacchanti; tasm± na½ ‘aya½ dukkhanirodho’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ariyo pana aµµhaŖgiko maggo, ta½ dukkhanirodha½ gacchati; tena ta½ ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ett±vat± n±n±kkhaŗe saccavavatth±na½ dassita½. Id±ni ekakkhaŗe dassetu½ tath±gatappavedit±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tath±gatappavedit±ti mah±bodhimaŗ¹e nis²datv± tath±gatena paµividdh± vidit± p±kaµ²kat±. Dhamm±ti catusaccadhamm±. Vodiµµh± hont²ti sudiµµh± honti. Vocarit±ti sucarit±. Tesu anena pańń± suµµhu car±pit± hot²ti attho. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo diµµhippattoti vuccati. Ayańhi diµµhanta½ patto. “Dukkh± saŖkh±r±, sukho nirodho”ti ń±ŗa½ hoti Diµµha½ vidita½ sacchikata½ passita½ pańń±y±ti diµµhappatto. Ayampi k±yasakkh² viya chabbidhova hoti.
28. Saddh±vimuttaniddese– no ca kho yath± diµµhippattass±ti yath± diµµhippattassa ±sav± parikkh²ŗ±, na eva½ saddh±vimuttass±ti attho. Ki½ pana nesa½ kilesappah±ne n±natta½ atth²ti? Natthi. Atha kasm± saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti? ¾gaman²yan±nattena. Diµµhippato hi ±gamanamhi kilese vikkhambhento appadukkhena appakasirena akilamantova vikkhambhetu½ sakkoti. Saddh±vimutto pana dukkhena kasirena kilamanto hutv± vikkhambhetu½ sakkoti, tasm± diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±ti. Apica nesa½ pańń±yapi n±natta½ atthiyeva. Diµµhippattassa hi upari tiŗŗa½ magg±na½ vipassan±ń±ŗa½ tikkha½ s³ra½ pasanna½ hutv± vahati. Saddh±vimuttassa vipassan±ń±ŗa½ no tikkha½ s³ra½ pasanna½ hutv± vahati, tasm±pi so diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±ti.
Yath± hi dv²su taruŗesu sippa½ dassentesu ekassa hatthe tikhiŗo asi, ekassa kuŗµho. Tikhiŗena asin± kadal² chijjam±n± sadda½ na karoti. Kuŗµhena asin± chijjam±n± ‘kaµakaµ±’ti sadda½ karoti. Tattha tikhiŗena asin± sadda½ akarontiy± eva kadaliy± chedana½ viya diµµhippattassa tiŗŗa½ magg±na½ vipassan±ń±ŗassa tikhiŗas³ravippasannabh±vo. Kuŗµhena asin± sadda½ karontiy±pi kadaliy± chedana½ viya saddh±vimuttassa tiŗŗa½ magg±na½ vipassan±ń±ŗassa atikhiŗa-as³ra-appasannabh±vo veditabbo. Ima½ pana naya½ ‘no’ti paµikkhipitv±, ±gaman²yan±natteneva saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti sanniµµh±na½ kata½.
¾gamaµµhakath±su pana vutta½– “etesu hi saddh±vimuttassa pubbabh±gamaggakkhaŗe saddahantassa viya okappentassa viya adhimuccantassa viya ca kilesakkhayo hoti. Diµµhippattassa pubbabh±gamaggakkhaŗe kilesacchedakań±ŗa½ adandha½ tikhiŗa½ s³ra½ hutv± vahati. Tasm± yath± n±ma atikhiŗena asin± kadali½ chindantassa chinnaµµh±na½ na maµµha½ hoti, asi na s²gha½ vahati, saddo suyyati, balavataro v±y±mo k±tabbo hoti evar³p± saddh±vimuttassa pubbabh±gamaggabh±van±. Yath± pana sunisiteneva asin± kadali½ chindantassa chinnaµµh±na½ maµµha½ hoti, asi s²gha½ vahati, saddo na suyyati, balavav±y±makicca½ na hoti; evar³p± diµµhippattassa pubbabh±gamaggabh±van± veditabb±”ti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo saddh±vimuttoti vuccati. Ayańhi saddahanto vimuttoti saddh±vimutto. Ayampi k±yasakkh² viya chabbidhova hoti.
29. Dhamm±nus±r²niddese– paµipannass±ti imin± sot±pattimaggaµµho dassito. Adhimattanti balava½. Pańńa½ v±het²ti pańń±v±h². Pańń± ima½ puggala½ vahat²ti pańń±v±h²tipi vutta½ hoti. Pańń±pubbaŖgamanti pańńa½ purec±rika½ katv±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo dhamm±nus±r²ti vuccati. So hi pańń±saŖkh±tena dhammena sarati anussarat²ti dhamm±nus±r². Sot±pattimaggaµµhasseveta½ n±ma½. Phale pana patte diµµhippatto n±ma hoti.
30. Saddh±nus±r²niddesepi– saddha½ v±het²ti saddh±v±h². Saddh± ima½ puggala½ vahat²ti saddh±v±h²tipi vuttameva. Saddh±pubbaŖgamanti saddha½ purec±rika½ katv±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo saddh±nus±r²ti vuccati. So hi saddh±ya sarati. Anussarat²ti saddh±nus±r². Sot±pattimaggaµµhasseveta½ n±ma½. Phale pana patte saddh±vimutto n±ma hoti. Lokuttaradhammańhi nibbattent±na½ dve dhur±ni n±ma, dve abhinives± n±ma, dve s²s±ni n±ma. Tattha saddh±dhura½ pańń±dhuranti– dve dhur±ni n±ma. Eko pana bhikkhu samath±bhinivesena abhinivisati, eko vipassan±bhinivesen±ti– ime dve abhinives± n±ma. Eko ca matthaka½ p±puŗanto ubhatobh±gavimutto hoti, eko pańń±vimuttoti– im±ni dve s²s±ni n±ma. Ye keci hi lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattenti, sabbe te ime dve dhamme dhura½ katv± imesu dv²su µh±nesu abhinivisitv± imehi dv²hi µh±nehi vimuccanti. Tesu yo bhikkhu aµµhasam±pattil±bh² pańńa½ dhura½ katv± samathavasena abhiniviµµho ańńatara½ ar³pasam±patti½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, so sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe dhamm±nus±r² n±ma. Parato pana chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh² n±ma. Arahattaphale patte ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma.
Aparo pańńameva dhura½ katv± vipassan±vasena abhiniviµµho suddhasaŖkh±re v± r³p±vacarajjh±nesu v± ańńatara½ sammasitv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, ayampi sot±pattimaggakkhaŗeyeva dhamm±nus±r² n±ma. Parato pana chasu µh±nesu diµµhippatto n±ma. Arahatte patte pańń±vimutto n±ma. Idha dve n±m±ni apubb±ni, t±ni purimehi saddhi½ pańca honti. Aparo aµµhasam±pattil±bh² saddha½ dhura½ katv± sam±dhivasena abhiniviµµho ańńatara½ ar³pasam±patti½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti– aya½ sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² n±ma. Parato chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh²yeva n±ma. Arahatte patte ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma. Idha ekameva n±ma½ apubba½. Tena saddhi½ purim±ni pańca cha honti. Aparo saddhameva dhura½ katv± vipassan±vasena abhiniviµµho suddhasaŖkh±re v± r³p±vacarajjh±nesu v± ańńatara½ sammasitv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. Ayampi sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² n±ma. Parato chasu µh±nesu saddh±vimutto n±ma. Arahatte patte pańń±vimutto n±ma. Idh±pi ekameva n±ma½ apubba½. Tena saddhi½ purim±ni cha satta honti. Ime satta puggal± loke aggadakkhiŗeyy± n±m±ti.
31. Sattakkhattuparamaniddese– sattakkhattunti sattav±re. Sattakkhattuparam± bhav³papatti attabh±vaggahaŗa½ assa, tato para½ aµµhama½ bhava½ n±diyat²ti sattakkhattuparamo. Sot±panno hot²ti ettha sototi ariyamaggo, tena samann±gato sot±panno n±ma. Yath±ha–
“Soto sototi hida½, s±riputta, vuccati. Katamo nu kho, s±riputta, sototi? Ayameva hi, bhante, ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo soto, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dh²ti. Sot±panno sot±pannoti, hida½, s±riputta, vuccati. Katamo nu kho, s±riputta, sot±pannoti? Yo hi, bhante, imin± ariyena aµµhaŖgikena maggena samann±gato aya½ vuccati sot±panno, sv±ya½ ±yasm± eva½n±mo eva½gotto iti v±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1001).